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then observed the body of her mas. the prisoner said, he supposed came
ter on the floor; did not stop to on it when he took the sheets from
examine whether there were any his master's room : there were no
marks of violence; he was covered sheeis on the prisoner's bed,
with blood ; went down and saw Foy (cross-examined) said the
the prisoner in the servant's hall; prisoner did not appear intoxicated
he wrapt up some sheets in another when he spoke to him.
sheet: the prisoner said Mrs. Bo. Eleanor Thomas was cook in
nar was living, and begged her to the family: on the 30th of May,
go upstairs--he went up-she made the prisoner's bed, and put
followed: he got into the room by on two coarse sheets :

saw the
the time she got to the door : he bloody sheets, one was coarser than
took a blanket from the floor, and the other, and was like that she
covered the body of her master; had put on the prisoner's bed-
does not recollect any thing else (she looked at the sheet, and said it
there : saw him with the sheets was the same.)
in the hall before this--the sheets Susannah Curnick said, no draw.
were bloody: he took a sheet from

nor any thing had been dis, hisown bed, and put them in it; he turbed : the watches were at the put them on the floor.

head of the bed-one hanging, the Thomas Foy, constable of Great other under the pillow : no appear. Marlborough-street, on Tuesday ance of breaking into the house. after the murder, went down to Stephen Lavender went Chislehurst; found some shoes in Chislehurst; saw a sheet at the a wood closet near the servants'. foot of the prisoner's bed; some hall-(produced them)--there ap. blood on it. [Mrs. Thomas said peared to be blood on the upper the sheet, with the other coarse leather and the soles: compared sheet, made the two sheets of the the shoes with the bloody footsteps, prisoner's bed.] He arrived at they corresponded exactiy: the Chislehurst about one o'clock; shoes are right and left-one with went to Mr. Bonar's bed-room: a' spring-heel-one without: one saw his skull fractured, and a worn at the toe, had left a particu. poker lying by, bloody and bent, larly strong impression; showed (It was produced.] By the side of the shoes to the prisoner in the Mr. Bonar's bed was a candlestick evening, who said they were his : broke and bloody, as if trampled received some sheets from Susan- on by a bloody foot : saw the prinah Curnick ; (she was called, and soner on Tuesday, about four said those produced were the o'clock, at Chislehurst; between sheets): one was fine, the other eleven and twelve saw the prison,

er with his throat cut ; the wound Susannah Curnick said, she gave was sewed up by a surgeon in the him the sheets from the floor, they house: from the day after for sewere very bloody=-(the sheets veral days he had the care of him : were produced)-the coarse sheet on the Sth of June the wound was more stained than the fine one. broke out afresh: the prisoner In the prisoner's bed was a night- sent for Mr. Bonar : no promise cap, which at first he denied, but nor threat was used to induce him afterwards acknowledged: there to confess : what he said was re, were appearances of blood, which, duced to writing by Mr. A.

Cooper ;

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Cooper : it was then read to the What motive had you ?--I had
prisoner, who signed it in the pre. no bad intention : I did not know
sence of Mr. Hott, Mr. Bonar, and what provoked me to do it more
himself, and was signed by them: than you do.
Mr. Wells then came: the paper You were heard to complain of
was read again: the prisoner went going so much behind the carriage ;
over his name with a dry pen; -Yes; but I never thought of do-
and Mr. Wells the magistrate then ing it from that.
signed the paper.

Did you ever feel resentment for
Lavender cross-examined—said, going so much behind the carriage?
the prisoner appeared disturbed, --No, sir : I never thought much
but his intellects not at all de- about it.

Had you thought or talked of The confession was here read- this murder when you were drinkDECLARATION OP NICHOLSON. ing with the groom the night be.

I, Philip Nicholson, to clear the fore in the hall ?-No: I never innocence of others, and tell the thought of it myself, or had any truth of myself,—I committed the idea of it myself. murder.

