« PreviousContinue »
edged with gold lace, reached a few inches only below the knee, and brought close to the body by a belt of the same material ; that of the other females was of the same short fashion, and having no under garments, they might, when sitting, for the purposes of decency, just as well have had no covering. The queen wore a blue nankin turban, ear-rings of gold, and necklaces sometimes of gold and sometimes of beads. The king also wore a blue nankin frock, with gold epaulettes, and a turban, but was generally bare-headed. The natives are a stout, healthy race; they grease themselves all over to make the skin smooth and shining ; both sexes make incisions in their faces and stain them of a blue colour. Some of the women had brass rings on their fingers marked with letters, but Adams could not tell whether Roman or Arabic. He did not observe that they had any form of worship; they never met together for the purpose
prayer; indeed they had no place of worship that he could discover, nor any priests. Their physicians are old women, and their remedies herbs and roots. They are fond of music and dancing; their instruments are a pipe of reeds, a sort of tambourine covered with goat-skin, which, when struck, makes a jarring sound; and a guitar, made of cocoa-nut shells and thongs of goat-skin. Slaves are very common and very cheap.
Once a month, parties of armed men go out to scour the country for them :the greatest number that he ever saw brought in at one time was about twenty, and he understood they were taken from Bam barra ; they were chiefly women and children. Criminals are sometimes condemned to slavery by the king ; but during his six months residence at Tombuctoo, he did not see or hear of
any individual being put to death.-(To be continued.)
ANECDOTES OF IGNATIUS LOYOLA,
FOUNDER OF THE JESUITS.
His device should have been these words of the Gospel, I came not to send peace, but a sword. This imınortal Patriarch of the disturbers of the tranquillity of kingdoms, and of the peace of the chureh, had, no doubt, now and then some fits of madness, occasioned by the reading of legends during the cure of the wound in his leg, which he received at the battle of Perpignan. The air of the court and of society, however, soon dissipated those vapours, which only inflamed his vigorous imagination, without hurting his judgment. We ought rather to believe the great Conde's account of him, than Dr. Stillingfleet's." In St. * Ignatius (said this Prince) I always see a Cæsar, who does “ nothing without the best reasons for his conduct; and in “ Francis Xavier I observe an Alexander, the ardour of whose “ courage carried him often too far.” Ignatius, a warrior, fond of power and command, was, in his institutions, particularly attentive to the perpetuity and extension of his authority. It is well known, that in appointing the Generalship.of the order, he immediately took possession of it himself; and his first precept to his Disciples was, that they should be in the hands of their superior as a broom in the hands of a maid, and to allow themselves like the broom to be employed for every purpose. These are the express words of his constitutions; and, during the whole of his life, be caused the precept to be observed with a firmness and haughtiness, which left nothing to be done by his successors, in order to enforce it. We are told by his Disciples, that one day he received a visit from Prince Colonna, during which a laybrother was obliged to come with a message that required dispatch. Ignatius, who wanted to bring his conference with the Prince to a proper pause, before he received the message, desired his brother to sit down; who, out of respect, excused himself twice successively. The Saint, giving way to a pious indignation at the disqbedience of his subject, took the stool, and put it on his neck, saying with a holy warmth, “ Brother, you ought to obey ; “ and since you would not be upon the stool, you shall be “ under it.” The poor brother, to the great astonishment of the Prince, continued with his neck in this strange kind of collar, until his Highness took leave.
A Priest of the order being once at the altar celebrating mass, Ignatius, in order to make trial of his obedience, waited till he had begun the words of the consecration, and in that solemn moment ordered him to be called. The Priest, not thinking that a preference was due to his superior before God Alınighty, finished this part of the solemnity before he obeyed. At last, Ignatius himself called to the Priest with a loud voice, and in terms so authoritative, that the Priest, imagining his superior was now accountable for the irregularity of the orders, and for his compliance, stopped short, and ran to receive his commands. The superior, irritated at his hesitation, sent him to the vestry, saying, at the same time, with a severe tone, “Father, you who have I studied so long, should have known that obedience is better fr than sacrifice. Cardinal Cajetan, his cotemporary, and founder of the order of Theatines, invited himn 10 unite their respective Disciples into one society: but Ignatius refused the incorporation, 'not being willing to expose himself to a division of command. Francis Xavier, desiring to go to China, to bring
that great Empire to the Christian Faith, as he had done that of Japan, wrote to Ignatius at length, signifying his intention, and enlarging on the mighty atchievement of piety which he had reason to expect in this mission. Ignatius, on a scrap of paper, writes the letter 1, signifying in Latin, Go.
Ignatius was certainly one of those extraordinary personages who are formed for bringing about the greatest revolutions. In the chair of St. Peter he would have gone farther, and with more policy, than the Hildebrands. In the condition in which he appeared, he rose to the highest degree of human greatness, having an absolute power over the bodies and souls of his fol: lowers: this Mahomet, Mahomet as he was, durst not so much as attempt. The proscription of his institution renders it unnecessary for me to say any thing more of him in the character of an Institutor. It is not to be doubted but that he clearly foresaw what his institution, when duly established, would enable his successors to accomplish,
OR, GOODY GRISKIN'S DISASTERS
(Continued from Page 23.)
One two-arm'd chair, wherein to set
Next “ Chevy Chace" she strove to sing,
her furs, and did the same,
(To be concluded in our next Number.)
THE. MAID OF ST. MARINO.
(Continued from Page 32.)
At the mention of torture, she cast a look of such sympathetic anguish at Lestrange, as reached his heart, and a tear evinced it. • They shall not take him from us,” exclaimed the agitated maid“He is innocent, SignorsHe cannot be guiltySave him, then-O! save him from
She would have proceeded, but her generous warmth was checked by the president, who calmly forbade her interference; and then asked the poor captive, for the last time, if he chose to avail himself of an opportunity which could not be prolonged. Lestrange then spoke, while the solemn silence of his friends (and all present were his friends, excepting those who sought to criminate him) declared the awful impression his situation had made on their hearts. “It only remains (he cried, bowing with dignity to the council) for me to declare, as I do most truly, that I am guilty of a crime, at which humanity shudders, even that of murdering my beloved benefactor; a crime, the supposition of which has already brought upon this emaciated frame a variety of sufferings, and which now threatens further vengeance; though from what quarter, I hardly know. This declamation I owe to your candid forbearance; had my cause been canvassed at St. Marino, instead of Naples, I had not now stood here as a delinquent; but complaints are useless, and I submit to my fate!" The sober firmness of his manner, the majesty of truth which illuminated his aspects, and the horrid expectations he encouraged, were cir: cumstances that engaged the most favourable opinion of the Signors, and even, in some degree, imposed a temporary awe upon his guard: but it soon subsided; one of them waved his hand for attention, and approaching the tribunal, addressed the president as follows. “ Yoy, who profess implicit faith in our church, will not, I trust, impugn her decree. "Read this, and then dare to be refractory. “I see," cried Signor Ludorico; " the doom of this unhappy man is inevitable. The ruler of whatever government shelters him, is hereby commanded to deliver Roderigo Vanzenza, which name you acknowledge, (speaking to Lestrange, who bowed submission) into the hands of Alonzo Ferrura, ard, in default of its immediate compliance, will be subject to the censures of holy mother church.” Every one seemed struck at the importance of this mandate, against which there was no appeal; and Vanzenza (no longer Lestrange) was formally delivered up to the strangers. Jaques Mingotli, who dreaded the honest indignation of his distressed Lucia, would