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any Bowels and Mercies ; fulfil ye my Joy ;
that ye be like minded, baving the same Love
one to another. Did such a Compassionate and
pathetical Adjuration as this, ever teach Men
to revile and flander ; to be cruel, revengeful, !
and irreconcileable ? If therefore the Practices
of Chriftian's be found to run counter to these
fundamental Graces, and most sacred Obliga-
tions of their Religion, (pretend they what
they will) it is no want of Charity to af-
firm, that they are not moved by the Prin-
ciples of true Faith ; nor by that meek and
humble Spirit," which dwelt in Christ Je-
sus. But to return"; and to conclude both this
Head and the whole Discourse.

Let us then, in the first Place, take heed,
that our Faith be well built upon good and
fubftantial Grounds ; not upon false Princi-
ples and deceitful Practices," fuch as a late
Faith and a Death-bed Repentance ; not up-
on the doubtful Opinions, and Conjectures of
particular Men, nor fufpended upon the
Interests of this or that Party which we have
espoused; but upon the infallible Word of
God, which is the Ground and Pillar of Truth.
In the next Place, let us be careful, that it be
governed with Modesty, Discretion, and Cha-

rity. There is no Virtue in Confidence, nor Cor. 10. Safety in Boasting : Let bim that thinketh be ám. 4.6. stands, take beed left be fall. And again, God

refifteth the Proud, but be giveth Grace to
the Humble. It is no Disparagement to our
Faith, that we think diftruftfully of our felves,


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8. 4•

V. 5:

v. 7.

and charitably of others ; though they differ from us ; nay, though we are well perswaded that they are in an Error. Faith as well as Charity, vaunteth not it self is not puffed up, behaveth not it self un- Cor

. 13: Seemlyis not easily provoked; thinketh no Evil. But beareth all Things ; believeth all Things; bopeth all Things; endureth all Things. Indeed, Faith and Charity are infeparable Companions in this World ; neither is perfect, where either is wanting. In this World, I fay, for in Heaven they part; Faithi there is turned into Vision, we shall not then believe, but we shall see God Face to Face : But Charity still continues; good Men shall love one another for ever. Chao rity never faileth : But wherber there be v. 8. Prophesies, they shall fail ; whether there be Tongues, they all cease; whether there be Knowledge, it fall vanish away. But when that which is Perfect is come, then that which is in Part shall be done away. Which blissful and triumphant State of his Church, in the highest Heavens ; God of his infinite Mercy hasten, to the eternal Comfort of all those that love, and believe, and wait for the Coming and Kingdom of Christ Jesus, to whom, with the Father, and the Holy Ghost, &c.

Vi 10,

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A Discourse shewing what the Prayer of Faith for the Sick, and anointing them with Oil signified in the Apostolical Age, and how far that Practice concernd the ChriStian Church afterwards ; wherein the Foundation and Doctrine of the Popis Sacrament of extreme Unction is examined.

St. J AMES V. 14:
Is any Sick among you ? Let him call for

the Elders of the Church, and let them
pray over him, anointing him will
Oil in the Name of the Lord.

HE Life of a Christian in this World, THE

ought to be a continued Preparation and fitting himself for another. But especially all


poslīble Care should be taken of that last and folemn Moment, when he is instantly to resign up his Soul, and to appear before the Tribunal of God.

This the generality of Men are willing to do. However they have lived, they would die the Death of the Righteous, and go down to their Graves in Peace. If the Seasons of Life and Grace be not shut upon them suddenly, they are desirous to depart with the good Wishes of their Friends; with the Prayers of their Spiritual Guides ; under the Authentick Seals of the Christian Church, and the facred Pledges of eternal Life.

This Desire is natural to all, who have either the Fears of Men, or the Guilt of Sinners, or the Hopes of Christians; who have not extinguished Reason ; debauched Conscience, and finned away the Belief of another World. This also is very commendable and pious, and (under due Circumstances] of unspeakable Advantage to the dying Penitent. And this was the very thing, the Apostle St. James was insisting upon, and recommending in these Words.

For in the Verse foregoing, he had been discourfing to the Christians, by what honest Ways and innocent Diversions, they might maintain an even Temper and chearfulness of Mind, under the several Providences of God towards them.


Let bim pray

If they were affli&ted, or under Persecution for the Sake of their Religion ; he ad viseth them to have recourse to God by Prayer and Supplication. Is any among you afli&ted?

If their Condition was fo Peaceable and Happy, as to dispose them to Joy and Mirth, he bids them use Thanksgiving and Pfalmody. Is any Merry? Let him fing Psalms

If they were sick, he exhorts them to call for their Spiritual Physician; the Bishop or Pastor, under whose immediate Care they lived ; and to make use of those powerful and extraordinary Means which were then in the Church. Is any Sick among you? Let him call for the Elders of the Church; and let them pray over him, anointing bim with Oil in the Name of the Lord.

This Text is One, I think the Principal One, upon which the Church of Rome hath built the Doctrine, or(as she calls it) the Sacrament. of extreme Un&tion. And therefore Elius hạth this bold Gloss upon the Words. From this Place of St. James, Says be the Fatbers of the Councel of Trent, and with them all the Orthodox, kave rightly determined, and proved that extreme Unction is derived from, Apostolical Tradition ; and that it is truly and properly a Sacrament of the new Law. The Councel thus delivers it felf. Extreme Un&tion was instituted by our Saviour, as a Sacrament of the Newe-Testament, truly and properly so called; and published by St. James to the


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