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enclosing the Altar, was enlarged, upon designs upon Soane, by recesses on each side, containing galleries supported by two Scagliola columns, and two pilasters of Sienna marble, with gilt capitals and white marble bases; beneath it are several monuments of individuals of the family whose remains are interred in the vaults under the Chapel, to which access is given from without.
The Altar, designed and executed at Rome by Giacomo Quirenze, is composed of porphyry, agate, pietre dure, and other rich marbles.
An ancient verd-antique sarcophagus stands within a recess in front; the Tabernacle, in the form of a circular monopteral temple, rises from the centre; the Cupola, of porphyry, supported by columns of jasper, with silver-gilt capitals, upon which is fixed an emblematical image of Religion.
The paintings which adorn this Chapel are copies from Guido and other celebrated masters; the Altar-piece, A dead Christ, is by Giuseppe Cades.
In the Vestry are several very beautiful ornaments and dresses, particularly a chasuble, made for the use of Westminster Abbey, in the time of Henry VII. ; it is of crimson velvet, richly embroidered with the white and red roses, pomegranates, fleur de lis, and portcullis ; on the back part is worked, in the same style, the representation of Judas betraying Christ. There are many other copes and vestments of great richness. !
The Apartments in this noble Mansion contain an extensive and valuable collection of Pictures, among which are the following.
List of the pictures at Twardour Castle.
The Music Room, 30 Ft. by 24.
Titian.—A dead Christ with Angels, Trevisani.—The Virgin
fainting, supported by two women, Trevisani.—Constantine's In the centre compartment of the Ceiling is a very spirited Victory over Maxentius, Filippo Lauri, after Raphael at the copy of Guido's Aurora, by Pompeio Battoni.- Whole-length Vatican.-Jacob's Journey with his family into Egypt; and Portraits of Henry, seventh Lord Arundell, and Mary Arun Jacob met by his Son Joseph, Nic. Poussin, on diaper.--Two dell, his Wife, Sir J. Reynolds.—Henry, eighth Lord Arun large Landscapes with Figures, Carlo Labruzzi. -Head of dell.–Mary Conquest, his Wife, also by Reynolds.-Blanche, the Virgin, Carlo Dolce.—Head of a Hermit contemplating a Lady Arundell, a copy by Ang. Kauffman of an original. skull, Salvator Rosa.—Head of St. Bernard, Dom. Feti.A Holy Family with Angels, L. Giordano.-Agar in the Head of an Old Woman reading, Lanfranc.—Interior of a Desart, P. Battoni. A Port on fire, Vernet.—The Coast of Calvinist Church, P. Neefs.-Interior of the Cathedral of Naples at Pizzo Falcone, moonlight, Gregorio Fidanza.
Antwerp, Ditto.- A Groom and White Horse, Rembrandt.
Two excellent Sketches, by Nic. Poussin, of the Death of THE GREAT DRAWING Room.
Abel and Sacrifice of Isaac.—Trumpeters refreshing them
selves at an Inn, Wouvermans.-Old Woman peeling Apples, Two Sea Views, a Calm and a Storm, Vernet.-A Portrait, D. Teniers.-Surprise of Convoy, D. Stoop.-Two Sea Views, unknown, of a young man with a band and high-crowned La Croix.-Two Sea-ports, Manglard.-Old Woman looking hat, Porbus.-A Lady, Ditto.-A Lady in a Ruff, Matin de at a Piece of Money, Rubens.--Head of St. Francis, Corregio. Vos.-Mirevelt and his Wife, Mirevelt.-A Madonna and Child, copy from Guido, Sasso Ferrato.-A Madonna and
The LIBRARY, 30 Ft. by 24. Child, Sasso Ferrato.-A Head of Jesus, Barocci.-Two Landscapes with groups of figures, Salvator Rosa.-Moses Portrait of Cardinal Ca. Rezzonico, Vincenzo Rodigliard. striking the Rock, Bescher.-The Israelites gathering Manna, --Pope Benedict XIV. (Rezzonico), Pompeio Battoni. -CarDitto.-Two Sea Views, La Croix.—Two Landscapes, Momp dinal Giovanni Battista Rezzonico, Maron.- A Child of the fort, a Fleming.-Two small ditto, Orizonti.—The Virgin, Medici Family with a little Dog, Titian.--Albert, Duke of after Raffaelle, Sasso Ferrato.—Two large Landscapes, Luca Saxony, Giorgione.-Cardinal Pole, P. Labruzzi.-Monsignor telli.
