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clustered around a wretched fire, their toes were peeping from Field botany is a most profitable study, displaying the their worn-out stockings, and their ragged garments hung loose- | beneficence and the wisdom of the Creator, in what we often ly around them. These children had seen better days. It was when their father was with, and provided for them; he was dead || deem but worthless or odious weeds—things to be rooted now, and the only surviving parent struggled on through poverty | out—and that are necessarily extirpated in good cultivain all its phases, to keep a roof, such as it was, above their little tion, because no longer required. The study of the works heads. Piece by piece of her furniture was disposed of to pro- | of creation is a great aid to an intelligently devotional vide for them until there was scarcely anything left but a bed, a table, and a few chairs. Let us stand apart and listen to the
frame of mind. A green-gardener once, who was strietly prattle of the children. “Sister," says a little boy of about nine" sound" in the theological opinions derived from revelation, years of age, “if you will sew up these trousers
, I can go to Sun- || argued that Satan had the power to create certain things, day school to-morrow; see, it is only a rent, and my shoes will and he made all the weeds and the sparrows. If he had do, I am sure.' The sister, a girl of some twelve years old, looked studied more carefully the plants that he trampled underat the pale-faced boy, and tears came into her eyes as she spoke. I will mend them, Billy, dear ; but your shirt is not fit; see how foot
, and the habits of the birds against which he waged the collar looks, and you know it is the only one you have.' perpetual war, he would have seen good reason to change
"I can turn the collar down, for I should like to go to Sun- | his opinions. These works are written with the intention day school to-morrow —hark, how the wind whistles-where is of making the respective studies pleasing to the young, mother! I am cold!' “« She will be here directly. Go you, James, and bring up explains the spirit infused into the works:
and morally and religiously useful. Miss Catlow thus some more chips, for mother will be cold; and, Jacob, you had better clean your shoes, and brush your coat, for you must go
“What can add so much to the pleasure of a ride or a talk to Sunday school while your shoes are good—they will not last into the country, as a knowledge of the plants seen in the woods long, and then you will have to stay at home too.'
and hedges ? or what more instructive to a child when it has ** Perhaps not, sister; I may get something
to do next week. gathered a pretty bunch of flowers, than to point ont to it the I have the promise of a boy to help him to sell newspapers, and extraordinary beauty of the minute parts, the contrivances for I may get enough to buy another pair. Am I not old and strong the ripening
or preservation of the seed, or the uses of its roots enough to do that? Why, I have learned already to cry papers. I in a comntry walk
, if this pursuit is understood and appreciated.
or juices ? Many useful moral lessons may be given to the young Hark! there comes mother; yes, I knew her step.'
“ The door opened, and the wretched parent gazed on her four Some persons are disposed to think it a useless study, and to shivering children, as they joyfully started up and clung around laugh at those who pursue it zealously, and ridicule them for her. She kissed them all, and, putting on a smiling face to hide showing great delight at the discovery of a new plant they have her grief, she began to prepare their humble meal. A mother's | not before met with ; but if they will compare this enthusiasm love! who can portray a mother's love for her children? No with their own in any favourite study, they will find the feeling
It is an indescribable feeling, known only to the angels in similar. Unfortunately it is the custom to look on weeds with heaven. It is an unwritten story; and, like the music of nature, contempt, and to forget that they are equally the work of God it has no gamut. The twenty-five cents was all the money she with the planets or suns, and that every insiguificant herb is ."
