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arise from no blind adulation, but proceed from a conviction in bis own breaft, of their propriety. Certainly the public have different opinions of the fame men, and the same things; many are deceived by interest, prejudice, and passion; fome by envy, and others by detraction : from these, the deferving man, however meritorious, can never extort the least approbation , and they hate to read those public praises, they will not, out of fame private antipathy, bestow themselves: but to fuch as these, the author recoinmends the observation of a great and ancient example, in Augustus Cæfar: this prince, who was extremely jealous of bis power, kaving surprized one of bis grand children reading the life of Cato, he encouraged the boy, who wanted to conceal the book, bidding him read on, For Cato " was a brave patriot, and a good man;" and tbough the government of this monarch was founded upon the ruins of the republican virtues of Cato, be could always, with pleasure, bear bis favourite poets, Virgil and Horace, bestow the strongest encomiums upon So eminent a patriot of the common-wealth.

IT is not the true intent of biftory, so much to load the memory of the reader with a copiBus collection of public records, as it is to elevate his thoughts and enrich his understanding : and the ingenious Voltaire bas delivered it as his opinion, ibat historians should incorporate refle£tions with the series of events related, because the dry way of writing is neither so instructive or pleasing, as when the author intersperses a moral difquifition, or animates the reader by a bold and beautiful expresion; how far the


present undertaking is agreeable to the sentiments of this eminent Frenchman, will be more proper to be considered by the reader, than asserted by the writer.

TO render the work as perspicuous as possible, the author has taken a method, that seemed to him the most eligible, for preserving a proper cosincetion and dependency throughout the transa&tions of every year : for this purpose, he has divided the work into several parts, every part comprizing the events of a particular year ; these parts are thrown into distinɛt divisions, to avoid the confusion that otherwise would have arisen by blending the land and naval wars in a promiscuous order together ; and these divisions are subdivided into different chapters, whereby every material action, independent of others, remains disentangled and stands in the most conspicuous situation for the observance of the reader ; who is also to take notice, that the English chronology, in beginning the year on the 25th day of March, had it been pursued, would have made it impossible to reconcile it with the dates of foreign transactions, because most other nations begin the year on the ist of January ; and therefore their date has been adhered to by the author.


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C:H A P. III. From the treaty of Nymphenburgh to the treaty of Hanover.

pag. 215. CH A P. IV. Military operations between the French, Bavari

ans, Prullians, and Saxons, against the Queen of Hungary, in Austria, Bohemia, Silesia, and Moravia ; and also, by the Spaniards in Italy.

pag. 238.

SECOND DIVISION. Containing naval transactions in America and Europe, in 1741. . pag. 261.

Ć H A P. I.. The expedition against Cuba.

ibid. C H A P. II. The passage of Commodore Anson round Cape

Hora into the Pacific Ocean; the taking and
burning of Paita ; and the distresses the Eng.
lish squadron underwent in those feas: with
the misfortunes of Pizarro, the Spanish admi.
ral, by attempting to follow the English squa-
dron round Cape Horn. pag. 289.

Naval transactions in Europe, in 1741, pag. 323,


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