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revision. It is hoped that the present edition will be found free from errors of that accidental kind.

The Author has also ventured to make some emendations of a different character, which, without being such apparent deviations from the original stories as to disturb the reader's old associations, will, he thinks, add something to the spirit of the dialogue, narrative, or description. These consist in occasional pruning where the language is redundant, compression where the style is loose, infusion of vigour where it is languid, the exchange of less forcible for more appropriate epithetsslight alterations, in short, like the last touches of an Artist, which contribute to heighten and finish the picture, though an inexperienced eye can hardly detect in what they consist.

The General Preface to the new Edition, and the Introductory Notices to each separate work, will contain an account of such circumstances attending the first publication of the Novels and Tales, as may appear interesting in themselves, or proper to be communicated to the public. The Author also proposes to publish, on this occasion, the various legends, family traditions, or obscure historical facts, which have formed the ground-work of these Novels, and to give some account of the places where the scenes are laid, when these are altogether, or in part, real; as well as a statement of particular incidents founded on fact; together with a more copious Glossary, and Notes explanatory of the ancient customs, and popular superstitions, referred to in the Romances. Upon the whole, it is to be hoped that the Waverley Novels, in their new dress,

not be found to have lost any part of their attractions in consequence of receiving ations by the Author, and undergoing his careful revision.

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BOTSFORD, January, 1829.

G EN ER AL PRE FACE.

.

And must I ravel ont

Capsdindra, down to the most approved works of later times. My wenved-op follles ?

I was plunged into this great ocean of reading without compass Richard II. Act IV.

or pilot; and unless when some one had the charity to play at

chess with me, I was allowed to do nothing save read, from LLAVING andertaken to give an Introductory Account of the morning to night. I was, in kindness and pity, which was per. wompositions which are here offered to the public, with Notes hapa erroneous, however natural, permitted to select my subund Illustrations, the author, under whose name they are now jects of study at my own pleasure, upon the same principle that for the first time collected, feels that he has the delicate task the humours of children are indulged to keep them out of misof speaking more of himself and his personal concerns, than chief. As my taste and appetite were gratified in nothing else, may perhaps be either gracemi or prudent in this particular, I indemnihed myself by becoming a glutton of books. Accordhe runs the risk of presenting humself to the public in the rela- ingly, I believe I read almost all the romances, old plays, and tion that the dumb wife in the jest book held to her husband, opic poetry, in that formidable collection, and do douht was when, having spent half of his fortano to obtain the cure of her unconsciously amassing materials for the task in which it has 'imporielcion, he was willing to have bestowed the other half to been my lot to be so much employed. restore hier to her forner condition. But this is a risk insepara- At the same time I did not in all respects abuse the license ble from the task which the author has undertaken, and he can permitted me. Familiar acquaintance with the specious miraonly promise to be a little of an egotist as the situation will cles of fiction brought with it some degree of satiety, and I beDermit. It is perhaps an indifferent sign of a disposition to keep gan, by degrees, to seek in histories, memoirs, voyages, and his word, that having introduced himself in the third person travels, and the like, crents nearly as wonderful as those which rugdar, he proceeds in the second paragraph to make use of were the work of imagination, with the additional advantage, the first. But it appears to him that the sorming modesty con that they were at least in a great measure true. The lapse of nected with the former mode of writing, is overbalanced by the nearly two years, during which I was left to the exercise of my inconvenience of stiffness and affectation wlrich attends it during own free will, was followed by a temporary residence in the * t mrtalive or some length, and which may be obsurved less or country, whore I was again very lonely but for tha arusement

more in every work in which the third person is used, from the which I derived from a good, though old-fashioned librury, Commentaries of Cæsar, to the Autobiography of Alexander the The vague and wild use which I made of this servantage I canLorrer toc

