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relice.

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wards noon it fo far cleared up, that we part of the coast, and may be seen at an saw one of the men of war and tivo or immense distance. In every direction three of the convoy: about this hour, that we now could look, nothing presenhowever, and at no great distance from ted itself but the wildest ailemblage of us, one of the frigates (La Dedaigneuse) mountamous islands that it is portible was completely dismalted, and nearly to conceive, all having a barren inhufpisent to the bottom by the violence of the table appearance. typhoon.

We next morning got under weigh, Our progress had been so rapid during and kept working up for Lintin, ciose to the typhook, that we made Pedra Branca, which we anchored in the evening, a perpendicular rock, ntar Haerlem bay abreast of the principal village on the on the coast of China, about two P. M. south Gde of the island, and about a on the fifth, and hove to, to the West- mile from the thore. ward of it, till the next morning. In Lintin lies in the mouth of the river the course of the night the gale increased Tigris, about thirty nules above Macao, almost to a hurricane, and that too, and is remarkable for a very bigb peak dead on shore !

in the centre of the itland; which may be The Situation of several of the convoy from fifteen to twenty miles in circumfewas now extremely perilous, as they were much to leeward of us, and completely It contains three villages, besides fone embayed, without the ability of carrying ftraggling cottages, and is frequently the fufficient fail to extricate themselves; rendezvous of two or three of the filling and one of them indeed was obliged to fleets, that are scattered in such numbers run in at the utinost risque, and take oyer every part of the coat. The princiThelter under the lee of a small itland, pal village is (as I have said before) on where the lay in safety till the gale was the S. W. lide of the itland, where there

is a pleafaut bay (called “ Lintın bay;") The gale fomewhat abated on the 6th, and good anchorage, completely thelterthough still blowing with confiderable ed from the north-east montoon by the violence; we were therefore obliged to peak. Near this village, at the foot of a carry a great press of canvas to keep us little hill, we pitched our tents; one for from settling down too far in the bay, the surgeon and another officer, one for expecting frequently indeed, that some the fick, and a large tent for the artifiof the masts would go over the side.

A favourable flant of wind enabled When we first arrived here, the weaus, next day, to run in between the Great ther was fo hot and sultry, that we geneLama, and a cluster of illands called the rally slept outside of the tents at night, Nine Pins, where we were foon surroun- without any danger of catching cold, ded by swarins of fishing boats, out of one there being little or no dews, but the of which we got a pilot, who offered to, most beautiful serene skies imaginable. take us to Lintin for eighty dollars; this The villagers were a little intrusive at being refused, he asked fifty, and ulti- first, from curiolity alone; for they never, mately came down to forty, but would during the whole of our stay, attempted on no account accept a fmaller sum: to plunder or steal the smallest article this being counted out to him, he very lei- from our tents, nor to nioleft us in any surely marched forward to the galley-fire, respect whatever! an example which. I where he sat down to finoke with the ut- am forry to say, all our exertions could most compofure, leaving the pilotage not induce our own men to imitate. entirely to ourselves! On being routed The proximity of a potatoe field to our up on the quarter-deck, however, he tents, was the cause of many complaints made some tribing ligns with his hands from the natives, and it required all our respecting the adjacent Mhores, which we vigilance to prevent the sailors levying could rot well comprehend; in flort, we contributions, during the night, on this fite were obliged entirely to trust to our lead, vorite root. As our prefence on this illand while winding in among those inlands; excited the curiosity of every man, woman, and there seems to be little danger, the and child belonging to it; and as our Thores being so bold that a fhip may run artificers and lick were no less curious, close to them.

in viewing the grotesque and novel ap In the evening, while pafling the high pearance of the Chinese villagers; we peak of Lantou, the pilot made signs to were forced to draw a line of circunvaldrop the anchor, which we complied lation roand the tents, and give orders to with: this is the highest mountain on this the centincis not to perioit ang rummo

nication,

cers.

