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Hath done this deed on Cæsar. For your part,
To you our swords have leaden points, Mark Antony:-
Our arms, in strength of malice, and our hearts,
Of brothers' temper, do receive

you

in With all kind love, good thoughts, and reverence.

Cas. Your voice shall be as strong as any man's,
In the disposing of new dignities.

Bru. Only be patient, till we have appeas'd
The multitude, beside themselves with fear,
And then we will deliver you the cause,
Why I, that did love Cæsar when I struck him,
Have thus proceeded.
Ant.

I doubt not of your wisdom.
Let each man render me his bloody hand:
First, Marcus Brutus, will I shake with you ;-
Next, Caius Cassius, do I take your hand ;-
Now, Decius Brutus, yours ;-now yours, Metellus;
Yours, Cinna ;-and, my valiant Casca, yours;
Though last, not least in love, yours, good Treboniyš.

5 As fire drives out fire, &c.] So, in Coriolanus :

* One fire drives out one fire; one nail one nail.” Malone. Again, in The Two Gentlemen of Verona :

“ Even as one heat another heat expels,

" Or as one nail by strength drives out another.” Steepers. 6 Our arms in strength of malice,] Thus the old copies :

To you (says Brutus) our swords have leaden points : our arms, strong in the deed of malice they have just performed, and our hearts united like those of brothers in the action, are yet open to receive you with all possible regard. The supposition that Brutus meant, their hearts were of bro. thers' temper in respect of Antony, seems to have misled those who have commented on this passage before. For-in strength of, Mr. Pope substituted-exempt from; and was too hastily followed by other editors. If alteration were necessary, it would be easier to read : Our arins no strength of malice,

Steevens. One of the phrases in this passage, which Mr. Steevens has so happily explained, occurs again in Antony and Cleopatra :

“ To make you brothers, and to knit your hearts,

“ With an unslipping knot.” Again, ibid:

“ The heart of brothers governs in our love !" The counterpart of the other phrase is found in the same play:

“ I'll wrestle with you in my strength of love." Malone. 7 Though last, not least in love,] So, in King Lear:

Although the last, not least in our dear love." The same expression occurs more than once in plays exhibited before the time of Shakspeare. Malone.

say?

Gentlemen all,- alas! what shall I
My credit now stands on such slippery ground,
That one of two bad ways you must conceit me,
Either a coward, or a flatterer.
That I did love thee, Cæsar, 0, 'tis true:
If then thy spirit look upon us now,
Shall it not grieve thee, dearer than thy death,
To see thy Antony making his peace,
Shaking the bloody fingers of thy foes,
Most noble! in the presence of thy corse?
Had I as many eyes as thou hast wounds,
Weeping as fast as they stream forth thy blood,
It would become me better, than to close
In terms of friendship with thine enemies.
Pardon me, Julius —Here wast thou bay'd, brave hart;
Here didst thou fall; and here thy hunters stand,
Sign’d in thy spoil, and crimson'd in thy lethe.
o world! thou wast the forest to this hart;
And this, indeed, O world, the heart of thee.
How like a deer, stricken by many princes,
Dost thou here lie?

Cas. Mark Antony,
Ant.

Pardon me, Caius Cassius :
The enemies of Cæsar shall say this;
Then, in a friend, it is cold modesty.

Cas. I blame you not for praising Cæsar so;
But what compact mean you to have with us?
Will
you

be prick'd in number of our friends; Or shall we on, and not depend on you?

Ant. Therefore I took your hands; but was, indeed, Sway'd from the point, by looking down on Cæsar. Friends am I with you all, and love you

all;

i-crimson’d in thy lethe.] Lethe is used by many of the old translators of novels, for death, and in Heywood's Iron Age, P. II, 1632:

The proudest nation that great Asia nurs’d,

- Is now extinct in lethe.Again, in Cupid's Whirligigg, 1616:

“ For vengeance' wings brings on thy lethal day.” Dr. Farmer observes, that we meet with lethal for deadly in the information for Mungo Campbell. Steevens.

9 Friends am I with you all, &c.] This gramınatical impropriety is still so prevalent, as that the omission of the anomalous S, would give some uncouthness to the sound of an otherwise familiar expression. Henley.

Upon this hope, that you shall give me reasons,
Why, and wherein, Cæsar was dangerous.

Bru. Or else were this a savage spectacle :
Our reasons are so full of good regard,
That were you, Antony, the son of Cæsar,
You should be satisfied.
Ant.

That's all I seek:
And am moreover suitor, that I may
Produce his body to the market-place;
And in the pulpit, as becomes a friend,
Speak in the order of his funeral.
Bru. You shall, Mark Antony.
Cas.

Brutus, a word with you.lYou know not what you do; Do not consent,

[Aside.
That Antony speak in his funeral :
Know you how much the people may be moy'd
By that which he will utter?
Bru.

By your pardon ;-
I will myself into the pulpit first,
And show the reason of our Cæsar's death:
What Antony shall speak, I will protest
He speaks by leave and by permission;
And that we are contented, Cæsar shall
Have all true rites, and lawful ceremonies.
It shall advantage more, than do us wrong:

Cas. I know not what may fall; I like it not.