not describe better than by referring my rca jer to the desatory I must refer to a very early period of my life, were I to point studies of Waverloy in a similar situat: ; the passages con pat my first achievements as a tale teller--but I believe some or ceruing whose coursc of reading were rritated from recollecmy old schoolsellors can still bear witness that I had a distintions of my own. It must be underst: vi that the resemblance Kuisted character for that talent, at a time when the applause extends no farther of my companiquis was my recompense for the disgraces and Timo, as it glided on, brought t': blessings of confirmed grattisments which the future romance writer incurred for be-health and personal strength, to a diaree which had never been ing idle himself, and keeping others idle, during hours that expected or hoped for. The seves s'udies necessary to render should have been employed on our tasks. The chief enjoy- me fit for my profession occupied the gpeater part of my time ment of niy holidays was to escape with a chosen friend, who and the society of my friends ant companions who were about had the same taste with myself, and alternately to recite to each to enter life along with me, fille:t up the interval, with the usual Other esch wild adventures as we were able to devise. We told, amusement of young men. I va in a situntion which rendered treh in tum, interminable tales of knight-errantry and battles serious labour indispensable ; for, neither possessing, on the one ind enchantrents, which were continued from one day to ano. band, any of those peculiar advantages which are supposed to father, as opportunity offered, without our ever thinking of bring your a hasty advance in the profession of the law, nor being, on kter there to a conclusion. As we observed a strict secrecy on the other hand, cxposed to u risuhi obstacles to interrupt my prottiş subject of this intercourse, it acquired all the character of agress, I might reasonably oxpect to succeed according to the concealed pleasure, and we used to select, for the scenes of our greater or less degree of trvable which I should take to qualify

Indulgenct, long walks through the solitary and romantic envi- myself as a pleader. Tons of Arthur's Seat, Salisbury Crags, Bruid Hills, and similar Tomakes no part of the present story to detail how the success plaas in the vicinity of Edinburgh; and the recollection of of a few ballads bad the feet of changing all the purposes and thine holidays atill forms an'basis in the pilgrimage which I tenor of my life, and of converting a pains taking lawyer of some

look back upon. I have only to add, that my friend years' standing into a follower of literature. It is enough to will lives, a prosperous gentleman, but too much occupied with say, that I had assumed the latter character for several years graver business, to thank me for indicating him more plainly as before I seriously thoucht of attempting a work of imagination. & conident of my childish mystery.

in prose, although one or two of my poetical attempts did no When boyhood astvancing into youth required more serious differ from romances, othorwise than by being written in verse. Hadies and graver cares, a long illness threw me back on the But yet, I may observe, that about this time (now, alas! thirty kingdom of bction, as if it were by a species of fatality. My years since) I had nourished the ambitious desire of composing indispusition arose, in part at least, from my having broken a a tale of chivalry, which was to be in the style of the Castle of biood vessel ; and motion and specch were for a long time pro- Otranto, with plenty of Border characters, and supernatural innounced positively dangerous. For several weeks I was con- cident. Having found unexpectedly a chapter of this intended tined strielly to my hed, during which time I was not allowed work among some old papers, I have subjoined it to this introto speak above a whisper, to eat more than a spoonful or two of ductory essay, thinking some readers may account as curious, buried rice, or to have more covering than one thin counter the first attempts at romantic composition by an author, who fane. When the reader is informed that I was at this time a has since written so much in that department. And those wing youth, with the spirits, appetite, and impatience or who complain, not unreasonably, of the profusion of the Tales then and suffered, of course, greatly under this severe regi- which have followed Waverley, may bless their stars at the nor. fen, which the repeated return of my disorder rendered indis- row escape they have made, by the cominencement of the inun peable, he will not be surprised that I was abandoned to my dation which had so nearly taken place in the first year of the

own discretion, so far as reading (my almost sole amusement) century, being postponed for fifteen years later, was concerned, and still less so, that I abused the indulgence This particular subject was never resumed, but I did not aban Which left my time so much at my own disposal.

