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vide forfheir relief. He did many charitable acts in his time ; and by his will he left above 40001, to the maintaining of Lectures, relief of the Poor, and other pious uses. He dwelt in this parish 31 years, and being 70 years old, he dyed the 2d of June, anno 162.
MODERN MONUMENTS. On a small plain white marble tablet in the chancel :
To the memory of the Rev. EDWARD Dicey, M. A. twelve years rector of this parish ; whose conduct, influenced by piety, was the fruit of sentiments uniformly upright and just. He departed this life March 31, 1790, aged 69, to receive, through Divine Mercy, the reward of a well-spent time.
On a pillar, another tablet, with a bas-relief of Time mowing down a flower:
Near this place lie interred the dear remains of ANTHONY RICHARD BACON, the only child of ANTHONY BACON, Esq. who departed this life May 26, 1770, aged 12 years; whom neither the fervour of parental piety, nor a profusion of friendly tears, nor all the powers of well-adapted medicine, nor every effort of the tenderest affection, could rescue from the hand of death.
Reader! contemplate and adore ! nor dare to cavil at the rays of Providence: This happy object of his Saviour's love, thus young, was ripe for glory.
On the south wall, a small neat tablet to the memory of
John Ellis, many years deputy of this ward; senior membet of the common council, and of the antient living company of Scri, deners; was respected by the literati of his time as a scholar and poet, and esteemed by all who knew him as an honest man. He died at the advanced age of ninety-four years, on the 31st of December 1791.
We shall have occasion to mention this gentleman more fully when we come to the parish of St. Clement Danes, of which he was a native.
Among the rectors of eminence belonging to St. Bartholomew, we notice the following:
Robert Hill, D.D. 1613, a learned man and an excellent preacher. John Grant, D. D. sequestered during the civil wars. PHILIP NYE, A. M. He was in orders, and officiated at St. Michael's, Cornhill, in 1630. In 1633, he 3
retired to Holland to avoid various ecclesiastical im insitions with which he was dissatisfied, and returned to E' and at the commencement of the Long Parliament, and by the interest of the earl of Manchester was minister of Kimbolton, in Huntingdonshire. In 1643, he was one of the assembly of divines, and succeeded Dr. Featly in the rectory of Acton; at this time he was a great champion of the Presbyterian party, in defence of which he wrote several treatises. He afterwards joined the Independents, and was one of the commissioners sent to negociate with Charles I. in the Isle of Wight, for which service he received 5001. He made himself particularly obnoxious to the royalists; and it was debated after the Restoration, whether he should not be excepted out of the general pardon. It was at length determined, that if in future he accepted any office, either civil or ecclesiastical, he should then be precluded from the benefits of the pardon. He was remarkable for the singularity of his beard, and rode to Acton every Lord's day in a coach drawn by four horses, to exercise there. Butler has celebrated his beard in the following couplet:
“ With greater art and cunning rear'd
Than Philip Nye's thanksgiving beard.” RALPH BRIDOAK, D. D. was born at Chitham-bill, near Manchester, and admitted a student in Brazen-nose college, Oxon, where, July 15, 1630, he took one degree in arts, though but sixteen years of age. Six years afterwards he was created A. M. and having been appointed chaplain to the earl of Derby, was at Latham House, during the whole siege. Though the royal cause declined, he continued faithful to the earl, and was a powerful solicitor for his life to speaker Lenthall; but was unsuccessful. The speaker was so struck with his fidelity, that he not only appointed Mr. Bridoak his chaplain, but obtained for him to be preacher at the Rolls; by the same influence he became vicar of Witney, in Oxfordshire, to which, by the speaker's means, the rectory was annexed. He was also promoted to the rectory of
Bartholomew, to which he was regularly admitted at the Restoration, at which time he was appointed chaplain to
Charles !h installed canon of Windsor, and created D.D. July 11, 4660. Having been inducted into the living of Standish, in the county of Lancaster, by a former gift of the earl of Derby, he was in September, 1667, installed dean of Salisbury, and consecrated bishop of Chester, in 1675. The latter dignity he only enjoyed three years; he died suddenly whilst on a visitation through his diocese, October 5, 1673, and was buried at Windsor. JOHN SHARP, D. D. 1675; afterwards archbishop of York. BENJAMIN WoodROFFE, D. D. dean of Christchurch, Oxon, 1688. JOHN Adams, D. D. vice-chancellor of Cambridge, provost of King's College, &c. 1720. ZACHARY Pearce, D. D. late bishop of Rochester. FRANCIS BARNARD, D. D. prebendary of Norwich. SAMUEL SALTER, D. D. late master of the Charter-house.