Giacomelli, private Secretary to Pope Benedict XIV., Vincenzo
Robigliard. Three Children of King Charles I., Wickstedt. The LITTLE Drawing Room, 29 Ft. by 24.
-Mount Vesuvius and the adjacent scenes, with the story
of Pliny's Death, Volaire.—A View of Mount Ætna, Volare. Two large Landscapes, Salrator Rosa.—Two Landscapes, Gaspar Poussin.-Two Ditto, Salvator Rosa.—Three Snow
The Dining Room, 30 Ft. by 24. Views, Fran. Foschi.—Robbers in a Wood, Teniers.—Two very spirited Sketches of our Saviour bearing the Cross, and Portrait of Thomas Arundell, second Son of the fourth Lord a Crucifixion, Salvator Rosa.-Two small Landscapes, Velvet Arundell, with a black servant. He was killed at the battle of the Breughel.—Tobit going to meet his Son, said to be by Gerard Boyne, 1689, P. Labruzzi, from a small original.—The Hon. Douw.— Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalen.-A copy from HenryArundell, second Son of the third Lord Arundell.-Mary Breughel, on copper.-A Copy from Pietro di Cortona, ditto. Scrope, Wife of Hon. Henry Arundell.-Thomas, first Lord
Arundell of Wardour, ob. 1639, Vandyck.-Colonel, the THE SALOON, 40 Ft. by 25.
Hon. William Arundell, second Son of first Lord Arundell,
P. Longsing, from a small original.-Lucius Cary, Viscount The Descent from the Cross, Spagnoletto, large.-A Shep Falkland, Vandyck. An unknown Head, Vandyck.—Head herd playing on the Bagpipes, with his Dog and an Ass stand of a Youth, Andrea Camasie, or Camace.-Portrait of Anne, ing by him, Michael Angelo da Caravagio.-Joseph interpret daughter of the first Lord Arundell, Wife of Cecil Calvert, Lord ing the Dreams of Pharaoh's Butler and Baker, Christian Van Baltimore.-Cecily Arundell, daughter of the third Lord Kuuwenberg.-Infant Jesus sleeping on a Cross, Guido. Arundell, a nun of the order of Poor Clares, at Rouen. A very fine and admired Holy Family, by Andrea del Sarto, Anne Wyndham, daughter and heiress of John Wyndham, ufter Raphael.-A Madonna and Child, with St. John, Par- ! Esq. of Ashcombe, and wife of the Hon. James Everard megiano.--St. Jerome, Rubens. St. Bernardin of Sienna, | Arundell.—Sir Wadham Wyndham.
Wilton House, Wiltshire;
THE SEAT OF
EARL OF PEMBROKE AND MONTGOMERY, K.G.
At the entrance to the town of Wilton about three miles from Salisbury, is the magnificent Mansion of the Earl of Pembroke. The approach is through a triumphal arch, surmounted by a bold equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius.
The House is large, but having been erected at different periods, displays various styles of architecture. It is situated in a pleasant and fertile vale on the banks of the Willy, a small stream which flows through the beautiful Park, over which, near the house, is the Palladian Bridge of five arches.
Henry VIII., on the dissolution of the monasteries, bestowed on Sir William Herbert, first Earl of Pembroke, Wilton Abbey and the lands belonging to it. The Earl, soon after, engaged Hans Holbein to design a palace for him, and the elegant porch, which long formed the entrance to the great Hall, was executed under the inspection of that eminent artist. It was of stone, highly painted and gilded, but has lately been removed. The garden front of Wilton House, originally erected by Mons. Solomon de Caus, was consumed by fire in the year 1640; this was rebuilt by Philip, the fourth Earl of Pembroke, from the designs of Inigo Jones. This side of the building is remarkable for the fine disposition and elegant proportion of the rooms.
In the carly days of splendour and expensive taste; Wilton House was celebrated. It was here that Sir Philip Sydney composed his “ Arcadia,” some of the incidents of which are delineated on the panels of the saloon. Massinger, the dramatic poet, was born here. King Charles I. is said to have been very partial to this seat, and frequently resided here.
