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refentment againft Falstaff's impudent addresses, adds,
« I'll exhibit a bill in parliament for the putting “ down of men.” True woman in ber anger ; wbo, for the sake of one, would punish the whole fex : for to argue from particulars to universals is no unusual thing with them at all. Thus big bly in charaEter says Diana in All's Well that ends Well, AEt IV.
“ Since Frenchmen are fo braid, 6. Marry that will, I'll live and die a maid." Could now any one imagine, that these pasages should not pass unmolested? Yet Mr. Tbeobald makes Mrs. Page Mhew her resentment only against FAT MEN: and Mr.W-against what? Why, against mum.
I'll asure the reader, 'tis MUM: I took it at first for an error of the press; but there is a long note to vindicate the alteration ; and such a note, as is worthy of such an alteration.
In the other parsage, Diana they make to say,
66 Since Frenchmen are so braid, 6. Marry’Em that will, I'd live and die a maid." Could not ibe poets have taught our Critics better? Was it not for one man's guilt, that Pallas, (the goddess of Wisdom too) destroyed a whole fleet? “ Unius ob noxam et furias Ajacis Oilei ?
Did not Juno detest the whole Trojan race, because one Trojan Nighted ber beauty, in comparison of Venus ? Add moreover, don't people in the beight of resentment often will things, which their cooler reason would condemn? And are not such speeches agreeable to what the Critics call the tò apérov, the decorum, the suitableness of the charaéter ? Ar unreasonable thing itself, if spoken by an unreasonable person, bence' becomes poetically reasonable.But as the women above bave, for the sake of one, exprefed their anger against all men ; so the poets bave put a more extraordinary kind of resentment in the mouths of some men. And first Euripides in Hippolytus, *. 616. "Ω ζευ, τί δή κίβδηλον ανθρώπους κακόν, Γυναικας, εις φως Ηλία καλώκισας και Ει γαρ βρότειον ήθελες σπείραι γένος, , Ουκ εκ γυναικών χρήν παρασχέσθαι τόδε. . O Jupiter, quidnam fucatum malum homis
nibus, Mulieres, sub folis luce collocasti ? Si enim volebas seminare genus humanum,
Non oportebat hoc fieri ex mulieribus. Again in Medea, x. 573.
-χρήν γαρ άλλοθέν σοθεν βρόλες Παιδας τεκνεσθαι, θήλυ δ' έκ είναι γένος. Ούτω δ' άν έκ ήν εδέν ανθρώποις κακόν.
oportebat autem homines aliunde Gignere liberos, neque
genus muliebre : Sic enim homines nullum malum haberent.
As extraordinary as it may appear, yet two of the greatest poets, that ever England faw, bave imitated shis sentiment. For tbus Postbumus in Cymbeline, AA II. resenting the behaviour of Imogen exclaims,
“ Is there no way for men to be, but women
“ Must be balf-workers ?”
"-O why did God,
Of nature ? and not fill the world at once
Disturbances on earth through female snares, “ And strait conjunetion with this fex.
AGAIN, tho' 'tis hard to parallel this transformation of men into MUM, with any criticisms in the world, y'et many instances of the like occur in our late editor's notes.-- In the Comedy of Errors,
AE IV. Dromio is ludicrously pi&turing the Bailiff, wbo arrested his master." The man, Sir, tbat " when gentlemen are tired gives them as fob, and of rests them; be that takes pity on decayed men, " and gives 'em fuits of durance ; be that sets up « bis reft to do more exploits with bis mace, than « a morris-pike ?"
This quibbling wil, I should think, an ordinary reader would scarce misapply—“ gives 'em suits of “ durance,” or, as the phrase is, gives them a stone-doublet, i, e. puts them into prison : an expreffion as old as Homer, Adiov poro zil@va. Il. y'. 57. lapideam indutus fuisses tunicam : tho' there it means stoned to death." Sets up his reft, &c." The Serjeant or Bailiff carried with him a mace, as an ensign of his authority; this mace be ludicrously compares to a Morisco pike, when set in its Rest, to run at tilt. The Morris, or Mooriso pike is particularly mentioned, because the Moors were famous for these kind of chivalrous feats. “ sets up * his reft :” is too known a phrase to want a comment. Ital. metter la lancia in resta, to couch the lance. RESTA, A REST, haftæ retinaculum: à restando. Fairfax, XX. st. 29.
“ In Rests their lances sticke." Taffo : e son le lancie in resta.
Spencer, B. 2. C. I. f. 26.
“ And in the rest bis ready Spear did fick." With the above passage of Shakespeare the reader With may compare the following from Johnson. Every Man in his Humour, AET IV. Sc. XI.
“ Well, of all my disguises yet, now am 1 moft “ like myselfe : being in this Serjeant's gowne. A “ man of my present profesion, never counterfeits, 6 till be lays hold upon a debtor, and says, be rests “ him, for then he brings him into all manner of “ unrest. A kind of little kings we are, bearing “ the diminutive of a mace, made like a young “ artichock, that always carries pepper and salt in
Now, reader, I defire thou wouldst get thro the following I will give it no name, but leave it to tby own rifiition.
“ Sets up his rest : Is a phrase taken from mi“ litary exercise. When gunpowder was first in66 vented, its force was very weak compared to is that in present use. This necessarily required
fire-arms to be of an extraordinary length. As - the artists improved the strength of their powder, " the soldiers proportionably shortened their arms " and artillery ; so that the cannon which Froissart “ tells us was once fifty feet long, was contračied to « less than ten. This proportion likewise beld in