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of the Pre-

1690. Hence, after Blackwell's departure for England, w in the year 1690, the irregularities, which ensued,

or were attempted, in consequence of this diffe-
rence, appear, by the following declaration of
the Council, and other public proceedings, viz.
(L. S.) By the President and Council of Pennsyl-
vania and counties annexed.

" Thomas Lloyd, President.
* John Simcock, Samuel Richardson,
William Clark,

Griffith Jones,
66 Arthur Cook,

Thonias Duckett,
" William Stockdale, , Griffith Owen.
66 William Yardly,

“ WHEREAS, the Provincial Council, accordfident and ing to the powers of the present commission of Council, in government, have, at their first sitting, chosen a 1690.

President,* and have fince, in a legislative coun* Viz. Tho. cil, continued him, till they should fee cause to of the amo. alter their choice; and having likewise ordered the 1689-90. succeeding councils to be called by him, or, in

his absence, by notice sent by fix members from this place; yet, notwithstanding, these members, William Clark, Luke Watson, Griffith Jones, John Brinkloe, John Cann, Johannes D’Haes, did privily meet together, in the council-room, upon the twenty-first instant, without fignifying the least syllable of their intentions, of having a council, either to Thomas Lloyd, the elected and continued President, or to any member of the province; and there, in an irregular and undue manner, have presumed to act, as a council, and have issued forth pretended commissions, for constituting Provincial Judges, contrary to the express letter of the laws, and have nominated fome therein, who, under their prefent circumstances, are unqualified for that station; as, upon occasion, shall be made appear; and have voted extravagant and


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of Council.

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contradictory orders. This board, having well 1690.
considered their disorderly and unprecedented way m
of meeting, cannot but entirely disallow and dif- Declaration
own their fo clandestine meeting, to be a coun-
cil; for should such a proceeding be, in the least
countenanced, the consequence thereof would un.
avoidably introduce a rupture and confusion, in
the present frame of government: For, by the
same reason, that any fix members privately met,
without notice had from, or given to, any of the
reit, may represent the Governor and Coun-
cil, in this place, by the same methods, two other
six members elsewhere may represent two Go-
vernors and Councils more, at the same time,
in this government;* which is an absurdity, not Note, the
to be tolerated. And further, this Council, being ber was 18,
under an obligation of asserting the Governor's 3 for each
power and authority, lodged in a regular Provin- county.
cial Council, and for the undeceiving of many
well minded persons, who otherwise may be abu-
sed by their late sitting, have unanimously, by this
instrument, in writing, declared this to be our
sense and judgment, that all entries, orders and
commissions made and given forth by the aforesaid
fix members, at the council-room, upon the twen-
ty-first instant, are hereby deemed null, and of no

Note.--Third month, 1690, the names of the members of Assembly



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For Philadelphia.

For Bucks.

For Chester. William Salway, Joseph Growdon, Speaker, John Bristow, Humphrey Morrey, Henry Paynter,

William Jenkins, 'Thomas Fitzwater, Richard Hough,

Robert Pile,
Charles Pickering,
Henry Baker,

Joshua Fern,
Paul Saunders, Edmund Bennett,

George Maris,
Abraham Updegrave. John Cook.

Caleb Pusey.
For New Gafle.

For Kent.

For Suflex.
Edward Blake, John Barnes,

John Hill,
Henry Williams, Johr Betts,

Samuel Gray,
Richard Halliwell, Daniel Brown,

Robert Clifton,
John Darby,
Ezekiel Needham,

Henry Smith,
William Grant,
Richard Curtis,

Baptist Newcomb,
John Donaldson. William Freciand,

Thomas Branscon

1690. force. Whereof all Magistrates, officers and other

persons concerned, in this government, are to
take notice accordingly.
“ Given at Philadelphia, 26th. of the Ninth.
month, 1690.

6. THOMAS LLOYD, President." This disagreement appears afterwards to have 1691. increased, and, in the fore part of the

year 1691, Three proceeded to greater extreme.*

The Proprietary, of whether to gratify, or indulge the humor of the Executive govern.

colony, and thereby induce a coalescence of the ment offer- two parties, or with whatever other design, (which, ed by Wm.

no doubt, was well intended,) had left to the choice of the Council, three different methods, or modes, of the executive part of government, viz. either that of the Council, of five commissioners, or of a Deputy Governor: This affair, with other matters, being, about that time, agitated in Council, and the province, or the majority, inclining to the last of these methods, feven mem





* The following proposals, said to be made to the Provincial Council, by Griffith Jones and William Clark, in behalf, and for the ease and saw tisfaction of the inhabitants of the three lower counties, or the territories, may further shew the views of the members for the said counties, in this affair, viz.

