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Page Miscellaneous Implements and Instruments. Hand-drills, Dibbling and Sowing Machines. 3. The woodman's scorer

374

984 • The common hand-drill 931 | 22* Potato-set scoops

S7+

287 * The hand turnip drill 5,937 * Hunter's odometer

576
285 * Coggins's corn-dibbler

S87 5B * Barking instruments

659

2x3 * Plunknet's bean or potato dibbler 599 Broad's callipers for measuring standing

285 * The broadcast sowing-machine timber 703 * Callipers for raising stones

745

Traps for Vermin. 60 • Rogers's dendrometer

200 • Field rat-trap

389 A8 * The blasting screw for rending roots of 991 * Improved rai-trap

292 Wooden mole-traps * Sheep crooks 1057 64,965 * Paul's rattery

1110, 1111 670 Syridge and enema tubes for relieving horses, cattle, sheep, and swine

Miscellaneous Hand Machines. 88 * The Bearn for bleeding horses

991

177 + The whin-bruiser of Britany Ring for fastening cattle

270-272 * The hay-binder 807 Yoke and box for oxen

. 1050

273 * The rope-twister Miscellancous Utensils.

258 • The hand turnip-roller

289 Doxat's mechanical power The ancient British harvest-horn

293 * An improved grindstone 1119 d Cornish dung panniers

1171 750 Machine for washing potatoes 1113 e Corgiib faggot and sheaf corn panniers 1171 872 The gin-wheel potato-washer

10.8 4. The corn-screen

378 767 Cabbage-cutter for sauerkraut 944 • The iron corn-basket

378

768 Newton's cabbage-chopper 345. The seed-carrier 378 409 A lime-pounding machine

412 946. Jones's com and seed drier

S79 109 Low's machine for raising large stones . $11 Barrel for blanching endive

942 705, 706 Richardson's machine for raising large 97 "The turnip beetle-net

1120
stones

745 98 Curtis's lime-duster

. 1120 987 Hill and Bundy's flax-breaking machine 918 Utensils for Poultry.

Ploughs of Historical Interest. 52,8, c Poultry coops

1094

2 + 3 + 4 + Primitive tillage implements 99 d Portable shelter for poultry

of the greatest antiquity

5,6 9. The improved poultry-feeder

1084
9 + Primitive plough of Sicily

10 1115 • The pheasant-feeder 1282 11 | Plough of the South of France

23 12 + Plough of Valencia

23 Scientific Utensils.

13 a, b, ct Wheel-ploughs of the greatest Vessels for examining soils

318 22 + A Saxon Wheel.plough of the eighth 26 Leslie's hygrometer

century 2019 • The rain-gauge 366 23 + 24 + Ancient British ploughs

37 38 † The modern plough of Roine Utensils for the Dairy.

50 + The plough of Toulouse 81 4 The coxherd's lure of Norway

51 | The Arabian plough 110

102 $ + Tbe dairy caldron of Lodi

74 The plough of Tykochin, in Poland

49 69. The box churn

112 89 The plough of Osterobothnia

1010 680 * The Derbyshire churn

90 | The ancient Samnite plough

112 1040 97 + The Castilian plough

119 851 The Lancashire plough-churn

1040 877 The cheese-press

100 + The Arcadian plough

121 1009 878 The lactometer

109 † The plough of Erzerum 1039

113 The plough of Yemen, in Arabia 1+2

119 | Hindustanee ploughs Wheelbarrows.

121 d + The plough of Ceylon $47The earth barrow 379 131 + Chinese ploughs

160 24. The iron barow for dung

379 949 The corn barros

379

Modern Swing Ploughs. So Tbe bay and straw barrow

379

294 Small's plough 31 The package barrow

295 • Wilkie's iron swing plough 932 * The Normandy barrow

380

296 • Finlayson's cranc-necked self-cleaning 253 The French truck

$80
iron plough

S92 $54. The common hand-barrow

297 Finlayson's open beam self-cleaning 955. The earth hand-barrow

380
iron plough

393 256 The dung hand-barrow

380
298 • Finlayson's

skeleton self-cleaning
25 • The improved dressing machine
58. The band thresbing-machine