don the idea of fictitious composition in prose, though I deter There was at this time a circulating library in Edinburgh, mined to give another turn to the style of the work. founded, I believe, by the celebrated Allan Ramsay, which, be- My early recollections of the Highland scenery and customs

vider containing a most respectable collection of books of every made so favourable an impression in the poem called the Lady description, was, as might have been expected, peculiariy rich of the Lake, that I was induced to think of attempting some to works of fiction. It exhibited specimens of every kind, from Wharmances of chivalry, and the ponderous folios of Cyrus and • See the Fragment alladej to, in the Aspendis, No. 1

have

1

thing of the same kind in prore. Thad been a good deal in the Pastimes of the People of England," had rendered isim familiar Highlands at a time when they were much los accessible, and with all the antiquarian lore di cessary for the purpose of com. much less visited, than they have been of lato years, and was posing the projected romance; and although the manuscript acquainted with many of the old warriors of 1745, who were, bore the marks of hurry and incoherence patural to the first like most veterans, easily induced to fight their battles over rough draught of the author, at evitreed (w my opinion) consider again, for the benefit of a willing listener like myself. It natu- able powers of imagination. rally occurred to me, that the ancient traditions and high spirit As the work was unfinished, I dermed it my duty, as Editor, of a people, who, living in e civilized age and country, retain to supply Such a hasty and inaruficial conclusion sa cuid be ed sb strong a tincture of maupers belonging to an early period shaped out from the story, of which Mr Strutt had iad the of sociuty, must afford a subject favourable for romance, if it foundation. This concluding etopts is alw added to t'ie preshould not prove a curious tale marred in the telling: sent latroduction, for the reasod already mentioned regarding

It was with some idea of this kind, that, about the year 1805, the prereding fragment. It was a step in my advance towards I threw together about one third part of the first volume of Wa romantic composition ; and to preserve the truces of these is verley. It was advertised to be published by the fute Mr. John in a great measure the object of this Essay. Ballantyne, bookseller in Edinburgh, under the name of " Wa- Queen-Hoo-Hall was not, however, very succesful I thought verley ; or, 'tis Fifty Yeurs since,"-á tive afterwards altered to I was aware of the reason, and supposed that, by rendering his " 'Tis Sixty Years since," that the actual date of publication Language loo ancient, and displaying his antiquarian koowleden might be made to correspond with the period in which the 200 liberally, the ingelyous author had raised up an obstade tv scene was laid. Having proceeded as far, I think, as the seventh his own success. Every work dreigned for mere amusement chapter, I showed my work to a critical friend, whose opinion must be expressed in language easily compreheaded; and whon, was unfavourable ; and having then some poetical reputation, as is suidetimes the case in Queen-HoofHall, the author adwas unwilling to risk the loss of it by attempting a new style dresses himself exclusively to the Antiquary, he must be con of composition. I therefore threw aside the work I had com- tent to be dismissed by the general reader with the criticism of menced, withou: either reluctance or remonstrance, loughito Mungo, in the Padlock, on the Mauritanian music, " What sig. add, that though may inzeuious friend's sentence was afterwards mfira me henr, is me no understand." reversed, on an appeal to the public, it cannot be considered as I conceived it possible to avoid this error; and by rendering any imputation on his good taste; for the specimen subjected a similar work more light and obvious to general comprehen to his criticism did not extend beyond the departure of the hero sion, to escape the rock on which my predecessor wus shipfor Scotland, and, consequently, had not entered upon the part wrecked But I was, on the other hand, so far discouraged by of the story which was finally found most interesting.

the indifferent reception of Mr. Strutt's rodinoce, as to become Be that as it may, this portion of the manuscript was laid satisfied that the manners of the middle ages did not posters aside in the drawers of an old writing desk, which, on my first the interest which I bud conceived ; and was led to form the coming to reside at Abbotsford, in 1971, was placed in a lumber opinion, that a romance, founded ou a Highland story, and more garret, and entirely forgotten. Thus, though I 'sometimes, modern events, would have a better chance of popularity than among other literary avocations, tumed my thoughts to the con- a tale of chivalry. My thoughts, therefore, returned more than tinuation of the romance which I had commenced, yet as 1 once to the tale which I had actually commenced, and accident could not find what I had already written, after searching such at length threw the lost sheets in my way, repositories as were within my reach, and wis too indolent to I happened to want some fishing tackle for the use of a guest, attempt to write it anew from memory, I as often laid aside all when it occurred to me to search the old writing desk aiready thoughts of that nature.