a fresh proof of the wisdom and goodness of God in the creation. The volume abounds with similar sketches of the suf- | know something of this part of the works of nature, I need say
As this little book is only intended for those who really wish to ferings endured by the victims of ill-requited labour ; and no more by way of inducement, but turn to the object of the Mr. Rees is very indignant against certain benevolent work.” societies which give out work to the unemployed, at reduced The authoress takes, seriatim, the botany of the months, wages, in order to raise relief to the poor who are unable beginning with January, in which there seems to be little to labour; forgetful, apparently, of the grand evil, the doing, while there is really much preparing. February, we non-employment--the misery—which existed prior to the know, is abundantly rich in good things—the violet on operations of such societes, and which rendered them ne- the brae, the primrose on the bank, the gowan in the cessary. In the United States, as in less favoured countries, grass, the daisy in the garden, and the graceful snorlabour does not always command its necessary reward ; and drop amongst the melting wreaths of winter. March is from this it is to be inferred that something more is requi- | peculiarly plentiful in work for the field botanist; but here site than land and universal suffrage to cure society of the is what Miss Catlow has to say under March:ills of poverty and destitution. Communities, in the old “How delightful is the first breath of spring, felt, or and the new worlds alike, must learn to be more frugal of rather anticipated, in this month; the bitter winds, frosts, and their means—to submit to individual sacrifice for the snows, begin to yield to the force of the sun, and the hope that benefit of the unfortunate to be more attentive to their
we may soon again wander in the fields and lanes is revived, and
our accustomed rambles impatiently looked forward to as a interests as a whole; and much also is to be expected from source of real delight. Though every contented and wellthe spirit of which this volume is an emanation—the bene- | regulated mind may find pleasure out of doors, during even the volent spirit of religion, when it assumes the qualities so
dreary weather of the winter months, still, those fond of botaniaprofoundly described by the Divine Master, when he en
ing must welcome the period when they may return from a walk,
laden either with their old favourites (which revive memories of joined his disciples to be “wise as serpents, and harmless the past), or with new species, whose peculiarities they may be as doves."
anxious to examine. There is not a purer or more improving pleasure than that of the examination of plants, for every
investigation will open new beauties to the observer, and Popular Field Botany. By Agnes Catlow. 1 Vol.
many an insignificant weed (as we may deem it) is brought London: Reeve, Benham, and Reeve.
home and examined with a magnifier, astonishes us by its This volume is one of a series issued by the above minutely all the plants they gather, even if they know not their
extraordinary formation. I advise young botanists to examine publishers, and, so far as we have seen, forming the first names, because this close inspection familiarizes them with their of the series, with the object of teaching some of the different parts, which knowledge they will find very useful as sciences that should be popular with the young, in a way they advance in study. The endless variety astonishes the think. likely to allure them into the study, but the three ing mind, and we are continually struck with the purpose and
foresight displayed by what appear trifting peculiarities. Somevolumes published are worthy of attention from the old, || thing new is constantly found, and onr admiration and gratitude for the text is ably and elegantly written, and the are continually called forth.” illustratiye plates are beautifully executed,
What a singular pest are those ugly Latin names to
young botanists; many of whom, especially the most en- the seed to a considerable distance, so that where this plant is thusiastic-young ladies, namely—are not quite so good | once fixed it soon spreads. A variety found in Ireland is well
known in our gardens; it does not flower so plentifully as the Latin scholars as they should be.
other, but its prickles are so soft and succulent, that cattle are Scientific men may wish to establish, or rather to main- || extremely fond of it." tain, a common language; but Latin names for our dearest And yet what propriety is there in bothering the Engflowers or our homeliest weeds are gross outrages on our | lish world with “ Ulex Europæus" to signify thereby our own old Saxon language. Where is the propriety of call- own deep-green whins, with their bright yellow flowers, ing the “ Forget-me-not” “ Myosotis palustris?”—and, and their long “pea pod”'-like seed-valves, that rattle by the way, if pure Latin were used, we should quarrel less | away so lightsomely in August, scattering the seed for with the custom. Miss Catlow gives the English name next year's crop. along with the doggerel and scientific version, and so no After all, the peasantry of Scotland would not wonder complaint can well rest against her book. We do not re- at the gratitude of Linnæus for the furze of England and member to have read before the following reason for the the whins of Scotland, since they are often grateful for the name of the “Forget-me-not:”—
supper from the stone trough which they afford to the cow “ A lady and gentleman, walking on the banks of the Rhine, | --the cow that would go dry without them—when grass perceived some of its bright blue flowers; the lady, wishing to
is short or ill to obtain. possess it, her companion politely attempted to gather it for her, but, in so doing, slipped into the river and was drowned, exclaim
Whins and broom were the green cropping of our ancesing as he sank, 'Forget me not!' I cannot vouch for the truth tors; and broom is far from a mere ornament. It makes, of this romantic incident; but by some means this flower has indeed, a somewhat “ heady” mixture for cows, because, been considered the emblem of friendship in almost every || indeed, it is “ narcotic,” and can produce "strong beer;" country.”
but the broom is a profitable crop, if well managed, and We do not yet know that the uses of all our common plants have been discovered; but the purposes of some of
for its beauty, we have the authority of more than one old them have been lost. The mode of manufacturing beer song—but first among them all,
" The broom—the bonny, bonny broomfrom heather is lost, and yet it was practised at one time
The broom of the Cowden knowes." in th s country, and that not “ a long time ago.” Many | The illustrations in the volume are drawn and coloured of usihave admired and gathered the cotton-grass---may it with much taste. not yet be substituted for some of that raw material brought from far countries at a great cost ? The experiment | The Birds of Jamaica. By Philip Henry Gosse. deserves a trial:
London : John Van Voorst. "One species of the interesting plant called cotton-grass We are reminded of this volume, which has been in our may be found early in the season.