By the vestry books of this parish it appears that “In the year 1578 it was agreed, that every householder in the parish should, in rotation watch their day, from eight in the morning till the same hour in the evening, for the purpose of expelling rogues and beggars from the streets of the parish.”
In Stow's London by Strype, is an account of many incroachments upon this church and church-yard, which are stated to be “ timbers of the Cock ale-house laid in the chapel wall. A coal-hole made in the east end of the south aisle. A cistern of the said ale-house set in the church-yard. A chimney built from another house into the church steeple, and some closets built over the church-yard.
“ Shops in Threadneedle Street in front of the church are built upon part of the church-yard and part of the city ground. For which the parish paid the city 100l. fine, and yearly rent for above twenty years before the fire, and had a lease thereof from the city; which shops were built for the use of the poor of the parish. And the said 100l. was given by the parishioners for that only use and purpose; but since the fire, the shops being demolished thereby, our miRister hath seized upon all, and kept the same to himself, VOL. III. No, 50.
and the poor of the parish have no benefit at all by or out of the same ever since." *
There were only three houses in the parish left standing after the dreadful conflagration of 1666.
Within a few doors of the church is CAPEL COURT, so called from Sir William Capel, lord mayor, a great sufferer through the iniquitous proceedings of Empson and Dudley, in the reign of Henry VII. and ancestor to the earl of Essex. In this court is a spacious and neat building, erected for
THE STOCK EXCHANGE. The first stone of this fabric was laid by William Hammond, Esq. chairman of the committee of managers, in the presence of the proprietors. Mr. Hammond, having explained the advantages attendant on the undertaking, stated, that the following inscription, engraved on copper, had been deposited under the stone:
“On the 18th of May, in the year 1801, and the 41st of the reign of George III, the first stone of this building, erected by private subscription, for the transaction of business in the public funds, was laid in the presence of the proprietors, and under the direction of William Hammond, William Stur, Thomas Roberts, Griffith Jones, William Grey, Isaac Hensley, Robert Sutton, Jo. Bruckshaw, John Capel, and John Barnes, managers; James Peacock, architect. At this æra, being the first year of the Union between Great Britain and Ireland, the public funded debt had accumulated, in five successive reigns, to 552,730,9241. The in. violate faith of the British Nation, and the principles of the Constitution, sanction and secure the property embarked in this undertaking. May the blessings of that Constitution be transmitted to the latest posterity!"
The national debt is divided into various portions, under the denominations of Bank stock-5 per Cent. Navy Annuities--3 per Cent. Consols-3 per cent. 1726–5 per Cent. 17974 per Cent. Consols.--3 per Cent. Reduced-Long Annuities Short Annuities--3 per Cent. Imperial Annuities Imperial Annuities for twenty-five years-5 per cent Irish
* This censure applies to Dr. Bridoak, who went to law with the parishioners in 1669.
Annuities Irish Annuities for fifteen years-Deferred Stock -South Sea Stock-3 per Cent. New South Sea Annuities 3 per Cent. 1751--3 per Cent. Old South Sea Annuities-India Stock. These form what are called THE STOCKS; their variety has arisen from the exigencies which gave them birth and the terms on which the several government loans were made, either on anmuities, or the funded property of incorporated and other companies. The security of government, as well as of the public companies, having been engaged for the payment of the principal money, sanctioned by parliament, and the interest always having been punctually paid when due, the stocks, by such means are become the most convenient security on which sums of money can be best put out, particularly for temporary purposes; since any sum, large or small, may be bought in, or sold out, at pleasure. But in buying, or selling in any of the different stocks, it must be remembered, that the interest due on them from the time of the last payment by government is always taken into the current price, and the seller never receives any separate consideration for it, except in the case of India bonds and Exchequer bills, where the interest due is calculated to the day of sale, and paid by the purchaser, over and above the premium agreed for. But, as the interest on the different stocks is paid at different times, this, if not rightly understood, would lead a person not well acquainted with them, into considerable mistakes in his computation of their value; some always having a quarter's interest due on them more than others, which makes an appearance of a considerable difference in the price, when, in reality there is none at all; thus, for instance, Old South Sea Annuities sell for 85 l. or 851. 10s. while New South Sea Annuities fetch only 8421. or 811. 155. though each of them produce the same annual sum of three per cent. but the old annuities have a quarter's interest more due on them than the new annuities, which amounts to 15s. the exact difference. Every capital stock or fund of a company being raised for a particular purpose, and limited by government to a certain sum, it necessarily follows that, when that fund is completed, no more stock of that de.