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TWEMLOW, OF PEATSWOOD.
TVVEMLOW, THOMAS, esq. of Peatswood, in the county of Stafford, b. 3rd July, 1782, m. 9th August, 1828, Harriet Frances, youngest daughter of the late Edward Townshend, esq. of Wincham, Cheshire.
Mr. Twemlow succeeded his father 21st February, 1801. He is a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for the counties of Stafford and Salop, and was sheriff of the former in 1830.
John Twemlow, of Arclyd, who m. in 1698, Mary, daughter of James Poole, and by her, who was buried at Sandbach, had three sons and two daughters, namely,
i. George, his heir.
Ii. Joseph, of Etwall, in the county of Derby, rector of Morley, who died s.p. in 1775.
in. William, d. young.
Ii. Elizabeth. The eldest son,
George Twemlow, esq. of Arclyd, born in 1703, m. in 1727, Mary, daughter of Francis Parrott, and had, by her, who died in 1763, aged fifty-two, and was buried at Sandbach, six sons and two daughters, viz. i. John, of Arclyd, b. 7th January, 1730, m. Ann, daughter of James Whalley, and d. 27th August, 1789, leaving two sons,
1. Thomas, of Liverpool, and of Liscard, in Cheshire, who wedded Miss Elizabeth Hamilton, and had issue.
2. John, who m. Sarah, daughter of John Twiss, esq. and has
Ii. Francis, b. 16th May, 1728, d. unm.
25th November, 1766. III. George, of the Hill, Sandbach, b.
3rd August, 1736, d. unmarried, 29th
iv. Thomas, of whom presently.
v. Joseph, b. 22nd September, 1742, m. Miss Mary Wilson, and d. 28th November, 1765, leaving a son, John.
vi. William, b. 25th January, 1745-6, died young.
I. Ann, b. in 1729, died in 1757.
II. Mary, b. in 1733-4, died in 1756. Mr. Twemlow died in 1778, and was succeeded in the Arclyd estate by his eldest son, John. His fourth son,
Thomas Twemlow, esq. of the Hill, Sandbach, Cheshire, b. 18th November, 1738, married, first, 10th November, 1770, Abigail, daughter of John Mare, by whom he had George, Catherine, and Anne. The two first died young. He wedded, secondly, 21st September, 1778, Mary, daughter and co-heiress of the Rev. Joseph Ward, vicar of Prestbury, in the palatinate, and had, by her,
Thomas, his heir.
Francis, of Betley Court, Staffordshire, m. 21st June, 1814, at Betley, in Staffordshire, Elizabeth, second dau. of the late Sir Thomas Fletcher, bart. and has issue.
Mr. Twemlow died 21st February, 1801, and was succeeded by his elder son, the present Thomas Twemlow, esq. of Peatswood.
Arms—Az. two bars engrailed or, charged with three boars' heads sa.
Crest—A parrot perched on the stump of a tree ppr.
SWINTON, OF SWINTON.
SWINTON, SAMUEL, esq. of Swinton, in Berwickshire, b. 28th August, 1773, m. 19th March, 1800, Miss Isabella Routledge, and has issue,
i. George-melville, b. 24th August, 1815.
H. John-Monckton, b. 4th April, 1819.
I. Anne-Elizabeth, m. to her cousin, George Swinton, esq.
II. Mary, m. in 1822, to James W. Hogg, esq. barrister
Ml. Elizabeth Charlotte, m. to John Melville, esq. of
Mr. Swinton served for thirty-four years in India, as a civil
This family, originally Saxon, took its surname from the barony of Swinton, in Berwickshire.
Edulf De Swinton, of Swinton, who appears to have flourished in the reigns of Macbeth and Malcolm Canmore, left a son,
Liulph or Liulf, living in the beginning of King Edgar, (whose reign terminated in 1107,) and was father of
Udard, sheriff of the county of Berwick temp. Alexander I. who was succeeded by
Hernplf or A'lniilf, who obtained a charter from David I. in which the three preceding proprietors of the lands and barony are named " David rex Scotorum, et Henricus suus Alius omnibus vicecomitibus ■uis, cunctisque baronibus Francis et Anglis salutem, sciatis quod dedi et concessi huic meo militi Hernulfo Swinton infeodo, sibi et hceredisuo; cum omnibus hominibussuisque pecuniis tenere bene et libere et bonorifice, sicut ullus ex meis baronibus, melius ac liberius tenet, et quicquid ad earn pertinet per easdem consuetudines, per quas Liulfus Alius Edul6, et Udardus films suus tenuerunt, tenere de Saucto Cuthberto et de me, xl solidos reddente monachis de Dunelmia, sine omnibus aliis servitiis, Testibus, Willielmo filio Duncani et Maduc consule et comite Duncano, et Radulfo Luulel Marmion Mar
sel, et Waltero filio Alani, et Ilerberto Camerario, et Adam filio Edwardi, Willielmo de Lindsay, apud Haddingtunian, vale."
