Page images

the Earl of Mulgrave, Master-General of the and that the Prince Regent of England and the Ordnance, with all due bonours; a discharge of King of Prussia, in honour, no doubt, to his Imthe great guns took place; and the Royal Party, perial Majesty, wore similar uniforms. They with their numerous suite, proceeded to view the all three had elegant cocked hats, with white arsenal and laboratory. Much time was occupied ' feathers. in the inspection of these and other departments GRAND ARTILLERY REVIEW. The Allied of this magnificent establishment. A superb tent Sovereigns and their illustrious companions and was erected on the mound for the illustrious visi. attendants, all dressed in splendid military unitors and their suite ; and, after they had taken forms, among whom we particularly noticed their station, a most interesting exhibition en- Marshal Blucher, Count Piatoff, the Prince sued. On a signal given by Col. Congreve, who Royal of Wirtemburg, Prince of Orange, Sir superintended the rocket department, a demon Charles Stewart, &c. &c. took their stations on stration was made of the power of the rocket com the eastern side of the artillery ground; and then position. At about two hundred yards north east the brigade of foot artillery aud artillery-drivers of the mound where the royal visitors were sta- ! was drawn out upon the field, and performed all tioned, a quantity of the composition, placed on the grand movements and evolutions wbich are three pieces of timber, exploded, producing usually practised in time of war. The royal columns of fame awfully grand. The discharge strangers were much pleased with the vigorous produced a volcanic appearance, attended by a prowess of those soldiers who managed our great tremendous roaring, but the burning property of guns; and when the evolutions were concluded, the material was most remarkable. After the dis- they rode up to inspect the guns, the tumbrils, and charge, the timber remained in flames, and actu the ammunition. The Emperor Alexander was ally consumed to a cinder. The next operation, particularly observant and inquisitive respecting was a display of the rockets as used in besieg- every part of our military machinery, in the ing. They shot upwards to a great height, whole inspection of which he seemed to be un. carrying a tube, filled with burning material, a commonly interested. This part of the review considerable distance. They were larger than being concluded, the horse-artillery were next orany used on a former occasion, and made a most

dered into the field. A scene of martial dexterity tremendous roaring. The next experiment was and rapid movement, of which one can bardly a proof of the havoc these gines occasion in a form a conceptiou, was now exhibited; enormous field of battle. They were fired from the opposite : engines of destruction, which in former ages bank of the Thames horizontally across the low could hardly be moved at a walking pace, were grounds, to the distance of eight hundred or one now hurried over the plain almost with the ra. thousand yards. It is impossible to describe the pidity of lightning. Drawn up close in front effect produced by these discharges; wonder was of the spectators, the horsemen instaptly disexpressed by the beholders. The shells thrown mounted, fired several charges, got upon their by the rockets flew to the distance required, and horses again, and in an instant the cannon were exploded with horrible sounds. There can be out of sight.--Various grand movements of this little doubt that a single volley would disunite a kind were executed in a rapid and masterly style body of cavalry; against that description of force for upwards of an hour. When they were conthey are peculiarly operative, as they not only 'cluded, the foreign Sovereigns and warriors rode kill, but spread terror among the horses. The up to take a closer view of our guns and horsemen. foreign Officers were struck by the effect of this " All the grand spectacles of this day were now ternew engine in the art of war. It was three o'clock minated; all parties seemed ready to take their before the illustrious visitors left the Warren, to departure, when the curious multitude, who had proceed to the College of the Cadets, a fine build-, hitherto been confined by the Guards to certain ing, in the Gothic style, on Woolwich Common, parts of the field, broke from their boundaries, near Shooter's Hill. Here they arrived in a few and with that generous ungovernable impulse minutes, and partook of a splendid entertainment, that has set all hearts in motion during the last provided under the direction of the First Lord of week, rushed, in spite of the centinels, to the the Admiralty. After remaining here for two spot where Alexander was stationed. He was hours, they proceeded on horseback, amidst the the grand point of attraction. He looked round shouts and acclamations of thousands, to the Ar with amazement and beheld thousands of gentle. tillery Barracks, the grand riding-house, and men and ladies elegantly dressed, approaching other parts, which they minutely inspected. They the spot where he stood, and invoking blessings then proceeded to the extensive and beautiful on his head. He saw even the soft delicate sex ground in front of the barracks, followed and disregarding all danger, and only intent on gracheered by a multitude of respectable persons, tifying the impulse of their admiration and pasome in carriages, but by far the greater part on triotic feelings. We never before beheld, nor foot. From this extensive place, every thing like could we have conceived such a scene of splena vnlgar mob was excluded, “Here it may be did confusion as now presented itself. The shin. observed, that the Emperor of Russia was dressed ing bayonets and white waving feathers that de. in the dark-green uniform of his own country, corated the heads of lovely females came promis.


