Page images

Thy palm some moment keeps : but now mine eyes,
Which I have darted at thee, hurt thee not :
Nor, I am sure, there is no force in eyes
Than can do hurt.

O dear Phebe,
If ever, (as that ever may be near,)
You meet in some fresh cheek the power of fancy",
Then shall you know the wounds invisible
That love's keen arrows make.

But, till that time, Come not thou near me: and, when that time comes, Afflict me with thy mocks, pity me not; As, till that time, I shall not pity thee. Ros. And why, I pray you? Advancing.) Who

might be your mother, That you insult, exult, and all at once 5,

not very properly used; it is the scar of a wound. Capable impressure, hollow mark. JOHNSON..

Capable, I believe, means here-perceptible. Our author often uses the word for intelligent ; (see a note on Hamlet, —

“ His form and cause conjoin'd, preaching to stones,

“ Would make them capable.") Hence, with his usual licence, for intelligible, and then for perceptible. MALONE.

3 — power of fancy,] Fancy is here used for love, as before, in A Midsummer-Night's Dream. Johnson.

4 — Who might be your mother,] It is common for the poets to express cruelty by saying, of those who commit it, that they were born of rocks, or suckled by tigresses. Johnson.

s That you insult, exult, and all at once,] If the speaker intended to accuse the person spoken to only for insulting and exulting; then, instead of-all at once, it ought to have been, both at once. But, by examining the crime of the person accused, we shall discover that the line is to be read thus :

That you insult, exult, and rail at once. For these three things Phebe was guilty of. But the Oxford editor improves it, and, for rail at once, reads domineer,

WARBURTON. I see no need of emendation. The speaker may mean thus : Who might be your mother, that you insult, exult, and that too all in a breath? Such is, perhaps, the meaning of all at once.


Over the wretched ? What though you have mo


6 - What though you have more beauty,] The old copy reads :

“ — What though you have no beauty.” Steevens. Though all the printed copies agree in this reading, it is very accurately observed to me, by an ingenious unknown correspondent, who signs himself L. H. (and to whom I can only here make my acknowledgement) that the negative ought to be left out.

THEOBALD. That no is a misprint, appears clearly from the passage in Lodge's Rosalynde, which Shakspeare has here imitated : “Sometimes have I seen high disdaine turned to hot desires.-Because thou art beautiful, be not so coy; as there is nothing more faire, so there is nothing more fading."-Mr. Theobald corrected the error, by expunging the word no; in which he was copied by the subsequent editors ; but omission, (as I have often observed,) is, of all the modes of emendation, the most exceptionable. No was, I believe, a misprint for mo, a word often used by our author and his contemporaries for more. So, in a former scene of this play: “I pray you, mar no mo of my verses with reading them ill-favour’dly.” Again, in Much Ado About Nothing : “Sing no more ditties, sing no mo.Again, in The Tempest : Mo widows of this business making " Many other instances might be added. The word is found in almost every book of that age. As no is here printed instead of mo, so in Romeo and Juliet, Act V. we find in the folio, 1623, Mo matter for No matter. This correction being less violent than Mr. Theobald's, I have inserted it in the text. “What though I should allow you had more beauty than he, (says Rosalind,) though by my faith,” &c. (for such is the force of As in the next line) “ must you therefore treat him with disdain?” In Antony and Cleopatra we meet with a passage constructed nearly in the same manner :

- Say, this becomes him,
(As his composure must be rare indeed

“ Whom these things cannot blemish,) yet,” &c. Again, in Love's Labour's Lost :

“ But say that he or we, (as neither have,)

“ Receiv'd that sum,” &c. Again, more appositely, in Camden's Remaines, p. 190, edit. 1605 : “ I force not of such fooleries ; but if I have any skill in sooth-saying, (as in sooth I have none,) it doth prognosticate that I shall change copie from a duke to a king,” Malone.

As mo, (unless rhyme demands it,) is but an indolent abbreviation of more, I have adopted Mr. Malone's conjecture, without his manner of spelling the word in question. If mo were right,

(As, by my faith, I see no more in you
Than without candle may go dark to bed,)
Must you be therefore proud and pitiless ?
Why, what means this? Why do you look on me?
I see no more in you, than in the ordinary
Of nature's sale-work?:-Od's my little life!
I think, she means to tangle my eyes too !
No, 'faith, proud mistress, hope not after it:
'Tis not your inky brows, your black-silk hair,
Your bugle eye-balls, nor your cheek of cream,
That can entame my spirits to your worship 8.
You foolish shepherd, wherefore do you follow her,
Like foggy south, puffing with wind and rain ?
You are a thousand times a properer man,
Than she a woman: 'Tis such fools as you,
That make the world full of ill-favour'd children:
'Tis not her glass, but you, that flatters her ;
And out of you she sees herself more proper,
Than any of her lineaments can show her.-
But, mistress, know yourself; down on your knees,
And thank heaven, fasting, for a good man's love :

how happens it that more should occur twice afterwards in the same speech? Steevens.