mentioned, in which I used to keep articles of thint nature. I Two circumstances, in particular, recalled my recollection of got access to it with sonie difficulty; and, in looking for lines tho'mislaid manuscript. The first was the extended and well and flies, the long-lost manuscript presented itsoll. I immedi. merited fame of Miss Edgeworth, whoso Irish characters have ately set to work to complete it, according to my original purgone so far to make the English familiar with the character of pose. And here I must frankls confess, that the mode in which their gay and kind-hearted neighbours of Ireland, that she may i conducted the story scarcely deserved the success which w bè truly said to have done more towards completing the Union, romance afterwards attained. The tale of Waverley was put than perhaps all the legislative enactments by which it has been together with so little care, that I cannot buall of having followed up.

sketched any district plan of tire work The whole adventures Without being so presumptuous as to hope to emulate the of Waverley, in his movements up and down the country with rich humour, pathetic tenderness, and admirable tact, which the Highland cateran Bean Lean, are managed without machi pervade the works of my accomplished friend, I felt that some skill. It suited best, however, the road I wanted to travel, angi thing might be attempted for my own country, of the same kind permitted me to introduce soine descripuons of scenery and with that which Miss Edgeworth so fortunately achieved for manners, to which the reality gave an interest which the powe Ireland--something which might introduce her patives to those jers of the author might have otherwise failed to attain for them. of the sister kmgdom, in a more favourable light than thoy had And though I have been in other instances a sinner in Uris sort,» been placed hitherto, and tend to procure sympathy for their I do not recolloct any of these lovels, in which I bave transvirtues, and indulgence for their foibles. I thought also, that gressed so widely as in the first of the series. much of what I wanted in talent might be inade up by the in- Among other unfounded reports, it has been sold, that the timate acquaintance with the subject which I could lay cluim copyright of Waverley was, during the book's progress through to possess, as having travelled through most parts of Scotland, the press, offered for sale to various booksellers in London ate. both Highland and Lowland; having born familiar with the very inconsiderable price. This was not the case. Messrs. elder, as well as more modem race; and havwg bad from my Constable and Cadell, who published the work, were the only Infancy free and unrestrained commuvication with all ranks or persons acquainted with the contents of the publication, and my countrymen, from the Scottish peer to the Brottish plough they offered a large sum for it while in the course of printing, man. Such ideas often occurred to me, and constituted an am- which, however, was declined, the author not choosing to part pitious branch of my theory, however far stort I may have fallen with the copyright. of it in practice.

The origin of the story of Waverley, and the particular (acts But it was not only the triumphs of Miss Edgeworth which on which it is founded, are given in the separate introduction worked in ne emulation, and disturbed my indolence. I chanced prefixed to that romance in this edition, and require no not.ce actually to engage in a work which formed a sort of essay in this place.. piece, and gave me hope ihnt I might in time become free of Waverley was published in 1814, and as the title-page was the cran of romance writing, and be esteemeil a tolerable without the pame of the author, the work was left to win its workman,

way in the world without any of the usual recommendations. In the year 1867-, I undertook, at the request of John Mur- Its progress was for some time slow; but aftor the first two or jas, Esq. of Albesuarle street, to arrange for publication some three months, its popularity had increased in a degree which posthumous productions of the late Mr. Joseph Strutt, distin must have satisfied the expectations of the author, bad these fuished as an artist and an antiquary, amongst which was an un- been far more ganguine than he ever entertained. finished romance, entitled, “ Queen Hoo-Hall.” The scene or Groat anxiety was expressed to learn the name of the author, the tale was laid in the reign of Henry VI., and the work was but on this no authentic informatiou could be attrined. My writton to illustrate the manners, customs, and language of the original motive for publishing the work anonymously, was the people of Englana during that period. The extensive acquaint- conseiousness that it was an experiment on the public taste ance which Mr. Strutt hnd acquired with such subjects in com- which might very probably fail, and therefore there was no o piting his laborious " Hotda Angel Cynnan," his "Royal and Ecclesiastical Antiquities," and his " Essay on the Sports and

• See Appendix, No. !I.

