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ARTICLE I. Section 1. No person to be disfranchised. 2. Trial by jury. 3. Religious liberty. 4. Writ of habeas corpus. 5. Bail, fines. 6. Grand jury. 7. Private property.-Private roads. 8. Freedom of speech and of the

press. 9. Two-third bills. 10. Right of petition.—Divorces.

Lotteries. 11. Right of property in lands.

Escheats. 12. Feudal tenures abolished. 13. Allodial tenure. 14. Certain leases invalid. 15. Fines and quarter sales abol

ished. 16. Sale of lands. 17. Old colony laws and acts of the

Legislature.-Common law.
Commissioners to be appointed

-their duties. 18. Grants of land since 1775.-Prior



ries thereof. Board of supervisors of the city of New York to divide the county into Senate districts.-Certificate, etc.,

to be filled. 4. Enumeration to be taken in 1855,

and every ten years.-Senate

districts, how altered. 5. Members of Assembly, number

of, and how apportioned and chosen.-Boards of supervisors in certain counties and board of aldermen in New York city to divide the same into Assem. bly districts.-Description of Assembly districts to be filed.-Contents of Assembly districts. -Legislature to reapportion members of Assembly.-Each county entitled to one member. Hamilton county.-Counties and towns may be divided

and new ones erected. 6. Pay of members. 7. No member to receive an ap

pointment. 8. Persons disqualified from being

members. 9. Time of election fixed. 10. Powers of each house. 11. Journals to be kept. 12. No member to be questioned,

etc. 13. Bills may originate in either

house. 14. Enacting clause of bills. 15. Assent of a majority of all the

members required, etc. 16. Restriction as to private and

local bills. 17. Existing law not to be made a

part of an act except by insert

ing it therein. 18. Private and local bills, in what

cases they may not be passed. -General laws to be passed.Street railroads, condition upon


1. Qualification of voters. 2. Persons excluded from right of

suffrage.-Challenge.-Laws to be passed excluding from right

of suffrage. 3. Certain employments not to af

fect residence of voters. 4. Laws to be passed. 5. Election to be by ballot.


1. Legislative powers. 2. Senators, number of.-Members

of Assembly, number of. 3. State divided into thirty-two

Senatorial districts.--Bounda

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which they may be author

ized. 19. The Legislature not to audit or

allow any private claim. 20. Bill imposing a tax, manner of

passing. 21. Same subject. 22. Board of supervisors. 23. Local legislative powers con

ferred on boards of supervis

ors. 24. No extra compensation to be

granted to a public officer, ser

vant, agent or contractor. 25. Sections seventeen and eighteen not to apply to certain bills.

ARTICLE IV. 1. Executive power, how vested. 2. Requisite qualifications of Goy

ernor. 3. Time and manner of electing

4. Superintendent of Prisons, pow.

ers and duties of.
5. Commissioners of the Land Ot-

fice.-Commissioners of the

Canal Fund.-Canal Board.
6. Powers and duties of boards, etc.
7. Treasurer may be suspended by

8. Certain offices abolished.

Governor and Lieutenant-Gov

ernor. 4. Duties and power of Governor.

His compensation. 5. Pardoning power vested in the

Governor. 6. Powers of Governor to devolve

upon Lieutenant-Governor.
7. Requisite qualifications of Lieu-

tenant-Governor.-To be Presi-
dent of the Senate and to act

as Governor in certain cases.
8. Compensation of Lieutenant-

9. Bills to be presented to the Gov-

ernor for signature.-It re-
turned by him with objections,
how disposed of.-Bills to be
returned within ten days.-
After adjournment, bills must
be approved in thirty days,
else cannot become law.-Gov-
ernor may object to items of
appropriation in any bill.

1. Impeachment. Assembly has

power of.—Effect of judgment, 2. Court of Appeals.-Judges, how

chosen.-Appointment of clerk. 3. Vacancies in office of Judge of

Court of Appeals.-How filled. 4. Causes pending in Court of Ap

peals to be referred to Com.

missioners of Appeals. 5. Commissioners of Appeals.-Va

cancies, how filled.--Chief

Commissioner to be appointed. 6. Supreme Court.-Jurisdiction.

Justices. — Judicial districts, number of Justices in; may be altered without increasing number. Seven Justices to be designated to act as Associate Judges of the Court of Appeals

for the time being. 7. Terms of Supreme Court. 8. Judge or Justice may not sit in

review of decisions made by

him, etc. 9. Vacancy in office of Justice of

Supreme Court, how filled. 10. Judges of Court of Appeals, or

Justices of Supreme Court, to

hold no other office. 11. Removals.-Proceedings in rela

tion to. 12. City courts. 13. Justice of Supreme Court or

Judges of City Courts, how chosen.-Term of office.-Re

striction as to age. 14. Compensation of Judges or Jus

tices.-Not to be diminished

during term of office. 15. County Courts. 16. Local judicial officers. 17. Judge of Court of Appeals, or

Justice of Supreme Court, eleco tion or appointment of.-Ques

ARTICLE V. 1. State officers, how elected and

terms of office. 2. State Engineer and Surveyor,

how chosen and term of office. 3. Superintendent of Public Works,

powers and duties:

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