cuously into contact with each other. The tails » the Order of the Garter. Their Royal Highnessof horses were ļashing beautiful silk shawls and es were followed by Lord Sidmouth, the l arls of handkerchiefs, and the guard who had been or Darnley, Harcourt, Essex, Pembroke, Spencer, dered to clear the space occupied by the Royal and Fortescue, the Bishop of Peterborough, and presence, might as well have attempted to restore a long train composed of the Nobility, Clergy, and order out of chaos, as to execute the commands of Members of the University. The royal and acatheir officers. The Emperor of Russia by this demic procession then moved up the High-street, time had got off his horse and stepped into the and turning to the right at St. Mary's church, carriage which contained his sister the Grand passed the Radcliffe Library to the Divinity Duchess of Oldenburgh. Here he was surround-school; in approaching which, the members of ed by a maltitude of most respectable persons of every rank formed lines to the right and left, both sexes, many of whom stretched out their while his Royal Highness was conducted by the hands to him, and all of whom cried out, “ God || Chancellor and the proper officers to bis seat. bless the Emperor of Russia !” and at the same Being seated, the Prince Regent received the time filled the air with their acclamations. In the Address of the University from the Chancellor, midst of all this manifestation of national con to which his Royal Highness made a gracious gratulation, the Emperor and all the other Royal

The Chancellor then presented to the parties drove off from the ground towards the || Regent the officers of the University, and afterroad leading to London The Prince Regent | wards, a companied by them, attended his Royal preceded the cavalcade in a close carriage; the Highness to the apartinents prepared for his re. Emperor of Russia and the Duchess of Olden- | ception, at Christ Church College. All eyes in burgh were seated in an open carriage, as were the crowded street and on the bridge were now also the King of Prussia, and the Princes his turned with impatient expectation eastward, to sons, in another --The road from Woolwich to behold the Emperor Alexander; and every apLondou was lined with carriages; and the same pearance of an officer, or a sei vant in royal livery eagerness was evinced by the people to behold at a quick pace, was regarded as an indication the Emperor as on his first arrival in town. The of his Imperial Majesty's instant coming. At illustrious party was every where greeted with length, after the lapse of abont an hour, a post. loud and incessant plaudits.

