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CONSTITUTION OF TIIE STATE OF WASHINGTON.
Articles 1 Declaration of rights. 2. Legislative department. 3. The Executive. 4. The Judiciary. 5. Impeachment. 6. Election and election rights. 7. Revenue and taxation. 8. State, county and municipal in
debtedness. 9. Education, 10. Militia. 11. County, city and township or
ganization. 12. Corporations other than munic
ipal. 13. State institutions. 14. Seat of government. 15. Harbors and tide water. 16. Schools and granted lands. 17. Tide lands. 18. State seals. 19. Exemptions. 20. Public health and vital statis
tics. 21. Water and water rights. 22. Legislative apportionment. 23. Amendments. 24. Boundaries. 25, Jurisdiction. 26. Compact with the United States. 27. Schedule. Preamble
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All political power is inherent in
the people. 2. The Constitution of the United
States is the supreme law of
the land. 3. No person shall be deprived of
life, liberty or property with
out due process of law. 4. The people have the right to as
semble in a peaceable manner to consult for the common good.
Section 5. Freedom of speech. 6. The manner of administering
an oath. 7. No person shall be disturbed in
his private affairs or his home invaded without authority of
law. 8. No law granting any privilege
or franchise shall be passed by
the Legislature. 9. No persons shall be compelled to
give evidence against them- . selves, or be twice put in jeop
ardy for the same offense. 10. Justice to be administered open
ly and without delay. 11. Freedom of religious thought
and worship.-No appropriations for support of religious instruction.--No religious qualifications required for public
office. 12. No law granting to any class
of citizens, etc., privileges or
immunities. 13. The privilege of the writ of
habeas corpus shall not be sus
pended. 14. Excessive bail or fines not to be
imposed, nor cruel punishments
inflicted. 15. Conviction shall not work cor
ruption of blood nor forfeiture
of estate. 16. Private property shall not be
taken without just compensa
tion. 17. No imprisonment for debt, ex
cept. 18. The military shall be subordi
nate to the civil power. 19. All elections shall be free and
equal. 20. Bail accepted for all crimes ex
cept capital offenses. 21. The right of trial by jury shall
Section 22. In criminal prosecutions, the ac
stitution shall be on the first cused shall have the right to
Tuesday after the first Monappear and defend in person,
day in November, 1890. etc., and demand the nature 6. After the first election Senators and cause of the accusation
shall be elected in the same against him.
manner as members of the 23. No bill of attainder, ex post
House are required to be facto law, etc., shall ever be
7. To be eligible to the Legislature. 24. Right to bear arms.
8. Each House shall be judge of 25. Offenses heretofore required to
the election and qualification be prosecuted by indictment
of its own members. may be prosecuted by infor- ; 9. Each House may punish for conmation.
tempt and disorderly behavior. 26. How grand juries may be sum- 10. Each House shall elect its owo moned.
officers; when Lieutenant-Goy27. Treason against the State de
ernor is acting as Governor fined.
the Senate shall choose a tem28. No hereditary emoluments or
porary president. privileges shall be granted.
11. Each House shall keep its own 29. The provisions of this Constitu
journal. tion are mandatory unless de
12. When the first Legislature shall clared to be otherwise.
meet. 30. The enumeration of rights in
13. Members of the Legislature may this Constitution not to deny
not hold a civil office, etc. others retained by the people.
14. Those who are not eligible as 31. No standing army.-Quartering
members of the Legislature. of soldiers.
15. The Governor shall issue writs 32. A frequent recurrence of funda
of elections to fill such vacan
cies as may occur.
16. When members of the Legisla
ture may be privileged from rights and the perpetuity of a
arrest. free government.
17. Absolute freedom of speech
and debate. ARTICLE II.
18. The style of the laws.—No laws Legislatire Department.
shall be enacted except by bill.
19. No bill shall embrace more than 1. Vested in the Senate and House
one subject. of Representatives.
20. A bill may originate in either 2. The House shall consist of not
House. less than sixty-three nor more
21. Yeas and nays shall be entered than ninety-nine members.
on the journal, etc. The number of Senators not more than one-half nor less 22. Requirements for a bill to be than one third of the members
come a law. of the House.
23. Pay of legislators. 3. A census to be taken in 1895 and 24. The Legislature shall not auevery ten years thereafter.
thorize any lobby or
grant 4. Election of the members of the
any divorce. House.-Term of office.
25. No extra compensation to be 5. The next election of members
granted to any public officer, after the adoption of this con
law in what manner and in
brought against the State.
shall be viva voce.
from enacting any private or
bers of the Legislature shall be
shall not vote thereon..
bills, to take effect until nine-
be signed by the presiding of-
in open session.
who have not declared their
reau of statistics, agriculture
and immigration. 35. Laws to be passed for the pro
tection of persons working in
mines, factories, etc. 36. Every bill must be introduced
at least ten days before the
final adjournment, unless. 37. No bill shall ever be revised
or amended by mere reference
to its title.
