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Disfentions.--Equality of Mankind. popular discontents have been very prevalent, it may well be affirmed and supported, that there has been generally something found amiss in the constitution or in the conduct of government. The people have no interest in disorder. When they do wrong, it is their error, and not their crime. But with the governing party of the state, it is far otherwise. They certainly may act ill by design as well as by mistake. " The revolutions which " occur in great states, are not he effect of chance or the “ caprice of the people. Nothing disgusts the grandees of a

kingdom so much as a weak or deranged government. But of the people never revolt through a thirst of innovation, bat " through impatience of suffering." These are the words of a great man ; of a minister of state [Sully) and a zealous asserter of monarchy. What he says of revolutions is equally true of all great disturbances.-Burke.

EQUALITY OF MANKIND. ALL men are created equal.---Declaration of Independence.

ALL men are born equally free and independent; therefore all government of right originates from the people, is founded in confent, and instituted for the general good.--Conftitution of New Hampshire.

ALL men are born free and equal, and have certain natural, essential, and unalienable rights; among which may be reckoned the right of enjoying and defending their lives and liberties; that of acquiring, poffefling, and protecting property; in fine, that of feeking and obtaining their Safety and happiness. -Constitution of Majachusetts.

ALL men are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent, and unalienable rights; amongit which are, the enjoying and defending life and libertyAcquiring, poffefling, and protecting property--and pursuing and obtaining happiness and safety.--Conftitution of Vermont.

WHAT is the race of mankind but one family, widely scattered upon the face of the earth? all men by nature are brothers. ----Fenelon.

SEARCH we the secret springs,
And backwards trace the principles of things;
There ihall we find, that when the world began,
* One common mass compos’d the mould of man;
One paste of flesh on all degrees bestow'd,
And kneaded up alike with moill’ning blood.


The same almighty power inspir'd the frame
With kindled life, and form’d the fouls the same.
The faculties of intellect and will,
Dispens'd with equal hand, dispos'd with equal skill,
Like liberty indulg'd with choice of good or ill.
Thus, born alike, from virtue first began
The diffrence that distinguish'd man from man :
He claim'd no title from descent of blood,
But that which made him noble, made him good. --Dryden.

THERE is no more ia ward value in the greatest emperor than in the meanest of his subjects. His body is composed of the same substance, the same parts, and with the same or greater infirmities: his education is generally worfe, by fiattery, idleness, and luxury, and those evil dispositions that early power is apt to give. It is therefore against comnion sense, that his private personal intereft, cr pleasure, mnould be put in the balance with the safety of millions, every one of which is bis equal by nature.--Swifi.

MEN are not naturally opulent, courtiers, noblea, or lings. We come into the world naked and poor : we are all subject to the miseries of life.

The rich have not better appetites that the poor, nor quicker digestion : the master has not longer arms or stronger than the fervant; a great man is no taller than the meanesi artizaa --Rouleasa

EXTENDED empire, like expanded gold,
Exchanges folid strength for feeble splendor.---- Johnson.

EXERCISE. SUCH is the constitution of man, that labore may be styled its own reward: nor will any external incitent l, requisite, if it be considered how much happiness is gaišice and how much mifery escaped, by frequent and violent, agitanion of the body.--Rombler,

EXERCISE cannot secure us from that diffolution to which we are decreed; but, while the foul and body continue united, it can make the association pleasing, and give probable hopas that they shall be disj ined by an easy feparation. It was a principle armong the ancients, that acute difcasesare ficm heaven, and chronic, from curfelres: the dart of death, indeed, falls som konurn; but we poison it by our own miconduct.-ldx.




CHILDREN, like tender Oziers, take the bow,
And as they first are fashion’d, al ays grow:
For what we learn in youth, to that alone
In age we are by fecond nature prone.--Dryden.

PHYSICAL knowledge is of such rare emergence, that one man may know another half his life without being able to ellimate his fill in hydrostatics or astronomy; but his moral and prudential character immediately appears. Those authors, therefore, are to be read at school, that fupply moit axioms of prudence, molt principles of moral truth, and moít materials for conversation ; and these purposes are beit ferved by poets, orators, and historians.-' ise of Melton.

IT ought always to be steadily inculcated, that vireue is the higheit proof of underlianding, and the only solid balis of greatness ; and that vice is the natural consequence of narrow thoughts; that it begins in niitake, and ends in ignominy.-Rambler.