nication, but at certain stated hours, We could barely make out Macao, when they inight negociate as much as on which the Portuguese settlement of they pleased. We bere got fish in abun- the faine name is built, and which we dance, long potatoes, and a few other ve- afterwards vidited. In the contrary digetables, the produce of the island; but rection we could lee the celebrated itrait, our principal fupply was from schon, called the Bogue, or Bocca Tigris, where the cornpredore ai İlacuo, who has the H. M. S. Grampus was then lying. The contract for supplying his Majesty's ships north-eait view presented the high blue with fresh beef, and every description mountains in the interior of the country. of vegetables, which he sent up to us Towards the middle of November tlie regularly by junks; independent of these weather began to get cold; the northwe had an extra fupply for the use of the east monsoon couling down from the fick alone, who here became more nu- bleak mountains of China and Tartary, merous every day.

felt very larp and biting to people There is a watering-place about half a just arrived froin the burning ikies of mile from the village, at the foot of the India. peak, where the fiream runs through a As 'we expected some bad weather bamboo into the casks on a little fandy about this time, we prepared to move up beach. The water, though none of the to the Bocca Tigris, where ships are beit, is as good as any on the neigbour- well theltered by the furrounding mouning illes. "It may here be remarked, tains. On the 15th of November, therethat the water in this part of China, is, fore, we ftruck our tents at Lintin, and generally speaking, of a very inferior removed the fick on board, who now quality; we were obliged to start some of amounted to 50 or 60,, mostly agues, it overboard after leaving China. fluxes, and colds. We loft one officer

As we wished to have a commanding and one man while lying here, whom we view of this little Chinese Cyclades, a buried with the usual ceremonies, on the party of us set out early one morning side of a little hill; the whole of the in order to afcend the peak, which is iflanders eying the process with the utvery abrupt, except on the northern tide, molt curiolity. The villager to whom where it is of somewhat easier afcent. the ground belonged, did not fail to ask On our way up, we had opportunities of me the next day for two dollars, pointing leeing feveral pictures in miniature of to the grave where the young officer was Chinese industry: every little rill of buried, and whom he had observed water that trickled from the suminit, was me frequently visit while lying fick on the led in ziy-zag directions along the lides of island. the mountain, and made to pass over in- We now unmoored, and proceeded numerable little terraces of paddy or rice, up towards the Bogue; the Mafter havthat were formed on every tpot that ing been fent iome time before, to take would bear the Nighteit cultivation. a survey of the paffage, and in two days The other parts of the inountain served came to an anchor in Anson's bay, so to feed their goats, &c. The goat-herds' named fince the time Lord Anfon refitted cuttages, surrounded with beautiful little the Old Centurion in this place. boucrs, peeping out here and there It lies just without, and on the eastern from ainong the rocks and precipices. lide of the Bogue, between Annanbuy The peak idelt terminates in iliree craggy and Chumpec forts. The shore all round cuinences, or huge fragments of rock, the bay is so skut'low and muddy, that that seem to have been severed from there is no landing except at high water each other by fome stroke of lightning; and that close under the Annanhoy fort, and as the earth has been considerably among fome farp black rocks, washed away from about their bafes, The last-mentioned fort itands on the they appear as if resting on a perfect eastern lide of the Bocca, or mouth of the pivot: that fragment particularly, facing Tigris. It is a fall femicircular battery the S. W. impends over a most friglitfil pearly level with the water's edge, mounchain of precipices, which we could not ting iwelve or thirteen old guns, of diffelook down upon without thrinking back rent calibre, feemingly about the fize of with borror.

4 and 6 pounders, placed on dead carFrom this elerated Gituation, we could riages, and apparently in a wretched ftate. count between twenty and thirty iflands On the opposite frie, are two finall forts fcattered around in all directions, and fituated on two litte illands; the distance exhibiting a peculiar wildacfs and variety across, I think, is about two wuketat their features.