turn-wrest plough

303 380 299 * Finlayson's line plough

503 299 The maize sbeller

381 5) Marriott's improved maize separator

300 • Gray's turn-wrest plough

381 1190 The box barrow of Cornwall

301 • Weatherley's movable stilt plough
1172
302 . Ducket's skim-coulter plough

39 303 • Somerville's double-furrow plough

35 Handmills.

304 Clymer's iron plough 21 A band four-mill for grinding maize . 381

305 Morton's trenching plough

395 734 The maize sheller

304 Gladstone's water-furrowing plough 831

397 • A hand bolting-machine

581

1130 An addition to a plough called a ridder, 963 The furze bruiser

382

used in Fifeshire 56. The root breaker or bruiser

383 27 • The corn bruiser

383

Modern Wheel-Ploughs. 39. The potato flour-mill 383 308 * Improved Scotch wheel-plough

303 * The chaff-cutter 384 309 The Beverstone wheel-plough

993 21 The turnip-slicer 386 The Norfolk wheel-plough

398 311 • Wilkie's single-horse wheel-plough 399 Weighing and Draught Machines.

312 ** Wilkie's improved friction-wheel 975 • The weighing-cage

385
plough

509
Weir's cattle weighing machine 385
313 The paring wheel-plough

400 TO Smith's potato weighing machine

386 1128 • • Wilkie's one-wheel two-horse plough, 978 * The sack-weighing machine

385
with shifting muzzle

1186 200 + Ruthven's farmer's steelyard

386 712 * The hay-weigbing machine

381

Draining-Ploughs 74 Finlayson's draught-machine S85 314 Clarke's draining-plough

400 975. Braby's draught-machine

38
315 Gray's draining-plough

400

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Page No. 316 Morton's draining-plough

400

Levelling Machines. 317 * The gutter drain-plough

401 318 Lumbert's mole-plough

59 The Mouldebaert or Flemish leveller 401

82 319 Lumbert's working power for his mole

367, 368 * The Scotch land-leveller

419
plough

401
369 The improved Flemish leveller

419
320 Weir's improved working power for
Lumbert's mole-plough

401 Horse-Rakes, and Hay-making Machines. 321 * Bridgewater's draining-plough

402 656, 657 Pearson's pipe draining-plough

370 The Norfolk horse-rake 710

420
371 * Weir's improved hay or corn rake 420

372 * Salmon's hay tedder improved by Weir 421
Pronged 'Tillage Implements.
373 The hay sweeper

421
322 * Wilkie's parallel adjusting-brake 403
323 Wilkie's improved prongs for brakes ex-

Reaping Machines. plained

403 324 * Finlayson's cultivator and harrow 403

16 + A Roman reaping machine

26 721 * Kirkwood's grubber

803
375 Smith's reaping machine

422 325 Weir's improved cultivator

404
376, 377 Bell's reaping-machine

423. 425 326 The Scotch cultivator or grubber

378 Gladstone's bean reaper

404 327 Parkinson's cultivator

404
379 The clover-pod reaper

427 328 Hayward's cultivator

405

Carts.
Horse-hoes and Drill-Harrows.
39 + The modern Roman cart

55

48 | The gaimbarde, or one-horse hay and 390 * Wilkie's horse-hoe and drill-harrow 405

wood cart of Paris

69 331 ** Finlayson's self-cleaning horse-hoe 78 + Cart of Livonia

108
and drill-harrow
406 103 The cart of Albania

122 332 · Blaikie's inverted horse-hoe

406
1119 + Cornish sledges

1171 333 The Scotch horse-hoe

407 334 Henry's improved scarifier

380—383 Principles respecting wheels and

407 395 Amos's horse-hoe and harrow

axles, as applied to one-horse carts 428, 429 407

386. 388. 390, 391, 392 Principles of adjusting, 336 The horse-hoe and castor wheel

407 337 The thistle hoe, or hoe scythe

draught and drags

4:30. 432, 438
408
384 The Scotch one borse cart

450 982 A scuffler used in Essex

1129
$85 The Scotch corn-cart

450 995 A drill hoe used in Worcestershire - 1142

986 The Scotch two-horse cart, with adjusting
traces

450 Horse Machines for sowing and planting.

387 Somerville's drag cart

431

1008, 1009 Simple carts in use in Yorkshire - 1158 338, 339 Cooke's corn-drill and horse-hoe 408, 409 340 The Norfolk lever-drill

409

Waggons. 341 * Morton's improved grain-drill

409 342 -The improved bean-drill

62 + The Flemish grand waggon

83 410 343 The horsebean dibbler

65 † The old Danish waggon

88
410
67 | The Hungarian travelling waggon

96 344, 345 * The Northumberland two-row tur.

