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forsaking of God. Here he gives all rebels a fic dicit dominus for their defence.

“ I cannot here forget how irreverently this Eufebius Philadelphus, (for fo Mr. Theodore Beza was pleased there to call himself) did use his own king Charles in his book, intituled, * Reveille Martin, where he usually calls the king tyrant, and makes this anagram Chasseur desloyal. Read his rimes and scandalous reproaches against the queen mother; peruse the † forty articles recorded in that book, for the better advancement of seditious and rebellious government; and in the last of them they are obliged never to disarm, so long as religion, as they call it, is pursued and prosecuted ; that is, according to his meaning, so long as the king goes about to chastise their rebellion.

“ It were too much to trouble my ingenuous reader with all those holy I articles of Bearne, 1574, coyned with Mr. Theodore's own stamp, and communicated at Melun, to all the mosches of the French church, that they might the more strongly, as they said, make war against their enemies, till it pleased God, to turn the heart of the French tyrant. By all this it must be very evident, that Beza and

+ Art. 40

Reveille Martin,
Articles of Berne.



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His rebellion his followers have caused all those uproars
against his law.
ful sovereign. and commotions in France, when he himself

writing to Christopher Threțius, speaks his
resolution to fight it out to the very last:
* Ego equidem pacem nullam, nisi debellatis boftibus
aufim sperare ; he could hope no peace, till
the enemies were quite subdued.

“ I might here travel a great way further,
and weary you with as good stuff out of the
book + De Jure Magistratus, a bird of the
same nest; for if it was not Beza's own, as

most think it was, it must needs be Ottoman's;
Dr. Sutcliffe's one of his chief comrades. I But Dr. Suta
of Beza's doc- cliffe a countryman of ours, and very near

of the same fect, confefseth the book to be
Beza's, and faith, that Beza in his book De
Jure Magistratus doth too much arm sub-
jects against their princes, and blameth him
for going about to overthrow the authority

of all Christian kings and magiftrates.
Baldwyn con “To Dr. Sutcliff may be added, the judge-

ment of that famous lawyer & Francis Bald-
ciples zeal
against their win, who had particularly converst with
lawful govern-

Calvin at Geneva in his book called Re-
Sponfio altera ad Jobannem Calvinum, Paris


demns Calvin's and his dira


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Epift. 40. Christoph. Thretio. + Lib. de Jure Magistratus.

I Dr. Sutcliff. § Francis Bald. Resp. alt. ad. Joh. Calv. p. 74.

1562, p. 74. Mirabar quorfum evaderet inflammatus tuus quidem apostolus (sc. Mr. Theodorus Beza) qui cum hic concionaretur, fuis auditoribus vebementur commendabat extraordinarium illud exemplum Levitarum, strietis gladiis per caftra discurrentium, & obvios quosque idolotras trucidantium ; fed nunc audio te, vix contentum esse talibus Levitis.

* And p. 128, Leviora (faith he) sunt illa ; cum ftatuis, sepulchris, & offibus principum ac martyrum, barbarum bellum indi&tum videmus, cum civitates occupari, fana spoliari cudimus, &c. I wondered, faith be, what your fierce apostle meant, and whither he would (by name Mr. Theodore Beza); who, when he preached here did most extreamly recommend to his auditory that extraordinary example of the Levites running through the camp with their drawn swords, and killing all the idolaters they met withal; but now I hear, that you are hardly contented with such moderate Levites, &c. And then in p. 128. Those are small matters (faith he). to what we hear and see now; a barbarous war is waged with the statues, sepulchres, and bones of kings and princes, nay and of martyrs.

Cities are

. Francis Bald. Resp. alt, ad Joh. Calv. P.



Origin of anabapiists.

seized on by force, churches prophaned and spoiled, &c. *

“ And Dr. Sutcliff adds yet further, that that book of Vindiciæ contra Tyrannos gives a power to subjects not onely to resilt, but to kill their kings, if they impugne God's religion, of which and all their other mildemeanors, they must be the onely judges, as it is fit they should be.”

By way of prelude to the levelling scenes exhibited in this isand, it will not be improper to introduce to my readers that arch leveller Muncer with his church militant of anabaptifts. The peculiarity of these sectaries did not so much consist in any new formula of faith or doctrines, as in an external show of humility, rigor, and mortification. So †“no marvel was it to see them every day broach some new thing not heard of before ; for they interpreted that restless levity to be their growing to fpiritual perfection, and their proceeding from faith to faith.”

* Had not Baldwyn written and printed these letters, in 1562, it might naturally have been supposed, that he was describing the scenes acted upon our own theatre, between eighty and ninety years after that time; fo true is it, that fimilar causes produce similar effects.

+ Guy de Bres Erreures des Anabaptistes, p. 27.

« But

• « But these men, in whose mouths at the Their doctrines first founded nothing, but mortification of and practicas. the Aesh were come at the length to think, they might lawfully have their six or seven wives a piece. They, who at the first thought judgment and justice itself to be merciless cruelty; accounted at the length their own hands fanctifyed with being imbrued in christian bloud. They, who at first were wont to beat down all dominion, and to urge against poor constables kings of nations, had at length both consuls and kings of their own erection amongst themselves. Finally, they who could not brook at first, that any man should seek, no not by law the recovery of his goods injuriously taken, or withheld from him, were grown at the last to think, they could not offer unto God more acceptable facrifice, then by turning their adversaries clean out of house and home; and by enriching themselves with all kind of spoil and pillage. “ For a further character of them, Sleidan

Their levelling tell us, that Muncer, by his new doctrine principles. touching goods to be in common, incired the boores of Franconia and Turingen to undertake the holy-war (as he called it) against

• Dugdale's Short View of the late Troubles in Eng land, c, i. p. 5, & feq.



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