The flower expands possession for a long time, by the one a notice of which is now, but the seed, which is the conspicuous part, and attracts the eye at a distance
, is scarcely seen till next month. The subjoined. It occurs to us that though we have read the silky covering of its seeds might serve as the softest imaginable work with much pleasure, yet we have omitted it from lining to a bird's nest, but whether it is thus used I do not this register ; and as it deserves to be known and read, kuow. Nothing can be more beautiful than this appendage to we make the satisfaction still within our power, by quotthe seeds of this genus. At a distance on the boggy heaths, || ing one or two passages which we had put in type long where the plant grows, it looks like little locks of wool floating with the wind, but on examination, its substance is found to be since, and they will certify the good qualities of a work considerably more fine and soft. It is extremely white and that has been warmly and deservedly recommended by glossy, and, being as soft as down, is in some places used for many of our contemporaries. The birds of Jamaica are staffing pillows. It is probably brittle, and therefore cannot be necessarily very different from our own ; but we doubt manufactured into any article of clothing; but as cattle are fond of its leaves, I could almost wish that the farmer cultivated this | whether they be prettier, or more useful, for have we not pretty plant, that we might see whole fields of these waving many active insect catchers as clever as the green-headed feathers."
tody, although we may be thankful that we have not “Who would have thought,” many a peasant would say, | quite so many insects for them to catch :"that a scientific gentleman would have fallen on his knees " It is instructive to note by how various means the wis. to thank God for a whin-bush ?" but read the following swallow and the tody live on the same prey, insects on the
dom of God has ordained a given end to be attained. The short extract:
wing; and the short, hollow, and feeble wings of the latter * Uler Europæus, common furze, whin, or gorse, begins flower
are as effectual to him as the long and powerful pinions are ing very early in the year, and often before the commencement, || insects, but he waits till they come within his circumscribed
to the swallow. He has no powers to employ in pursuing for occasional bushes will appear in the autumn in full flower. || range, and no less certainly secures his meal. Its bright yellow flowers are a great ornament to the heathy and " I have never seen the tody eating vegetable food; but often desolate looking places in which it grows. It prefers a I have occasionally found in its stomach, among minute sandy and gravelly soil, and is rare in the Highlands. A very | coleopterous and hymenopterous insects, a few small seeds. bushy shrub, from two to five feet high, beset with thorns, leaves One, which I kept in a cage, would snatch worms from me small
, and thorn-tipped flowers, solitary or in pairs, bright-yel- || with impudent audacity; and then beat them violently low. Two egg-shaped spreading bracteas at the base of the || against the perch or sides of the cage to divide before he
swallowed them. calyx. When Linnæus came to England he was so delighted with this beautiful plant, that it is said he fell on his knees and thanked
“One, captured with a net in April, on being turned into
a room, began immediately to caich flies and other minute God for producing so handsome a shrub. He tried to intro- | insects that fitted about, particularly little destructive tineduce it into Sweden on his return, but failed, as the climate was adae that infested my dried birds. At this employment, he too severe, though here it grows on our bleakest commons. It continued incessantly and most successfully all that evening is occasionally seen in the greenhouses of that country, and in and all the next day, from earliest dawn to dusk. He would sit Russia.
on the edge of the tables, on the lines, on shelves, or on the "It is a very useful plant, its young shoots being eaten by floor, glancing about, now and then fitting up into the air, animals, and its podded seeds by numerous birds. To the poor,
when the snap of his beak announced a capture, and he returnit is invaluable for winter firing.
