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two thicknesses, cach three quarters of an only fit for persong of good courage, and inch thick, cut to a round forin, about who are not afraid of their hands. The eighteen inches diameter, crossing cach « feather-beds, or mattresses" would other, and screued together, to prevent also be very useful. being split (if it shoula de struck hard on The last remark, on“ the secure mode the pavement), to which I had a strong of going into a room full of smoke" (to staple, wiih ten yards of strung small appearance), is not only very useful and cond; I then had an iron rod, about half safe, but bias lately (luglily to the honour au inch thick (rund) formed into a ring, of a person, no fireman) been so very or loop, of eighteen inches clear diame usefully adopted, that coumon justice de

Tiben got strong canvas, like thin mandi; it should be known. The bay-loft satil-cluthi, full t yard and a half square, Oier the stable or Mr. Lee, a builder in irmed into a bas, which was puiled Chiswell--ireet, was on fire: Mr. John round the deal botton, and well Lound hing, who lives at No. 198 in Shoreditch, et top, rulari the iron hoop, which com- was passing, and perceived the sinoke; he pleted it. I then had a well-made, pli- hastened to the place, where he found able rope, about titty feet long, well se- Mr. Lee, in great distress, with very little cured, with a triple bold to the hoop, or arni tance. He immediately got up into ring, and thus, by coiling the rope pru- the lust, the smoke issuing very thick; he perly round a bed-po-t, then to have the crawled on his hands and knees, found person to be let down in the bag, which wirere the fire was, moved the trusses of so soon as they step on the lostton, the bay and straw, on each side, frou it, rehay to be drawn up, which would reach turned to the loft door, got water as it to the neck of a grown person, who was put for hun, in pails, and actually would have to hold (to steady them) by damped the fire presently, so that, the two loops of small cord fastened to the the smoke abating, he was enabled to hoop, hanging inward; then the person raise himself to an erect posture, and put who is to manage the business, hoists the tire tire completely out. This is a cuyo bag just clear out of the window, the rageous and truly patriotic conduct of a small cord at the bottom talling directly stranger, at what might be deemed the to the street, and be there held by some hazard of his life, though with no other one, or more, to steady and guide the bag injury than some little scorching of his in its descent, so as to prevent its being hands and some small damage to his impeded by any cornice, projection, bal clothes. Mr. Lee was so sensible of the cony, or even the palisades of an area goodness of the act, that he immediately The person managing the rope is to let made him a gratuity (which, with relucout, or ease gently and regularly, but yet tance, le accepted), assured him of his fue with expedition : when the bag has reach- ture friendship, and explaining the mated the street, any strong person can lift ter where he was insured, the directors all together, and take it to an opposite presented Mr. King with ten pounds as a house, the door of which we will sup- reward for his active zealous conduct. pose already open, and some female rea

“Go thou, and do likewise." dy, with proper wrappings, to enfold the rescued persons, and convey them to a

Thus we we find it not even necessary room.

to wait the arrival of a salamander, but The instant the way is empty, the spec- any man of-courage, which must be profator in the street calls

, pull up, the bag duced by that knowledge and the convicascends with celerity and safety, even to

tion of the safety, may do the like. the windows in its way, by the guide cord

I would advise a man to go in with his being held below. All this could have hat and coat on, first wetting the hat and been done in three minutes, or less, and

arms as it would prevent a light burst of repeated in as few, if necessary, the last flame from catching the hair, or shirt, person then leaving the bag out of the which is very liable, if dry*. window, close to the cill, into which he

Your's, &c. gets, having first coiled the rope, holding

BENJAMIN COOPER, it in his hand, with a good noose, and

Surveyor to the Royal Exchange then, by letting out the cord (with bim in

Assurance. the bag), he goes down as easy as he let the others down.

* The salamander having been deemed To " the knotted rope" I readily sub- fire-proof arises simply from his being enabled scribe my approbation, except that it-is to throw a constant moisture on his skin.

