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I'll not endure it : you forget yourself,
To hedge me in ;1 I am a soldier, I,
Older in practice, abler than yourself
To make conditions.3

Go to; you 're not, Cassius.
Cas. I am.
Bru. I say, you are not.*

Cas. Urge me no more, I shall forget myself;
Have mind upon your health, tempt me no further.

Bru. Away, slight man!
Cas. Is 't possible?

Hear me, for I will speak.
Must I give way and room to your rash choler?
Shall I be frighted, when a madman stares?

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why stay we to be baited “ With one that wants her wits?"" So also, in a comedy intitled, How to choose a Good Wife from a Bad, 1602:

66. Do I come home so seldom, and that seldom

“ Am I thus baited?" The reading of the old copy, which I have restored, is likewise supported by a passage in King Richard III:

“ To be so baited, scorn'd, and storm'd at." Malone The second folio, on both occasions, has-bait ; and the spirit of the reply will, in my judgment, be diminished, unless a repetition of the one or the other word be admitted. I therefore continue to read with Mr. Theobald. Bay, in our author, may be as frequently exemplified as bait. It occurs again in the play before us, as well as in A Midsummer Night's Dream, Cymbeline, King Henry IV, P. II, &c. &c. Steevens.

1 To hedge me in;] That is, to limit my authority by your direction or censure. Johnson.

I am a soldier 1, Older in practice, &c.] Thus the ancient copies; but the modern editors, instead of 1, have read ay, because the vowel I sometimes stands for ay the affirinative adverb. I have replaced the old reading, on the authority of the following line :

" And I am Brutus; Marcus Brutus 1.” Steevens. See Vol. IX, p. 65, n. 5. Malone.

3 To make conditions.] That is, to know on what terms it is fit to confer the offices which are at my disposal. Johnson. 4 Cas. I am.

Bru. I say, you are not.] This passage may easily be restored to metre, if we read: Brutus, I am.

Cassius, I say you are not. Steevens.


Cas. O ye gods! ye gods! Must I endure all this?
Bru. All this? ay, more : Fret, till your proud heart

Go, show your slaves how cholerick you are,
And make your bondmen tremble. Musi I budge?
Must I observe you? Must I stand and crouch
Under your testy humour? By the gods,
You shall digest the venom of your spleen,
Though it do split you : for, from this day forth,
I'll use you for my mirth, yea, for my laughter,
When you are waspish.

Is it come to this?
Bru. You say, you are a better soldier:
Let it appear so; make your vaunting true,
And it shall please me well: For mine own part,
I shall be glad to learn of noble men.

Cas. You wrong me every way, you wrong me, Brutus;
I said, an elder soldier, not a better:
Did I say, better?

If you did, I care not. Cas. When Cæsar liv'd, he durst not thus have mov'd




Bru. Peace, peace; you durst not so have tempted him.
Cas. I durst not?
Bru, No.
Cas. What? durst not tempt him?


durst noto
Cas. Do not presume too much upon my love,
I may do that I shall be sorry for.
Bru. You have done that


should be for.
There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats;
For I am arm’d so strong in honesty,
That they pass by me, as the idle wind,
Which I respect not. I did send to you
For certain sums of gold, which you deny'd me;-
For I can raise no money by vile means:
By heaven, I had rather coin my heart,
And drop my blood for drachmas, than to wring
From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash,6

5 I'll use you for my mirth,] Mr. Rowe has transplanted this insult into the mouth of Lothario:

“ And use his sacred friendship for our mirth.Steevens.

than to wring From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash,] This is a noble


By any indirection. I did send
To you for gold to pay my legions,


denied me: Was that done like Cassius?
Should I have answer'd Caius Cassius so?
When Marcus Brutus grows so covetous,
To lock such rascal counters from his friends,
Be ready, gods, with all your thunderbolts,
Dash him to pieces!

I denied you not.
Bru. You did.

I did not:-he was but a fool,
That brought my answer back.?-Brutus hath riy'd my

A friend should bear his friend's infirmities,
But Brutus makes mine greater than they are.

Bru. I do not, till you practise them on me.8
Cas. You love me not.

I do not like your

faults. Cas. A friendly eye could never see such faults.

Bru. A flatterer's would not, though they do appear As huge as high Olympus.

Cas. Come, Antony, and young Octavius, come,
Revenge yourselves alone on Cassius,
For Cassius is aweary of the world :
Hated by one he loves ; brav'd by his brother;
Check'd like a bondman; all his faults observ’d,,

sentiment, altogether in character, and expressed in a manner inimitably happy. For to wring, implies both to get unjustly, and to use force in getting: and hard hands signify both the peasant's great la. bour and pains in acquiring, and his great unwillingness to quit his hold.

