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(») The Eggs of the Ostrich being buried in the Sand, are 'theristnd only by the Heat of the Sun, till the "Young be excluded. For the Writers of Natural History do generally agree, that the old Birds, after they have laid and covered their Eggs in the Sand, for/ake them, and take no more Care of them. Wiilugh.Ornith. L. 1. c. 8. §. 1..

But there is another Ostrich [of America] which Acafet tells us of, that takes more Care of her Young, by carrying four of her Eggs, a little before she hatcheth, to Tour Parts Of her Nest, there to breed Worms for Food for her Young. Acaret 1 Disc, in Philof. Trans. N°. 89.

, ■ Thus


Thus I have dispatched what I intend to insist upon concerning the State-of this Set of Animals > of which, as also of their admirable Instincts, a great deal more might deserve our especial Observation j particularly the admirable Curiosity, Arr, and Variety of Nidification (/), used among the the various Species of Birds; the great Sagacity, and many Artifices used by them in the Investigation and Capture of their Prey (g), the due Proportion os the more and less useful, the Scarcity of the Voracious and Pernicious, and the Plenty of the Mansuete and Useful (b). Also the Variety of their Motion and Flight might deserve Consideration, the Swiftnesses such whose Food is to be sought in far distant Places, and different Seasons (i); the slower Motion and short Flights of others more dofnestick; and.'even the Aukwardneis of some others to Flight, whose Food is near at hand, and to be gotten without any great Occasion of Flight (£)■ These and divers other, such, like Things as these, I fay, I might have spoken more largely unto i but I iha.ll pass them by with only a bare Mention,, having already taken notice of them in the Company of other Matters of the like Nature, and manifested them to be Acts of excellent Design, Wisdom, and Providence, in the great Creator.

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(/) See Book IV. ch.13. , (j) See Book IV. ch. u. and 14.

(h) See Book IV. ch. 10. beginn.

{i) See Book IV. ch. 8.

(*) The Colymbi, of Douder.s, having their Food near at hand in the Waters, are remarkably made for Diving therein. Their. Heads are small, Bills sharp-pointed, Wings small, Legs flat and broad, and placed backward, and nearer the Tail than in other Birds; and lastly, their Feet; some are whole footed, some cloven-footed, but withal fin-toed." Vid. Willu^h. Ornith, L. 3. §. j.

A a 2 CHAP.

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r A ND now, if we reflect upon the whole Matjf\. ter, we shall here find another large Tribe of the Creation, abundantly setting forth the Wis* dom and Glory of their great Creator. We'praise the Ingenuity and Invention of Man, for the Contrivance os various pneumatick Engines; we think them witty, even for their unsuccessful Attempts to swim in, and fail through that subtle Element the Air $ and the curious Mechanism of that Artist is had in Remembrance, and praised to this Day, who made a Dove, or an Eagle (a) to fly but a short Space. And is not therefore z\\ imaginable Honour and Praise due to that infinite Artist, that hath so admirably contrived and made, all the noble Variety of Birds j that hath with such incomparable Curiosity and Art, formed their Bodies from Head to Tail, without ,and within, that not so much as any Muscle, or Bone, no, not even a Feather (b) is unartificially made, misplaced, redundant, or defective, in all the several Families of this large Tribe? But every Thing is so incomparably performed, so nicely fitted up for Flight, as to surpass even the Imitation of the most ingenious Artificer among mortal rational Beings.

■ :', ^nibrml


(a) Vid. Book V. ch. 1. Note (aa). ,

(4) Deus non folhm Angelttm, & Hominem, fed nee exigui C? contemptibdis animantis viscera, nee Avis pennulam, ntc Herb A fiosculum, nee Arboris folium fine fuarutn partium eonvenUntik tUreli^hit. Augustin. dc Civ. Dei, L. 5. Ctt:"


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Of Insects ana Reptiles.



Of Insects m general.

A VING dispatch'd that Part os the animal World, which used to be accounted the more perfect, those Animals styled left perfect or imperfect, will next deserve a Place in our Survey, because when strictly enquired into, we shall find them to be so far from deserving to be accounted mean and despicable Parts of the Creation, owing their Original and Production to Putrefactions, &V. as some have thought, that we shall find them, I fay, noble, and most admirable Works of God. For, as the famous Natural Historiau, Pliny [a), prefaceth his Treatise of Insects, to prevent the Reproach of condescending (as might be thought) to so mean a Subject: In great Bodies, faith he, Nature had a large and easy Shop to work upon obseauious Matter. Whereas, faith he, in these so small, and as it -were no Bodies, what Footsteps of Reason, what Power, what

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great Perfection is there? Of this having given an Instance or two of the exquisite Senses, and curious Make of some Insects (l>), he'then goes on, We admire, faith he, turrigerous Shoulders of Elephants, the lofty Necks and Crefls of others; but, faith he, the Nature of Things is never more compleat than in the least Things. For which Reason he intreats his Readers (as I do mine) that because they flighted many of the Things themselves -which be took notice of, they ivould not therefore disdainfully condemn his Accounts of them, since, faith he, in the Contemplation of Nature, nothing ought to seem superfluous.

Thus that .eminent Naturalist hath made his own, and .my Excuse too; the Force and Verity whereof will farther appear, by what I mail say of these Animals which (as despicable as they have been, or perhaps may be thought) we (hall find as exquisitely contrived, and curiously made for that Place and Station they bear in the World, as as any other Part of the Animal Worlds For if we consider the innumerable Variety of their Species, the prodigious Numbers of individuals, the Shape and Male of their little Bodies, and every

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(b) Ubi tot fensui collocavit in Culice? Et sunt alia diclu minora. Sed ubi Visum in eo prtiendtt: Ubi Uuftatum applicavit r Ubi Odoratum inserutt l Ubi vero truculentam Mam c portione maximam vocem ingeneravil? §}j?a suhtilitate Pennas adnexuit * prdongavit Pcditm crura? Disposals jejunam Cazeam, uii Alvum t Avidam Sanguinis, cr potijftmum humani, fitim, accendit t Telum vero persodiendo tergori, quo spiculavit tn%enio? Atque ut in capaci, cum cerni non pojstt exilitas, ita reetproed geminavit arte, ut sediendo acuminarum pariter sotlendoque fistulosum efj'et. §ues Teredmi ad persoranda Ribora cum sono tijle denies ajsixit? Potijsimutnque e ligno cibatum fecit i. Sed turrigeros Elephantorutn miramur humeros, Taurorumque cclla, ar truces in"sublime jaftus, Tigrium rapinas, Leonum jubas, chm rerum natura n'isquam magis quam in minimi;, iota Jit. Plin lb;d.


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