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Louisa. (springs up and retains him.) coadjutor Dalberg : but as he persisted Hold, hold, my father, the rage of tyranny in writing for the

stage, it was deemed is feeble to the barbarous force of tender- wiser to patronize his inclinational than ness. What shall I do I cannot-What his professional exertions, and a place must I do? Miller. If a lover's kisses burn botter accompanied with a salary from the

of theatre-poet was devised for him, than the tears of a father-die. Louisa. (after a torturing struggle,

government. with some firmness.) Father, here is my and next produced his “ Fiesco.”

Schiller translated some foreign plays,

The hand. I will. O what is it I will. Father, I swear,-alas? history of this conspirator has been well alas! wretch that I am! Ferdinand, to what narrated by Robertson in the eighth is the traitoress yielding--father, be it so, book of his Charles V. Schiller has and God look down and help me to pluck dramatized the fact with a careful reout the fond remembrance. ( tears the let. gard to the real circumstances : only ter.)

that he attributes the death of Fiesco Miller. (throws himself on her neck in to the republican jealousy of Verrina, transport.) There spoke once more my and not to accident. Some female perdaughter. Look up, Louisa, thou hast sonages, unknown to record, are intro- , lost a lover, but thou hast made a father duced, as Bertha and Julia; but these happy. My child, how little do I deserve variations do not detract from its genethis day. (embraces her between smiles and ral character of an historic tragedy. tears.) Sinful map that I am, how this angel became mine, God knows. My Louisa! The modern or gothic drama, chiefly

This is the highest walk of dramatic art. my heaven! little do I know of love, but excels the antient or Greek drama, by that its cessation pains, I can conceive.

Louisa. Let us away, my father, from the magnitude of action which it can this place; where my companions mock at

embrace, in consequence of relinquishme, and my good name is gone; let us

ing the unities of time and place. The away from a spot, where every object re- usurpation and punishment of Macbeth, minds of iny blasted happiness.

or the 'Conspiracy of Venice, would Miler. Whithersoever thou wilt, Louisa. have appeared to the artist of antiquity The bread of God rains every where from subjects of too enlarged and compreheaven; he will not let ears be wanting to hensive a class to be drawn within the my music. Let the worst come, I will set limits of a single representation. It to notes the story of thy sorrow, and sing is most difficult, and consequently most a ballad of the daughter, who, to honour a meritorious, to excel in this more spafather, rent her heart in twain. We will cious walk of tragedy: to seize the beg from door to door, and sweet will be spirit and bearing of such gigantic the alms moistened with the tear of sym

events; to delineate them in few and pathy.

well adapted scenes ; and to bring beThis scene is deeply pathetic, but it fore the spectator, without the aid of is not adequately prepared. The mass narrative, ibe causes and consequences of characters in the play have a comic of such intricate and complex entercast, and ignoble purposes; now a tra- prizes. The hero of a Greek drama, gic catastrophe is in such circumstances however important from birth or staalways unwelcome, as is felt in Mas- tion, is never known to the audience singer's Sir Giles Overreach. This but as a member of a distressed family : arises from the nature of things; for as while the hero of a gothic drama, an those who have mean ends to gain, Egmont or a Fiesco, may be introduced never stake life and all upon them, he- as superintending that higher order of cause the profit would not be worth the interests, which involve the fortunes of risk; so it is improbable that their in- his country or his kind. The varieties trigues should terminate in any more of ethic peculiarity proportion them. grievous sorrow than ridicule, disap selves to the complication of the busipointment and disgrace, Shakspeare ness of the scene; and a whole volume of is instinctively careful to confine comic Æschylus or Euripides may be perused, traits to those personages who are not without noticing so

many well-disinvolved in the tragic action of the criminated characters, or so many truly piece.

tragic situations, as are sometimes com. Schiller had stationed himself at pressed within a single poem of ShakManheim in a inedical capacity, and speare or Otway, of Goethe or Schiller. had become member of a literary so. Of all the extant tragedies of the ciety there, which conferred on him class just described, perhaps no one emthe acquaintance and patronage of the braces greater compass of event, no one


gange it


exhibits greater variety of character, Your pleasures, epicures, and your dis-
no one includes situations more pathe- coveries,
tic than Fiesco; the action has majesty, Ye bold explorers of untravers'd seas.
unity, wholeness, and the interest aris- To rule, or to obey—to be, or not be
ing from the incidents is perpetually So vast the space between, that but to
on the increase. Some of the charac-
ters, that of Julia, that of the Moor, Is to compare creation with its maker.
border perhaps too much on comic per- Thron'd at his awful height, thence to

look down
sonages; had the author allowed him.
self the leisure to compose this tragedy. On all the eddies form’d by fortune's
in blank verse, the ignoble and carica. To quaffthe first of pleasure's foaming cup,
tured passages would have fallen
away of themselves, and the entire And guide the weapon'd captive with a

To hold the giant Law himself in bonds, drama would have approached nearer string, to a perfect work of art.