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casion to take on myself the personal risk of discomfiture. Forfablest down to that of fools. This risk was in some degree pro thuis purpose considerable precautions were used to preserve se-vented by the mask which I wore; and my owri stores of selfcrecy. My old friend and schoolfellow, Mr. James Ballantyne, conceit were left to their natural course, without being enhanced who priptea these novels, had the exclusive task of correspond-by the partiality of friends, or adulation of flatterers. iny wilh the authur, who thus had not only the advantage of If I am asked further reasons for the conduct I have long obhis professional talents, but also of his critical abilities. The served, I can only resort to the explanation supplied by a critic original manuscript, or, as it is technically called, copy, was as friendly as he is intelligent; namely, that the mental organitranecribed under Mr. Ballantyne's eye by contidential persons ;zation of the Novelist must be characterized, to speak craniolo. nor was there an instance of treachery during the many years gically, by an extraordinary development of the passion for in which these precautions were resorted to, although various delitescency! I the rather suspect some natural disposition of individuals were employed at different times. Double proof- this kind; for, from the instant I perceived the extreme curiosithects were regularly printed off. One was forwarded to the ty manifested on the subject, I felt a secret satisfaction in bafauthor by Mr. Ballantyne, and the alterations which it received ting it, for which, when its unimportance is considered, I do were, by his own liand, copied upon the other proof-sheet for not well know how to account. the use of the printers, so that even the corrected proofs of the My desire to remain concealed, in the characier of the author author were never seen in the printing-offico; and thus the cu- of these novels, subjected me occasionally to awkward embarriosity of such eager inquirers as made the most minute investi rassments, as it sometimes happened that those who were sufgation, was eitirely at fault.

ficiently intimate with me, would put the question in direct But although the cause of concealing the author's name in the terms. In this case, only one of three courses could be followfirst instance, when the reception of Waverley was doubtful, ed. Either I must have surrendered my secret,-or haye re. was natural enough, it is more difficult, it may be thought, to turned an equivocating answer,--or, finally, must have stoutly account for the same desire for secrecy during the subsequent and boldly denied the fact. The first wes a sacrifice which I editìons, to the amount of betwixt eleven and twelve thousand conceive no one had a right to force from me, since I alone was copies, which followed each other close, and proved the suc concerned in the matter. The alternative of rendering a doubt. cess of the work, I am sorry I can give fittle satisfaction to ful answer must have left me open to the degrading suspicion queries on this subject. I have already stated elsewhere, that I that I was not unwilling to assume the merit (if there was any) can render little better reason for choosing to remain anony- which I dared not absolutely lay claim to; or those who might mous, thian by saying with Shylock, that such was my humour. think more jusily of me, must have received such an equivocal It will be observed, that I had not lho -usual stimulus for desi- answer as an indirecı avowal. I therefore considered myself ring personal reputation, the desire, namely, to flori, amidst the entitled, like an accused person put upon trial, to refuse giving conversation of men. Of literary fame, whether merited or un my own evidence to my own conviction, and flatly to deny all deserved, I had already as much as might have contented a that could not be proved against me. At the same time, mind more ambitious than mine; and in entering into this new usually qualified my denial by státing, that, had I been the contest for reputation, I might be said rather to endanger what author of these works, I would have felt myself quite entitled I had, than to have any considerable chance of acquiring more. to protect my secret by refusing my own evidence, when it I was affected, too, by none of those motives which, at an earlier was asked for to accomplish a discovery of what I desired to period of life, would doubtless have operated upon me. My conceal. friendships were formed, --my place in society fixed, ---my life The real truth is, that I never expected or hoped to disguise had attained its middle course. My condition in society was my connexion with these novels from any one who lived on higher perhaps than I deserved, certainly as high as I wished, terms of intimacy with me. The number of coincidences which and there was scarco any degree of literary success which necessarily existed between narratives recounted, modes of ex could have greatly altered or improved my personal con pression, and opinions broached in these Tales, and such as dilion