Hernulf died in the reign of Malcolm IV, and was t. by
Sir Alan De Swinton, mites, —who got a charter of the barony of Swinton from Bertram, prior of Coldiugham, superior thereof in the reign of King William the Lion. He died about the year 1200, and was interred in the church of Swinton, where his name and arms are over a stone image upon his tomb, and was I. by
Sir Adam De Swinton, who is mentioned in a donation made by his relic to the monastery of Soltray. Sir Adam died before the year 1229, and was by
Sir Alan De Swinton, of whom there are many documents in the reign of King AlexAnder II. He was s. by
Alan De Swinton, who, in the reign of King Alexander III. is mentioned in the Chartulary of Coldingham, as proprietor of the lands and barony of Swinton anno 1273. He was'/, by
Henry De Swinton,cotemporary with
whom was William De Swinton, probably a son of the family, who in Ragman's roll is designated " Vicaire de l'Eglise de Swinton, anno 1296."
Henry De Swinton (Alan's successor) was, with many others of his countrymen, compelled to submit to King Edward I. of England, when he had overrun Scotland, anno 1296. This Henry was t. by
Henry De Swinton, who is witness in a charter by Isabella Senescalla, domina de Fife, to Michael Balfour, of an annuity of eight merits sterling out of the lands of Easterferry. He was t. by
Sir John Swinton, a distinguished soldier and statesman, and high in favour with the Second and Third Roberts. His military achievements are recorded by the ancient Scottish writers. At the battle of Otterburn, 31st July, 1388, he had a chief command, and to his intrepidity the Scots were indebted for the great victory obtained over the English (although with the loss of Douglas) on that memorable field. It is related of Sir John, that in the wars with the English, he visited the enemy's camp, and gave a general challenge to fight any of their army. He was appointed one of the Ambassadors extraordinary by King Robert III. to negociate a treaty with the court of England, for which they got a safe conduct from King Richard II. for themselves and sixty knights in their retinue, 4th July, 1392. He was afterwards employed upon another negociation, and obtained a safe conduct from King Henry IV. to go to England, with twenty horsemen in his retinue, 7th July, 1400. The gallant bearing and heroic death of the Lord of Swinton, at the fatal battle of Homildon, have afforded a subject for the poetic genius of Scott, and are the materials on which he founded the drama of " Haledon Hill." Pinkerton thus records Swinton's fall: "The English advanced to the assault, and Henry Percy was about to lead them up the hill, when March caught his bridle, and advised him to advance no farther, but to pour the dreadful shower of English arrows into the enemy. This advice was followed with the usual fortune; for in all ages, the bow was the English weapon of victory, and though the Scots, and perhaps the French, were superior in the use of the spear, yet this weapon was useless after the distant bow had decided the combat. Robert the Great, sensible of this at the battle of Hannockbum, ordered a prepared detachment of cavalry to rush among the English archers at the commencement, totally to disperse them, and stop the deadly effusion. But Douglas now used no such precaution; and the consequence was, that his people, drawn up on the face of the hill, presented one general mark to the enemy, none of whose arrows descended in vain. The Scots fell without fight and unrevenged, till a spirited knight, Swinton, exclaimed aloud, 'O my brave countrymen! what fascination has
seized you to-day, that you stand like deer to be shot, instead of indulging your ancient courage, and meeting your enemies hand to hand? Let those who will, descend with me, that we may gain victory, and life, or fall like men.' This being heard by Adam Gordon, between whom and Swinton there existed a deadly feud, attended with the mutual slaughter of many followers, he instantly fell on his knees before Swinton, begged his pardon, and desired to be dubbed a knight by him whom he must now regard as the wisest and boldest of that order in Britain. The ceremony performed, Swinton and Gordon descended the hill, accompanied by only one hundred men, and a desperate valour led the whole body to death. Had a similar spirit been shewn by the Scottish army, it is probable that the events of that day would have been different." He m. first, Margaret, Countess of Douglas and Marr, widow of William, first Earl of Douglas, but by that lady had no issue ; and secondly, Lady Margaret Stewart, daughter of King Robert II. by whom he had a son,
Sir John Swinton, of that ilk, who succeeded him, a man of singular merit, and a soldier of as undaunted valour. At the battle of Beauge, in France, in 1420, Swinton unhorsed the Duke of Clarence, the English general, brother of King Henry V. whom he distinguished by a coronet set with precious stones, which the duke wore around his helmet, and wounded him so grievously in the face with his lance that he immediately expired.* Sir John afterwards fell at the battle of Vernoil, where the Scots' auxiliaries were commanded by the gallant Earl of Buchan, constable of France, son of Robert, Duke of Albany, governor of Scotland anno 1424. Swinton m. first, Lady Marjory Dunbar, daughter of George, Earl of March; but she died without issue. He espoused,secondly, his cousin-german, Lady Marjory Stewart, daughter of Robert, Duke of Albany. He was ». by his son.