Mocking his idle struggles aim'd in vain As the scenes of this play are much At majesty-to carb the people's passions, concatenated, it will be more conve- And make them champ the bit and draw nient to detach a soliloquy than a dia

the carlogue: it occurs in the third act. To quell the pride of vassals with a breath;

[Scene. An apartment in Fiesco's house : Avd with the magic sceptre of command in the middle of the back scene a glass- Call into life the dreams of every wishdoor, through which is a view of the sea, Are these not thoughts to stir the spirit up, and of Genoa : the day is breaking.] And make him bound o'er bounds. An inFiesco. (at the window.) The moon is

stant, Prince down,

Shall deck the title of thy glory's book. The morning rises fiery from the sea. 'Tis not the place we live in, pbut the staWild dreams of greatness overcome my


Which gives to life its value, and its zest.
And knit my faculties round one idea. The mingled murmurs that compose the
O let me breathe the pure fresh-blowing thunder

Might singly lull to sleep a timid infant,
(Hc opens the glass-door : the town and 'Tis their united crash which rends the
sea appear red with the tint of morning : beavens,
he paces up and down the room.)

And speaks with monarch-voice. I am And am I not the greatest man in Genoa;

Should not the minor souls round greatness (Fiesco stalks heroically about, and

Leonora enters.)
Propt on it? 'Tis not trampling upon virtue,
Virtue-can that for all ranks be the same ?

This fine tragedy might, one would
The hero's soul has stronger just temp- English stage; it is somewhat longer

think, have been successful on the tations Than the mere vulgar-is he bound to than our own plays usually are, and follow

cannot easily be curtailed of any of its The same tame rule? How can the puny

scenes, although several would admit

abridgement. Now that Italy is every Shap'd for a pigmy be the giant's suit ? where intent on the expulsion of her

(The sun rises over Genoa : ke spreads tyrants, and on the institution of liberhis arms as if to embrace it.)

ty, such topics are acquiring additional This stately city mine! My nod, its mover! interest, and would win their way to To blaze above it like the god of day

universal sympathy. With eagle-plumes to brood upon this nest;

(To be continued.) And on a boundless ocean's surge to launch My sailing wishes-Heaven-born ambition, For the Monthly Magazine. Surely the prize ennobles the attempt, ACCOUNT of the ISLES OF LOSS; from And guilt itself were glory. Though to the Hydrographical Surveys of M. steal

ROUSSIN, an Officer in the French
One purse be shameful, is it not allowed

To covet millions and to seize a crown
Is deathless fame : shame shrinks as sins IN the group of the Isles of Loss, on

To rule, or to obey—to be, or not be

are only three that can be deemed inteA giddy deep divides them, -and between resting, or worthy of descriptive notice. Lies all that man holds precious-con- These are Tamara, the Isle of Loss, by querors,

the English called Factory Isle, and the Your victories, - artists, your immortal Isle Françoise, to which they have works, given the name of Crawford. - The




tinent, and so joined to it by bedoen. I in your last, a continuation of the

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isle of Tumba, placed by some among To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
the Isles of Loss, is so near to the Con- SIR,
sand, mostly dry, that it should be con-
sidered as belonging to the Continent excellent Excursion in North Wales.
rather than the Archipelago.

Should you think the following sketch
Tamara is the largest and most of the history of Powis Castle, by way
westerly of these islands ; in fair wea- of supplement to your Correspondents?
ther it may be seen at the distance of notice, worthy of insertion, you are at
seven or eight leagues. Approaching liberty to make use of it.
it from the east, it appears like a range The particular part of Powis-land
of hills thickly wooded, its elevation where the castle was situated was ob-
moderate, and the northern part higher tained from the Welsh by Henry I.
than the south. It is, in shape, like a who about the year 1110 gave it to
cresceut, with many good anchoring Cadwgan ap Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, a
places in its southern concavity; six Welshman, who had rendered himself
fathoms at low water. At the principal eminent by his services and bravery.
anchorage in the S.E. is a spring of He began io erect a castle here with an
fresh water that will yield eighty hogs- intention of making this the place of
heads in twenty-four hours. To the his residence, but before the work was
north of the island is a rock, named finished he was murdered by one of
Doubtful in the charts, as it as never his relations.