Lhots, or thereabouts,

I the ,

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. in, or connected with, every parish withSIR,

in the several counties comprised in RELY on your candour and impar- our firit volume, and in fuca part of the observations on Mr. Bellhain's letter, can bear witness to the extensive circuin your last Magazine, containing fome re- lation of our queries. Nor have we marks on the tirit volume of the Magna Bri- been less anxious to avoid errors, than tannia published by my brother and in yself.' diligent in our endeavours to procure It mult be lutticiently obvious, that an information; and where we have had unqualiñed allertion that our History of reason to suspect inaccuracy, either in the County of Bedford“ is deemed by written cominunications, or printed aupersons who poffefs the best information thorities, we have nerer cealed inquiring respecting multifarious subjects treated till our doubts (as far as poflible) have in it, to contain a confiderable number been fatistied; therefore, although an of errors and inadvertencies," and a erroneous date may have crept in, or charge of risquing rondom presumptions,Jouth by inadvertency have been written especially when brought forward through for north, or north for fouth, we trust the inedium of a publication 10 extensive- that the work will not be found, genely circulated as your Magazine, must be rally speaking, to deserve the character of very injurious to the credit of a work inaccuracy. In those departinents which " whole ellence (as Mr. Beltham justly consist chiefly of figures, we have been observes) is to exbibit plain matter of particularly careful; in the abstract of fact.” That in a volume of such extent, the population of each county, every comprehending a great variety of matter, figure was collated, as it went througla collected from such numerous fources of the press, with the original report printenquiry, errors thould be found, arising ed by authority of parliament; the fame in fome instances from misinformation, care was taken with the Index, erery in others from inadvertency, cannot be reference of which was in the fame mali deemed extraordinary ; we are sorry ner collated with the text. Your readers when any such come to our knowledge, will excuse my having enlarged on these yet thankful to thofe who give us an general heads, as it is not only of imporopportunity of correction, by pointing tance to the author, but to the public, them vut with candour. Those persons to have it known whether a work whose therefore whom Mr. Beltham alludes to, chief utility depends on its accuracy, as possessing the best information respect- be or be not upon the whole accurate, ing the history of Bedfordshire, will do With respect to Mr. Bellham's currecus a great favour by transmitting fuch tions we admit that he has pointed out a errors, as they may have discovered, to few errors; they are not of much imporour booksellers, that we may infert cor- tance; and might (with about two exceprections of such as are of importance at tions) be defended even from the charge the end of our second volume. We have of inadvertency on our part, and most of expresied our acknowledgements to fome them had been noted for correction, begentlemen of the county of Bedford who fore we read that gentleinan's letter. were pointed out to us as most conver- We were certainly misinformed or mis fant with that kind of information, which understood our information, if the Single was wanted for our work, and we can Brethren of the Moravjans did not confidently appeal to those gentlemen, reside in community at Bedford in the when we aflert that we were not remiss year 1800. The fame may be observed in our enquiries; and hope they will find as to the Garnows polietting Caldwell that we have faithfully fiated the fub- priory; the Gardiners certainly were in ftance of their communications. If there poflelliou in the year 1682, and I underwere others who poflessed better informa- itood that they continued to poffet it tion than our correspondents, it is our till the time mentioned in our work; but misfortune they were not also pointed was deceived no doubt by the similarity

We can most confidently of found in the two names. As to the affert, that where the means of acquiring increased population of Bedford, I cauinformation bave been within our not help doubting whether our informaknowledge or power, presumption has tion was erroneous. Browne Willis, in never been substituted for matter of fact; the last edition of his Notitia Perliansko letter after letter has been written, to taria, speaks of the total number of solens ascertain a single date; and we can safe- in the horough, as being somewhat more ly affirm, that there are individuals living than 600; at the latt contclled election

out to us.