we:o used by their author in the intercourse of private life, I was not, therefore, touched by the spur of ambition, usually must have been far too great to pernit any of my familiar acstimulating on such occasions; and yet I ought to stand exculo quaintances to doubt the identity betwixt their friend and the pated from the charge of ungracious or unbởcoming indifference Author of Waverley; and I believe, thoy were all morally con to public applause. I did not the less feel gratitude for the pub. vinced of it. But while I was myself silent, their belief could lic favour, although I did not proclaim it, as the lover who not weigh much more with the world than thint of others; their wears his mistress' favour in his bosom, is as proud, though not opinions and reasoning were liable to be taxed with partiality, 80 vain of possessing it, as another who displays the token of or confronted with opposing arguments and opinions ; and the her grace upon his bonnet. Far from such an ungracious stare question was not so much, whether I should be generally acof mind, I have seldom felt more satisfaction than when, re- knowledged to be the author, in spite of my own denial, as . turning from a pleasure voyage, I found Waverley in the zenith whether even my own avowal of the works, if such should be of popularity, and public curiosity in full cry after the name of made, would be sufficient to put me in undisputed possession of the author. The knowledge that I had the public approbation, that character. was like having the property of a hidden treasure, not less I have been often asked concerning supposed cases, in which gratifying to the owner than if all the world knew that it was I was said to have been placed on the verge of discovery; but, his own. Another advantage was connected with the secrecy as I maintained my point with the composure of a lawyer of which I observed. I could appear, or retreat from the stage at thirty years' standing, I never recollect being in pain or confupleasure, without attracting any personal notice or attention, rion on the subject. Id Captain Medwyn's Conversations of other than what might be founded on suspicion only. In my Lord Byron, the reporter states himself to have asked my noble own person also, as a succesaful author in another departinent and highly-gifled friend, " If he was certain about these novels of literature, I might have been charged with too frequent in being Sir Walter Scott's ?" To, which Lord Byron replied, trusions on the public patience; but the Author of Waverley Scott as much as owned himself the Author of Waverley to was in this respect as impassable to the critic as the Ghost of me in Murray's shop. I was talking to him about that novel, Hamlet to the partizan of Marcellus. Perhaps the curiosity of and lamented that its author had not carried back the story the public, irritated by the existence of a secret, and kept afloat nearer to the time of the Revolution-Scott, entirely off his by the discussions which took place on the subject from time to guard, replied, 'Ay, I might have done so ; but-' there he timo, went a good way to maintain an unabated interest in these stopped. It was in vain to attenpt to correct himself; he look. frequent publications. There was a mystery concerning the au. ed confused, and relieved his embarrassment by a precipitate thor, which each new novel was expocted to assist in upravel-retreat." There no recollection whatever of this scene taking ling, although it might in other respects rank lower than its place, and I should have thought that I was more likely to have predecessofs.

laughed than to appear confused, for I certainly never hoped I may perhaps he thought guilty of affectation, should I allege impose upon Lord Byron in a case of the kind; and from the as one reason of my silence, a secret dislike to enter op personal manner in which he uniformly expressed himself, I know his discussions concerðing my own litorary labours. It is in every opinion was entirely formed, and that any disclamations of case a dangercus intercourse for an author to be dwelling con- mine would only have savoured of affectation. I do not mean tinually among those who make his writings a frequent and fa- to insinuate that the incident did not happen, but only that it miliar subject of conversation, but who must necessarily be par could hardly have occurred exacty upder the circumstances tial judges of works composed in their own society. The habits narrated, without my recollecting something positive on the of self-importance, which are thus acquired by authors, are subject. In another part of the same volume, Lord Byron is rehiglily injurious to a well-regulated mind; for the cup of flat ported to have expressed a supposition that the cause of my not tery, if it does not, like that of Circe, reduce men to the level of avowing myself, the author of Waverley, may have been some beasta, is sure, if eagerly drained, to bring the best and the surmise that the reigning family would have been displeased