be allowed which shall change
accept a pass from any rail-
Executive. Section 1. The executive department shall
consist of Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary ot
State, etc. 2. The supreme executive power
of the State is vested in the Governor.-Term of office four
years. 3. Term of office of other State
officers. 4. What is to be done with the re
turns for the election of the
officers named above. 5. The Governor may require
information in writing from
the officers of the State. 6. He shall communicate by mes
sage. 7. He may, on extraordinary occa
sions, convene the Legislature
by proclamation. 8. He is commander-in-chief of the
military of the State. 9. The pardoning power shall be
vested in the Governor, with
restrictions. 10. When the Lieutenant-Governor
is to act as Governor. 11. The Governor is to report to the
Legislature at its next meet. ing each case of reprieve, commutation or pardon grant
ed. 12. Every act to be signed by the
Governor before it becomes a
law. 13. Certain vacancies to be filled by
the Governor by appointment. 14. His salary. 15. All commissions, how issued and
signed. 16. Lieutenant-Governor presiding
officer of the Senate.-His sal
ary. 17. Secretary of State.-His duties. 18. Seal of State, to be kept by
Secretary. 19. Treasurer.-His duties and sal.
ary. 20. The Au litor.-His powers, duties
Section 21. The Attorney-General.-His du
ties and salary. 22. Superintendent of Public In
struction.-His duties. 23. The Coromissioner of Public
Lands.-His duties and com
pensation, 24. The public records of each office
to be kept at the seat of gov
ernment. 25. To be eligible to hold office
under the State.
Superior Court within ninety
days.-Provided. 21. Opinions of Supreme Court to
be published. 22. Clerk of the same.-His term
and salary. 23. Court commissioners.-Their au
thority and duties. 24. Uniform rules to be established
for government of Superior
Courts. 25. Defects and omissions in the
laws to be reported. 26. County clerk to be clerk of Su.
perior Court. 27. The style of process. 28. Judges to take an oath to sup
port the constitutions of United States and this State.
Impeachment. 1. The House of Representatives
shall have sole power of impeachment.--A majority
Judiciary. 1. Judicial powers, how vested. 2. Supreme Court shall consist of
five judges. 3. Election of same.-They shall be
classified by lot.-Who Chief Justice.-In case of va
cancy. 4. Supreme Court.-Its jurisdiction :
and powers. 5. Superior Court.--Election
quired. 2. Which officers are liable to
impeachment. - The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall be liable to prose
cution. 3. Other officers, not liable to im
peachment, shall be removed.
Judges.---Enumeration of said
judges. 6. Its jurisdiction. 7. A Superior Court judge may
hold court in any county.
Judge pro tempore. 8. Forfeiture of office. 9. The removal of officers. 10. Justices of the peace.---Number,
duties and jurisdiction. 11. Which are to be court of
record. 12. Jurisdiction of inferior courts
to be prescribed by law. 13. Who may receive fees, etc. 14. Salaries of judges of Supreme
and Superior Courts. 15. They may not hold any office
other than judicial. 16. How judges shall charge juries. 17. To be eligible for office of judge
of the Supreme and Superior
Courts. 18. A court reporter, his salary. 19. No judge of a court of record
shall practice law. 20. Cases to be decided by judge of
ARTICLE VI. Elections and Elective Rights. 1. The qualifications required to
vote. 2. Women may vote at school elec
tions. 3. Enumeration of those who may
not vote. 4. No person shall be deemed to
have lost or gained a residence by reason of his absence while in the civil or military service of this State or
the United States. 5. Voters to be privileged from ar
rest during their attendance at elections, nor shall they be required to do military duty on that day.
Section 6. All elections shall be by ballot. 7. The Legislature shall enact a
registration law. 8. When the first election of county
and district officers is to take place, when not otherwise provided for,
Revenue and Taxation.
1. The Legislature shall provide
by law an annual tax, suffcient for the estimated ex
penses of the State. 2. Uniform and equal rate of as
sessment shall be provided for. 3. The Legislature shall provide by
general law for the levying of taxes on all corporation prop
erty. 4. The power to tax corporations
shall not be surrendered. 5. No tax shall be levied except in
pursuance to law. 6. All taxes for State purposes
shall be paid in money only. 7. A statement of receipts and ex
penditures of public money
shall be published annually. 8. Whenever the expenses for any
fiscal year shall exceed the
income, how provided for. 9. Cities, towns and villages may
be invested with the power to make local improvements by special taxation.
State, County and Municipal Indebted
of the treasury of' this state
except by appropriation. 6. The credit of the State shall not
be given or loaned. 6. No sub-division of the State
shall become indebted to an amount exceeding one and onehalt per cent of the taxable
property. 7. No sub-division of the State
shall give money or loan its credit in aid of any individual or corporation.
Education. 1. Education for all children shall
be provided without distinction
on account of race, color or sex. 2. A uniform system of public
schools.--Enumeration of the
different grades. 3. A principle of common school
fund shall remain inviolate. 4. All schools supported by public
fund shall be free from secta
rian control. 5. In regard to losses to the perma
nent school fund.
Mitua. 1. Those who are liable to military
duty. 2. The Legislature shall provide by
law for organizing and equip
ping the militia. 3. A soldiers' home to be provided. 4. Provision shall be made for the
safe keeping of public arms. 5. The militia shall be privileged
from arrest, except. 6. Persons having conscientious
scruples against bearing arms shall not be compelled to do so.
1. The State may contract debts
to meet casual deficits not to
exceed $400,000. 2. In addition to the above, debts
may be contracted to repel invasion, suppress insurrection,
etc. 3. No other debts shall be con
tracted except as are author
ized by law.
hereby recognized as legal subdivisions of this State.