in 1790 they were 1148, of whom above Since our aecount of Bedford was printed, 600 were refident. As Mr. Bellham we have found a document, wbich proves fpeaks from his own knowledge as to a that the fite the Castle belonged to the late appointment to the benefice of family of Snagy, who posseffed another Elitow, I fuppofe he is right in ftating third part of the Barony in the reign of it to be a perpetual curacy, or donative; King Charles I. We all endeavour to but as it is described as a vicarage in trace the poffeffors of the Cattle, from Bacon's Liber Regis, printed from offi- the Snaggs to Mr. Henry Horton, whom cial documents, by the principal of the Mr. Belthem mentions as its owner about office in which they are depolited; we half a century ago. could not hesitate to describe it as such, Mr. Belham observes that we are not unlets we had been poffeffed of proof tó perfectly correct, in affirming that the the contrary. Mr. Belfliam accufes us Duke of Bedford's ettates form what of risquing random prejamption,re- may be confidered as by far the largeft fpecting the îite of Bedford Castle, when landed property in the county. The we might have obtained matter of fact. difficulty of obtaining that information, Now the truth is that we felt particularly which could enable us to divide the prointerested in tracing the hittory of the prietors of the principal landed property Barony and Castle of Bedford and took into claffes ; and the certainty of giving no small pains in our enquiries on that offence by incorrect statements, has subject; as must be apparent to any one deterred us from any attempt of that who fhall read the account of it in pages kind; but we thought, and cannot but 46 and 47. In our endeavours to trace still think ourfelves perfectly fafe, in the the descent of a portion of the Barony, casual observation, which was thrown which we considered as attached to the out respecting the Duke of Bedford's fite of the Castle, we could obtain no estates. Although the number of Mainformation from the Duke of Bedford's nors of which a person is owner, cannot profesional agents, who were extremely be deemed a fure criterion of the extent liberal in affording us every alliftance, of his landed property; yet as the prothat could be derived from his Grace's prietor of the principal manor in a parislı, muniments; and we fatter ourtelves that generally has a confiderable estate in it, the history of his numerous manors we may conclude that the poffeffor of will be found to be accurately traced to many such inanors in a county lias an the present time, with the exception of extentive lander property there: now its being inadvertently stated, in the in- it appears that the Duke of Bedford (instances pointed out by Mr. Beltham, that cluding three which he holds on lease unGoldington and Ravensden were purcha- der the crown) poffesses the principal mased by John Duke of Bedford instead of nor in no less than twenty-two parishes, the Trustees under his will: the date is being more than a lixth of the whole correct and the whole is accurately stated number in the county of Bedford, befides in the account of Knotting, which was 13 subordinate maners, and several impurchased at the same time. Had our propriate rectories. I cannot tell what enquiries been direcied to the title of the the extent of Lord St. John's or Mr. Swan Inn, instead of the Catile and Ba- Whitbread's estates in Bedfordshire may Tony of Bedford, we should in all proba- be, and certainly can have no with nor bility have obtained what we were in motive to depreciate their value : but search of; or had we known that Mr. though their united poffeffions in that Belham was in poflession of the defired County may be as large as Mr. Belshain information, we should undoubtedly have states them to be; ftill, as the number of applied to liim for it; but not having an manors pofleted by both, bears a very opportunity of ascertaining the fact, we fmall proportion to thofe of the Duke of freely own, we risquerda conjecture; Bedford,' I cannot but think we are and when it is considered that we knew fufficiently justified in the expreffion we that the Goswick family poffeffed lands have made use of. The estates of Lord which constituted a third part of the Ba- St. John and Mr. Whitbread may be tony of Bediord; that the Duke of Bed. much more extensive than we were aware ford then poffefed the whole, or the of; and this very circumstance justifies greater part of those lands; and that he our caution in not having entered into pofseffed also the fite of Bedford Castle; any further comparison of the respective the conjecture that they passed by the extent of property amongst the present fame tide will not perhaps be generally land-owners of the county. deemed a very random prefumption. Had we meant to pursue the method MONTHLY. MAG, No. 156,

Xx

of

it.