Bru. Mark Antony, here, take you Cæsar's body.
You shall not in your funeral speech blame us,
But speak all good you can devise of Cæsar;
And say, you do 't by our permission ;
Else shall you not have any hand at all
About his funeral : And you shall speak
In the same pulpit whereto I am going,
After my speech is ended.

Ant.
I do desire no more.
Bru. Prepare the body then, and follow us.

[Exeunt all but Art. Ant. O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth,

Be it so;

1 Brutus, a word with you.] With you is an apparent interpolation of the players. In Act IV, sc. ii, they have retained the elliptical phrase which they have here destroyed at the expense of metre:

“He is not doubted.-- A word, Lucilius ; -," Steevens

That I am meek and gentle with these butchers !
Thou art the ruins of the noblest man,
That ever lived in the tide of times.
'Woe to the hand that shed this costly blood!
Over thy wounds now do I prophecy,-
Which, like dumb mouths,3 do ope their ruby lips,
To beg the voice and utterance of my tongue ;
A curse shall light upon the limbs of men ;4
Domestick fury, and fierce civil strife,
Shall cumber all the parts of Italy:
Blood and destruction shall be so in use,
And dreadful objects so familiar,
That mothers shall but smile, when they behold
Their infants quarter'd with the hands of war;
All pity chok'd with custom of fell deeds:

2

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in the tide of times.] That is, in the course of times. Johnsar. 3 Over thy wounds now do I prophecy,

Which, like dumb mouths, &c.] So, in A Warning for faire Women, a tragedy, 1599:

I gave him fifteen wounds,
" Which now be fifteen mouths that do accuse me:
6. In every wound there is a bloody tongue,

“ Which will all speak although he hold his peace.Malone. 4 A curse shall light upon the limbs of men;] We should read :

line of men; i. e. human race. Warburton. Sir Thomas Hanmer reads:

kind of men; I rather think it should be,

the lives of men; unless we read:

these lymms of men; That is, these bloodhounds of men. The uncommonness of the word lymm easily made the change. Fohnson.

Antony means that a future curse shall commence in distempers seizing on the limbs of men, and be succeeded by commotion, cruelty, and desolation over Italy. So, in Phaer's version of the third Æneid :

“ The skies corrupted were, that trees and corne destroyed to

nought,
“ And limmes of men consuming rottes,” &c.

Sign. E. 1, edit. 1596. Steevens. By men the speaker means not mankind in general, but those Ro. mans whose attachment to the cause of the conspirators, or wish to revenge Cæsar's death, would expose them to wounds in the civil wars which Antony supposes that event would give rise to. The generality of the curse here predicted, is limited by the subsequent words-“the parts of Italy," and " in these confines." Malone.

And Cæsar's spirit, ranging for revenge,
With Até by his side, come hot from hell,
Shall in these confines, with a monarch's voice,
Cry Havock, and let slip? the dogs of war;

5 And Cæsar's spirit, ranging for revenge, &c.]

- umbraque erraret Crassus inulta.” Lucan, L. I.
“ Fatalem populis ultro poscentibus horam
Admovet atra dies; Stygiisque emissa tenebris
“ Mors fruiter cælo, bellatoremque volando
Campum operit, nigroque viros invitat hiatu.”

Stat. Theb. VIII. Furiæ rapuerunt licia Parcis.” Ibid. Steevens. 6 Cry Havock,] A learned correspondent [Sir William Black." stone) has informed me, that, in the military operations of old times, havock was the word by which declaration was made, that no quarter should be given. In a tract intitled, The Office of the Constable and Mareschall in the Tyme of Werre, contained in the Black Book of the Admiralty, there is the following chapter :

“ The peyne of hym that crieth havock and of them that followeth bym, etit. v."

“ Item Si quis inventus fuerit qui clamorem inceperit qui vocatur Havok."

“ Also that no man be so hardy to crye Havok upon peyne that he that is begynner shall be deede therefore : & the remanent that doo the same or folow, shall lose their horse & harneis: and the persones of such as foloweth and escrien shall be under arrest of the Conestable and Mareschall warde unto tyme that they have made fyn; and founde suretie no morr to offende; and his body in prison at the Kyng wyll –,” Johnson. See Coriolanus, Act III, sc. i, Vol. XIH. Malone.

- let slip-] This is a term belonging to the chase. Manwood, in his Forest Laws, c. XX, s. 9, says: “

that when any pourailee man doth find any wild beasts of the forest in his pourallee, that is in his owne freehold lands, that he hath within the pourallee, he may let slippe his dogges after the wild beastes, and hunt and chase them there,” &c. Reed.

Slips were contrivances of leather by which greyhounds were restrained till the necessary moment of their dismission. See King Henry V, Vol. IX, p. 271, n. 5. Steevens.

To let slip a dog at a deer, &c. was the technical phrase of Shake speare's time. So, in Coriolanus :

“ Even like a fawning greyhound in the leash,

“ To let him slip at will." By the dogs of war, as Mr. Tollet has elsewhere observed, Shak. speare probably meant fire, sword, and famine. So, in King Henry V :

• Then should the warlike Harry, like himself,
" Assume the port of Mars: and, at his heels,
- Leash'd in like hounds, should fainine, stvorl, and fire,
“ Crouch for employment,” alone.

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