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Section 17. Slavery and involuntary servi

tude illegal, except as punish

ment for crime, 18. Unreasonable searches and seiz

ures not tolerated. 19. Treason against the State de

fined. 20. Special privileges shall not be

granted to a certain class of citizens which is not granted

to all. 21. Provisions of this Constitution

are mandatory and probibi

tory: 22. Right and justice to be admin

istered without sale or delay. 23. Malicious interfering with those

in employment and those seek

ing it. 24. To guard against transgressions

of the high powers which we have delegated, we declare that everything in this article is excepted out of the general powers of government, and shall forever remain inviolate.



Legislative Department. 25. Legislative power is vested in Section 82. House of Representatives shall



Declaration of Rights. Section 1. All men are by nature free and

have certain inalienable rights. 2. All political power is inherent in

the people. 3. The State is inseparable from

the Union. 4. Freedom of religious belief and

6. Writ of habeas corpus.
6. Bail shall be accepted, except

for capital offenses.-Ball shall
not be excessive. Witnesses
shall not be unreasonably de-

7. Right of trial by jury.
8. Offenses shall be prosecuted

criminally by indictment, or

9. Freedom of speech.
10. The citizens have the right to

assemble together in a peace-
able manner for the common

11. All laws of a general nature

shall have a uniform opera

tion. 12. The military shall be subordi

nate to the civil power.
13. Right to a speedy and public

trial.-No person shall be put
in jeopardy twice for the same

14. Private property shall not be

taken for public use without

just compensation. 15. In regard to imprisonment for

16. No law impairing the obliga-

tions of contracts shall be

the Senate and House

Representatives. 26. Senate to contain not less than

thirty, nor more than fifty

members. 27. Term of office of Senators. 28. Senator must be a qualified

elector. 29. The division of the State into

senatorial districts. 30. Senators divided into two

classes. - Term of office of

each. 31. President of Senate pro tempore.

contain not less than fifty, nor more than one hundred and

forty members. 83. Representatives elected for two

years. 34. Qualifications for Representa

tive. 35. Beginning with 1895, and every

tenth year after, an enumeration is to be made of the in

habitants of the State. 36. The House of Representatives

shall elect one of its members

as speaker. 37. Those who may not hold two

offices.-Exceptions. 38. Those not eligible to be members

of the General Assembly. 39. No member of the Legislative

Assembly shall be elected, nor appointed, to any office which was created during his term

of office, 40. Solicitation of bribery, penalty

of. 41. When the term of office of the

Assembly shall begin. 42. To be privileged from arrest

during the session, except for treason, felony and breach of

the peace. 43. Members may not vote on any

bill in which they have a personal interest without the

consent of the house. 44. Governor to fill vacancies. 45. Compensation of members. 46. A majority of the members of

each house shall be a quorum. 47. Each house shall be the judge

of the qualifications of its

own members. 48. The powers of each house. 49. Each house shall keep a journal. 60. The sessions are to be open, ex

cept in special cases. 61. As to adjournment. 52. Senate and House shall be called

the Legislative Assembly. 63. Time of meeting. 64. When shall vote viva voce.

Section 55. Sessions to be biennial. 56. Duration of sessions. 57. Origin of bills may be in either

house, and may be amended

by either. 58. No law shall be passed except

by a bill adopted by both

houses. 59. Enacting clause of every law

shall be: Be it enacted by the Legislative Assembly of

the State of North Dakota. 60. When a bill for the appropria

tion of money may be intro

duced. 61. No bill to contain more than one

subject. 62. The general appropriation bill

to contain what. 63. Every bill shall be read three

times. 64. In regard to the revision of a

bill, 65. For a bill to become a law. 66. In regard to the signing of bills. 67. When legislative acts are to

take effect. 68. The Legislative Assembly shall

pass all laws necessary to carry into effect all the pro

visions of this Constitution. 69. Local or special laws not to be

passed in any of the thirty

five cases enumerated. 70. In regard to general and special



Executive Department. 71. Executive power vested in Gov.

ernor. 72. Lieutenant-Governor to act as

Governor, whlen. 73. Eligibility for office of Governor

and Lieutenant-Governor. 74. Election of the same. 75. Governor commander-in-chief of

military and naval forces.Has power to convene Legis.

lature.-His duties. 76. His powers. 77. Lieutenant-Governor to be presla

dent of Senate.

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102. The court is to prepare

syllabus of the points adju

dicated in each case. 103. Jurisdiction of District Court

and Judges. 104. State divided into six Judicial

districts. 105. Enumeration of districts. 106. How judicial districts may be

increased. 107. To be eligible for office of Dis

trict Judge. 108. Clerk of the District Court. 109. Appeals from District to Su.

preme Court allowed under

certain regulations. 110. County Court to be established. 111. Jurisdiction of County Court,

and how it may be increased. 112. Justices of the Peace, number

of, jurisdiction of. 113. Election of police magistrates. 114. Appeals. 115. The time of holding courts to

be prescribed by law. 116. Judges of District Courts may

hold court in other districts

than their own. 117. No Judge of the Supreme or

District Courts shall act as

attorney or counsel-at-law. 118. Terms of courts, how fixed. 119. Judges of Supreme or District

Courts may not be elected nor appointed to any other than

a judicial office. 120. Tribunals of conciliation.


Elective Franchise.