68 | The Hungarian agricultural waggon 97 nip dril

411 346 * The Northumberland one-row turnip

75 | A Polish waggon

102 drill

149 Dutch waggon of the Cape of Good

411 347 ** Weir's manuring one-row turnip drill 412

Hope

180 722 * * The improved broad-cast sowing

1118 The Cornwall harvest waggon

. 1171
machine

393, 394 Baddeley's waggon with bent axle 433
809
$95 The Berkshire waggon

434
396 Rood's waggon

484
Watering Machines.
397, 398 Gordon's one-horse waggon

435 348 * Young's drill-waterer

413 369 The watering-roller

* Threshing Machines.

415 569 * The road water-barrow 610 17 + The Roman threshing machine

26 S2 + Threshing-rollers of modern Italy

49
Harrows.

399, 400 * Meikle's two-horse threshing
machine

437 124 + Harrow of the Singalese

152 401 * Meikle's water threshing machine 498 323. 349 Principles on which harrow prongs

402 * Meikle's water and horse threshing are formed

403. 413

machine 350 The Berwickshire harrow 414 984 * A threshing machine driven by water

1150 351 The angular-sided harrow

414 795 The grass-ground harrow

906

Smut and Hummelling Machines. 352 * The grass-seed harrow

414 353 The common brake

415
403 Hall's smut machine

439 354 * The grubber, or levelling-harrow 415

40+ Mitchell's hummelling machine

440 355 * Morton's revolving brake-harrow 415 356, 357 Gray's wet-weather barrow

416

Cider and Oil Mills impelled by Horses or Water. 358 The bush harrow 518 The improved single harrow 528 602 Common cider-mil

675 565 The road-harrow 608 603 * Improved cider-mill

675 900 Circular harrows

1136 604 French cider-mill 1003 * An excellent harrow used in Derby. 994 The cider-press

1141
shire

1152 95 | The olive oil mill of Spain
128, 129 + Oil-mills of China

160
Rollers, Cutters, and Scrapers.

133 + Water oil-mill of China 1918, 1+ Scrapers of Ceylon

Miscellaneous Horse Machines. $59. The loaded roller

417 363 The furrow roller

418 98 The Noria, or bucket-wheel of the Moors 119 362 The roller and water-box 418 374 Snowden's leaf collector

421 361, 365 * The pressing-plough 418 565 Harriott's road harrow

608
360 Bartlett's cutting roller or cultivator 417 566 Beatson's road roller or protector for
366 Brown's furrow cross-cutter

418
common carts

608 566 The road roller

608 567 * 568 * Boase's road scraper and sweeper 608,609 567, 568 Boase's road scraper and sweeper 599 The improved road.waterer

610

570, 571 Biddle's machine for repairing roads 611 570 Biddle's road-maker

611 592, 593 Steuart's machine for transplanting 709 Peat rollers

643

746 large trees

458

416

676

- 1117 157, 158

149

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No.

Page Miscellaneous Machines impelled by Water. 426 427 • Cottages for farm servants # The Noria of the Alps

61

428 * A double cottage for farm-labourers 201-906 The Persian wheel of Blair-Drum

429 + Waistell's double cottage with cow. mond

326
houses

456
430 - Another double cottage by Waistell
Fixed Apparatus.