chaise and four, containing Lords Yarmouth and IMPERIAL AND ROYAL Visit to OXFORD. Cathcait, was hailed as the immediate precursor June 14th being fixed for the expected arrivals, of the Russian Emperor. Some mistake in anthe utmost activity prevailed. Half-past ten was nouncing his Majesty'snear approach, occasioned the time appointed by the Chancellor for the as a ludicrous error on the part of many of the specta. sembling of the University to meet their angust tors, who had come in from the surrounding visitors. At a meeting of the Chancellor, Heads country; and for a moment some of the honours of houses, and Proctors, held in the Delegates' of the populace, destined for the Monarch of the room, a Programma was drawn up and issued, by North, were about to be heaped upon the two which all the arrangements were ordered. The noble Lords in the post-chaise. A few minutes Noblemen and other Members of the University, after one o'clock, preceded by the General Lord attended Lord Grenville, the Chancellor, at Dr. F. A. Spencer, and a few light dragoons, Alex. Coles's at Exeter College, at ten o'clock, and ac auder, and his amiable and accomplished sister, companied his Lordship shortly afterwards to the appeared in an open barouche of the Prince ReHall of Magdalen College. At twelve o'clock, || gent's, drawn simply by four post horses. They shortly after the arrival of the Prince of Meck- bad no companions in the carriage. The EmpeJenburgh in the Queen's carriage, an avant cou ror was dressed in a plain blue coat, wore his hair rier announced the approach of the Prince Re withont powder, and with his hat continued bowe, gent; and Lord F. A. Spencer rode out to meet ing to the public, constantly and gracefully, the. his Royal Highness. The Prince came in his whole way up the high street. The Duchess of private travelling carriage and four, and alighted | Oldenburgh wore a magnificent plume of feaon the bridge, where his Royal Highness was thers, and, like her Imperial brother, constantly met by the Chancellors, who laid the staves of expressed her kind feelings of the respect tes. the Bedels of the University at his Royal High- tified to them, by similar tokeps of gratinication ness's feet. The staves being most graciously and condescension. The Emperor and his sister returned, the Mayor advanced and presented to drove to Merton College. His Majesty the King * his Royal Highness the ensigns of his office, of Prussia entered Oxford a short tine after the which being also most graciously returned, the Emperor of Russia, likewise in an open barouche procession was immediately commenced on foot. of the Prince Regent's, drawn by post-horses, The Corporation walked first, the Juniors pre The King was accompanied by his two sons, the ceding; then walked the Chancellor of the Princes of Prussia. They went to the residence University in his full dress robes, and the Mayor prepared for them at the College of Corpus of the city in his rohes, on his left hand All Christi, in front of which the Prussian Eagle was were uncovered. The Prince Regent came next, immediately placed, and a guard or honour postwith his hat in his band. The Duke of York ed. Several carriages, with the attendants of the was on his right, wearing his academic robe, and Russian and Prussian Monarchs, continued to

come in till four, when the veteran hero, Blucher, gree picturesque, and approached to the sublime. a rived, whose presence was the signal for the ., The porch of St. Mary, with its twisted colnmns, most enthusiastic acclamations. With his cha- ! lighted up in exact correspondence with the fea. racteristic activity, Alexander, after looking at tures of the architecture, was enchanting. Fes. bis apartments, at Merton, and the College, walk. 'toons of variegated lamps were hung between all ed out to view the gardens behind, which adjoin the pinnacles at the top of the southside of the the Classic-grove of Christ Church. He remain sacred edifice. Iluminating a church is rather ed thcre a short time, surveying the beauties of uncommon; but a transparency explained, that the place, and was walking in the public streets it was in celebration of peace. Some paintings before three o'clock, accompanied by the Duke displayed a tolerable share of John Bull's hu. of Devonsbire, Earl Fortescue, and the Earl of mour. The well-dressed crowds (comprising Essex, with whom he made immediately the tour | Kings and Princes) who promenaded the streets, of the most distinguished Colleges and public | the great nunber of elegant females, and the edifices. His Majesty in the course of his walk, greater proportion of academical persons in their visited Braze nose, All Souls, Corpus Christi, | sable robes, intermixed with the grotesque apChrist Church, and three other Colleges, the pearance of the country folks who had flocked Clarendon printing-house, the Divinity school, || from all parts to see the sight, gave one a notion and St. Mary's church. The crowd following his of a carnival. But in the midst of all this splenMajesty from place to place at length accumulat- dour, before one in the morning, and most suded so as to render it expedient to make an open denly, the winds blew, the rain descended, path for him, by sending a small party of dra and the lights were extinguished; the glare of goons, which dividing into two parts, the Empe- l lightning flashed throngh the city, and the voise ror, and the noble party with him, walked be of thunderclosed the hilarity of the scene. tween them. About five, Alexander returned to On the following morning the Prince Regent Meiton, bowed to them, and retired to his apart. || and the Duke of York were in readiness at the ments alone There he was to receive the Address

apartments of Dr. Hall, Dean of Christ Church, of the Mayor and Corporation of Oxford. No at nine. The Prince of Mecklenburgh,the Queen's guard of honour, nor any external symbols of nephew, arrived shortly after, from Lord Harroyalty, had been placed in front of Merton

court's at Nunehamn, where he sleeps; the Prince College. The King of Prussia received a similar is a genteel looking young man, and wears small Addiess at Corpus. The Prince of Orange was mustachios. The Prussian Princes then came at St. John's.