a

with the work. I can only suy, it is the last apprehension to the task Henever, I believe, wrote a single line of the pio should have entertained, as indeed the inscription to these jected work ; and I only have the melancholy pleasure of prevolumes sufficiently proves. The sufferers of that melancholy serving in the Appendix,**the simple anecdote on which be period have, during the last and present reign, been honoured proposed to found it both with the sympathy and protection of the reigning family, To this I may add, I can easily conceive that there may haves whose magnanimity can well pardon a sigh from others, and been circumstances which gave a colour to the general report of bestow one themselves, to the memory of brave opponents, who my brother being interested in those works ; aud in particular did nothing in hate, but all in honour,

that it might derive strength from my having occasion to remit While those who were in habitual intercourse with the real to him, in consequence of certain family transactions, some author had little hositation in assigning the literary property to considerable sums of money about that period. To which it is him, others, and those critics of no mean rank, employed them to be added, that if any person chanced to evince particular selves in investigating with persevering patience any characte- curiosity on such a subject, my brother was likely onough 10 ristic features which might seem to betray the origin of these divert himself with practising on their credulity. Dovels. Amongst these, one gentleman, equally remarkable for It may be mentioned, that while the paternity of these povele the kind and liberal tope of his criticism, the acuteness of bis was from time to time warmly disputed in Britain, the foreign reasoning, and the very gentlemanlike manner in which he con- booksellers expressed no hesitation on the matter, but affixed. ducted his inquiries, displayed not only powers of accurate in my name to the whole of the novels, and to some besides to vostigation, but a temper of mind deserving to be employed on which I had no claim. a subject of much grater importance ; and I have no doubt " 'The volumės, therefore, to which the present pages form a mado converts to his opinion of almost all who thought the Preface, are entirely the composition of the author by wbom point worthy of consideration or those letters, and other at they are now acknowledged, with the exception, always of tempts of the same kind, the author could not complain, though avowed quotations, and such unpremeditatrd and involuntery his incognito was endangered. He had challenged the public plagiarisms as can scarce bę guarded against by any one who to a game at bo-peep, and if he was discovered in his " hiding. has read and writton a great deal. The original manuscripts holo," he must submit to the shame of detection.

are all'in existence, and entirely written (hortesco referens) 10 Various reports were of course circulated in various ways; the author's own hand, excepting during the years 1918 and some founded on an juaccurate rehearsal of what may have 1819, when, being affected with severe illness, be was obliged to been partly real, some on circumstances liaving no concern employ the assistance of a friendly amanuensis. whatever with the subject, and others on the invention of some The number of persons to whom the secret was nocessarily importunate persons, who might perhaps imagine, that the intrusted, or communicated by chance, amounted, I should readiest mode of forcing the author to disclose himself, was to think, to twenty at least, to whom I am greatly obliged for the assign some dishonourable and discreditable cause for his silence fidelity with which they observed their trust, until the derange

It may be easily supposed that this sort of inquisition was ment of the affairs of my publishers, Messrs. Constable and Co., treated with contempt by tho person whom it principally re- and the exposure of their accompt books, which was the neces garded ; as, among all the rumours that were current, there was sáry consequence, rendered secrecy no longer posrible. The only one, and that as unfounded as the others, which had never particulars attending the arowal have been laid before the pub theless some alliance to probability, and indeed might have lic in the Introduction to the Chronicles of the Canongate. proved in some degree true.