I have no doubt that the original reading, (no beauty,] is right. It is conformable to the whole tenor of Rosalind's speech, particularly to the line :

“Foul is most foul, being foul to be a scoffer.” That mo, (or more) was not the word used, is proved by the passage:

“ You are a thousand times a properer man,

« Than she a woman." Talbot. 9 Of nature's SALE-WORK:] Those works that nature makes up carelessly and without exactness. The allusion is to the practice of mechanics, whose work bespoke is more elaborate than that which is made up for chance-customers, or to sell in quantities to retailers, which is called sale-work. WARBURTON,

8 That can ENTAME my spirits to your worship.] So, in Much Ado about Nothing :

Taming my wild heart to thy loving hand." STEEVENS,

For I must tell you friendly in your ear,-
Sell when you can: you are not for all markets :
Cry the man mercy; love him; take his offer;
Foul is most foul, being foul to be a scoffer'.
So, take her to thee, shepherd ;-fare you well.
PhE. Sweet youth, I pray you chide a year to-

gether; I had rather hear you chide, than this man woo.

Ros. He's fallen in love with her foulness, and she'll fall in love with my anger: If it be so, as fast as she answers thee with frowning looks, I'll sauce her with bitter words.-Why look you so upon me?

Phe. For no ill will I bear you.

Ros. I pray you, do not fall in love with me, For I am falser than vows made in wine : Besides, I like you not: If you will know my house, 'Tis at the tuft of olives, here hard by :Will you go, sister ? —Shepherd, ply her hard :Come, sister:-Shepherdess, look on him better, And be not proud : though all the world could see, None could be so abus'd in sight as he?. Come, to our flock.

[Exeunt ROSALIND, CELIA, and Corin. PhE. Dead shepherd ! now I find thy saw of

might; Who ever lov'd, that lov'd not at first sight?

9 Foul is most foul, being foul to be a scoffer.] The sense is, The ugly seem most ugly, when, though ugly, they are scoffers.

Johnson. 1- with her foulness,] So, Sir Tho. Hanmer; the other editions-your foulness. Johnson. 2 - though all the world could see,

None could be so abus'd in sight as he.] Though all mankind could look on you, none could be so deceived as to think you beautiful but he. JOHNSON. 3 Dead shepherd ! now I find thy saw of might;

Who EVER LOV'D, THAT lov'D NOT AT FIRST SIGHT?] The second of these lines is from Marlowe's Hero and Leander, 1637, sign. B b. where it stands thus :

“ Where both deliberate, the love is slight :
Who ever lov'd, that lov'd not at first sight?

Sil. Sweet Phebe,-

Ha! what say'st thou, Silvius ?
Sil. Sweet Phebe, pity me.
PhE. Why, I am sorry for thee, gentle Silvius.

Sil. Wherever sorrow is, relief would be ;
If you do sorrow at my grief in love,
By giving love, your sorrow and my grief,
Were both extermin’d.
Phe. Thou hast my love ; Is not that neigh-

bourly ?
Sil. I would have you.

Why, that were covetousness.
Silvius, the time was, that I hated thee;
And yet it is not, that I bear thee love:
But since that thou canst talk of love so well,
Thy company, which erst was irksome to me,
I will endure ; and I'll employ thee too :
But do not look for further recompence,
Than thine own gladness that thou art employ'd.

Sil. So holy, and so perfect is my love, And I in such a poverty of grace, That I shall think it a most plenteous crop To glean the broken ears after the man That the main harvest reaps: loose now and then A scatter'd smile *, and that I'll live upon.

This line is likewise quoted in Belvidere, or the Garden of the Muses, 1610, p. 29, and in England's Parnassus, printed in 1600, p. 261. STEEVENS.

This poem of Marlowe's was so popular, (as appears from many of the contemporary writers,) that a quotation from it must have been known at once, at least by the more enlightened part of the audience. Our author has again alluded to it in the Two Gentlemen of Verona.—The “ dead shepherd," Marlowe, died in 1592. The first two sestiads of Hero and Leander, being the whole that Marlowe had finished, were published in 1598. The work was completed by Chapman, and printed in 1600.

MALONE, 4 To Glean the broken ears after the man

That the main harvest reaps : Loose now and then
A scatter'd smile,] Perhaps Shakspeare owed this image to

« PreviousContinue »