Page images
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

finger (which naturally dreaded the water) put me in mind how it sparkled amidst the rubbish of the mine where it was first discovered.

3. On the other hand, the pretty quaker appeared in a l tre elegance of cleanliness. Not a speck was to be found O h her. A clcar, clean, oval face, just edged about with little thin P lates of the purest cambric, received great advantages from the S kellie of her black hood; as did the whiteness of her arms from that sober-colored stuff in which she had cloached herself.

The plainness of her dress was very well suited to the simplieity o her phrases, all which put together, tho' they could not s i me a great opinion of her religion, they did of her innoce n e ,

by This adventure occasioned me throwing together a is hints upon cleanliness, which I shall consider as one of the h a virtues, as Aristotle calls them, and shall reeommend it un d the three following heads: As it is a mark of politeness : 0 it produceth love; and as it bears analogy 10 purity of m i n

5. First, it is a mark of politeness. It is universally agres, upon, that no one, unadorned with this virtue, can go into com pany without giving a manifest offence. The easier or highe" any one's fortune is, this duty rises proportionably,The di tes" ent nations of the world are as muclidistinguished by their clean Iness as by their arts and sciences. The more any country is eivilized, the more they consult this part of politeness. W neeil but compare our ideas of a female Hottentot with an Englis! beauty, to be satisfied of the truth of what hath been advanced.

6. In the next place, cleanliness may be said to be the foster mother of love. Beauty, indeed, most commonly produces that passion in the mind, but cleanliness préserves it. An indifferent face and person, kept in a perpetual neatness, hath won many a heart from a pretty slattern. Age itself is not unamiable, while it is preserved clean and unsullied : like a piece of metal, constantly kept smooth and bright, we look on it witli more pleasure than on a new vessel that is cankered with rust.

7. I might observe further, that as cleanliness renders us agreeable to others, so it makes us easy to ourselves; that it is an excellent preservation of health; and that several vices: destructive both to mind and body, are incousistens with the habit of it. But these reflections I shall leave to the list of any readers, and shall observe, in the third place, th bear's a great analogy to purity of mind, and naturali," inst refined sentiments and passions. i

ace, that it 4* inspiros

8. We find, from experience, that through the prevalence of custom, the most vicious actions lose their horror, by being made familiar to us. On the contrary, those who live in the neighborhood of good examples, fly from the first appearances of what is shocking. It fares with us much after the same manner as our ideas. Our senses, which are the inlets to all the images conveyed to the mind, can only transmit the impression of such things as usually surround them; so that pure and unsullied thoughts are naturally suggested to the mind, by those objects that perpetually encompass us, when they are beautiful and elegant in their kind. . 9. In the East, where the warmth of the climate makes cleanliness more immediately necessary than in colder countries, it is made one part of their religion: the Jewish law (and the Mahometan, which, in some things, copies after it) is filled with bathings, purifications and other rites of the like nature. . Tho' there is in the above named covenant reasons to be assigned for these ceremonies, the chief intention undoubiedly was to typify inward purity and cleanliness of heart by those outward washings.

10. We read several injunctions of this kind in the book of Deuteronomy, which confirm this truth, and which are but ill accounted for by saying, as some do, that they were only insti. tuted for convenience in the desert, which otherwise could not have been habitable for so many years. .

11. I shall conclude this essay with a story which I have somewhere read, in an account of Mahomedan superstition. A Dervise, of great sanctity, one morning had the misfortune, as he took up a crystal cup which was consecrated to the prophet, to let it fall upon the ground, and dash it in pieces. His son coniing in some time after, he stretched out his hand to bless him, as his manner was every morning; but the youth going out, sti.mbled over the threshold, and broke his arm. As the old man wondcied at these events, a caravan passed by in its way from Mecca. The Dervise approached it to beg a bless. ing; but as he stroked one of the holy camels, he received a kick from the beast, that sorely bruised him. His sorrow and amazement increased upon him, till he recollected, that

rough hurry and inadvertency, he had that meniag coins broad without washing bis hards.

CONTENTS.

Page

ibid

RULES for Reading and Speaking,
General directions for expressing the passions,
Examples for illustrating doc
Select Sentences for forming the Morals,
The Cobler and his Son,

Honesty rewarded, Story of Perin and Lucetta,

Character of Sophia, a young Lady,

Agathocles and Calista,
Story of La Roche, Mirror,

Funeral of General Frazer, Burgoyne,
Story of Lady Harriet Ackland, do.
Adventures of General Putnam, Humphrey,
The faithful American Dog, i ,
Volcanoes of Iceland, Encyclopedia,
Extract from Dawe's Oration,
General Washington's Resignation at the close of
- the war,
Signal instance of Patriotism, Hume,
Address to the inhabitants of New-Hampshire, Bela

knap,

Conjugal Affection, Haller,

Story of Logan, a Mingo Chief, 7efferson,

Speech of a Scythjan Ambassador to Alexander,

Putnam and the Wolf, Humphrey,

.: 69

The aged Prisoner released from the Bastile, Mercier, 70

Description of the Falls of Niagara, Ellicott,

The captivity of Mrs. Howe, Gay,

The Whistle, Franklin,

History of Pocahontas, Chastelleaux,

« PreviousContinue »