Sir John Swinton, who, being'an infant at his father's death, was left under the care of William de Wedderburn, scutifer. Sir John died about the year 1493, leaving (with a daughter, Margaret, who m. JohnFalside, and in her widowhood was prioress of the monastery of Elcho) a son and successor,
Sir John Swinton, of that ilk, who, anno 1475, wedded Katharine Lauder, a daughter of the family of Bass, by whom he had, with other issue, a son,
John Swinton, of that ilk, who m. in 1518, Margaret, daughter of David Hume, of Wedderburn, and had issue,
• And Swinton placed the lance in rest That bumbled erst the sparkling crest Of Clarence's Plantagenet.
Lay of the Last Minstrel.
I. John (Sir), his heir,
III. Janet, m. to John Nicolson, an emi-
IV. Margaret, went into the monastery of Elcho.
vi. Elizabeth, m. to Matthew Sinclair, of Longformacus.
vill. Mary. He died about the year 1549, and was t. by his elder son.
Sir John Swinton, of that ilk, who, in the year 1552, married his cousin, Katharine, daughter of Robert Lauder, of Bass, and dying in 1584, was /. by his eldest son, Robert Swinton, a man of good parts, who was long sheriff of Berwickshire. He m. first, Katharine Hay, daughter of William, Lord Yester, by whom he had one son, John, his heir, and a daughter, Katharine, m. to Sir Alexander Nisbet, of that ilk. He m. secondly, anno 1597, Jean Hepburn, sister of Patrick Hepburn, of White Castle, by whom he had two sons and one daughter, viz.
i. Alexander, afterwards Sir Alexander, who carried on the line of the family.
I. Helen, m. in 1G28, to John Hepburn, of Smeaton.
Swinton d. in 1628, and was s. by his son,
John Swinton, of that ilk, who was served heir in general to the second Sir John Swinton, tuo tritato, on 22nd July, 16:30. He survived his father only five years, and dying unmarried, in 1633, was by his brother,
Sir Alexander Swinton, of that ilk, who had acquired the lands of Hiltoun, but disposed of them upon his succession to the family estate, and was appointed sheriff of Berwick, anno 1640. In the year 1620, he married Margaret, daughter of James Home, of Framepath, and Sir Bothans, a cadet of the family of Home, and had issue by her six sous, and five daughters, i. John, his heir.
H. Alexander, Lord Mersinglon, one of the senators of the college of justice, who m. first, , by whom he
had two sons, who went to England; and, secondly, Katherine Skeen, a daughter of the family of Hallyards, by whom he had two other sons and seven daughters,
1. Charles, who was colonel of a regiment in the service of the slates of Holland, and m. Alice
Newman, of a good family in England. 2. James, a captain in the same regiment, who married a lady in Holland. These two brothers were both killed in the French trenches at the battle of Malplaquet.
1. Mary, m. first, to Fletcher, of Aberlady; and after his death to Brigadier James Bruce, of Kennet, (see vol. ii. p. 487).
2. Elizabeth, m. to Sir Alexander Cumming of Culter.
3. Janet, m. to John Belsches, of Tofts.
4. Alice, m. to her cousin, Swinton, of Laugbton.
6. Helen, m. to Colonel Francis Charteris, of Amisfield.
6. Katherine, married to Laurence Drummoud, a brother of Pitkellony.
7. Beatrix, tn. to Sir Alexander Brown, of Basseudean.
III. Robert, an officer in the army.kill -I at the battle of Worcester, on the king's side, attempting to carry off Cromwell's standard which he had seized.
IV. James, who was in the same army at the same battle.
v. George, of Chesters, writer to the signet, who m. Eupheme, sister of Brown, of Thornvdykes, whose only daughter, Katherine, was m. to David Duudas, of Philipston.
VI. David, of Laughton, a merchant in
I. Jane, m. to Sir James Cockburn, of
II. Margaret, m. to Mark Ker, of Mo-
III. Katherine, m. to Brown, of Thorny dykes.
IV. Elizabeth, m. to Hepburn, ofBeanston.
v. Helen, m. to Dr. George Hepburn, of Monkrig. Sir Alexander died in 1652, and was *. by his eldest son,
John Swinton, of that ilk, who was «ppointed, in 1649, one of the colonels for Berwickshire, for putting the kingdom in a posture of defence, and is then designed John de Swinton, jun. de Eodem. He was also chosen one of the committee of estates, and appointed one of the commissioners for plantation of kirks, 14th March, that same year.
