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their princes; telling them, that he was commanded of God to destroy all wicked princes, and substitute new ones in their places; and that they were called indeed princes, but were tyrants. Moreover, that they would not restore unto the people their liberty, nor permit them to have the true religion and service of God; exhorting them rather to dye, then to allow their wickedness, and suffer the doctrine of the gospel to be taken from them; and therefore to play the men, and gratify God, in destroying such unprofitable people.
“Likewise, that this their great zeal towards God, and outward humility, got them in the beginning many followers; for their demands were first, that they might choose them such ministers, as should preach God's word sincerely, without any mixture of men's traditions. Secondly, That thenceforth they would pay no tythes, but of corn only; and the same to be distributed by the discretion of good men, partly to the ministers of the church, partly upon
poor, upon common affairs. Thirdly, That they had till that time been unworthily kept in bonds, considering how they were all made free in the bloud of Christ. Fourthly, That they refused not to have a magistrate, know
ing that he is ordained of God, and would obey him in all honest things; but could not abide to be any longer bound, unless it were shewed reasonable by the testimony of scripture.* Fifthly, That in all their letters, which their speciais they wrote to provoke and allure others to cal grounds for
rising. their fellowship, they made their boast, that they took up arms by God's commandment, and for a certain love and zeal to the common-wealth, to the intent the doctrine of the gospel might be set forth, augmented, and maintained. And fixthly, That truth, equity, and honest living might reign and flourish; as also, that they might so provide for them and theirs, that thenceforth they should not be oppressed with any violence.
“ And that when they had thus at few words declared the cause of their enterprize, they would then command their neighbours to arm, and come unto them immediately, and help them; if not, then would they threaten to come upon them with all their force.t But having gotten the power and Lutiver's judga arms into their hands, they committed di- anabaptists of vers horrid outrages; infomuch as Luther exhorted all men, that they would come to destroy them as wicked theeves and parricides,
in like case as they would come to quench a
« In Suevia and Franconia, about forty
Muncer de feated in open rebellion, taken, and be. headed.
• Sleidan's Com. f. 57.
+ Thus did the rebels here in England at the last battle of Newbery, 27 O&. 1644.
rebels at the first onset were soon put in diforder, and above five thousand sain on the place; and that Muncer Aed and hid himself; but being found and brought to the princes, was (with his fellow Phifer) beheaded at Mulhuse.
“And about the year 1535, * John of Leyden John of Ley(a taylor by trade and of this tribe) preach- the sect. ing the doctrine of Rebaptization so much infected the inferior fort of people by the means of private conventicles, that his followers grew numerous, and exercised violence against those, that were not of their sect. 'At last robbing their adversaries, and gathering together in great troops, they posfess themselves of the strongest part of the city of Munster, declaring, that all such, as were not rebaptized ought to be accounted pagans and infidels and to be killed. His companions were Rosman and Cnipperdoling, who gathered together to that city great numbers of the base fort of people, and feeing their strength, chose new senators of their own sect, making Cnipperdoling the chief, † who taught, that the people might put down their magistrate. And albeit that
the apostles had no commandment to usurp
which seige continuing long, the fa-
“ It is not unworthy observation, that divers of these German phanatiques, to the end they might at that time be the better known to those of their own fect, did cut their hair round, as Petrus Crinitus (an author of good credit) in his book De Bello Rusticano, tom. 3. p. 209. avereth ;
* from which example there is no doubt, but that these of ours took their pattern, whence they were generally called roundheads.
* Agmen confile a rotunde detonfis capitibus.