ed to some station to eat it. He would peep into the lowest and
darkest corners, even underti tables, for the little globose, " Its pod, when thoroughly ripe, suddenly bursts with some long-legged spiders, which he would drag from their webs and noise, and each yalye rolls itself into a spiral forw, and scatters Uswallow. He sought these also about the ceiling and walls,
and found very many. I have said that he continued at this || its predecessor is also followed in this volume, and our no account, I judged that, on an average, he made a capture ornithology is written off in monthly departments. Mr. per minute. We may thus form some idea of the immense || Gosse writes well; but we are not certain that he is quite number of insects destroyed by these and similar birds ;
at home in the Highlands of Scotland. Under Mareh, he bearing in mind this was in a room, where the human eye scarcely recognised a dozen insects altogether, and that says: in the free air, insects would, doubtless, be much more * MARCH.---But we will leave for the present the hazel cop
Water in a basin was in the room, but I did || pice and its little musical tenants, and the labours of the peasant not see him drink, though occasionally he perched on the brim; and when I inserted his beak into the wa
and the furrowed field, and the flowery meadows, and the budding ter, he would not drink. Though so actively engaged | hedge-row, and seek some barren mountain top in the Scottish in his own occupation, he cared nothing for the presence of Highlands. The dark, broad sides of “the everlasting hill” man; he sometimes alighted voluntarily on our heads,
rear themselves up everywhere around us, their feet bathed in shoulders, or fingers, and wben sitting would permit me at the tranquil waters of their winding lochs, and their many-shaped any time to put my hand over him and trke him up ; || peaks piercing the sky, or shrouded in a veil of half-transparrot though, when in the hand he would struggle to get out. mist. The air is sharp and bracing, and produces, with the He seemed likely to thrive, but incautiously settling in front of a dove-cage, a surly baldpate poked his head through the scenery, and exhilaration of spirits, which makes us feel almost wires, and with his beak aimed a cruel blow at the pretty
as if we could bound up the mountain side as swiftly as the rot, green head of the unoffending and unsuspecting tody. He
or mount into the free air like a bird. The purple and broom appeared not to mind it at first, but did not again fly; and || heather beneath our feet has a springy elasticity, as we tread about an hour afterwards, on my taking him into my hand, | upon it, that aids the illusion, and upwards we mount with a and throwing him up, he could only flutter to the ground, || cheerful contempt of difficulty. But the distance of the summit and on laying him on the table, he stretched out his little from the base has greatly deceived us; we walk upwarů and apfeet, shivered, and died."
ward, and yet the peak seems scarcely any nearer; the steepuess, The end of this extract is very pretty and affecting, too, increases as we rise, and anon we get above the boundary of yet we doubt whether the insect world regarded the tody the soft heather, and our feet feel the roughness and hardness of as being quite so unoffending and unsuspecting a bird as the frowning rock, varied, indeed, with many-tinted lichens, and the author considered him. The romance of humming- || summit still seems to be in the sky above, but on looking round
hidden here and there by patches of moss and alpine plants. The bird life is sadly destroyed by a close examination of their
we perceive that we have gained a great elevation; many peaks are habits. They live, it appears, rather more on animal now below our level, and the eye can penetrate into multitades of than vegetable food, and we find very few “ vegetinarians” || little secluded nooks and chasms, and dells among them, and in the animal world, except those that being at once so
can discern many a tam, or lofty mountain-lake, spread out, like large and numerous, would eat the world up very soon if | many sheets of silver, in the recesses of the dark rocky points
The loch seems so immediately beneath our feet, that a pebble they took flesh diets :
let fall would drop into its glassy waters, and others there are “The sustenance of the humming-birds is, I feel assured, more distant, which we catch sight of as we ascend, all studded derived almost exclusively from insects. That they seek
over with little islets, some green and fair, others mere barren the nectar of flowers I readily admit, and that they will eagerly take dissolved sugar, or diluted honey, in captivity,
rocks. The snow lies in masses in the hollows around us, beI also know; but that this would maintain life, or at least coming more and more visible as we ascend.” vigour, I have great reasons for doubting, which I shall Our highest Scotch mountains, where yet the eagles have mention in the history of the following species:-I have dissected numbers of each of this species, and have invariably their eyries, may be climbed in March; but it is not a safe found the little stomach distended with a soft black sub- journey to take to the edge of the precipices of the Breristance, exactly like what we see in the stomachs of the ach, Ben-Mac-Dhui, Loch-na-Gar, or Ben Nevis. The with a lens, proves to be entirely composed of minute professional guide will scarcely approve of young students insects.”