I CONSIDER an human soul without education, like marble in the quarry, which shews none of its inherent beauties, till the skill of the polisher fetches out the colours, makes the surface shine, and discovers every ornamental cloud, spot, and vein that runs through the body of it. Education, after the same manner, when it works upon a noble mind, draws out to view every latent virtue and perfection, which, without such helps, are never able to make their appearance:--Spediator.

ERROR. IT is incumbent on every man who consults his own dignity to retract his error ás foon as he discovers it, without fearing any censure so much as that of his own mind. As justice requires that all injuries should be repaired, it is the duty of him who has seduced others by bad practices, or false notions, to endeavour that such as have adopted his errors should know his retraction, and that those who have learned vice by his example, should, by his example, be taught amendment.Rambler.

FREEDOM. 664668 A COUNTRIES are generally peopled in proportion as they are free, and are certainly bappy in that proportion; and upon the same tract of land that would maintain a hundred thousand

freemen in plenty, five thousand flaves would starve. Liberty naturally draws new people to it, as well as increases the old flock; and men as naterally run, when they dare, from slavery and wretchedness. Hence great cities, losing their liberties, become desarts; and little towns by liberty grow great cities. -Gordon.

CIVIL freedom is not, as many have endeavoured to persuade us, a thing that lies hid in the depth of abstruse science. It is a blessing and a benefit, not an abstract speculation; and all the just reasoning that can be upon it, is of fo coarse a texture, as perfectly to suit the ordinary capacities of those who are to enjoy, and of those who are to defend it. Far from any resemblance to those propositions in geometry and metaphysics, which admit no medium, but must be true or false in all their latitude ; focial and civil freedom, like all other things in common life, are variously mixed and modified, enjoyed in very different degrees, and shaped into an infinite diversity of forms, according to the temper and circumstances of every community. The extreme of liberty (which is its abstract perfection, but its real fault) obtains no where, nor ought to obtain any where. Because extremes, as we all know, in every point which relates either to our duties or satisfactions in life, are destructive both to virtue and enjoyment. Liberty too must be limited in order to be possessed. The degree of restraint it is impossible in any case to settle precisely. But it ought to be the constant aim of every wise public council, to find out by cautious experiments, and rational, cool endeavors, with how little, not how much of this restraint, the community can subfift.--Burke.

WHOSE freedom is by fuff'rance, and at will
Of a superior, he is never free.
Who lives, and is not weary of a life
Expos'd to manacles, deserves them well.
The state that strives for liberty, though foild,
And forc'd t abandon what she bravely fought,
Deserves at least applause for her attempt,
And pity for her loss. But that's à cause
Not often unsuccessful; power ufurp'd,
Is weakness when oppos'd; conscious of wrong,
"Tis pufillanimous, and prone to flight.
But llaves, that once conceive the glowing thought
Of freedom, in that hope itself possess
All that the contest calls for ; fpirit, ftrength,

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The scorn of danger, and united hearts,
The furest presage of the good they seek.-Corper.

TEMPT me no more. My soul can ne'er comport
With the gay slaveries of a court;

I've an averfion to those charms,
And hug dear liberty in both mine arms.

. Go, vasfal-fouls, go, cringe and wait,
And dance attendance at Honorio's gate ;
Then run in troops before him to compose his state:
Move, as he moves; and, when he loiters, ftand;

You're but the shadows of a man.
Bend when he speaks ; and kiss the ground:

Go, catch th' impertinence of found:

Adore the follies of the great :
Wait till he smiles : but lo, the idol frown'd,

And drove them to their fate.
Thus base-born minds. But as for me,

I can and will be free :
Like a strong mountain, or some stately tree,

My soul grows firm upright,
And as I stand, and as I

It keeps my body fo;
No, I can never part


my creation-right, Let slaves and asses stoop and bow,

I cannot make this iron knee
Bend to a meaner power than that which form’d it free. - IVaits,

WHEN God from chaos gave the world to be,
Man then he form'd, and form’d him to be free,
In his own image stampt the favorite race--
How dar’it thou, tyrant, the fair tta np deface!
When on mankind


your abject chains,
No more the image of that God remains ;
O'er a dark scene a darker shade is drawn,
His work dishonour'd, and our glory gone!-- Frencalho

ONE truth is clear from nature, constant ilill
Kings hold not worlds or empires at tieir will:
Nor rebels they, who native freedom claim,
Conquest alone can racify the name-
But great the task, refiitance to controul
When genuine viriue fires the tubbora foul.
The warlike beast, in Lybian desarts plac'd
To reign the master of the fun-burnt walte,

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