For

3 Y 2

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For the Monthly Magazine. 80 rich, that the original proprietors, bes OBSERVATIONS made during a TOUR, fore they could agree in the division of

through the UNIIED STATES of Ame- it, were compelled to acid other lands as RICA.-NO. XVI.

a distance, less valuable, so as to reduce SIR,

the lots to a medial value. In truth, ite INCE my last, the country I have soil is a perfect marrow, and, as may be

attempted to introduce to the at- expected, the trees lotiy, especially the tention of your readers has become more elins, which are very beautiful and mainteresting than ever, in consequence of jestic. Hemlock is far from being a colle its having been made the deposit of mon tree in the neighbourhood of Lake stores and provisions, said to be collected Erie; but in this townsbip there are two in support of a traiterous design to di- beautiful groves of it, most charmingly vide this Union, and for the formation of adapted for speculation and reflection; a western empire, under the direction of the widely distended arms of these trees, Adam Burr, late vice-president of the intermixing with each other, the dark, United States, the metropolis of which yet everlasting, green of their foliage, was to be New Orleans. Although these producing a glooin, never yet illumine letters are not intended to investigate by the solar ray, and which, when cour such schemes, yet the author may be per- nected with the eternal silence of the fomitted to say, that in a nation self-go- rest, is highly inductive of that state of verned like this, where the laws are mind, which, perhaps, is the most grateenacted, by the immediate representa- ful, and which is well known by the teru tives of the people, on whom they uqually of castle-building. Those who can feel act with their constituents; where no and estimate this state of miud, need individual is exempt from the obligations seek no more favoured spot for its cil of law, and where the sovereignty is ac- joyment than the neighbourhood of knowledged to be in, and used for, the Grand River, as it passes through the benefit of the whole; where, in one towuship of Harperstield. word, eguality so correctly exists as in It was on the 15th of May that we the United States, every such attempt wandered on the high and romantic cliffs requires the most decided opposition and of Grand-River, or, as it was called by detestation. In a nation so governed, the Aborigines, Geauga, in Harpersfeld; such efforts resemble suicide, and no lan- the grass being then at least tiiteen guage can be used sutficiently strong in inches high, and the river at an immense their reprehension. Were they unsup- distance below, dashing over the rocks; ported by foreign force, their machina- the bigh cliffs covered with lofty timber, tions might be despised as the effect of and the river then crowded with muskadisappointed ambition, of hopes which linge. (This fish is, I believe, not known hypocrisy and selfishness have blasted. in natural history by this name, er, at There is reason to fear that the traitors least, spelling; but is as good as cod who have contemplated this infamous when salted, and resembles veal uben project have received, and expect more, fresh). In order to get to the river, we foreign aid. That it may prove unsuc- had to lead oor borses down a patural cessful, is not only. the wish of every pa- stair-case, along the rocks. Having triot citizen of the United States, but crossed the river, and ascended the other must be of every philanthropist who can side, high in air, perched on an enormous understand the progression of the prin- elm, at the point of a high rock, for the ciples of civil liberty in this country. first time I saw seated in solemn dignity Part of Mr. Burr's vessels, ammunition, a male and female bald, or American provisions, &c. were deposited at Beevor- eagle: at the immense distance they town, and have there been seized by the were from us, they seemed but as two all-penetrating activity of the adminis- white specks, surrounded by the veroal tration. On this occasion, the attach- foliage. The earth was as generally ment of the constituted authorities and covered on this day with a small red citizens of the state of Ohio to the berry, resembling, in taste and appear. Union, has been not less conspicuous than ance, the haw, as. I ever saw your mess honourable: they have fally proved that, dows with daisies. It is fixed on a sit although a few ambitious individuals may gle stem, is called winter-clurer, mucha attempt to mislead a nation, a happy sought after by the Indians, and said people will never resist their governinent, strougly to indicate a good soul

. a contented people will never rebel. When we first arrived at Harper,

We proceeded from Windsor to Har- field, it contained but twenty-seren famipersfield. The land in this latter town is lies, but thirteen others arrived before

2

1807.] Observations made during a Tour in the United Siates. 593

manure.