432 433 * Gothic cottages by Holland 458

434 • An ornamental cottage, erected by 407 * A cattle food-steaming machine 411 Boiler for distilling the spray of trees

Lord Penryn

458 657 934 * Bonnemain's apparatus for hatching

435 • An

economical double cottage, designed by J, C. L

458 eggs by hot water 1087 6!6 * An economical double cottage

085

617 • A labourer's cottage with cow.house Portable Structures for Cora or Forage.

and piggery

686 519 * The stack guard

618 • A good mechanic's cottage

532 * The stacking stage

533

619 A group of three cottages 118 Structures for drying hay and corn in use

620 An ornamental Gothic cottage for a la.

bourer in Argyleshire

1197 79 + The Russian roofed frame for drying

691 An Italian cottage
corn in the sheaf

622 An entrance lodge to a farm
108
981 A cottage for a small farmer

. 1129
Farmeries or Homestalls.
991 A cottage erected in Berkshire

1199

1002 A cottage erected in Staffordshire 1149 123 1 A Singalese farmery

150 1192 A cottage in North Wales 175 An Alpine farmery of Norway

1125 A cottage in Berwickshire

1181 55,56 A Flemish farmery

74, 75
1126 A cottage in Ayrshire

1186 418** An octagon corn farmery, ground plan 1129 Two cottages in West Lothian

1187 and isometrical views, designed and 1158 A cabin in King's County, Ireland

. 1200 drawn by J. C. L in 1820

49 419 • A rectangular fartnery, ground plan Buildings or other fixed Structures for Horses, and isometrical view, designed and

Cattle, and Implements. drawn by J. C. L in 182)

450 2 • Circular farmery, ground plan and

410 Trevises or partitions isometrical view, designed and drawn

100+ * A mounted crib for hay, in use in the by J. C. L in 1820

field in Derbyshire

1152 450 HS • Waistel's farinery for a grazing farm

1113 A rustic shed or shelter

1165 in a hilly country

465

1191 The cow or cattle feeding house in Corn. 444 * Waistell's arable and grazing farmery 466

wall H5 Marzbal's octagon farmery

421 Open cart or cattle shed

452 44 Beatson's stall fannery

See the details of the Farmeries, 4* A Berwickshire farmery

468
411 * Cattle hummels

445 48 * A proprietor's farmery with bailiff's 412 Section of Harley's cow.house house

469 449 * A Fery commodious farmery

413 * Call-pens

446 470 421 Open cattle-shed for fields

452 450. A qery complete farmery 451, 4.* Vaistell's large farmery

865, 866 Fastenings for cattle

. 1080 472 16. Fearn

10.30 amery

868 A shoeing-stall
with steam-power
threshing machine

679 GoKnowell farmery

Buildings or other fixed Structures for Cows and ELT, 618 * A Middlesex farmery, designed by

the Dairy. See p. xxxix. J. C. L

681 619,610 Farnery for a hay farm in Middlesex,

Buildings or other fired Siructures for Sheep and

Suvine. designed by J.C. L.

689 611, 612 * A corn and stall feeding farmery,

416 A sheep-house and dove-cot combined 449 683 891 * Inclosure for washing sheep

1057 613 * A farmery for a meadow farm, designed 895–897 Rustic sheep-houses by Kraft 1063 by J.CL

118 A rustic sheep-house 6:4, 615 A farmery for a turnip farm 684, 685

414 Harley's pigsties

447 11 A Northumberland fartnery

1161 1112 A Cheshire farmery

1154

Fixed or Portable Structures for Poultry, Pigeons, 1115, 117 A farmery in Cornwall

1171

Rabbits, sc. 110 + Pigeon-houses of Persia

141 Farm houses. 415 * Section for general poultry-house

443 55+ A farm-house in Tuscany

51 416 A dove-cot and sheep-house combined 449 419 18 to 21) Position of the farm-house

908, 909 The rabbit-hutch

1174 relatively to the farmery explained . 450

924, 925 A complete set of poultry-houses

. 1083 422, 425 Farm houses of the lowest class 453 926 a A portable nest

1084 424 425 * Small farm-houses

454
926 b, c Hen-coops

. 1084 $6,97 An otagonal farın-houze, erected by

926 d Portable shelter for turkeys

1064 Francis, Duke of Bedford

- 1139
927 * An improved poultry-teeder

. 1084 Sk8 A square farmhouse, erected by Francis,

1143 * A pheasant-feeder Duke of Bedford

754 Bonnemain's apparatus for hatching eggs 99 A farm-house of the Marquess of Staf

by hot water

1087 ford's in Shropshire 940 * A decoy for wild ducks

. 1092 1132 A farm house combining an inn, erected

946. 948 Pigeon-houses
by the Marquess of Stafford in Suther.
954, 955 Bird-cages

1100 land

1194

47 + Elevated hen.roost of France Cottages.