Warburton. I do not believe that Shakspeare, when he wrote hard hands in this place, had any deeper meaning than in the following line in 1 Midsummer Night's Dream :

Hard-handed men that work in Athens here." H White. Mr. H White might have supported his opinion, (with which I perfectly concur) by another instance from Cymbeline :

hands “Made hourly hard with falsehood as with labour.Steeveris.

my answer back.] The word back is unnecessary to the sense, and spoils the measure. Steerens.

8 Bru. I do not, till you practise them on me.] The meaning is this : I do not look for your faults, I only see them, and mention them with vehemence, when you force them into my notice, by practisirs them on me.



angry when

Set in a note-book, learn’d, and conn’d by rote,
To cast into my teeth. O, I could weep
My spirit from mine eyes !—There is my dagger,
And here my naked breast; within, a heart
Dearer than Plutus’ mine, richer than gold:
If that thou be'st a Roman, take it forth ;'
I, that denied thee gold, will give my heart :
Strike, as thou didst at Cæsar; for, I know,
When thou didst hate him worst, thou lov’dst him better
Than ever thou lov’dst Cassius.

Sheath your dagger: Be


will, it shall have scope;
Do what you will, dishonour shall be humour.
O Cassius, you are yoked with a lamb
That carries anger, as the flint bears fire ;
Who, much enforced, shows a hasty spark, ,
And straight is cold again.

Hath Cassius liv'd
To be but mirth and laughter to his Brutus,
When grief, and blood ill-temper’d, vexeth him?

Bru. When I spoke that, I was ill-temper'd too.
Cas. Do you confess so much? Give me your hand.
Bru. And my heart too.

O Brutus!

What's the matter? Cas. Have you not love enough to bear with me, When that rash humour, which my


gave me, Makes me forgetful? Bru.

Yes, Cassius; and, henceforth, When you are over-earnest with your Brutus, He 'll think your mother chides, and leave you so.

[Noise witrin. 9 If that thou be’st a Roman, take it forth ;] I think he means only, that he is so far from avarice, when the cause of his country requires liberality, that if any man should wish for his heart, he would not need enforce his desire any otherwise, than by showing that he was a Roman. Johnson. This seems only a forin of adjuration like that of Brutus, p. 99:

“Now, as you are a Roman, tell me true.” Blackstone. 1

and, henceforth,] Old copy, redundantly in respec? both of sense and measure:-" and from henceforth.” But the present omission is countenanced by many passages in our author, besides the following in Macbeth :

Thanes and kinsmen,
Henceforth be earls.” Steevens.

Poet. [within] Let me go in to see the generals ;
There is some grudge between them, 'tis not meet
They be alone.

Luc. [within] You shall not come to them.
Poet. [within] Nothing but death shall stay me.

Enter Poet.3
Cas. How now w? What's the matter?

Poet. For shame, you generals; What do you mean?
Love, and be friends, as two such men should be ;
For I have seen more years, I am sure, than ye.4

Cas. Ha, ha; how vilely doth this cynick rhyme!
Bru. Get you hence, sirrah; saucy fellow, hence.
Cas. Bear with him, Brutus; 'tis his fashion.

Bru. I'll know his humour, when he knows his time : What should the wars do with these jigging fools ?5


chides,] i. e. is clamorous, scolds. So, in As you Like it :

" For what had he to do to chide at me?Steevens. 3 Enter Poet.] Shakspeare found the present incident in Plutarch. The intruder, however, was Marcus Phaonius, who had been a friend and follower of Cato; not a poet, but one who assumed the character of a cynick philosopher. Steevens. 4 Love, and be friends, as two such men should be ;

For I have seen more years, I am sure, than ye.] This passage is a translation from the following one in the first. Book of Homer:

" 'Annać zábert'. "opeimow veut épw ésòv epsio.” which is thus given in Sir Thomas North’s Plutarch:

My lords, I pray you hearken both to me,

« For I have seen more years than such ye three." See also Antony's speech, p. 85:

“ Octavius, I have seen more days than you." Again, in Chapinan's Iliad, Book IX : “ I am his greater, being a king, and more in yeares than he.

Steevens. 5. What should the wars do with these jigging.fools?] i. e. with these silly poets. A jig signified, in our author's time, a metrical composition, as well as a dance. So, in the prologue to Fletcher's Fair Maid of the Inn :

“ A jig shall be clapp'd at, and every rhyme

Prais'd and applauded by a clamorous chime.” [See note on Hamlet, Act II), sc.

ii.] A modern editor, (Mr Capell) who after having devoted the greater part of his life to the s'udy of old books, appears to have been extremely ignorant of ancient English litera: ure, not knowing this, for jigging, reads (after Mr. Pope) jingling. His work exhibits above Nine Hundred alterations of the genuine text, equally capricious and unwarrantable.

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