we left the country. Vessels of one hun. to leap our horses over, to the no small dred tons burther bad then been built in bazard of our necks, more especially when this town, and sent into the lake. At on the other side the horses! feet were Windsor, land averaged at three dollars received by a soft, sloughy soil, to the per acre: in Trumbull township, which eye apparently firm, but from which it is between Windsor and Harpersfield, was often ditticult to disengage the anibut on which there were then no resi- mal. Nature appears to have supplied dents, it was not more than two dollars; the lands on the banks of Grand-River whilst at Harpersfield, without improve- with a most valuable and inexhaustible înents, five dollars was asked, and more

As I had no test by which to for that which was cleared, in proportion ascertain its chemical qualities, I shall to the nature and extent of the improve- only observe that the lotty banks of the ments. Trumbull towuship is stovy; but Guaza (Grand-River) seem altogether the stones appear as if spread on the composed of a bluish marl, which, when earth; are generally round, and vary in rubbed between the fingers, feels oily, size froni a man's head to a hogshead. and dissolves very readily, and almost

At llarpersfield we inet with a very in- entirely, in the mouth. Such a soil may, teresting man: his name was M'Dougall; probably, one day be in as much demand he is a native of the State of New York, for mechanical as for agricultural purabout forty years of age, and born blind; poses. In a new country like this, inohe resided with his sister, who had lately ney may be supposed scarce: simple and emigrated. His blindness appeared con- hospitable manners therefore prevail; no sequent on a turbid whitish fluid, which ostentatious display of wealth depresses seemed to be contained between the honest industry on the one hand, no poiris and the cornea, which appeared for sitive poverty compells unmanly submis. ever in motion, and thereby prevented sion on the other. If, however, the trathe rays of light from operating on the veller sees not much either of gold or silrelina; but what rendered M Dougall ver, he has plenty to eat, most hospitably most remarkable, was the intelligence he tendered, as well as of spirits of different possessed, and the rigour of mind be dis- kinds and milk, with good beds and bad played. He was not only conversant pillows, in very comfortable log-houses, with the history of his own country, but warmed in winter by immense fires, at of that of Great Britain, the late revolu- any of which, when night comes on, he tion in France, and the defects which has a hearty welcome to all lie receives. induced the fall of the ancient republics. It is true, their fried bacon is to me an He well understood the principles of law unsavoury mess; but if nothing else ofas established by Blackstone, and the fers, its constant attendants, chickens and improvements in chemistry introduced eggs, may surely satisfy any man : if not, by the French philosophers. Of mild venison and bear-meat, both of which are and modest manners, happy in good and very sweet and good, wild turkey, and kind relations, esteemed and beloved phy various kinds of fish, may easily be pro. his neighbours, he seemed little to re- cured. Perhaps it is a subject of just gret the loss of sight. Most blind people regret, that the day is so rapidly advanare cheerful; he was peculiariy so: and cing wbeu luxury will extend the effects the few hours I passed with bim were of its baneful influence to this happy not only entertainiog, but instructing country; when manners, no longer simJle did not, however, I was told, depend ple, must give way to ostentation and upon his retentive powers for bringing a pomp, and the frippery and gewgaws of person a second time to his recollection, foreign nations be preferred to the neat, where the voice was not familiar, but on the homely, manufactures of domestic feeling of the hand: of this I had after industry. May, however, the day be far wards a proof; for meeting him when distant when the honest yeomanry of the he was unprepared for such a rencounter, Connecticut Reserve exchange the solid although he recollected having before blessings of equality, benevolence, and heard my voice, he could not recall my urbanity, for the splendid nothings which name, or where we inet, but on shaking avarice coils for, and the spirit of liberty hands, immediately remembered both. detests.

