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W. Pennon



ed, through their ministry, from darkness to light,
and out of the broad into the narrow way of life
and peace; bringing people to a weighty, serious
and God-like conversation, the practice of that
doctrine, which they taught.”
Of their ministers and ministry, W. Penn speaks as

followus : 1. “ They were changed men themselves before their mini- they went abroad to change others. Their hearts ministry, were rent, as well as their garments; and they knew

the power and work of God upon them. And this was seen by the great alteration it made; and their stricter course of life, and more godly conversation, that immediately followed upon it.”

They went not forth to preach in their own time, or will, but in the will of God; and spoke not their own studied matter, but as they were opened and moved of his spirit; with which they were well acquainted, in their own conversion; which cannot be expressed to carnal men, so as to give them any intelligible account; for to such it is as Christ said, like the blowing of the wind, which no man knotus whence it cometh, or whither it goeth. Yet this proof and zeal went along with their ministry, that many were turned from their lifeless professions, and the evil of their ways, to an inward and experimental knowledge of God, and an holy life as thousands can witness. And as they freely received, what they had to say, from the

Lord, so they freely administered it to others.' Barclay's (And, as R. Barclay further obferves on the subapology, ject) “ they coveted no man's filver, gold nor ap

parel; fought no man's goods; but fought them, and the falvation of their fouls: whose hands fupplied their own necessities, working honestly for bread, for themselves and families. And if, at any time, they were called of God, so as the work of the Lord hindered them from the work of their {rades, they took what was freely given them by



fuch, to whom they had communicated spirituals, and having food and raiment, were therewith con



“ The bent and stress of their ministry (continues W. Penn ) was conversion to God, regeneration and holiness. Not schemes of doctrines, and verbal creeds, or new forms of worship; but a leaving off, in religion, the fuperfluous, and reducing the ceremonies, and formal part, and pressing earnestly, the substantial, the necessary and profitable part, to the soul.

4 “They directed people to à principle in thenfelves, though not of themselves, by which all, that they asserted, preached and exhorted others to, might be wrought in them, and known to them, through experience, to be true: which is an high and distinguishing mark of the truth of their ministry, both that they knew what they said, and were not afraid of coming to the test: for, as they were bold from certainty, so they required conformity upon no human authority, but upon conviction of this principle; which they afferted was in them, that they preached unto; and unto that they directed them, that they might examine and prove the reality of these things, which they had affirmed of it, as to its manifestation, and work in man. And this is more than the many ministers in the world pretend to.”_" Thus this people did not only in words, more than equally with others, press repentance, conversion and holiness, but over and above did it knowingly and experimentally; and directed those, to whom they preached, to a susficient principle; and told them where it was, and by what tokens they might know it, and which way they might experience the power and efficacy of it, to their souls' happiness; which is more than theory and speculation; upon which most other ministers depend: for here is certainty; a bottom upon which man may boldly appear before God, in the great day of account.

5. “ They reached to the inward state and condition of people, which is evidence of the virtue of their principle, and of their ministering from it, and not from their own imaginations, glosses or comments, upon scripture. For nothing reaches the heart, but what is from the heart, or pierces the conscience, but what comes from a living conscience. Insomuch, as it hath often happened, where people have, under secrecy, revealed their state, or condition, to some choice friends, for advice, or ease; they have been so particularly directed, in the ministry of this people, that they have challenged their friends, with discovering their secrets, and telling their preachers their cases, to whom a word had not been spoken. Yea, the very thoughts and purposes of the hearts of many have been so plainly detected, that they have, like Nathaniel, cried out of this inward appearance of Christ, Thou art the son of God, thou art the king of Israel.And thofe, that have embraced this divine principle, have found this mark of its truth and divinity, that the woman of Samaria did of Christ, when in the flesh, to be the Messiah, viz. It had told them all that ever they had done; shewn them their insides, the most inward fecrets of their hearts, and laid judgment to the line, and righteousness to the plummet; of which thousands can, at this day, give in their witness. So that nothing has been affirmed by this people, of the power and virtue of this heavenly principle, that such as have turned to it, have rot found true, and more; and that half had not been told them, of what they have seen of the power, purity, wisdom and goodness of God therein.

6. " The accomplishments, with which this principle fitted, even some of the meanest of this people, for their work and service; furnishing some of them with an extraordinary understanding, in divine things, and an admirable fluency and taking way of


expression, gave occasion to some to wonder, faying of them, as of their master, Is not this such a mechanic's fon? How came he by this learning? As from thence others took occasion to suspect and insinuate, they were Jesuits in disguise, who had the reputation of learned men for an age past, though there was not the least ground of truth for any such reflection, in that their ministers are known, the places of their abode, their kindred and education,

7. “ That they came forth low, despised and hated, as the primitive Christians did; and not by the help of worldly wisdom or power, as former reformations, in part, have done: But, in all things, it may be said, this people were brought forth in the cross; in a contradiction to the ways, worships, fashions and customs of this world; yea, against wind and tide; that no flesh might glory before God.

8. “ They could have no design to themselves, in this work, thus to expose themselves to scorn and abuse; to spend and be spent: leaving wife and children, house and land, and all that can be accounted dear to men, with their lives in their hands; being daily in jeopardy, to declare this primitive message, revived in their fpirits, by the John i. ch. good fpirit and power of God, viz. That God is i. ch. 20; light and in him is no darkness at all; and that he 21. 1. John

i. ch. 5,6,79 has sent his son, a light into the world, to enlighten all men, in order to falvation; and that they, that say they have fellowship with God, and are his children and people, and yet walk in darkness, viz. in disobedience to the light in their consciences, and after the vanity of this world, they lie, and do not the truth. But, that all such as love the light, and bring their deeds to it, and walk in the light, as God is light, the blood of Jesus Christ, his Son, should cleanse them from all fin.


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“ Their known great constancy and patience, in suffering for their testimony, in all the branches of it, and that sometimes unto death, by beatings, bruisings, long and crowded imprisonments, and noisome dungeons. Four of them, in New England, dying by the hands of the executioner, purely for preaching among that people; besides banishments, and excessive plunders and sequestrations of their goods and estates, almost in all parts, not easy to be expressed, and less to have been endured, but by those that have the support of a good and glorious cause; refusing deliverance by any indirect ways, or means, as often as it was offered to them. 10. “ That they did not only not shew any

disposition to revenge, when it was at any time in their power, but forgave their cruel enemies; shewing mercy to those, who had none for them.

11. “ Their plainness with those in authority, like the ancient prophets, not fearing to tell them, to their faces, of their private and public fins: and their prophecies to them of their afflictions and downfall, when in the top of their glory :- Also of fome national judgments; as, of the plague and fire of London, in express terms; and likewise particular ones, on divers persecutors, which accordingly overtook them; and were very remarkable in the places, where they dwelt, which in time, may be made public for the glory of God.”

“ As to the doctrine, which they taught, (says the do&rines. fame author) having already given fome account

of their fundamental principle, their characteristic;
or main distinguishing principle, viz. the light of
Christ within; which is, as the root of the goodly
tree of doctrines, that grew, and branched out
from it, I shall, therefore, now speak of them, in

their natural and experimental order. Repent.

“First, repentance from dead works, to serve the living God; which comprehends three operations;

of their

3nce. .

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