121. Requirements for being

78. Governor to fill vacancies in

certain cases.
79. All bills to be presented to the

Governor for his signature

before becoming a law. 80. He may disapprove of any items

in a bill. 81. The giving and receiving of

bribes by the Governor, the

penalty. 82. The choosing of other State offi

cers, qualifications of the same

and place of holding office. 83. Powers and duties of same to

be prescribed by law. 84. Salaries of the same.


Judicial Department. 85. Enumeration of State courts. 86. Supreme Court shall have ap

pellate jurisdiction only, ex

cept as provided.
87. Its powers.
88. Number of terms of.
89. To consist of three Judges.
90. Election of.
91. Term of office.
92. The Judges of Supreme Court

to be classified by lot.-The
one having the shortest term

to be Chief Justice.
93. A clerk and reporter of Su-

preme Court to be appointed

by the Judges of the same. 94. Requirements to be eligible for

Judge of Supreme Court. 95. When the number of Judges

may be increased. 96. Judges shall have no duties

imposed upon them but such

as are judicial. 97. The style of process, how to be. 98. Governor to fill vacancies. 99. Compensation of Judges of

Supreme Court.
100. In case a Supreme Court Judge

being interested in a cause, a
District Court Judge shall

take his place.
101. In regard to a reversed or con-

firmed decree.

elector. 122. Legislature may further ex

tend suffrage. 123. Electors to be privileged from

arrest on day of election. 124. General elections to be biennial. 125. Service under United States

does not cause loss of residence.

Section 126. No soldier, seaman or marine

of the United States shall be deemed а. resident of this State in consequence of being

stationed therein. 127. Those who are not qualified to

vote. 128. All women who are eligible

may vote on all school mat

ters. 129. All elections by the people

shall be by secret ballot.

Section 142. Rates of public carriers to be

fixed by law. 143. Railroads have the right to

connect with and cross one

another. 144. Definition of term "corpora

tion," as used in this article. 145. In regard to banks and issuing

bills, etc. 146. Combinations formed for con

trolling prices illegal.


Municipal Corporations. 130. The Legislative Assembly shall

provide by general law for the organization of municipal corporations.


Education. 147. Unsectarian, free public schools. 148. A uniform system to be estab

lished. 149. The kind of instruction to be

given. 150. Superintendent of schools to be

elected in each county. 151. The Legislative Assembly to

promote education, 152. No State money to be used for

the support of any sectarian school.

ARTICLE VII. Corporations Other Than Municipal. 131. Charters of incorporation not

to be granted, changed or amended, except in certain

cases. 132. In regard to charters and

grants existing before the

adoption of this constitution. 133. The Legislative Assembly shall

not remit the forfeiture of a

charter. 134. Rights of eminent domain shall

never be abridged. 135. Rights of shareholders in vot

ing for directors. 136. In regard to foreign corpora

tions. 137. No corporation shall engage in

any business other than that

authorized in its charter. 138. For what stock or bonds may

be issued by a corporation, 139. In regard to street railroads,

telegraph and telephone lines. 140. Regulating railroad corpora

tions. 141. Parallel or competing railroads

may not consolidate.


School and Public Lands. 153. The principal of the school fund may

never be dimin. ished. 154. The interest of this fund to be

used for the support of the

public schools of the State. 155. When lands granted by the

United States to the State for support of common schools

may be sold. 156. Who constitute “ The Board

of University and School

Lands." 157. The board of appraisal. 158. In regard to the sale of public

lands. 159. The principal of all funds do

nated to the State for educational or charitable purposes may never be dimin.

ished. 160. Appraisal and sale of land do


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ARTICLE X. County and Touonship Organization. 166. Counties which are added to

the State. 167. Organization of new counties.

Each county must contain twenty - four congressional

townships. 168. All changes of county boun

daries must have approval of a majority of the electors in

the county to be changed. 169. County seat,, removal of the

same. 170. Organizing townships. 171. County government. 172. County commissioners, not

more than five nor less than

three in number. 173. County officers, election of.

ARTICLE XII. Public Debt and Public Works. Section 182. The State may contract debts

not to exceed $200,000. 183. The limit of debt not to exceed five percentum on

the age sessed valuation of the property in each county, town

ship, town, or school district. 184. How the debt shall be paid. 185. The State, or any subdivision

of the same, may not loan

its credit. 186. No State money to be paid out

except by appropriation by

law. 187. The validity of a bond.


Militia. 188. To consist of all able-bodied

male persons between the ages of eighteen and forty

five years.-Exceptions. 189. To be organized as provided for

by law. 190. Volunteers to be organized. 191. Appointment of militia oficers. 192. Commissioned officers to be

commissioned by the Gover

nor. 193. Militia forces to be privileged

from arrest except in certain cases.


Revenue and Taxation. 174. Revenue for meeting the ex

penses of the State to be

raised each year. 175. Taxation. 176. What property is exempt from

taxation. 171. Improvements on land to be

assessed in accordance with section 179, but plowing shall not be considered an improve

ment. 178. The power of taxation shall

never be suspended. 179. How property shall be assessed. 180. Who must pay a poll tax. 181. Laws to be passed to carry out

the provisions of this article.

ARTICLE XIV. Impeachment and Removal from Office. 194. Sole power of impeachment

shall be in the House of Rep

resentatives. 195. An impeachment shall be tried

by the Senate. 196. Those liable to impeachment,

and for what offenses. 197. All officers not liable to im

peachment shall be subject

to removal for misconduct. 198. No officer shall exercise duties

of office after impeachment,

and before his acquittal. 199. On trial of impeachment

against the Governor, the Lieutenant-Governor shall not act as a member of the court.

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