Proceeding from Harpersfield to Aus- Arrived at Austenburgh, we stopped tenburgh, about nine miles, we found the at a bouse of a puritan, of the true old road most horridly muddy, often ob- Cromwell breed. We were very hungry, structed by the falling across it of timber and dinner, consisting of chickens, eggs, of most enornious length. These we had bacon, and custards, was presently, and.

neatly,

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neatly, served up. The dinner was township is so exactly in the centre of nicely hot, and the day cold. With eager Guaga, one of the new counties into anticipation 1 placed myself at table; which Trumbull has been divided, thrat but a reprinand from mine host soon set there is no doubt of its beiny, during the ine on my legs again. Alas, Sir! with next summer, made the seat of justice for all these good things before my devouring that county. In consequenre of this eyes and empty stomach, I had to under- expectation, and of the other adraniates go the tantalization of a grace, more than which it possesses, the whole of the towahalf an hour long; and, perhaps what ship, except three hundred acres, retainwas as severe a penance, tu be mighty ed by the original pruprietor, bas licen careful how I looked, lest a wicked leer purchased by a company, who hare laid from my companions should unhinge my it out in the following manner, viz, one gravity. Time and patience, however, hundred and fifty lots of two acies each, got the grace to an end, but the dinner was in the centre of the township, forins the spoiled; after, howerer, eating what 'we towa) of Jefferson; the immediate sure could, a second grace, equally long, set rounding property is divided into three ns free from the bondage of the table. hundred lots of eight acres each, and the Heartily fatigued when might came, we land situate further from the centre into went to bed; but were scarce asleep, one hundred and fifiy lots of eighty acres, when we were awakened by psalm-sing- each share-holder being entitled to ona ing, which continued for about an hour, town-lot, two eight-acre lots, and one and which was repeated before the eighty-acre farm. Fire acres iu the towa fuo was up, Never having been ex- are set aside for public buildings. There posed before to such outrageous devo- are also six open squares in ditterent tion, my sinful spirit little brooked it; parts of the town, of half that size. Four nor could I avoid a wish, hitherto grati- two-acre town-lots are set apart for the fied, that relgion might never again spoil endowment of a school; one is giren to my dinner when hungry, or my night's the first Christian congregation estals*Test when fatigued.

lished therein, and one to a person who Fire miles nearer the lake than Aus- erects, a brick tavern of certain dine tenburgh lies the 'lownship of Jefferson. sions. The latter lot has been accepted, then without an inhabitant; though, it I and the building is about to commence; judge riubit, destined for future impor- nor can any doubt be cutertained of the tance. It is a very beautiful tract of advantage of the situation by those w la land. In consequence of an error in the consider the importance of the tisheries original survey, it contains about eighteen between Grand river and Ashtabula, thousand acres. The east branch of the which hereafter must supply the Olio Guaga passes through it. It is also weil country, or the quantity of lake-salt, both watered by several rivulets, and must be of which will becessarily pass through the great thoroughfare by which much of Jefferson. There are at this moment the Ohio country will be supplied, is even but eleven resident families in this town. now supplied, with lake-lish and salt. ship; twenty-four are about to remove There are inany valuable mill-seats in thence from Maryland this spring, a few this township, and very beautiful situa- from this district and Virginia, and seves tions for houses. The timber, which is ral from the states of Connecticut and large in proportion to the richness of the New Jersey. Jefferson, therefore, bids soil, is here enormous, though princi- fair soon to be an important town. pally inaple, poplar, and beech. 'I am Eighty-acre lots in Jefferson are now satisfied many of these trees arise with- on sale, at five dollars the acre; townout a branch one hundred feet from the lots; in good situations, at twenty dollars carth; and are, at a mau's height, from the quarter of an acre, and the field-lots eliirty' to thirty-three feet in circumfe- are considered as well worth ten dollars rence. We measured one, a chesnut, each. rudely enough to be sure, but so as to It is a beautiful ride of twelve miles give an idea of its girth, thus:-One of from Jefferson to Lake Erie, on whose our party had a common one-horse- shore we arrived the 16th of May. In chair whip, to the lash of which I tied order to arrive at this impense inland my pocket (a common bandanna silk) sea, we had to cross the Ashtabula river, handkerchief, yet the whole would not It divides the township of Jefferson from circumscribe the tree. In Jefferson that of Ralfsville, so called after the there is a beautiful Ilemlock grove, of eldest son of Gideon Granger, the present frum five to eight hundred acres. This post-master-general of the United States