of natural history making the trip in the short and stormy They engage in civil wars also with great vivacity :- days of March, for the wind then revels in hurricanes “The pugnacity of the humming birds has been often round these sharp, bare summits, only they are not bare spoken of; iwo of the same species can rarely suck flowers then, for the snow fills every gulley, and throws a thick will even drive away another species, which I never observed || carpet over the vast masses of granite. the others to do. I once witnessed a combat between two Mr. Gosse deals with all our birds in the following of the present species, which was prosecuted with much per-|| pleasing and instructive style:tinacity, and protracted to an unusual length." And they have their serfs in the shape of Benana Quits | plovers appear in larger flocks than before, for the numbers are
“ About the latter end of this month the different species of —the Sclaves of these little fierce Magyars :
increased by the families of young that are now fully fledged, and “A little Benana Quit, that was peeping among the blos- || able to accompany their parents. The beautiful golden plorer, soms in his own quiet way, seemed now and then to look with having associated in large assemblages, begins to leare the wild surprise on the combatants; but when the one had driven his
moors, and to descend upon the corn fields newly sown, and the rival to a longer distance than usual, the victor set upon the fallow land, where the larvæ of various insects, earthworms, and unoffending Quit, wbo soon yielded the point, and retired: slugs, which constitute their favourite food, are to be found in was a thorough campaigu, a regular succession of battles-- || abundance. Here they soon become exceedingly fat, and in this lasted fully an hour, and then I was called from the post of condition they are much esteemed for the table; their flesh asobservation."
suming a delicacy of flavour in nowise inferior to that of the The volume contains nearly 500 pages of equally in- // woodcock. When disturbed or alarmed, the flocks mount into
air a few yards high, and wheel round and round in large cireles teresting descriptive writing, and is a valuable contribu- || above the head of the intruder, uttering a loud and shrill whistle, tion to the natural history of the colonies.
and after performing such rapid evolutions, frequently settle again
near the spot whence they arose. They often, however, squat Popular British Ornithology. By P. II. Gosse. London: close to the ground, as if hoping to escape observation, by lying Reeve, Benham, and Reeve.
perfectly still ; and often the flock disperses by running
the ground in different directions, in which they display great This is a volume of a similar character to the last, but swiftness of foot.” devoted to British birds, and by one of the best authors in that interesting department of natural history. The illus- || The Cape and Its Colonists. By George Nicholson trations are very abundant, and executed in a similar style Jun., Esq. 1 vol. London: Henry Colburn. to those of the preceding volume. The scheme adopted in Tuis book is of the grumbling species--one which we
dislike. The author was evidently a tolerably rich man, , after deducting the number consumed for food, and the ordinary who went out to the Cape in the hope of living an easy | losses by sickness and other causes, may esteem himself fortunate
in the extreme.” life, with Regent Street at a few hours' distance. He was
Farmers who could live and add 25 per cent, to their not the kind of man for the Cape, and it was not the country for him. They were not mntually suitable, and stock annually, in this country, would consider that they
had an excellent bargain. so they parted; but a few extracts will show the reason
This gentleman thinks that why. And first as to the author's farm, which had length goat breeding would pay better than sheep. and width sufficient, if it wanted depth:
"In spite of all that has been said on sheep farming and wool,
I am inclined to think that in a colony like this, goats would “On taking a survey of my location, I found my house a tole
answer the purpose of the settler much better as stock, in most rable one, containing four rooms, provided with the usual mnd. || situations, if properly attended to, and the utmost possible numfloors, not having the unusual luxury of reed ceilings; and my | bers kept. A good flock of goats may be purchased, as they ran farm consisted of about 35,000 acres of mountain and plain, with
oat, at about 2s. 6d. to 3s. per head. The skin of a full-grown the reputation of being one of the best in the district. The ex
goat generally sells for ls. 6d. to 28.; the fat produced from tent of my possession may appear, to English readers, enormous;
each animal in good condition, is worth about as much, and the but such farms are common in the colony. The property cost
carcase remains on the profit side of the bargain. Those carabout £2,000, and is calculated to carry about 5,000 or 6,000
cases not required for food, and for which a market could not be sheep, 400 head of oxen, and a troop of horses in ordinary seasons ; but this district is
, as well as most others in the colony, I found, might be boiled down for tallow; and would, by that prosubject, although to a mitigated extent, to those terrible droughts || hardness, bears a high price, and is susceptible of preservation
cess, yield a large quantity of superior quality, which, from its which happen about once in seven years, and prevail for per: for a great length of time, if necessary.” haps two or three years in succession; and on the occurrence of
Then why not try goats? Better do anything tban such a visitation, so great an amount of stock would overburthen the place, and probably some loss would be sustained by deaths, grumble and go idle. Mr. Nicholson says :were the flocks and herds confined within the limits of such a “After residing upon my farm some months; the total imterritory.