Wilton House underwent few alterations until about twenty years since, when the late James Wyatt, R.A. was employed by the noble proprietor to enlarge the mansion, and adapt it in the best manner for the display of its rich stores of sculpture and painting, chiefly collected by Thomas, eighth Earl of Pembroke, one of the greatest men of his time. The entrance to the House is now through a stone gallery, forming the four sides of a quadrangle adapted expressly for the reception of Antique Statues, amongst which are the most considerable part of the Arundelian Collection, with the entire Museums of Cardinal Richelieu and Cardinal Mazarine, the whole of which, Mr. Westmacott has subsequently arranged, that they may be viewed in the most favourable and useful manner. They now present an imposing and interesting display, many of them being extremely curious, and valuable as productious of art, or memorials of antiquity. We are only enabled to particularize those which we considered the most remarkable for their antiquity or execution. WILTON HOUSE.
The PRINCIPAL Busts at Wilton.
daughter of Antoninus.-Apollo.-Philemon, a Greek comic The PRINCIPAL Statues at Wilton.
poet.- Lepidus, the triumvir.- Constantine the Great. A collossal Apollo from the Justiniani gallery, resting on Sophocles.—Pompey.-Ptolemy, King of Syria, and brother a laurel.–Faunus looking over his shoulder at a Leopard, of Cleopatra.-Phocion, the Athenian general.-Dollabella. the work of Cleomenes, partly modern.-Didia Clara, daugh --Coriolanus.—Nerva.--Gryphinas, wife of Ptolemy Euerter to the Emperor Didius Julianus, holding a senatorial getes.—Isocrates.-Anacharsis.--Socrates. -Aristophanes --roll, the head modern.—Antinous, the favourite of Hadrian. Sir Andrew Fontaine, by Roubilliac. - Plato.- Homer.-A small statue of Æsculapius, in excellent taste. A small Sulpitia, a poetess in the reign of Domitian.-Domitia.statue of Meleager, in the attitude and with the strength of Mary Fitzwilliam, Countess of Pembroke.--The Emperor an Athleta.-Mercury with his purse and Petasus.-A copy Otho.-- Antonia, the wife of Drusus Nero.- Berenice.of the Venus de Medici, by Wilton.-Pomona, of Parian Julia, the daughter of Titus.—Matidia, mother of Sabina.marble, presented by the Duke of Tuscany to Philip, fourth Apollonius Tyanæus.—A colossal bust of Alexander the Earl of Pembroke.—A copy of the Apollo Belvidere, by Great. Wilton.—Livia, head and arms modern.- Cupid breaking his
THE PRINCIPAL RELIEVOS AT WILTON. bow, by Cleomones.--A colossal statue of Hercules.-Bacchus, clad with the Nebris.-Ceres, holding a cornucopoia
Niobe's Children slain by Apollo and. Diana. — Two in her right hand.-Marcus Antoninus.-A boy, holding the
Cupids.--A Grecian Sacrifice. — Curtius leaping into the golden apple in his right hand. The Muse Clio.—The Gulf; modern.-Saturn with his scythe ; very fine.--Four Father of Julius Cæsar.-A young Bacchus smiling.–Ado Boys eating Grapes ; modern.-Endymion and Luna.—The nis.-A Greek statue of the River Rhinocolura.-The River Cave of Calypso; small.—Saturn crowning Art and Science; Nile.--An equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius.--Bacchus, modern.-Jupiter, Juno, and Bacchus.-Britannicus, the son with poppies hanging from both shoulders to the knees, a of Claudius by Messalina; modern.--Mars, Venus, and cup in his hand.
Cupid; ditto.-Silenus and Bacchanals.-Britannicus, Jun.
PAINTINGS AT WILTON HOUSE_CONTINUED.
of red Egyptian jasper; modern. — Remitacles, King of Thrace ; doubtful. - Venus on the Sea ; modern. – The Three Graces, clothed ; mutilated.- Clelia ; very fine, but modern, -Silenus upon an Ass, &c. Galatæa riding on the Sea.-Two Cupids and Four Boys at play.—Diana, with a Stag and two Dogs.--Ariadne and Theseus.--The Recovery and Education of Triptolemus, upon a Sarcophagus of white marble.