from Dr. Burton's apartments, and walked The grand banquet in the evening was surpass through Peckwater-court to their royal father at ingly beautiful, from the effect produced by the

Dr. Cook's at Corpus Christi. They are youths forin of the editice, and the facilities it affords for

of an ingenuous countenance ; and the Crown a perfect view of the company. About two bun- Prince has a considerable resemblance to the por. dred dined, of whom fisty were the Prince's guests. traits of his late mother. The Prince of Orange The gallery was thrown open to the public, who appeared next in bis Doctor's gown. All these ascended by the spiral staircase, and descended Princes were plainly dressed. Then came Lord by a temporary wooden one erected externally. Sidmonth and Mr. Bragge Bathurst, in the It was a truly gratifying sight to see the Sove Windsor uniform, from Dr. Robertson's, at the reigns of great countries, hitherto unknown to

Observatory (where Lord Harrowby and Mr. each other personally, sitting down together with Vansittart were likewise accommodated), and social friendship, and chastened festivity, sur waited on the Regent, as did Sir Charles Stewrounded by multitudes of gladdened spectators. art, from the Bishop of Oxford's lodgings in the The Emperor of Russia was particularly cheer- College. Sir Charles was very splendid from his ful, and conversed much. His accomplished drageon uniform, and the glitter of his various sister, whose residence in this country has almost stars. The Chancellor, robed, arrived last in bis familiarized her to us, was not the least joyous private carriage. A little procession was formed partaker of the feast.

by the University Bedels. The Prince Regent At night the whole city was illuminated followed ; he wore a dark wig without powder, Though in displays of this kind in London we i a blue coat, the Orders of Saint Andrew, the excel what could be expected here, in the mag- ! Prussian Eagle, and the Golden Fleece, and his nificent and costly devices in front of our public academic gown. His Royal Highness was exbuildings, the illuminations of our private houses tremely cheerful, in conversation with Lord fall short of the beauty of those in the chief Grenville on his left; the Duke of York, with ' streets of Oxford. The serenity of the weather his gown and Garter, was on his right. The permitting it, the candles were placed on the out- royal brothers moved at a slow pace to the Diside of the houses, wbich give a much stronger vinity school, with Lord Grenville, in his Lordlight; on some of them the number was countless, ship’s carriage. The Emperor of Russia, and his The effect of the High-street was magical. The sister, and the King of Prussia, umornamented, ancient battlements, turrets, and spires, thus ren. rode in the Prince's carriages, from Merton and dered visible at midnight, were in the highest de. Corpus, with their attendants.

The Theatre had been opened very early, and the ambition, tyranny, desperation, and fall of the ladies were flocking thither before seven Bonaparte; the firmness, and union, and perse o'clock. In the gallery, containing about five verance of the Allied Monarchs ; the heroism hundred, places were reserved for one bundred, and devotion of the Russian and Prussian Genewho might accompany the Prince's guests. rals, and the final success of the common cause,

The Regent and the foreign Monarchs, with together with the usual and natural eulogies on their attendants, were first conducted to the Di the University, forming the leading features. vinity school. The general arrangements of the Much panegyric was bestowed on the Prince ReTheatre were as usual, the whole of the lower gent for his wise councils, and generous conduct, semi-circular gallery being appropriated to the mixed with regrets for the lamented indisposition ladies, and the upper one to the Under Graduates of bis Majesty. The humanity of the Allies to and Bachelors of Arts; but there was a great al- France, when at their feet, was the subject of teration in the circles rising from the area. In the high praise. The followivg is a sample from Mr. centre was a platform, the rail round which was Bosanquet :covered with crimson velvet, and the steps with crimson cloth. On this was placed a chair, su

Speak, Europe, rescued from the whelming perbly gilt, with the Prince's plume on the back,

food, and covered with crimson velvet for the Regent Had polar winters chill'd yon Emperor's blood ?

