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of West

mortification; and this brings thee to the church
of the first born, that is more divine and noble,
than an outward glittering church, that is inwardly
polluted: For, know, as thou sowest, thou reapest,
in the great day of account. So to God's fpirit, in
thy own conscience, do I recommend thee, that
leads out of all evil, and quickens thee to God, as
thou obeyeft it, and makes thee a child of God,
and an heir of Glory. I am in much hafte, and
as much love,

" Thy true friend

“ London, ninth O&tober, 1675."

In the year 1676, he became one of the princi-
He becomes pal persons, concerned in settling West New Jersey,
a proprietor

in America; as hereafter will appear, in the second
Jersey, &c, part of this introduction, in the account of the

first fettling and government of that colony. About
this time also he

writ to some persons of great qua-
lity, in Germany, as appears in his works; encou-
raging them to a perfeverance in the paths of vir-
tue and true religion; with the love of which he
had understood their minds were happily and di-
vinely inspired.

In the year 1677, he travelled into Holland and

Germany, in company with several of his friends,
the Quakers, on a religious visit, to these countries;
of which there is extant, in his works, an account,
or journal, written by himself; in a plain, familiar
stile,and particularly suited to persons of a religious
turn of mind, It does not appear to have been
originally intended to be published; for, in the
preface, to its first publication, the author himself
lays --" It was written for my own, and some rela-
tions, and particular friends fatisfaction, as the
long time it hath lain silent doth shew, but a copy,
that was found among the late countess of Conway's
papers, falling into the hands of a person, that
much frequented that family, he was earnest with


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me, both by himself and others, to have leave to publish it, for a common good," &c. In this account are included divers letters, epistles and religious pieces, written during his travels there, to persons of eminence and others, whom he either visited in person, or writing, or both;-It is continued from the twenty-second of the Fifth month, 1677, when he left home, to the first of the Ninth month the same year, when he arrived well at Worminghurst, his habitation, in Sujex.

In this journal mention is made of his having religious meetings, or paying personal visits, at Naines of Rotterdam, Leyden, Haerlam and Amsterdam; in some places which last place he made some stay, being employ- wifited, &c. ed there in affisting to regulate and settle the affairs of his religious fociety in that city, &c. from thence he writ to the king of Poland, in favour of his persecuted and suffering friends, the Quakers, at Dantzick. He was also at Naerden, Osnaburgh and Herwerden; in the last of which places he had religious meetings and agreeable conversation with the princess Elizabeth Palatine and others. He 1697. visited Paderborn, Cassel and Frankfort; here he made fome stay, and writ an epistle, churches of Jesus throughout the world,&c. From hence he went by the way of Worms to Crisheim; where he found a meeting of his friends, the Quakers; and writ to the princess, before mentioned, and the countess of Hornes, two Protestant ladies of

great virtue and quality, at Herwerden. Thence by Frankenthall to Manheim; from which place he wrote to the prince elector Palatine of Heydelburgh. He was likewise at Mentz, and divers other places, on the Rhine; as Cullen, Duysburgh, &c. But, on account of his being a Quaker, he was prohibited to enter into Mulbein, by the Graef, or earl of Bruch and Falkensteyn, lord of that country; on which occasion he wrote to him from Duysburgh, a sharp letter of reproof and advice; and to his daughter,


66 To the

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the countess, a virtuous and religious lady, at Mul-
heim, on whose account his visit there was princi-
pally intended, he sent a consolatory epistle.

He then visited Wesel, Rees, Emrick, Cleve, Nim-
mieguen, Lippenhusen, Groningen, Embden, Bemenand
the Hague; and divers of these places, several times,
frequently writing letters of advice and religious
comfort to divers virtuous and religious persons of
great quality, and others; with several of whom
he corresponded; and at the last mentioned place
he corrected and finished several long epiftles of a
religious nature; which were written and intended
for the press, both in his first and second journey,
in Germany; which are now extant in his works.
From the Hague he went to Delft, Wonderwick, and
so to the Briel; and from thence by the packet, to
Harwich, and home, within the limits of the time
above mentioned.

