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given by the Danish Minister in his letter of the 19th of August.
Rix-dols. Groats. In sterling, about.
The sums expended on Danish
troops in 1814, amounts to . 47,073 49 7,060 19 The sums expended on troops in
British pay in 1815, amounts
to 65,057 7 9,758 11
Rix-dollars at 3*. per rix-dollar 112,130 56 16,819 10
This is the actual money laid out, independently of the time occupied in providing rations, and the expense of providing lodgings for the soldiers, and the labour of washing the bed and table linen, cleaning apartments, and other incidental charges, not to speak of the great loss and inconvenience arising from the interruption given to the general course of industry upon which the inhabitants depend for the support of themselves and families.
Under all the circumstances attending this very hard case, the Undersigned is authorized to state that little or no hopes exist of obtaining repayment of the money thus expended, unless through the humane interference of his Britannic Majesty's Government, by retaining from the subsidies which may be due to Denmark a sum of money equal to the just claims of Bremen, or to suspend the payment of an equal amount until the Danish Government shall fulfil its engagements.
The Undersigned has the honour to express to Lord Bathurst the highest sentiments of respect and consideration.
Lord Walpole to Lord Castlereagh.
November 16, 1815. My dear Lord—The ukase for the arrieres has excited considerable emotion, as it is said to be written in the Emperor's own hand, and is in direct opposition with his real or supposed promises. The Governor of Kalouga answered, that he must resign, as the province neither could nor would obey, having furnished, since 1812, 80,000 men. Arekschiew signed the counter-order.
The motive for this increase of the forces is said to be the immense desertion that has taken place in the army abroad. The whole are much discontented, the Guards not the less so, and breathe nothing but foreign war, in order to have their payments made in silver, with the advantage of living at free quarters, and the hopes of crosses, decorations, &c
The Austrian Minister at Copenhagen is coming here upon a special mission. Blome hinted to me it might be relative to an attack upon Turkey; but you can better judge than myself. The exchange fell to-day, and looks worse than ever, as not only that upon England, but the Hamburgh and Amsterdam, all went together. It had risen during the two last posts, and great efforts were made to keep it up, as a, fete upon the Emperor's arrival. The Jews will not lose, but the Government must pay the difference.
I expect Lord C[athcart] on the 19th or 20th, and shall immediately set out after seeing him.
Your obedient servant, Walpole.
Mi: Stratford Canning to Lord Castlereagh.
Berne, November 17, 1815. My Lord—In a former letter, I mentioned my having received from Mr. Liston a confidential communication of what he had written to your lordship respecting his idea of supplying the Persian Government with officers from this country. In compliance with his wishes, I have endeavoured to ascertain how far the suggestion would be practicable, in case his Majesty's Government should approve it. The result of such inquiries as I have been able to make, without attracting public attention, or giving room to suppose that I have any authority upon the subject, is that something between a dozen and twenty, possibly a few more, officers or non-commissioned officers might, perhaps, be procured for the service in question. To those who have been sounded, the name of Persia has not been mentioned. They have only expressed a general readiness to enter into a distant foreign service. Privates, it seems, would be more difficult to be procured than officers, and of such as might be willing the greater part would probably be deficient in the necessary qualifications.
The Dutch service is daily carrying off a great number of recruits, and those of the best sort. The requisite spirit of adventure and professional knowledge are likely to be found among the remnants of the old French regiments. Notwithstanding their good conduct at Paris, it might perhaps be hazardous to count upon their political opinions. I know not whether it would be particularly an object to have engineers and artillery officers; but, if so, the difficulty would be materially increased, and to procure them in any number is out of the question.
The individuals who might be found disposed and qualified to undertake so distant and strange a service, would doubtless expect advantages both present and future, in proportion to its risk and inconvenience. A direct engagement between the Persian Government and the Swiss Confederacy, or any of its Cantons, would be next to impracticable; and it may be doubted whether a single individual would venture to engage himself upon the mere faith of such a country as Persia, without an immediate and positive security from the English Government.
If your lordship should decide upon following the matter up, there is another expedient that might perhaps be tried with more success than any direct recruiting in Switzerland. It is this: to give permission to the officers in the three regiments in his Majesty's service to volunteer to Persia for a certain number of years. By this method, which I mention with the
utmost deference, some of the principal difficulties might possibly be removed. The transaction would occasion less noise; the individuals would have less risk to incur; the interference of England might perhaps be attended with less inconvenience; and the residence in Canada is not so popular, but that it might be exchanged even for one in Persia without regret.
This, my lord, is the best information that I have been able to obtain, without committing myself in a case upon which I am unprovided with any knowledge of your lordship's intentions. I have only to add, that the number of persons disposed to come forward is likely to diminish from day to day, as they happen to find situations in the service of other countries.
I have the honour to be, with the highest respect, &c,
Lord Bathurst to the Hon. Charles Bagot.
Foreign Office, November 20, 1815.
Sir—Mr. Baker's correspondence, which has been communicated to you, 'will have put you in possessiou of the state of our relations with America, and you will have observed from these papers that the Government of the United States has brought on a discussion with that of Great Britain, since the restoration of peace between them by the Treaty of Ghent, on two subjects of great importance: the first being an assertion, on the part of the United States, to resume the privileges of fishing, as conceded to them by the Treaty of 1783; the second arising out of the interpretation by the Government of the United States, widely differing from that of this country, on that part of the 1st Article of the Treaty of Ghent which stipulates for the restitution of slaves or other private property.
As both these points have been fully discussed in Loudon with the American Minister, it only remains for me to enclose for your information and guidance copies of the Notes to this Government, and to desire that, in your language respecting these matters towards the Government of America, you conform to that which has been held towards that Minister in the two Notes in answer to his, of which I also enclose copies.
In immediate reference, however, to the second point in question, I have the honour to enclose, for your further information, a copy of Mr. Baker's despatch No. 30, covering a letter which he has received from the American CommissaryGeneral for prisoners of war, in reply to an inquiry the former had made respecting the detention and present situation of several black and coloured people captured on board of British vessels during the war; and, as no reply has been made to Mr. Baker from this Government, I am to instruct you to intimate to the Government of the United States, upon your arrival in America, that, on the principles adopted by Great Britain, if the persons detained are really slaves, not carried away subsequent to the exchange of the ratifications from any fort or place to be restored to Great Britain, according to the Article of the Treaty of Ghent, we do not of course claim them; but, on the other hand, you will at the same time observe that, if the persons in question were slaves, and, as such, to be deemed "private property," the captors, in that case, ought surely not to have received subsistence money from the British Government, as if they were prisoners of war; and you will lay in a claim to have all moneys advanced on that account returned. You will, at the same time, express a readiness to redeem the slaves at a fair valuation, subject to
the reduction above stated.
I am, &c, Bathurst.
Lord Bathurst to Mr. Baker.
Foreign Office, November 24,1815. Sir—This despatch will be delivered to you by the Honourable Charles Bagot, whom his Royal Highness has been pleased to appoint his Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the United States; and I am to