possibility of obtaining the necessary domestic servants entailed “This plain statement is made, perhaps, against my own in- such hardships upon my wife, that I resolved to establish her at terest; and I am afraid the fact will appear, poor in juxta-posi- Cape Town. Having consigned the management of my stock to tion with some of the magniloquent exaggerations we have my brother, and made the necessary travelling arrangements, we seen published about the fertility of this colony.
joyfully started for that delightful place.” “Water is plentiful enough to allow of the cultivation of about When he got there, he returned againsixteen acres of good soil, and exists permanently in four small
“ To divide my time between domestic and farming duties as I springs at different points of the farm. This is a good supply here,
best could.” and is in proportion with the other capabilities of the place. Having bought about 3000 sheep, mostly of the woolled kind,
That is to say, between the farm and Cape Town, and some of them of good quality, including about thirty mixed | which incurred a journey of 800 miles. Even that did merinos and English rams, for about 10s. a-head, 300 full-grown not suffice--for cattle, at nearly £2 each, and a few horses, I did my best to find competent herdsmen, and set to work as a stock farmer. Then leax-1| the district of Colesberg, and the country across the Orange
“Shortly after my return to the farm, I set out on a visit to ing my place in charge of an Englishman I had taken out with
River; and, adopting the usual mode, I yoked fourteen stout me, I set off to bring up my family from Uitenhage. This I ac
oxen to my waggon, which was well provided with Cape flour, complished in about six weeks.”
sugar, and salt, and a supply of arms and ammunition, wherewith Water, we think, may be found on Mr. Nicholson's
to attack the game." farm by boring holes judiciously, as the Patriarchs found
This gentleman could not succeed, because he did not it in former times, and as the blacks of Australia tell the attend to his business, and had never learned, or had whites thereof that they may find it. The evil of farming || forgotten, the coupletis thus stated at page 65:
“Ile that by the plough would thrive, “In my opinion, the farmer who can annually increase his
Ilimself must either hold or drive.” flock by one-fourth, or augment the value of it in an equal ratio,
The days of the session are numbered, an draw- seems breaking on his obscured and, on this ing near à close. With the exception of the Na- || matter, opaque mind, leading him to acknowledge, vigation Law bill, nothing has been done. Mr.|| if he cannot accomplish, what is right. Labouchere has introduced some
to All the Scotch bills have been rejected; and we remove several of the objections which existed notice with pleasure the determination displayed against the repeal of the Navigation Laws—some by Mr. Hume, Mr. Forbes, Mr. Lockhart, and other of those exclusive burdens on the shipping interest, Scottish members, to prevent in future that gross for even naming which we were denounced as negligence towards Scotch business on which we Tories. So Mr. Labouchere must be a Tory, for en- had reason in last Number to animadvert. deavouring to remove them-an unsuccessful Tory, A bill has been introduced to simplify the inbecause he will not complete his work in the vestment of ecclesiastical property in congregapresent session-an inconsistent Tory, for he has tions—a measure that no party can oppose, and pressed one section of a great measure far before that was wanted on account of u numerous body in its supporters--and a dishonest Tory, because he society. has left the burden without its guerdon, the gif, The Marriage Affinities Bill, which has occupied to pull down the shipowners, without the gaff, to so inuch of the time of both houses in past sessions, keep them up; but an improving Tory, as at has been again withdrawn, after the Lord-Advolength, in the last watches of a dark session, light || cate had made himself unnecessarily unpopular by insisting upon, and carrying, its extension to Scot- || the most hideous districts of Glasgow; and females land, where it is opposed by the people, as it is" scour” and “sweep” busily now who seldom folalso opposed by very nearly all classes in Ireland. | lowed either household avocation before. In course The measure appears to us likely to produce more of years we may get forward in sanatory measures inconvenience to parties suffering under the great- without a Parliament. est domestic calamity than it can ever help them, Financial reform has been so much before the even on the showing of its zealous advocates, and, || public for six months that we notice two motions therefore, it should not certainly be pressed on on the subject, both by members of the country Scotland and Ireland where it is not sought-where party. Mr. Henley moved a reduction of 10 per cent, it is almost universally opposed.