After his return from Germany, the people called the parlia- Quakers being harrassed with severe prosecutions,

in the exchequer, on penalties of twenty pounds
per month, or two-thirds of their eftates, by laws
made against Papists, but unjustly turned upon
them; W. Penn, foliciting the parliament for re-
dress of those grievances, presented petitions, on

the occasion, both to the lords and commons; 1678.

where, upon being admitted to a hearing before a
committee, on the twenty-second of the month,
called March, 1678, he made the following speech-

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He folicits

es, viz.

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His first speçch to the committee.
“ If we ought to believe that it is our duty,
according to the doctrine of the apostle, to be
always ready to give an account of the hope, that is

in us, and that to every sober and private enquirer;
speech to certainly much more ought we to hold ourselves
conimittee obliged to declare, with all readiness, when called
of parlia-
to it by so great authority, what is not our hope,


1678. W.P's.first

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especially when our very safety is eminently concerned in so doing, and that we cannot decline this discrimination of ourselves from Papists, without being conscious to ourselves of the guilt of our own sufferings; for that must every man needs be, that suffers mutely, under another character than that, which truly and properly belongeth to him, and his belief. That which giveth me a more than ordinary right to fpeak, at this time, and in this place, is the great abuse, that I have received, above any other of my profession; for, of a long time, I have not only been supposed a Papist, but a seminary, a Jesuit, an emissary of Rome, and in pay from the Pope, a man dedicating my endeavours to the interest and advancement of that party. Nor hath this been the report of the rabble, but the jealousy and insinuation of persons otherwise sober and discreet: Nay, some zealous for the Protestant religion, have been so far gone in this mistake, as not only to think ill of us, and to decline our conversation, but to take courage to themselves, to prosecute us for a sort of concealed Papists; and the truth is, what with one thing, and what with another, we have been as the wool-facks, and common whipping-stock of the kingdom; all laws have been let loose upon us, as if the design were not to reform, but to destroy us, and that not for what we are, but for what we are not: It is hard, that we must thus bear the stripes of another interest, and be their proxy, in punishment; but it is worse, that some men can please themselves in such a sort of administration."

“ I would not be mistaken, I am far from thinking it fit that Papists should be whipped for their consciences, because I exclaim against the injustice of whipping Quakers for Papists: No, for though the hand, pretended to be lifted up against them, hath (I know not by what direction) lit heavy upon us, and we complain; yet we do not mean, that

ን any

heart relig mer lieta or ft you ther tell fence

any should take a fresh aim at them, or that they
must come in our room; for we must give the
liberty we ask, and cannot be false to our princi-
ples, though it were to relieve ourselves; for we
have good will to all men, and would have none
suffer for a truly sober and conscientious diffent,
on any hand: and I humbly take leave to add, that
those methods, against persons fo qualified, do not
seem to me to be convincing, or indeed adequate to
the reason of mankind; but this I fubmit to your

" To conclude, I hope we shall be held excused
of the men of that profession, in giving this dis-
tinguishing declaration, since it is not with design
to expose them; but, first, to pay that regard, we
owe to the enquiry of this committee; and, in the
next place, to relieve ourselves from the daily spoil
and ruial, which now attend and threaten many
hundreds of families, by the execution of laws,
that we humbly conceive were never made against

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W. P's.


His fecond speech to the committee.
« The candid hearing, our sufferings have re-

ceived from the committee, and the fair and easy en-
the com- tertainment, that you have given us, oblige me to
mittee of add what ever can increase your satisfaction about
I hope you do not believe, I would tell

a lie; I am sure I should choose an ill time and
place to tell it in; but, I thank God it is too late
in the day for that. There are some here that have
known me formerly; I believe they will say, I ne-
ver was that man; and it would be hard, if after
a voluntary neglect of the advantages of this world,
I should fit down, in my retirement, short of con-
mon truth."

“Excuse the length of my introduction, it is for this I make it. I was bred a Protestant, and that strictly too: I loft nothing by time or study; for


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