Fired or Portable Structures for Bees. 83 A Swedish log cottage

110
417 The bee-house

449 104 + A Hungarian cottage

960 The chained hive 123

1106 139 † Hut of the Arabs

173

961 * The Polish hive 34 + Circular huts of the Laplanders

111 142 Mu huts of Nubia

175 Portable Structures for Cattle or Sheep. 141 ^ Straw huts of Egypt

175 796 Portable shelter 146 + Reed huts of the Foulahs 177 894 A portable hay-rack

1061 150_152 + Huts of the Hottentots 181 983 Wakefield's portable bridge

. 1130 10 American cottage built of logs

189 18 Brazilian shelter

200

Buildings or Fixed Structures for Corn or Forage. 431 An economical stair for cottages 57 122 + A Singalese threshing-floor

. 1197

1281

- 1133

. 1145

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150 4,423 Cottages approaching to the character 436 * The common rick-stand o farin-houses

453 437 * The cast-iron rick-stand

- 460

No.

Page 438 Waistell's circular rick-stand

400 439 The timber and iron rick-stand

451 410—442 Ground-plans of barns, illustrative of first principles

46+ 92, 93 Swedish racks for drying corn

113 728 The Russian kiln for drying corn in the sheal

828

No.

Page 506 The Florence barrier 507 The double or folding gate

504 508,509 Clarke's window-sash gate

55 510 The sympathetic park gate

505 511 The stile gate 997 An iron gate and gate-posts used in Mon. mouthshire

1143

.

dle ages

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177

193

38, 39

Lime-kilns.

Plantations. 579 Booker's lime-kiln

626
461 * Planting corners of fields

491 5814586 Menteath's lime-kilns

526, 627

588 Distributing plantations over a country 634 587 Heathorn's line-kiln and coke oven 628 589 Fences for plantations

636

590, 591 Planting implements and operations Miscellaneous Buildings or Structures, Landscapes,

641, 649 and Diagrams, chicfty of Historical Interest." 592, 593 Steuart's transplanting machine 613 1 + Mount Ararat

59+ Effects of good and bad pruning

650 5 + Raising water from the Nile 6 595 Cutting over copsc-wood stools

655 10 A Roman villa and its environs, accord.

596 Pruning hedge-row trees

655 ing to Castel

19 597 Distilling spray for pyrolignous acid 607 41 Arrangements in the Lake Facino for 593 Barking instruments

659 breeding oysters 57 599, 600 Timber measures

603 45 Map of France, showing its climate 67 717, 718 Planting irregular grounds

754 66 † A post-house, combining a farm, situated on the Frische Hoff, between

Fruit Trces. Memel and Königsberg in Prussia 89 601 Portraits of five sorts of standard pear 72 ^ A post-house and farm in Poland 100

trees

607 73 t A Jewish village in the south of Poland 101 76 A Russian village

106

Operations on the Soil. 77 * A farmery in the British style in the · 512 Trenching,

508 neighbourhood of Moscow

106
517 Burning clay

523 80 7 A church and mountain scenery in 591 Slitting for tree planting

642 Norway

110

1010 + Section of a coal district in Durham 1159 84 + Lapland huts

111

22, 23, 24+ Ploughing in Britain in the mid102 The plain of Thessaly 122

36, 37 106 † Buschire and its territory

139
985 Straightening ridges

. 1131 120 A corn-nill in Penang

149 126 + A Chinese village

156 134 | Villa of Thibet

Operations on Plants.

16S 141 | Camps of the nomadic agriculturists of

6 + Reaping in Egypt

7 Morocco

15 † Roman manner of striking off the ears 157 ^ Small English villa or cottage ornée

186

of corn 162 † A West Indian overseer and his maid

19 + 20 + Training the vine in ancient 172, 173 + Stedman's cottage and sleeping

Italy

09 place while at Surinam

202
S4 + Training the vine in modern Italy

50 176 | The Sunday dance of Norway

205 26–29 Mowing, reaping, and threshing 201 + View in Mexico

in Britain in the middle ages

271 1134 | View of Dunrobin house in Sutherland 1195

514 Cutting in pruning

512 1114 | The Dartmoor depôt for prisoners of

515, 516 Thatching

517, 518 war

1169
594 Pruning timber trees

650
595 Pruning copse-wood and stools
Live Fences.
596 Pruning hedge-row timber

655

996 * Saddle grafting 455 The double ditch and hedge between 475 1005 + Tapping a birch tree for wine