Cromwell, when in Scotland, carried Sw inton a prisoner to England, and had him with him at the battle of Worcester, where he was only a spectator; however, he was forfeited by the convention of estates in absence, and without proof, anno 1651. Oliver afterwards conceiving a great esteem for his captive, made him one of the commissioners for the administration of justice to the people of Scotland, in 1657.
After the restoration of King Charles II. the old decree of forfeiture against him was confirmed in 1661, and he outed of his estate, which remained under forfeiture till 1690.
He m. first, (in 1645), Margaret Stewart, daughter of William, Lord Blantyre, by whom he had three sons and one daughter, i. Alexander, his heir, it. John, afterwards Sir John, who carried on the line of the family, in. Isaac.
i. Margaret, m. to Sir John Riddel, of that ilk.
He m. secondly, Francisca Hancock, widow of Arnot Sonmans, a considerable proprietor in the Jerseys, but by her had no issue. He died anno 1679, and was s. by his eldest sou,
Alexander SwiNTON.of that ilk, who survived his father only a few years, and dying unmarried, was succeeded by his brother,
Sir John Swinton, of that ilk, who resided in Holland during the forfeiture, and was a considerable merchant there. He returned to Britain at the Revolution, and in the year 1690 the decree of forfeiture was rescinded, and the family estate was restored to him, per murium jusMia.
He was a member of the Union Parliament, and was appointed one of the commissioners of equivalent.
He m. first, Sarah, daughter of William Welsh, merchant in London, by whom he had many children; but none of them came to maturity, except one daughter, Frances, who married the Rev. Henry Veitch, minister of Swintou.
Sir John m. secondly, Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Sinclair, of Longformacus, by Margaret, his wife, daughter of William, Lord Alexander, bv Lady Jane Douglas, his wife, daughter of William, first Marquis of Douglas. By her he had four sons and five daughters:
i. John, his heir.
H. Robert, merchant in North-Berwick, who m. Katherine, daughter of Robert Rutherford, of Farnilee, and left issue.
ill. Francis, doctor of medicine, who d. abroad, unmarried.
iv. William, merchant in North-Berwick.
i. Jean, m. to Dr. John Rutherford.
in. Johanna, m. to Alexander Keith, of
Ravelstone. I v. Anne, d. young. Sir John d. in 1724, and was s. by his eldest
John Swinton, of that ilk, advocate. He m. Mary, daughter of the Rev. Samuel Semple, minister of the Gospel at Libberton, by Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of Sir Archibald Murray, of Blackbarony; and by her he had six sons and six daughters,
l. John, his heir, who succeeded to SwinTon."
Ii. Samuel, of whom presently.
in. Robert, who d. abroad, in the service of the East India Company.
IV. Archibald, a captain in the service of the East India Company.
v. Francis, who d. in the service of the said Company.
v. Pringle, who d. in infancy.
M. Anne, married to Robert Hepburn, of Baads, esq.
ill. Jean, died unmarried.
v. Frances, who d. young.
vi. Katharine. The second son.
Captain Samuel Swinton, R. N. wedded Jean Felicite Lefebvre, and was father of Samuel, who having purchased the estate of Swinton from his cousin, Robert Hepburne Swinton, esq. the present head and representative of the family of Swinton of that ilk, is now Swinton, of Swinton.
Arms—Sa. a chev. or, between three boars' heads erased arg.
Crest—A boar chained to a tree, and above, on an escrol, J'etpere.
• John Swinton, of that Ilk. Lord Swinton, one of the senators of the college of justice, m. Margaret, daughter of John Mitchelson, esq. of Middleton, and had six sons, 1. John, 2. Samuel, 3. Archibald, 4. Robert, 5. George, 6. William; and seven daughters, 1. Margaret, 2. Mary, 3. Isabella, 4. Elizabeth, 5. Harriot, 6. Catherine, 7. Anne. He d. in 1799, and was i. by his eldest son,
John Swinton, of that Ilk, advocate, who m. his cousin, Mary-Anne, daughter of Robert Hepburne, esq. of Clerkington,and had, l.John, 2. Robert- Hepburne; 1. Isabella, 2. Margaret. Hed. in 1820, and was s. by his eldest son, John, who dying unto, in 1829, the line of the family is now carried on by his younger brother,
Robert Hepburne Swinton, of that Ilk, m. Juliana, daughter of — Hecher, esq. has two sons, 1. John-Edulphus, 2. Robert.
The supporters borne by the head of the family are two boars sta?irling in a compartment, whereon are these words, Je pente.