1. “ That there be forthwith a writ issued forth, for chusing a member of Council, for the county of Suflex, in the room of Thomas Cliftor.

11. “ That the comprisions given out, by both Councils, for judges, be wholly laid aside; and that the inhabitants of the three lower coun. ties may recommend to the council two persons to be commissionated,, for judges, to act the next Spring, and that to continue no longer.

III. « That, at the next legiflative council, a bill be proposed by the council, to enable the nine members of the lower counties, or any lix of them, to appoint three judges, to act in that station, in the said three counties, and that there be also three for the province, always provided; that the judges do act by the laws of Pennsylvania.

IV. That for the ease of the charge, there be a dispensing with the meeting of the Assembly, unless it be for the confirming of thefe ali terations.

v. “That all other officers be, from time to time, appointed by the faid nine members of the three lower counties, or any fix of them, to ad there; and that no other officers may be imposed upon them.

VI. “ That the fairs for New.castle be confirmed unto them. All which being by you granted, we hope, may be a means to keep things quiet; which shall be diligently endcayoured by your real friends, although otherwise represented, or fufpested."

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bers, for the lower counties, viz. William Clark, 1691.
John Cann, John Brinkloe, John Hill, Richard
Halliwell, Albertus Jacobs and George Martin drew
up and signed a formal proteft, or declaration, di-
rected to the members of Council, of the province
of Pennsylvania; dated, Philadelphia, the first of
the Second-month, 1691.

In this they declared,
First, “ That the mode of the five commiffi- Declaration
oners was the most agreeable to them, or to the and Protest
counties, which they represented.

Secondly, “ That the commission of the Council
was the next, though much less convenient, than
that of the five commissioners; on account of the
encroachments thereby made upon their rights and
privileges, by the province, in imposing officers
upon them, without their consent, or approbation.

Thirdly, " That the method of a Deputy Go-
vernor was the most disagreeable and grievous of
any; on account of the choice of all officers being
placed in a single person, and the expence, or
charge, of his support: therefore they would not
agree to accept of that commiffion.

Fourthly, “ But that, rather than the country should be without government, they would consent to that of the Council; provided no officers whatever were imposed upon any of the three lower counties, without the consent of the respective members of Council for these counties.

Fifthly, That they desired to excuse themselves for not agreeing to have these things put to the vote; which, they said, they had experienced, the members for the province would scarce ever do, till they were sure it would go against them.

Sixthly, “ That they, in behalf of the lower counties, protested against the acceptance of any commiffion, but that of the five persons, and re*


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1691. folved, that should the province act otherwise, they i would govern themselves by the commission, then

in force, till the Proprietary's pleasure should be known therein:"--- And thereupon they immediately withdrew their attendance.

What just or fufficient cause, they had for this conduct, doth not clearly appear: it gave many

of the members of the Provincial Council, as well

as the Proprietary himself, much concern and unEndeavours easiness; and great endeavours were used, and used to reconcile

much pains taken by both, to reconcile them; them, &c. but not with all thc desired success: for their

greatest ostensible objection against this commission of a Deputy Governor, which the province most inclined to, appearing to be the expence of his support, and their jealousy of having their officers removed, fo, to relieve their apprehensions, in these respects, &c. at President Lloyd's request, John Sincock, John Bristow, John Delavall

, with David Lloyd, went after them, to New-Caffle, to endeavour their return, &c. but in vain.*

Hence, * The Prefident writ to them by these persons, as follows, viz. Fobu Cann, Fobn Brinkloe, George Martin, William Clark, R. Halliwell, John Hill, Albert Facobs.

« Friends, “ I am sorry for this breach, which you have made upon the laws, charter and council procedure; you have withdrawn your attendance, without any jult cause; lay aside obstinacy, wilful neglect and self in tercit, I cannot conceive what can support you, at lait, but the absurd lenity of the Government. Recollect yourselves; consider well the confufion, to which this your rashnefs may expose you, and many innocent inhabitants of the lower counties; and return unto your ducy, and repesentative Service here, and we shall lovingly receive you, and so dispatch, I hope, in a short time, the present emergencies before

And I do further, for your encouragement, assure you, and faithfully promile unto you, that the charge of the Chair, and support of me under this present commifion, shall not press, nor burthen you, or them, whom you represent, one penny; unless you jointly, and at your volun. tary accord, not only offer, but request the acceptance of your heuevolence, through the method of a General Asembly. I have not further at this time, but request you to be serious, and, if you defire to be apart, let it be done with the same folemnity, whereby you were united to us. Your officers, duly qualified, shall continue till our Proprietary's pleasure be further known, and not to be removed, without your respective concura. I expect to see you soon up with us.

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" Your abused Friend and Chairman Council-room, the 4tb. of the Second-month, 1691."


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