The preliminary advertisement has given a sketch or the pu I allude to a report which ascribed a great part, or the whole, pose of this edition. I have some reason to fear, that the note, of these novels, to the late Thomas Scott, Esq., of the 70th Re- which accompany the tales, as now published, may be thought giment, then stationed in Canada. Those who remember that too miscellaneous and too egotistical. It inay be some apology gentleman will readily grant, that, with general talents at least for this, that the publication was intended to be posthumous, equal to those of his elder brother, he added a power of social and still more, that old men may be pennitted to speak long, humour, and a deep insight into human character, which ren- because they cannot in the course of nature bave long time to dered him an universally delightful member of society, and that speak. In preparing the present edition, I have done all thati the habit of composition alone was wanting to render him can do to explain the nature of my materials, and the use I have equally successful as a writer. The Author of Waverley was made of them; nor is it probable that I shall again revise on 60 persuaded of the truth of this, that he warmly pressed his even read these tales. I was therefore desirous rather to exceed brother to make such an experiment, and willingly undertook in the portion of new and explanatory matter which is added to all thie trouble of correcting and superintending the press. Mr. this edition, than that the reader should have reason to com Thomas Scott seemed at first very well disposed to embrace the plain that the information communicated was of a general and proposal, and had even fixed on a subject and a hero. The latter merely nominal character. It remains to be tried whether the was a person well known to both of us in our boyish years, from public (like a child to whom a watch is shown) will, after having displayed some strong traitz of character. 'Mr. T. Scott having been satiated with looking at the outside, acquire some had determined to represent his youthful acqualatance as emi- new interest in the object when it is opened, and the internal grating to America, and encountering the dangers and hardships machinery displayed to them. of tho New World, with the same dauntless spirit which he That Waverley and its successors have had their day of fa. had displayed when a boy in his native country. Mr. Scout vour and popularity must be admitted with sincere gratilude ; would probably have been highly successful, being familiarly and the author has studied (with the prudence of a beauty whose acquainted with the manners of the native Indians, of the old reign has been rather long) to supply, by the assistance of art," French settlers in Canada, and of the Brulés or Woodsmen, and the charms which novelty no longer affords. The publishers having the power of observing with accuracy what, I have no have endeavoured to gratify the honourable partiality of the doubt, he could have sketched with force and expression. In public for the encouragement of British art, by illustrating this shor', the author believes his brother would have made himsell edition with designs by the most eminent living artists'. distinguished in that striking field, in which, since that period, To my distinguished countryman, David Wilkie, to Edwin Mr. Cooper has achieved so many triumphis. But Mr. T. Scott Landseer, who has exercised his talents so much on Scott was already affected by bad health, which wholly unfitted him subjects and scenery, to Messrs. Leslie and Newton, my thanks for literary labour, even if he could have reconciled his patience are due, from a friend as well as an author. Nor am I less

obliged to Mesers. Cooper, Kidd, and other artists of distinc• The following is the dedicatiod alloded to :-"To the King's Mosetion, to whom I am less personally knowa, for the ready zen} Gracious Majesty. Sire-The Author of this Collection of Works of fie- with which they have devoted their talents to the some purpose tion would not have presumed to solicit for them your Majesty'e augast Farther explanation respecting the edition, is the business of patronage, were it not that the peruenl bas been supposed, in some in the publishers, not of the author; and here, therefore, the latter stances, to have succeeded in amusing hours of relaxation, or relieving has accomplished bis insk of Introduction and explåvation. If those of languor, pain, or anxiety'; and therefore must havo so far aided like a spoiled child, he has sometimes abused or trifled with the warmest wish of your Majesty's heart, by contributiog, in however the indulgence of the public, he fecla himself entitled to full beamall a degree, to the happiness of your people. They are therefore licf, when he exculpates himself from the charge of having Lumably dedicated to your Majesty, agreeably to your gracious permis been at any timo insensible of their kindness. sion, by your Majesty's dutiful subject, Walter Scoti. Abbotsford, lut Jrovary, 1829.

ABBOTSFORD, 1st January, 1829. I welters vo the Author of Waverley ; Rodwell & Martin, London, 1822.

• Seo Appendix, No. IIl.

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