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his troops shall be paid in cash, and that, after the determination of the amount, the whole will be settled ; desiring, in the mean time, that the troops may be furnished with everything his Highness the Prince of Hesse may deem necessary, and that, besides full indemnification, his Royal Majesty will acknowledge the obligation." It further states " I am also authorized to state that the expenses incurred last year, by the stay of his Majesty's troops at Bremen, shall be refunded as soon as the amount of the same shall be fixed."

On the 21st of August, the Senate of Bremen addressed a letter to the Danish Minister, Count Rosenkrantz, accompanied by a statement of the expenses incurred by the troops, adding that the standard proposed is below the actual expenses, offering various reasons why, after all, the city will be losers. But, in order to remove every difficulty, sacrifices have been made, in order to facilitate the payment, in consequence of the urgent necessity of having the money which has been expended restored as soon as possible--beseeching his Excellency to accelerate as much as possible the payment of the money, and the total removal of the troops.

The statement transmitted evinces the very generous proposals of the Senate. It was only on the 22nd of September that the last division of the troops left the town and territory of Bremen, and even on the 21st of October, a part of the hospital remained ; and, in spite of the most urgent solicitations on the part of the Senate, the Danish Government has made no provision, either for the payment of the expenses incurred in respect to the troops in 1814, or the present year; and there is no prospect of any speedy reimbursement, unless such payment shall be retained from the subsidies granted by Great Britain to Denmark.

It appears from the public documents transmitted to the l'ndersigned by the Republic of Bremen, that the Senate was not only required to pay for the rations furnished to the troops, the sick in the hospitals, the provender for the

cavalry, and even' the military conveyances, but also for the table of his Highness and his officers, exhibiting the singular instance of an army marching without a military chest, trusting to the strong hand of power in extorting supplies from an innocent and unoffending friendly State, already exhausted by the late rapacity of the French, thereby imposing a most intolerable burden on a small community of about 45,000 inhabitants, while, at the same time, the Danish army were receiving a subsidy from the British Government, equal, at least, to the expense of sustaining the troops.

The Undersigned is authorized humbly to represent to his Britannic Majesty's Minister for Foreign Affairs that, as the troops in question were in the pay of Great Britain, and under the orders of Field-Marshal the Duke of Wellington, thus virtually assuming the character and quality of a British army, such conduct on the part of the Danish Government, so derogatory to the usage of war, and so diametrically opposite to the line of conduct uniformly pursued by British armies and British commanders, it is humbly hoped would call for the interference of his Britannic Majesty's Government, for the purpose of obtaining that redress which the Government of Denmark appears so unwilling to grant; since, had it been really intended that the money should be immediately refunded, the Danish Minister would not have withheld from the proper authorities on the spot the power of liquidating the accounts, and of fixing the sums to be repaid to the Republic of Bremen.

The subsequent conduct of this Government in paying no attention to the reiterated applications of the Senate but too plainly demonstrates a disposition to postpone the settlement and the payment of the money till an indefinite period, knowing that, when a Sovereign State is so disposed, no means exist on the part of a weaker State by which justice can be obtained. No answer has been received from the Danish Government to the repeated applications which have been made since the assurances given by the Danish Minister in his letter of the 19th of August.

Rix-dols. Groats. In sterling, about.

The sums expended on Danish

troops in 1814, amounts to . 47,073 49 7,060 19 The sums expended on troops in

British pay in 1815, amounts

to 65,057 7 9,758 11

Rix-dollars at 3*. per rix-dollar 112,130 56 16,819 10

This is the actual money laid out, independently of the time occupied in providing rations, and the expense of providing lodgings for the soldiers, and the labour of washing the bed and table linen, cleaning apartments, and other incidental charges, not to speak of the great loss and inconvenience arising from the interruption given to the general course of industry upon which the inhabitants depend for the support of themselves and families.

Under all the circumstances attending this very hard case, the Undersigned is authorized to state that little or no hopes exist of obtaining repayment of the money thus expended, unless through the humane interference of his Britannic Majesty's Government, by retaining from the subsidies which may be due to Denmark a sum of money equal to the just claims of Bremen, or to suspend the payment of an equal amount until the Danish Government shall fulfil its engagements.

The Undersigned has the honour to express to Lord Bathurst the highest sentiments of respect and consideration.

P. Colquhoun.

Lord Walpole to Lord Castlereagh.

November 16, 1815. My dear Lord—The ukase for the arrieres has excited considerable emotion, as it is said to be written in the Emperor's own hand, and is in direct opposition with his real or supposed promises. The Governor of Kalouga answered, that he must resign, as the province neither could nor would obey, having furnished, since 1812, 80,000 men. Arekschiew signed the counter-order.

The motive for this increase of the forces is said to be the immense desertion that has taken place in the army abroad. The whole are much discontented, the Guards not the less so, and breathe nothing but foreign war, in order to have their payments made in silver, with the advantage of living at free quarters, and the hopes of crosses, decorations, &c

The Austrian Minister at Copenhagen is coming here upon a special mission. Blome hinted to me it might be relative to an attack upon Turkey; but you can better judge than myself. The exchange fell to-day, and looks worse than ever, as not only that upon England, but the Hamburgh and Amsterdam, all went together. It had risen during the two last posts, and great efforts were made to keep it up, as a, fete upon the Emperor's arrival. The Jews will not lose, but the Government must pay the difference.

I expect Lord C[athcart] on the 19th or 20th, and shall immediately set out after seeing him.

Your obedient servant, Walpole.

Mi: Stratford Canning to Lord Castlereagh.

Berne, November 17, 1815. My Lord—In a former letter, I mentioned my having received from Mr. Liston a confidential communication of what he had written to your lordship respecting his idea of supplying the Persian Government with officers from this country. In compliance with his wishes, I have endeavoured to ascertain how far the suggestion would be practicable, in case his Majesty's Government should approve it. The result of such inquiries as I have been able to make, without attracting public attention, or giving room to suppose that I have any authority upon the subject, is that something between a dozen and twenty, possibly a few more, officers or non-commissioned officers might, perhaps, be procured for the service in question. To those who have been sounded, the name of Persia has not been mentioned. They have only expressed a general readiness to enter into a distant foreign service. Privates, it seems, would be more difficult to be procured than officers, and of such as might be willing the greater part would probably be deficient in the necessary qualifications.

The Dutch service is daily carrying off a great number of recruits, and those of the best sort. The requisite spirit of adventure and professional knowledge are likely to be found among the remnants of the old French regiments. Notwithstanding their good conduct at Paris, it might perhaps be hazardous to count upon their political opinions. I know not whether it would be particularly an object to have engineers and artillery officers; but, if so, the difficulty would be materially increased, and to procure them in any number is out of the question.

The individuals who might be found disposed and qualified to undertake so distant and strange a service, would doubtless expect advantages both present and future, in proportion to its risk and inconvenience. A direct engagement between the Persian Government and the Swiss Confederacy, or any of its Cantons, would be next to impracticable; and it may be doubted whether a single individual would venture to engage himself upon the mere faith of such a country as Persia, without an immediate and positive security from the English Government.

If your lordship should decide upon following the matter up, there is another expedient that might perhaps be tried with more success than any direct recruiting in Switzerland. It is this: to give permission to the officers in the three regiments in his Majesty's service to volunteer to Persia for a certain number of years. By this method, which I mention with the


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