wears a robe powdered with white harts and broom cods, his badges ; there are also attendant angels, with collars of broom cods and wreaths of white roses round their heads. The figures are painted on a golden ground, and the colours of the utmost freshness. Two brass plates at the bottom are inscribed, Invention of Painting in Oil, 1410. The picture has been engraved by Hollar, under the title of Tabula Antiqua, and was dedicated by him to King Charles I. King James II. gave the Painting to Lord Castlemaine when he went Ambassador to Rome, after whose death it was purchased by Thomas, Earl of Pembroke. -- Titian, by himself. - King Edward VI., Holbein.— The Princess Sophia, as a shepherdess, G. Honthorst. — Lord Herbert, Brampton. — Philip, Earl of Pembroke, Vandyck.-A' daughter of the Earl of Holland, Vandyck-Signor Medici e Moglie al Nupt. del Figliulo, 1441, Mussaccio.--The Earl of Pembroke, Sir J. Reynolds. The Countess of Pembroke, ditto.-Alexander Pope, Dahl.-- The late Earl of Pembroke, when a child, Miss Lisle.-Lord Herbert, when a child, Lady Diana Beauclerk.--Lord Herbert, Pompeo Battoni.-- Lady Diana Beauclerk, Sir J. Reynolds.—The Duke of Marlborough, Vanlo.—The Duchess of Marlborough, ditto.-The Baron de Eisenberg, Ridingmaster to Francis I.
The PictureS BY CELEBRATED MASTERS AT WILTON.
PORTRAITS AT Wilton. William, Earl of Pembroke, by Hans Holbein.--Captain Bernard, J. E. Eccard.-A Flemish Nobleman, Vansomer.The Earl of Chatham, Brompton.—Henry, tenth Earl of Pembroke, with Colonel Floyd, Lieutenant Kinsey, and Lord Herbert, all on horseback, Morier.-Pascal Paoli, Vincenzino.—Ditto, sitting with Corsican Soldiers, and his favorite dog, Cosacco.- Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick. The present Earl of Pembroke, Creuse.—Lady Charlotte Herbert, P. Hoare.-Captain Augustus Montgomery, Spee.-Garrick, Voltaire, Bourgelat, Rousseau, Sir Charles Hotham, Richardson.--Barbara, daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby, Bart., Sir Godfrey Kneller. –The Duke of Montagu, Dahl.Lady Rockingham, Sir P. Lely. Four of the Royal Family, by Zimmer.- Mary, last wife of Thomas Earl of Pembroke, Jervoise.-Cromwell, Earl of Essex, Holbein.-Vandyck, by himself.--Broughton, the pugilist, Mortimer.-The Duke of Marlborough, Sir J. Reynolds.-Henry, the tenth Earl of Pembroke, and his Countess, P. Hoare.—The Earl of Bristol, Sir J. Reynolds.-Francis II. whole length, dated 1359, Charles IX. ditto. dated 1560; both by Fred. Zucchero.The Children of Henry VII, Mabuse. The Duke of Epernon, on horseback, Vandyck.-The Rev. — Woodroffe, P. Hoare.
-Sir Andrew Fountaine, P. Hoare.- Thirty of the Chief Reformers, by a disciple of Carlo Maratti.-Mrs. Killegrew, fair hair, Vandyck.-Mrs. Morton, brown hair, Vandyck. James Herbert, Esq. and his Wife, Sir P. Lely. The Earl and Countess of Bedford, by Vandyck.-—The Countess of Pembroke and her Sister, Sir P. Lely.—Henry, ninth Earl of Pembroke, æt. 17, Sir G. Kneller.-William, Earl of Pembroke, Sir P. Lely...Catherine, eldest daughter of Thomas Earl of Pembroke, Sir G. Kneller.--Thomas, Earl of Pembroke, W. Wissing.-Margaret Sawyer, first wife of Thomas, Earl of Pembroke, W. Wissing.-The celebrated Picture of the Pembroke Family, by Vandyck, 20 feet by 12. It consists of 10 whole-length figures, viz. Philip, Earl of Pembroke, and Susan his Countess, daughter of Edward, Earl Oxford, sitting ; on the right hand stand their five sons, Charles Lord Herbert, Philip, who succeeded his Father as Earl of Pembroke, William, James, ancestor to the Herberts of Kingsey in Oxfordshire, and John, who married the daughter and coheiress of Viscount Banning. On their left is their daughter, Anna Sophia, and her husband, Robert, Earl of Carnarvon ; before them, Mary, wife of Charles Lord Herbert, and above them, in the clouds, Catherine and Mary, who died young. This single picture, which is inestimable, is accounted a perfect school of Vandyck. A small copy by Gibson is at Hinton St. George, the seat of Earl Poulet.