Had Frederic's converse with the tented field On the right and left were two lower chairs, ornamented with similar materials, for the Empe

His breast 'gainst Mercy's geotle induence ror of Russia and the King of Prussia. The Chan

steel'd? cellor sat to the left of the latter Monarch; the No-by fair Gallia's still unravaged plains, Duchess of Oldenburg to the right of her Im- Her towns unsack'd, her unpolluted fanes, perial brother. To the right of the Duchess, ra

By all her merchant wealth, and artist pride, ther lower, sat the foreign Princes in chairs; and

From Seine's tall towers to Garonne's viny side, to the left of the Chancellor, the other foreigners ! By her fall’n tyrant's show of princely state, and Noblemen of inferior rank. The area was

His limbs unchain'd, his life in violate; allotted to Masters of Arts, Bachelors of Law, By these, far lands and distant times shall know, and strangers admitted by tickets. The Mem “ How Christian valour spares the prostrate foe.” bers of the procession, on entering the theatre, There was more pious ascription of our sucdivided on each side, when the Prince Regent, cesses to Heaven in this gentleman's verses than the Emperor Alexander, and the King of Prussia, in the rest. They end thus :arivanced to their respective seats, in their academical robes The diplomas of ine Degree of

Still not to yon, Great Chiefs, tho' high your Doctor of Civil Law for the Emperor and the praise King had been passed in a previous convocation Transcend the Historian's peo, or Poet's lays; on Monday, June 15, and their Majesties now re Yet not to you alone shall mortals bow ceived them after the Chancellor had opened In awful love, and pay the grateful vow; convocation. The Chancellor then proposed a But ye yourselves must bow, your praise be given, diploma for the degree of L.L.D. for bis Grace To him the LORD of Lords, your King in heaven. the Duke of Wellington, which was immediately

Mr. Hughes bad the following appropriate passed, the iwo Monarchs joining in the votes, compliment to the Emperor of Russia :as Doctors of the University. The honorary de

Turn from fierce Macedonia's Lord grees of L.L.D. were then conferred upon Prince Metiernich, Count Lieven, and Field Marshal Who fired the rayal Persian's captive fane, Prince Blucher. Mr. Crowe, the venerable pub. That phrenzied youth, wbom suppliant Art im. lic orator, ascended the tribune, and delivered a

plored brief Latin oration, in honour of the illustrious To spare her honours, but implored in vain. visitors, the effect of which was much increased

But, Art, declare whose conquering arm by his serious and impressive delivery.

Preserved each trophy of thy favour'd clime, This was followed by the recitation of five

Gave back secure from scath and harm, copies of English verse; the first by Mr. William

The classic spoils of time? Dalby, Fellow of Exeter; the second by Mr.

'Twas he, the Hero of the North: Henry Bosanquet, of Corpus Christi; the third

In him a nobler Alexander view, by Mr. Robert Ingram, of Oriel; the fourth (an

Who chased the tyrant in his anger forth, ode) written by Mr. John Hughes, was spoken

Yet o'er the prostrate foe his sheltering buckler by Mr. Robert Mascall, both of Oriel; and the

threw. fifth (an ode) by Mr. William Taylor Coleridge,

And again : of Exeter, The verses in general were good; Enough through Anarchy's wild night though not distinguished for transcendeut poeti- | Hath gleam'd the meteor of portentous birth, cal merit. , They were for the most part tolerably Whose red and desolating light well delivered. There was, however, too much of Shoue but to blast the face oi bo:luteous Earth. sameness in the tbemes, and in the manner of Quench'd are its beams, its reiga is past; treating them : the conflagration of Moscow; Il Reviving Europe breathes at last,


And hails in him, th' immortal Czar,

might almost venture to say, that they made half The pure and stedfast ray of Freedom's morning || Oxford resonnd with their cheers, in honour of

the Prince Regent, of Alexander, of Blucher,

and of the Duke of Wellington. Mr. Coleridge's Ode concludes with an elo

After the business of the theatre was closed, quent compliment to the Prince Regent:

the Chancellor and other University officers conFill high the cup of praise

ducted the Royal personages to their respeetive To Him, who, in that desperate night,

Colleges, which terminated the public acts and Still waved on higb the beacon light;

ceremonies of this memorable visit. The Brunswick, resolute to save,

Blucher, warmly received as he is (and deserves Who stemm'd that all-devouring wave; to be), by all ranks, from the Regent to the mean. Who, when no eartbly hope was given,

est subject, seems in a most extraordinary deFound strength and confidence in heaven;

gree here, as well as in London, the peculiar idol And:upward gazing on b.ight honour's sun,

of the public at large. The gallaut General is Finish'd the holy war bis glorious Sire begun. like the favourite candidate at a popular election.