. 1153 457, 458 Pruning and repairing old hedges - 479 462—467 Diagrams illustrating the art of

Scientific Operations.
planting hedges

482, 483
521 Levelling

535 468 Hedge drains

48+
522 Dividing a field

536 470475°Illustrative diagrams 486, 497 523 Mapping

537 476 Protecting young hedges 498 524 Delineating

543 477 Cutting down an old herige

489

525–530 Mapping and delineating 544546 482, 483 The poplar or willow fence 494 531 Isometrical perspective illustrated

547 589' Fences for plantations

636

Plans of Estates.
Dead Fences.

532, 533 A country residence, laid out as a 453 Medium between a sunk and raised

park

566 fence

474 999 The Lilleshall estate of the Marquess of 454 The double ditch with bank between 475

Stafford in Shropshire

1146 456 The dead hedge

475 1000 The Wildmoor estate of the Marquess of 474 A hedge paling

487
Stafford in Shropshire

1147 475 A stake and rice fence 487 11.4 The Tremadok estate in North Wales

1175 478-181 Wooden and iron hurdles, 13 sorts 491 1131 The Marquess of Stafford's estate in 484 The wattled fence

495
Sutherland

1194 485 Primitive paling sence

435 89 Swedish paling fence

110

Plans of Farms. 180 Iron park fence

495
623* A newly inclosed farm

689 487, 488 Light iron pasture fences

496
712 A farm in Norfolk

751 489 The field wall

496

713, 714 A farm in Middlesex, laid out by 40 The Galloway wall

496
J. C. L.

752 491 Mould for stamped-earth walls

498
715, 716 A grass farm in Middlesex

753 719, 720 A hill farın in Berkshire

755 Galer, 893 A store sheep farm

1059 53 + Field gate of Holland

72 980 A seed farm in Essex 492.491 First principles

499, 500 1007 A cottage farm in Derbyshire 493 * Waistell's gate

499 1123 Cottage farms in North Wales 495 + Parker's compensation hinge

501 496 Iron gates

501

Plans of Villages. 4'17-500 Improved fastenings for gates

577 The village of Bridekirk

623 501 * 50/2 * Field gates, by Parker

578 Village sca-port

624 503 * Menteath's gate

1183 A fishing village in Sutherland

1195 504 * Hunter'm field gate

503 120. + 153 Villages of the Hottentots 181, 182 505 * The improved park gate 503 170 A Surinam village

201

655

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Page Να

Page
Road making and Roads.

Removing Rocks, Stones, and Roots. 534, 55 Sections

558, 569

703. 705, 706 Machines for raising large stones 745 5*, 56, 547, and 550 Sections - 509, 593, 592 597

704-707 Modes of blasting stones

745 500 Field or farm roads

708 Blasting or rending roots of large trees • 744 5 Street roads with stone tracks

569 52 Road over a hill

573

The Culture of the Potato. 59 Leverage of the feet of animals

575 540 Leverage of wheels 575 747 Cutting a tuber into sets

848 541 Locomotive table for breaking stones 590 748 Planting in Lancashire

849 512 Gauge ring for the size of stones

749 Planting in Argyleshire

850 51) Hand.barrow measure for broken stones

750 Machine for washing potatoes

853 54 Wire-guard for the faces of stonebreakers

590

The Culture of the Turnip. 545, 549 Implements

596 551–53 Stone railways for roads of different

751–706 The improved mode of cultivating 598, 599

in drills, from the preparation of the 55_53) 572 Different modes of paring

ground to the taking up and storing 601, 602, 612

or consumption of the crop -856859 53 Comparative effect of broad and narrow wheels on roads

605

Scientific Diagram. 564 Effect of beavy waggons 607 207 Nomenclature of the clouds

S58 562570 Machines for repairing or cleaning roads

608-611 Plants, or Parts of Plants, to illustrate l'egetable Railroads.