The castle appears to yet been explored, and M. Roussin re- have been completed before the end of grets that the season prevented him from the same century; for in 1191, on doing it. It was discovered, for the various depredations having been comfirst time, in 1811, by the English fri- mitted by the Welsh in the marches, gate Arethusa, Capt. Collins, which Hubert, Archbishop of Canterbury, in was lost there. Also Le Rubis, a the absence of Richard I. on the Cru. French frigate, was wrecked there, in sades, hastened here, and with a power1813.

ful army besieged the Castle, at 'that The Isle of Loss or Factory Islaud, time in the hands of the Welsh. The the most easterly of the group, is the garrison did not, however, surrender only one occupied by the English, and till they perceived that the besiegers they have long had an establishment had undermined the walls, and they did on the eastern coast. Recently they this at last on honourable terms, pot. have also taken possession of the isle withstanding the English forces being Françoise or Crawford, situated be at least thrice their number. As soon tween the Isle of Loss and Tamara. as the archbishop had obtained posses

The resources for shipping at the sion of it, he fortified it anew, and left Isles of Loss are in great abundance, it with a very strong, garrison; the and of no less importance. Exclusive Welsh, however, soon again attacked of wood and water, which it is easy to and retook it. It changed owners get, supplies may be had of cattle, again not long afterwards ; for in 1233, rice, kids, poultry, giramont, bana- it was attacked and seized by Prince nas, oranges, and citrons. The cattle Llewelyn ap Jorwerth. descended to are small, but the flesh tastes well in Llewelyn's Grandson Owen ap Griffith, eating. These articles would be dear and on his death to his daughter Hawys enough if paid for in money, but come Gadarn. Four of her uncles disputed cheap in exchange for articles of mer. her title to the property, under allegachandize; the following are sure to be tion that a female was incapable of incalled for: linen cloth, hardware, gun. heriting. King Edward II. however, powder, iron, fire arms, brandy, and taking her part, she was married to tobacco.

John de Charlton, and the estates conCaptain Roussin did not penetrate tinued in their posterity for several geinto the interior of the Archipelago, but nerations. The barony and title went from what he explored in the Southern afterwards to Sir John Grey, of Heton, part of it, he insists that the English in Northumberland, by marriage with chart of 1777, constructed by William Joan, daughter of Edward Lord Powis, Woodville, is by no means complete or and remained with their descendants correct. The instances in the Isle Ta- till the reign of Henry VIII. when mara, as laid down in it, are too large, the title became extinct. by nearly one-third.

tate went by purchase to Sir Edward


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Herbert, the second son of William, days which it lasted. Each day forms Earl of Pembroke, who died in the year a separate head or chapter. In the first, 1594.

which is the 7th of July, 1647, we are. SHONEN BACH.

introduced to the extraordinary characHampstead, May 12, 1921.

ter who was the principal agent in these

transactions, Tomasso Anello of Amalfi, To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. vulgarly called Masanello by contracSIR,

tion. “ He was about twenty-four HAVE in my possession a copy of years old, a spriteful man, and pleascarce, entitled “ An Exact Historie rather lean than fat, having a small of the late Revolutions in Naples, and tuft of hair. His profession was to of their monstrous successes, not to be angle for little fish with a cane, book, paralleled by any Antient or Modern and line, as also to buy fish, and to History; published by the Lord Alex. carry and retail them to some that ander Girafi in Italian, and (for the dwelt in his quarter." This man “ out rarenesse of the subject) rendered to of a kind of natural craft," observed Englislı, by J. H. Esq. London, 1650." the murmurs of the people wbich were Though, from the unfortunate termina- increasing every day, against the ga. tion of the late struggle in that quarter, bells or taxes on fruit, corn, &c. and the subject may have lost some of its expressed to his companions a great interest, yet as you express a desire for desire to redress their wrongs. They any information respecting Naples, a laughed and jeered at him, but he told short analysis of this book, with a few them in reply, “ Ye laugh at me now, extracts from it, will not, perhaps, be but you shall shortly see what Masanel. unacceptable.

lo can do; let me alone, if I do not free The first thing which strikes the you from so many slaveries, let me be reader on the perusal of it is, the re- held infamous for ever.” markable manner in which this tre- His first measure was to collect a mendous explosion burst forth, and number of boys, amounting in a short the rapidity of its progress, which time to 2000, whom he formed into might well excite the astonishment of companies, giving each one a weak the rest of the world, not excepting cane in his hand, and taught them to England, where a revolution had also go about the city, crying “ May the so recently taken place, under different Pope live, may the King of Spain and circumstances. 66 It would stumble plenty live, but may the ill governany one's belief," says the translator ment die! God gives plenty, but the in his preface, “ that a young fellow, ill government dearth?”—with other a petty, poor, bare-footed fisherman, exclamations of a similar kind. A should draw after him in lesse than tumult took place this day in the marthree days, above forty thousand armed' ket-place, in which Masanello was very men, and shaking off his linen slop, active, and addressed the people in the blue waistcoat, and red bonnet, should following terms, the fourth day ride triumphantly upon companions and brothers, give God his courser in cloth of silver, command thanks, and to the glorious Virgin of all Naples, and consequently near upon Carmine, that the hour of our redempsix hundred thousand souls, as abso-, tion draws near: this poor, bare-footed lutely as ever monarch did : and all fellow, as another Moses, who freed the this by his own single orders, which Israelites from Pharaoh's rod, shall in were of force enough to plunder or that manner redeem you of all gabells, búrn any house, to banish the proudest from the first time that they were lord, or chop off any head, without ever imposed. A fisherman, who was judicial proceeding.”