After these recitations, Greek verses by Mr. C. He cannot stir abroad without bringing a crowd W. Mildmay, of Brazenose, and a Greek and abont him, blessing him, offering him their rough Latin Ode by two Christ Church Gentlemen, || but honest hands, pressing upon hiin to inconconclnded the public exbibitions.

venience, and vociferating his praises so as almost To particularise every thing that was interest. to stun the ears of one who had not been suffici. ing in this grand ceremonial, would far exceed | ently accustomed to the tremendous roar of arthe possible limits of this communication. To i tillery. His valour and bis age have impressed give a faint description of its splendor would be the public mind. He appears a true German no mean task for the ablest pen. Figure to the || soldier, of no new school. He lodged in the mind two immense semi-circles, the upper one rooms of Dr. Barnes, at Christ Church. This crowded with the scholars of the University in morning he was perfectly visible, sitting on the their gowns, the lower one completely filled with | end of his bed, the window being quite up, smok. an assemblage of British beauty, many of high ing bis long pipe, in a white vest with a ribband rank, beaming with all the loveliness of their sex, over it, with a sedate military sang froid. He únincumbered with the fantastic babiliments of advanced frequently to the window and bowed, Court etiquette, but attired in every possible va whenerer a tolerable number assembled withont. riety of elegance, of device, or of colour; superb || At nine be came out, dressed in black, wearing plumes waving over the heads of some, and or his stars, and paid bis visit to the Bishop of Oxnaments, not more costly than tasteful, gracefully | ford and Sir Charles Stewart. On his return be displayed by all. Lower down, an Emperor, a | put on bis full General's uniform, with the King, and a British Regent, seated in all the Orange Ribband of the Eagle, and all his in. magnificence which becomes the royal dignity, | signia, and went to the theatre, with two Prussian in the midst of Princes, of Nobles, of Statesmen, | Officers, in the Bishop of Oxford's chariot. of Warriors of various nations of the civilized The moment the ceremonies at the theatre were world, of Clergy, éminent for rank and virtue, lover, the ladies drove to the Town-hall, which of Doctors and Professors of the highest of was extremely crowded. The Emperor and the every kind of human learning, -of the whole | King of Prussia went thither direct from the body, in fine, of the most celebrated and superb | theatre. The Mayor and Corporation were in University in the world! The description would readiness to attend upon their Majesties, who, require what our great bard invoked

together with Blucher, received, with much affa“ A muse of fire, that might ascend

bility, the freedom of the City of Oxford in gold

boxes, « The brightest heav’n of invention,”

The Emperor of Russia, the Duchess of Oldento draw the picture in which Princes and Mo- || burgh, the King of Prussia, the Prussian Prin. narchs acted and beheld “the swelling scene.” ces, and several other foreign and British perThe Imperial Alexander especially appeared im sons of distinction, went, after the Town hall pressed with the whole most forcibly. He fre ceremony, to Blenheim, where the illustrious parquently looked around him, and the delight he ty were received by the Marquis of Blandford, felt was depicted in his countenance in the most and Lord and Lady F. A. Spencer. They stopvivid traits. He particularly expressed the plea- || ped there two hours and a half, and partook of a sure be felt to the Prince Regent. The foreign || splendid collation in the library. They seemed Generals, who have so often faced death in the desirous, if possible, to pass a longer time in field, seemed sometimes almost lost in astonish- | viewing this magnificent monument of public ment, at the imposing grandeur that surrounded | gratitude, which forms one of the most striking them.

proofs of the unbounded honours which the EngThe applause of the students, and indeed of the lish nation is ever disposed to pay to those whose whole assemblage, exceeded all precedent, both || distinguished services claim high reward. at the entry of the great personages, and at the DEPARTURE OF

MONARCHS introduction of those admitted to degrees. One | LONDON.-Although the visit of the Sovereigos



« PreviousContinue »