Anatomy and Physiology.

178 a Dionæ'a Muscipula, Venus's fly-trap - 911 573 Railroad carriage

614

178 b Sarracenia purpurea, purple side-saddle 574 Fiat railways

616
flower

211 Müestones, Guide-posts, and Tollgates. 178 c Nepénthes distillatòria, the pitcher

211

Mosci 59) An improved milestone

179 abft 603

212 561 Improved guide-posts

179 c The Hepáticæ

212

212 & Edgware toll house and gate

180 a Lamninària saccharina
180 6 Halymènia palmata

212 Canals.

212 180 c Halymènia edulis

181 a Fúngi which grow on the surface of 575, 576 Sections

- 619, 620
the earth

213 181 a Fungi which grow on the stumps of Draining and Drains.

rotten trees

213 62409 Plans and sections

693_696

182 Interior integument in the garden bean 213 629-31 Plans and sections

698, 699 183 Section of the stem of herbaceous and 62455 Plans and sections

- 700, 701
annual or biennial plants

21+ 606 Section of a drain

701

184 Section of the stem of trees and shrubs 214 637 Sartion of a conduit drain 703 185, 186 The cortical layers

215 540 Essex draining 70+ 187 Simple tubes

216 011, 6+2 Sections

705, 706 188 Physical phenomena of the gernination 611-652 Different kinds of drains 707, 708, 709

of seed

928 64 617 * Draining tiles 708 189 The foxtail root

25 6. Draining implements 709, 710

190 The flattened stem

216 66 Pearson's draining-plough

710 191 a Bunches or knot exhibiting a plexus of fox The Cheshire turt drain

711
young shoots

216 67 The mole drain 711 191 b The oak apple

215 630 Cart beel draining

711 192 The knot or bunch formed on the branches G1-3 Draining implements and boring

of the dog rose

247 machines

- 719, 713
193 The proliferous flower

249 194 The tower of the fig

2-18 Embanking.

195 A fruit with an unnatural appendage of leaves

249 61459 Sections of banks

715-717 196 Vallisneria spiralis, spiral vallisneria 249 670 Sea wall 718 197 Pericarp of the dorsiferous fern

252 61-673 Protecting river banks, and chang- 198 Avèna fătua, the wild oat

252 ing the course of rivers

719-721 199 Specimens of genus Coralli na or Coral. 0776 Dams, beads, or banks

722
lines

258 200 Cúscuta europæ'à, the dodder

269 Irrigation. 671_649 Itaplements and instruments 725

Botanical Figures of Trees and Shrubs, of His. 683 Suices

720

torical Interest, or belonging to Foreign Agri. GL Examples of flooded land

culture. - 729, 730

31 Paliùrus austràlis, southern Christ's thorn 48 Ponds. 37 Pinus Pinea, stone pine

5+ 08 Section of a circular pond

46 Capparis spinosa, common spiny caper

734 735 Plans and sections of field ponds

96 Cistus ladaniferus, labdanum-bearing rock rose

117 Boring for Water and Wells. 99 Quércus Suber, cork tree oak

120 111 Persian wells

101 O‘lea europæ'a, European olive 141

191 @1 The manner of boring an Artesian well

117 Cocos nucifera, common nut-bearing

736 12 + Universal lever well

cocoa-nut tree

146 160

127 a Caméllia Bohèa, bohea tree camellia 157 Lifting Water, 127 6 Camellia Sasánqua, sasanqua camellia

157 135 Piper nigrum, black pepper

164 097 Beckets moved by horse power

789
136 Musa paradisiaca, the plantain

169 689 Raising a bucket obliquely as practised

137 Arèca oleracea, the cabbage tree

169 on the Continent

740 147 Mimüsa nilótica, the gum arabic tree 177 ES ** Siebe's pump

739

148 Pentadésma butyrăcea, the butter tree . 178

161 Swietènia Mahagoni, the mahogany tree 192 Piltering Water. 16. Coffea arabica, the coffee tree

196 167 Theobroma, the chocolate plant

198 700 Filtering by two casks 740 166 Bira Orellana, the annotto plant

198 7 Filtering into a tank 12. Filtering salt water

145 Ceratònia siliqua, carob tree, or St. John's bread

177

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tree

735

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