in the salaries of all officials who did not hold paThe Ministry may take their white-bait dinner tent offices. He based his argument on the asserwith great glee and satisfaction, but next morn- | tion of the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and other ing they will surely review the labours of the year members, that the cost of living had been in late with some compunction. They have their offices || years so much reduced. He was defeated by : secured to them for the next six months, excepting small majority, and his motion was most inconmost untoward accidents. They have reached sistently opposed by men who should rather bare another August, and its happy repose-not in dig- | sought to amend it. The plan of reduction, it was nity, but in safety; yet all the measures which || said, for a numerous class of officials, would have they should have carried are delayed, excepting || reduced incomes already too low. That feature was that one regarding the ocean, which, however it easily removed, and should have been cut away may ultimately prove-good or bad—in itself, was without the rejection of the measure. The reducnot a favourite with some members of the Cabinet. tion of small salaries is certainly not a measure that
The Irish and Scotch towns are to be left for we would commend, and many of the payments in another year without the Health Promotive Act, Government offices are already too limited ; but for want of which so many lives are said to be lost these facts should not shield large payments from annually, that we might as well be fighting two or a fair reduction, unless we are to be told that the three battles of Acs as those combats with the pes-value of corn, of provisions of tropical produce, and tilence of various forms in which we are perpetually of all other articles of consumpt, all other producengaged. The failure of these bills is altogether tions of industry, are to fall, but high salaries are disgraceful to the Administration, or to the Legis- to be maintained. lature. The House of Commons has to account All organic reforms have, for the season, been for much misspent time that the Government placed in abeyance, and we sincerely wish that the cannot remedy; but a little activity in saving life gentlemen who take so much interest in financial was, on the soundest principles of radical reform, reform would exert themselves now to give the promore desirable than in saving freight. Economy | ductive classes a more potent voice in the Legislature. is commendable, wherever it can honestly be ac- || They will admit that for some years past all our complished ; but mercy is still better. A reduction legislation has immediately affected the interests of one shilling in freight per ton or per cwt. is and the price of labour. They should not exclude worth having ; but the extension of a life, and the the working classes from the decision of these postponement of a burial, is a greater gain. If cases in future ; but they help to exclude them disease and monopoly stand both in the way, and who withhold their promised aid from any morecannot both be reduced in one session, strike ment in their favonr. The aid of the financial at the major evil. The Legislature either believe reformers was promised to this cause, and it has or disbelieve the evidence afforded to them on the not yet been zealously afforded ; and never will, sanatory state of towns, and their remedies. If until they begin at the close of one session to prepare they believe, they are guilty for inaction; if they || for the next. Great changes in colonial affairs are disbelieve, why did they promulgate fearful dreams | probably soon to be developed ; and hereafter, as facts? We do not attempt to explain the apatly statesmen would find their position more comon this topic.
fortable if they have consulted all classes of the naA number of gentlemen in Glasgow have adopt-| tion regarding the disposal of their property, instead ed a scheme for supplanting the Health of Towns of merely continuing a faction legislating in the Bill in the most hideous localities, that promises to name of the people whom they scarcely represent, be eminently successful. They offer prizes to the giving away property without consent of the owners, dwellers in some of their wynds who shall keep the which they may subsequently be inclined to resent. cleanest houses, stairs, and passages during a fixed period. The premiums vary from 5s. to 20s, in The Queen and the Royal family are to take Ireeach case, and being thus very numerous, they || land on their way from Osborne House to Balmoral exert a great influence within a small district. The || Castle. They will visit Cork, remain for some scheme originated, we believe, with Mr. Stow, time at Dublin, stop for a day or two in Belfast who is well known for his educational works by Lough, and cross from thence to Clyde. They will many who may be ignorant of his interest in pass through Glasgow, and probably remain there one of the most extensive woollen manufactories for a short time, on their way to the Dee.
We Seotland--furnishing an example of the great have not yet heard that her Majesty will visit Ed. efits that a man in a large business may accom- || inburgh during the present year, and that, we be 1 for his fellow-men. The project has excited | lieve, is not expected in the northern capital. ania for whitewashing and cleaning in one of We wish, however, that some Scottish memberi