How long was it after you waked Question by Mr. B.--Had you that you went up stairs - I jumpaccomplices ? -No, sir, I would tell ed up: I was haif undressed when you if I had.

sleeping upon the form : I undressI do not mean accomplices irr the ed, and put the sheet about me. room, but others ?-No, sir, I did Why

did you put the sheet about not know it myself five minutes be. you ? _That they might not know fore.

me. Explain how it happened.— I was When did you drop the sheet?sleeping upon the form, and waked In the struggle : I had it on when about three o'clock; I put the sheet I gave the first blow. around me, and took the poker By Mr. A.C. -Did Dale, the from the hall grate, and a lighted butler, know any thing about it?candle in my hand from the hall. No, sir. I entered the room, I looked about Did any of the maid-servants when I entered, and gave my mis- know any thing about it?-Nol a tress two blows; she never moved. word. I left her, and went round to mas- Why did you go to Dale in Lon. ter and gave him two or three don ?--Nothing particular. blows; and he said, “ Come to bed, Was it your intention to take any my love," and then he sprung from thing away !--No, sir. the bed and seized hold of me. I What was your intention ?-No. hit him in the struggle about the thing particular : but when I went arms and legs; we struggled fifteen into the room I saw my master and minutes or better, he was very near mistress asleep, and I gave her two getting the better of me; I got him blows. down by force, and left him groan


drunk when

you went
ing. I went down to wash my to bed ?--No, sir, I had drunk no-
hands in the sink of the butler's thing but beer. I had not had a
pantry, and then opened the house. drop of spirits all day.
door and drawing-room windows. Had you at any former time

(G4) thought

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my life.

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thought of the murder ?—No, sir, and also the stockings); they were I never thought of such a thing in produced.

Thomas Hott, surgeon, was then What did you do with your called. On the 31st of May he went bloody things-My shirt, neck- to Chislehurst: went into Mr. Bocloth, and stockings, I put opposite nar's room ; saw his skull fracturthe hall.door in the shrubbery, un- ed, the teeth loosened, and jaw der some leaves, near the little gate. broken : saw a poker, which he had The breeches I kept on all day. no doubt'was the instrument of his When I waked from the form I death. only took off my waistcoat.

The prisoner being called upon What did you wipe your hands for his defence, merely asked whewith ?-With the sponge in the ther Mr. Hott had any doubt of the sink, which I left there.

truth of the confession ? What did you do with your Mr. Hott. Certainly not. shoes? Did you put them into the The prisoner then called Mr. wood closet ?-I might; but I do, Frederick Tyrrell as a witness to not remember.

his character, who said he was the What did you do with the rush. son of the City remembrancer: the light? I threw it into the coal prisoner had lived three years with closet.

his father, and his conduct during Why did you take the rush-light that time was humane and gentle : It was dark in the house.

he appeared to be a man of kind Why did you think it was three disposition. Cross examined by o'clock ?-By the break of day. Mr. Glerney,-said the prisoner

Why did you open the shutters was turned away from his father's of your room ?-To shew me light. service for frequent drunkenness :

Was it to see your clothes?-No, he had frequently seen him drunk, I had seen them by the rush-light but not outrageous: it was not in coming down stairs.

considered safe to retain him. ReDid you go to sleep after com- examined as to this last point-he mitting this act ?-I went to bed, said that he was no further unsafe but could not sleep. I was awake than any other drunken person 011 when King entered the room, account of the risk from lights, &c.

In the presence of Almighty Mr. justice Heath then summed God, thinking I am on my death up the evidence: he said he never bed, I hereby declare this to be my knew a case more clearly proved : voluntary confession, to prevent in- even of circumstances there was so nocent people being accused of this well connected a series as must carcircumstance.

ry conviction independently of the (Signed) Philip NICHOLSON. confession: the bloody footsteps: Acknowledged as the signiture the conduci and demeanour of the of Philip Nicholson, before me,

prisoner; his taking off the sheets; (Signed) John Wells. lis night-cáp stained with blood, June 8, 1813.

which could not have happened in Lavender, after the confession, the way he said, because when he searched and found the clothes brought «down the sheets in the nearly in the place described : (the morning he was dressed and had no shirt was much torn and bloody, night-cap; and the bloody shoes,

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which exactly corresponded with shall be given to be dissected and the footmark. All these things anatomized." seemed to remove all doubt; and Immediately after the sentence, then the confession confirmed all the prisoner put in a paper and dethese circumstances. . If however sired it to be read. The judge said the jury had any doubt, they would this was irregular, but looked at acquit the prisoner.

the paper, and told the jury that it The jury immediately returned contained a confession of crime, a verdict of Guilty.

which was imp!ted to excessive The prisoner was then addressed drinking. The prisoner, during in the usual form, and asked what his trial and the sentence, appeared he had to say why sentence of death more sorry and ashamed than agishould not be passed upon him. He ' tated: his face is of a feeble cast; said, " he had nothing to offer." his manner was at once dejected and

Mr. justice Heath then proceed- firm. He was immediately after ed to pass sentence nearly in the the trial re-conveyed to prison. following terms :-“ Prisoner, after a minute trial, you have been con