-Charles I. Vandyck.--Queen Henrietta Maria, ditto.-William, Earl of Pembroke, Lord Chamberlain to James I, Vandyck. He painted the face from a bronze statue in the Bodleian Library, at Oxford.Penelope, daughter of Sir Philip Naunton, wife of Philip, Earl of Pembroke, whole-length, Vandyck.–Three Children of Charles I. Vandyck.- Lady Mary Herbert, afterwards Duchess of Richmond, and Mrs. Gibson, the dwarf, wholelengths, Vandyck.-The Duke of Richmond and Lenox, whole-length. The Countess of Castlehaven, half-length, Vandyck.— Philip, second Earl of Pembroke, do, Vandyck. = Henry, tenth Earl of Pembroke, and his Countess, Sir J. Reynolds.--Henry, ninth Earl of Pembroke, Jerroise.Prince Rupert, Vandyck.-Philip, Earl of Pembroke, ditto. Mieris, by himself.—Henry, tenth Earl of Pembroke, when very young, and his Mother, P. Hoare.-An ancient Painting of King Richard II., wbo is represented at his devotion, kneeling by his three patron saints, St. John the Baptist holding a lamb; King Edward the Confessor, a ring; and King Edmund, an arrow. King Richard is crowned, and
Dogs, Snyders. The Woman taken in Adultery, in Rembrandt's style, Jennari. Venus leading Cupid and the Graces to see Vulcan forging the Arrows of Love, Aless. Turco Veronese.--A young Woman, Lud. Caracci.- St. Andrew going to the Cross, Guido Rheni.— The Molten Calf, Tintoretto.-Perspective Views of Lincoln's-Inn-Fields and Covent-garden, Inigo Jones.-A Friar and Nun, as large as life, Aldegraaf; from the Arundelian Collection.-Landscape, Zucharelli.-- Three Nymphs bathing, Actæon looking on, Rothenamer.-Christ in the Temple, Salvati.-Old Woman reading with Spectacles, Rembrandt.-Landscape, Vernet.A Landscape, with Hagar, Ishmael, and the Angel, Gaspar Poussin, the figures by Nicolas Poussin.- The Virgin and Christ, Carlo Maratti.- The Holy Family, Guercino.—Bacchus and Ariadne, F. Mola.- Christ and the Woman of Samaria, Carlo Muratti.—The decollation of St. John, Dobson. -A Vintage, Michael de Angelo de Bataglia.–Neptune and Amphitrite, Luca Giardano. --Ceres, Parmegiano.--A Flemish School, Jan Steen.-Tobias and the Angel, inscribed Roma, 1697, Procaccini.- The Discovery of Achilles, F. Salviati.A Nativity, John Van Eyck, dated 1410. It originally belonged to a chapel in Bruges.-A Calm, Vunderveld the younger; very fine.---Harvest Home, Rubens.-The Money Changers in the Temple, Domenico Fetti.—The Judgment of Midas, Filippi Lauri.—The Nativity, Theodoro.-Ă Magdalen, Elizabetha Sirani.-A Drawing, Raphael.-Jupiter and Leda, Leonardo da Vinci.- Virtue awakening Apollo and the Muses, Luigi Gentili.—Hercules and Dejanira, Giovanni Montano.—The Virgin and Child, St. Luke !—The Salutation of the Virgin, Francesco Dani of Modena.-Judith cutting off the Head of Holofernes, Andrea Mantegna.-The Virgin teaching Christ to read, Guercino.--St. Anthony, Correggio.Charity, Guido Rheni.-A Landscape, Rubens.Mary Magdalen, Titian.-The Descent from the Cross, Michael Angelo Buonarotti. It was painted for Henry II., King of France, as a present to Diana Valentinois, his mistress. Upon it are the arms of France, and three crescents for the emblem of Diana.–Women bringing Children to Christ, Huins. - A Magdalen, Domenichino. - Narcissus, Poussin.---Assumption of the Virgin, Rubens.--A Madonna, Carlo Maratti.-The Virgin, Christ, and St. John, with Joseph reading, Lud. Caracci.-Christ, S. John, an Angel, and a little Girl, Rubens.—The Offering of the Three Kings, Paul Veronese. One is the painter's own portrait.-- Apollo flaying Marsyas, Jeb del Piombo.-A Landscape, Claude Lorraine. -The Virgin and Christ, Raphael.- Assumption of the Virgin, ditto.-The Virgin and Christ, Albano, -The Holy Family, Schidone.-The Descent from the Cross, Valerio Castelli.-The Virgin, Carlo Dolce, ber veil by Maria da Fiori.-The Siege of Pavia, Holbein. - The Return of the Prodigal Son, Wouvermans.