Peter, reduced with his voice from The “ Historie,” after giving an ac- Satan's slavery to the liberty of Christ, count of the state of affairs in Sicily, Rome herself, and with "Rome a world; where there had also been some pre- now another fisherman, who is Ma. vious commotions, which had ended in sanello, shall release Naples, and with the people's obtaining the abolition of Naples a whole kingdom, from the the most burdensome taxes, goes on to tyranny of gabells. From henceforth detail the occurrences of the Neapolitan ye shall shake from off

' your necks the revolution, (if such it can properly be intolerable yoke of so many grievances, called) during the short space of ten which have depressed you hitherto."


66 Be

merry, dear

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Incited by this and other speeches of joining with some of the gentry, whom the same pature, the populace set fire they had brought in with them, and fall to the Gabell Houses, where the taxes upon the rest of the common people, were collected, and immediately pro- and put all to the sword.”. ceeded to demand of the Viceroy the 6 It was also discovered by the contotal abolition of the gabells, according fession of other banditti, that by the to the terms of a charter which had machinations of Duke di Mataloni and been given them by the Emperor his brother, the waters, which by aqueCharles the 5th,

ducts served the city of Naples, were The detail would be too long of the poisoned, as also the corn, which after evasions of this demand by the govern- much diligence being found to be true, ment during several succeeding days, (for it was proved that two poor chilin the hope, no doubt, of diverting the dren had diel by those waters) therepeople from their object, or amusing fore notice was given by sound of them till military aid could arrive from trumpet and drum, with bills fixed onfall Spain. A circumstance occurred, how- quarters of the city, that wone should ever, on the fourth day, which sets in drink of those waters that passed. a most revolting point of view the con- through the formale, wbich was the duct of the aristocracy, who had uni- common aqueduct." The information versally sided with the government, respecting the mines was also found to and were, indeed, the chief authors of be correct, the powder being discovered the people's grievances. A number of in the subterranean places in which it banditti from the adjacent country had been concealed by the conspirators. came into the town on horseback, pro- The insurrection had hitherto been fessing friendship to the popular cause : attended with very little bloodshed, they soon after, however, treacherously but it is not surprising that this atroattempted to take the life of Masanello, cious attempt of the nobility should who almost miraculonsiy escaped seven irritate the people to acts of terrible shots which they fired at him unex. vengeance. The Dukedi Mataloni had pectedly. Hereupon they were at- escaped out of the city, but his brother, tacked, and some being made prisoners Don Giuseppe Caraffa, fell into their by the people, confessed that they, with hands, and was immediately put to other troops of the same description, death, and his body exposed to public were in the

pay of the Duke di Mata- view. Many of the banditti, and others loni, one of the principal nobles, and who were implicated in the plots, met that besides killing Masapello, they with the same fate. The citizens in the had planned, in the words of the lis. mean time, under the direction of Ma. torie, " to set fire to certain mines under sanello, remaining firm in their dethe great market-place, at such a time mands, and their force being now too when it was fullest of people, and trod by formidable to be longer trifled with, on armed men, which commonly was used the seventh day articles of agreement to be about three hours in the night, were made and solemnly sworn to by (nine o'clock by our time,) at the strik: the Viceroy and the principal officers of ing of which 'hour they were to give state, by which the charter of Charles fire to the mine, which consisted of 5th was renewed, and all the gabells fifty cantaras of powder and more, taken off. It was also engaged that amounting to fifteen thousand pounds these articles should be confirined with. or thereabouts, spread up and down in three months by the court of Spain. throngh the bowels of the said market. Thus did Masanello completely suc. place, which had made fly into the air ceed in accomplising the object to which all the people then present, and blown he had devoted himself in ihis bold avd up the edifices circumjacent, with the hazardous enterprize. His influence monastery and Church del Carmine, had continued to increase every day, insomuch that there had perished at . and he was now arrived at the summit least, besides the destruction of the of his power, having under his comholy buildings and profane, about one mand 200,000 armed men, and the most hundred and fifty thousand soules. A absolute controul over every part of the case of infinite compassion, justifying city. His conduct appears at first to any other bloody revenge which the have been distinguished by moderation, people might have taken for such a combined with great resolution, pru. barbarous and unheard of cruelty. dence and vigilance in the cause of his When the mines had taken effect, the fellow-citizens, which qualities, no banditti were to disperse up and down, doubt, gained him their confidence,


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