of estimating the extent of property served in the Tower, we should bave throughout the county by the number had less difficulty in ascertaining this of proprietors manors, we lhould have and several other points. The fun named Lady Lucas next after the Duke of what we could clearly ascertain with of Bedford, her Ladyship having the respect to Hawnes, was, that Sir Roger principal manors of nine parishes. It is Newdigate poliefied it fo late as 1603 ; evident that in ettimating the proportions Sir Sanuel Luke at leait from 1626 of ancient property by the Domesday to 1654; and that Lord Carteret purSurrey, where the number of bides chased it of Sir Humphry Wyoch in attached to each manor is specified, 1667: your readers will judge therefore this method must be satisfactory and whether our conjecture, that the Lukes conclufive; and had we thought it so purchased of the Newdigates and Sir with respect to the present fate of pro- Humphrey Wynch of the Lukes, was perty, we should have made inore ule of very improbable.

Mr. Bellham says, that “ the only fon With respect to the residence of Sir of the Duke of Kent was not known by Samuel Luke, I am really at some loss to the title of Earl of Harold but fimply discover what Mr. Beltham means to find Lord Harold, his father being Duke fault with. He says “ we are informed Marquis and Earl of Kent and Baron of (by Mr. L. p. 3.) that, Sir Sarr.uel Luke's llarold." I still maintain on the con house was either Hawnes or Wood-end. trary, that we were perfectly correct in But this was never before supposed to calling him Earl of Harold, and refer Mr. admit of a doubt. Sir Samuel Luke's B. for our authority to the Herald's books house was unquestionably situated at in the College of Arms, were he will fiud Wood-end in the parith of Cople.” that the father was in 1706 created There certainly is no doubt, as we have Viscount Goodrich, Earl of Harold and afferted in p. 71. that Wood-end was the Marquis of Kent: the fon bore the title feat of the Luke family; however, though of Earl of Harold; his eldest son is de neither Mr. Belsham nor we doubt this, scribed as Earl of Harold on his monu yet in the Magna Britannia of 1720, ment in Flitton Church, was always () Wood-end near Toddington (in the parish described in writing, but in conversation of Harlington) is said to have been the was no doubt, according to common feat of Sir Samuel Luke, and this error ufage, called unceremonioully Lord Hahas been copied into two or three fubfe- rold. quent works. The note in p. 3. is per

Your's, &c. fectly correct : we could not affirm that April 11, 1807.

D. Lysons. Wood-end was the seat of Sir Samuel Hempsted-Court, neur Gloucester. Luke, which Sir Lewis Dyve enjoyed in 1643 ; because Sir Samuel had at that time two houses, namely, Hawnes (now To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. the seat of Lord Carteret) and Wood-end,

SIR, and I have reason to believe that he re

FROM my earliest reineinbrance I fided chiefly at Hawnes; the entries of

, births and burials of the Luke family an enthusiastic lover of music, which I from the year 1626 to 1654 having been regard as one of the purest sources of principally made in the register of that confolation in the miseries of life, and parish; Wood-end was certainly their one of the fublimeft heightners of 105 ancient residence, they did not possess happiness, as the universal language of Hawnes more eban 50 years. Here we the elevated and most benign afections. are again charged with supposing instead With these sentiments I should be pairof ascertaining : Mr. Belharn, I dare fay. ticularly bappy had I much informantuu does not want to be inforined, that it to offer on the subject of your correfpuilo even the title-deeds of every manor were dent's interesting and respectable enopen to our inspection, in many intan-. quiry concerning the authors who cuir ces they do not go beyond the middle of pored the words of the music of Ilandel

, the seventeenth century, in fome not be that great and venerable name, who apo yond the beginning of the lait: were plied this art with an energy the mot the rolls of Chancery, which contain the fublime, a science the inofi adu:irable, fergrauts and alienations of manors for tility and extent of invention which seeins the three last centuries, as open to our researches as those of a prior date pre

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