FINAL DECLARATION OF NICHOLSON, victed by a jury of your country of · The paper which he put in and traitorously murdering your mas- desired to be read was as follows: ter; whom instead of attacking it I acknowledge with the deepest was your duty to protect at the per contrition the justice of the senril of your life. What was your tence unto death which has been motive for so atrocious a crime does just passed upon me. My crimes not appear : it does not seem to are indeed most heavy; I feel their have been revenge ; you were not weight, but I do not despair—nay, intoxicated, nor offended at your I liumbly hope for mercy through master, against whom it was im- the infinite mercy of my Lord and possible to feel resentment, for his Savivur Jesus Christ, who bled and whole life was a series of kindnesses died for me. In order to have a and beneficences, for which he is well grounded hope in him, my all. now gone to receive his reward. mercitul Redeemer, I know that it You, Nicholson, must soon :appear is my bounden duty not only to before a tribunal more awful than grieve from my heart for my dire this; and I solemnly recommend offences, but also to do my utmost you to employ the short interval to make satisfaction for them. Yet, which remains to you, in making alas! what satisfaction can I make your peace with heaven. Nothing to the afflicted family of my master that I can say can aggravate the and mistress, whom without any sense of your guilt in the minds of provocation I so barbarously murthis assembly. I shall therefore dered ? I can make none beyond proceed to discharge my duty in the declaration of my guilt, and passing upon you the sentence of the horror of soul that I could perpelaw, which is, That you be taken trate deeds so shocking to human hence to the place from whence nature, and so agonizing to the you came, and on Monday next feelings of that worthy family. I be drawn on a sledge to the place implore their forgiveness for God's of execution, and there hanged till sake; and fully sensible of their you are dead, and then your body great goodness, I do hope that, for


his sake, they will forgive me. I ble and contrite heart he will not
freely give up my life as a just for- despise, I, freely offering up to him
feit to my country, whose laws I my sufferings, and my life itself,
have most scandalously outraged. look forward, through his most pre-
Departing from this tribunal,I shall cious blood, to the pardon of all
soon appear before another tribunal my crimes, my manifold and most
where an eternal sentence will be enormous crimes, and most humbly
passed upon me. With this dread trust that the same mercy which he
sentence full in my view, I do most showed to the penitent thief who
solemnly declare, and I desire this was crucified with him, he will
declaration to be taken as my dy- show me. Thus meekly confiding
ing words, that I alone was the base in Thee, O Jesus ! into thy, hands I
and cruel murderer of my master commend my spirit. Amen.
and mistress; that I had no ac-

complice ; that no one knew, or This 20th August, 1813.
possibly could suspect, that I in- The signature was in Nicholson's
tended to perpetrate those barba- hand-writing: the rest appeared to
rities ; that I'myself had no inten- be written by another hand.
tion of committing those horrid
deeds, save for a short time, so short

EXECUTION OF NICHOLSON. as scarcely to be computed, before Nicholson was removed on the I actually committed them : that 17th instant from the house of corbooty was not the motive of my rection in Cold-bath-fields; and at fatal cruelties; I am sure the idea the instance of Mr. Bonar, governor of plunder never presented itself to Adkins sent down to Maidstone my mind : I can attribute those un- his principal assistant (Joseph Becnatural murders to no other cause ker), who had very particular inthan, at the time of their commis- structions respecting the care and sion, a temporary fury from exces- treatment of the prisoner. After sive drinking; and before that time sentence of death was passed, Nito the habitual forgetfulness for cholson was placed in the conmany years, of the Great God and demned cell, which in the Maidstone his judgements; and the too natural gaol is under ground, and the ap. consequence of such forgetfulness, proach to it dark and dreary down the habitual yielding to the worst many steps. In this cell Mr. Bonar passions of corrupted nature ; so had an interview with the prisoner that the evil that I was tempted at half past five on Monday morn. to do, that I did : the Lord in his ing last. On his approaching the mercy has nevertheless spared un- cell he found Nicholson on his til now my life that life which I, knees at prayer. in an agony of horror and despair, At about twelve o'clock the preonce most wickedly attempted to parations for the removal of Nichol. destroy: he has most graciously al- son being nearly completed, Mr. lowed me time for repentance; an · Bonar, accompanied by his brother humble and contrite heart must be and Mr. Bramston, the catholic his gift--that gift I hope he has clergyman, had another interview granted to my most ardent suppli- with the unfortunate man; soon cations: in that bope, and bearing after which the hurdle or sledge, in mind his promise that an hum. which was in the shape of a shallow

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