It occupies the land between the river sear, where they gave battle to the Brio and the lake, and the dashing waves of tous and put them to flight. They were the latter were long beard before our Cerdic's nephews, by a sister; and he eyes couid penetrate the forest, and dis- being a Saxon, no doubt from Dittinguisti its waters. Was I to compare inarsh, is a proof of the great intercourse, the as yet uncultivated shores of Lake friendship, and connection, that subsissa Fre with any part of the coast of Enged between the two nations, the Saxons lund, with which I am acquainte, I and the Jutes. Vithgar was the inost slwuld say the contour of the country warlike of the two brothers, and therefore most resembles the lands between Croc much beloved by Cerdic. The Britons iner and Mundsley, in Nortolk. The had in that battie ranged their troops in same high craggy chuifs, a siliceous sand very good order, partly on a inuntain, (studded, however, with wild pease), as partly in a valley. Their shields were beautitul as the other, the same grand also tinely adorned and gilt; but when water prospect, and waves beating and it came to combat, they were easily de foaming in a manner similar to what I feated. Shortly after, Arthur had sucbave often observed in that weighbour- ceeded to the throne, no doubt wbile be hood. Our first visit to the lake was was engaged in the Danish war, a great very unfavourable; the rain poured battle took place (A D. 319) between down in torrents, our compass would not the Britons and Cerdic, with his son traverse; suddenly night" overtook us, Cenric, at Cerdicsford, now Charford, a and we were lost. We travelled near fording, place in the river Avon. The four hours before we found the path Britons fouglit well, and the battle lasted leading to the Ashtabula ; our horses till night, when a complete victory was were jaded, and my friend's sunk beneath gained by the Saxons. From this time his weight. A distant light soon cheered is reckoned the beginning of the kingour worn-out spirits, and a bumble cot- dom of Wessex. After Arthur had retage received the weary wanderers. On turned home, he was engaged in twelve the hearth blazoned the crackling fagyot, battles with the Anglo Saxons; one but, alas! one room was all the house of them was fought near the river Doucontained, and that was already occupied glas, iu Lindsey; another in the Caby fifteen personls

The kind hostess, iedonian forest, a third on the Badonian liowever, provided us with eggs, bacon, mountain, in the last of which 810 Saxchickens, and whisky; after which we ons tell. In many of these conflicts Ara converted the funnels from under our thur Wits engaged with the two brothers, saddles into pillows, and attenpted to Colorin and Baldulph, whoin Langhorn, sleep. This, hnever, the novelty of my no doubt rightly, supposes to have been s.tuation, the sharing of some of iny Cimeu and Pieting, the sons of (Elia. fellow lodgers, the talking of others, adıl. These two, Colyrin and Baldulpli, as soon ed to the holl w roring of the winds, as they received intelligence of the death the soles peal of the thunder, and the of Aurelius, are said to have come to Brie grunting of the hous, from which we tain with a great force, from Germany, were only separated by a thin partition, probably fruin Saxony to the south of the as well as the otticious kidness of our bike. They attached the northern parts hostess, prevented iny indulging in; and, between the lumber and the sea at Catha lest I should force some of your readers ness. As soon as Arthur heard of this, he into a premature nap, I shill conclude marched against the city of York, which with the customary assurances of the they had takeu. At the river Douglas it esteem and respect of

cune to a pitched battle between the Alerandriu,

R. DIS MORE. Britons on one side, and the Saxons, Picts, Jun. 29, 1807.

and Scuts on the other. Arthur gained the

day, besieged Colgrin in York, and ore For the Monthly Magozine. dered Cadder, Duke of Conubia, to atCONCLUSION of the ACCOUNT if the set- tack Baldulph, which he did with such ef

TLEMENT of the asglosaxons in bri- fect, that Baldulph was routel. Yet the
TAIN. Extracted and translated from latter contriveni to join his brother in the
Danmark's Historie ved P. F. Sunn. besieged city; he had his hair and heard
IN
N the year 514, Stuf and Vithgar shaved, and took a harp in his band : thus

(probably the same name as Vikar), equipped ne entered the hostile camp, iwo Jutes, who on this occasion are called and was in the night hoisted over the wall counts, perhaps Jarler (or earis), caune into the city, where he gave account with three ships, and landed at Cerdic- tu his brother of the situation of their af

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