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was customary with him to doze myself to you; we deists ought to after dinner, and one day, at a great know each other. – Madam,' reentertainment, he happened to fall plied be, 'I am no deist. I do not asleep: • La voilà !' says a Marquis, style myself so, neither do I desire pulling his neighbour by the sleeve; to be known by that appellation.'
Le voilà, qui pense!' But the mad- “ Nothing ever gave Hume more ness for Hume was far more singu- real vexation, than the strictures lar and extravagant. From what made upon his history in the House has been already said of him, it is of Lords by the great Lord Chat. apparent that bis conversation to bam. Soon after that speech 1 met strangers, and particularly to French- Hume, and ironically wished him men, could be little delightful, and joy of ibe high honour that bad still more particularly, one would be done hiin. •Zounds, man,' suppose, to French women. And said he, with more peevishness than yet no lady's toilette was coniplete l had ever seen him express, he's without Hume's attendance.. Al a Goth! he's a Vandál!' Indeed, bis the opera, his broad, unmeaning history is as dangerous in politics, face was usually seen entre deur is his essays are in religion; and it tolis minois. The ladies in France is somewhat extraordinary, that the give the tun, and the ton was deism; same man who labours to free the a species of philosophy ill suited to mivd from wbat he supposes relithe softer scx, in whose delicate gious prejudices, should as zealously frame weakness is interesting, and endeavour to shackle it with the timidity a charn). But ibe women servile ideas of despotism. But he in France were deists, as with us loved the Stuart family, and his they were charioteers. The tenets bistory is, of course, their apology. of the new philosophy were à portie All his prepossessions, however, de Tout le monde, and the perusal could never induce him absolutely of a wanton vovel, such, for exam- to falsify bistory; and though be ple, as Therese Philosophe, was endravours to sofien the failings amply sufficient to render any fine of his favourites, even in their ac. gentleman, or any fine lady, 211 ac- tions, ver it is on the characters complished, nay, a learned deist. which he gives to them, that he How my friend Hume was able to principally depends for their vindiendure the encounter of these French Calion; and from bence frequently female Titans I know not. Jo Eug. proceeds, in the course of his bisland, either bis philosophic pride, ivry, this singular incongruity, that or his conviction that in fidelity was it is morally impossible that a man, ill suited to women, made him per possessed of the character which the fectly averse from the initiation of loistorian delineates, should, in cerladies into the mysteries of his doc- tain circumstances, have acted the trine. I never saw him so much part which the same historian nar. displeased, or su niuch disconcerted, rales and assigns to him. But now as by the petulance of Mrs. Mallett, to return to his philosophical printhe conceited wife of Boling broke's ciples, which certainly constitute editor. This lady, who was not ac- the discriminative fiature of his quainted with Hume, meeting him character. The practice of comone night at an assembly, boldly ac. bating recrived opinions had one costed bim in these words : Mr. unhappy, though not unusual, of Hume, give me leave to introduce fect on his mind. He grew fond
of paradoxes, which his abilities present age. Yet, even this soli. enabled bim successfully to support; tary virtue, if intidelity be its basis, and his understanding was so far is founded on a false principle. warped and bent by this unfortu. Christian charity, which includes nate predilection, that he had well the idea of universal philanthropy, nigh lost that best faculty of the and which, when really Christian, mind, the almost intuitive percep. is the true foundation on which this tion of truth. His sceptical turn virrue should be erected, and not made him doubt, and consequently the opinion that all religions shonld dispute, every thing; yet was he a bu tolerated, because all are alike fair and pleasant disputant. He erroneous. But even allowing this heard with patirnce, and answeredboasted benefit iis full weight, to without acrimony. Neither was his the same cause we are, I doubt, on conversation at any time offensive, the other hand, indebted for that even to bis more scrupulous com profligacy of manners, or, to call it panions; his good sense, and good by the most gentle name, that fri. nature, prevented his saying any volity which every where prevails. thing that was likely to shock; and To this cause we owe that total dis. it was not till he was provoked in regard, that fastidious dislike to all argument, that, in mixed compa- serious thought; for every man can nies, he entered into his favorite be a deist without thinking; he is topics. Where indeed, as was the made so at his toilelle, and, whilst case with me, his regard for any in- his hair is dressing, reads bimself dividual rendered him desirous of into an adept; that shameful and making a proselyte, bis efforts were degrading apathy to all that is great great, and anxiously incessant. and noble; in a word, that perfect
“ Respecting this new, or rather indifference to right or wrong, which revived system of philosophy, soi enervates and characterises this uridisant tetle, it may perhaps be con- meaning and frivolous age, Neither fessed, that it may possibly have have we reason to hope a favourable done some good; but then it has change. The present manners are certainly done much more mischief the fashion of ile day, and will not to mankind. : On the one hand, it last. But infidelity will never sub, may perhaps be allowed, that to its side into true piety. It will proprevalence we owe that general sys- duce its contrary. The present is tem of toleration which seems ļo an age of irreligion; the next will, prevail, and which is, I fear, ihe probably, bean age of bigotry." only speck of white that marks the
..pa "; AnecdOTES OF THE BARON MotesQyIỆU, a .
. [By the same, from the same.) . ... socis ÎN travelling through France, and improved by the best educa
1 I bappenel, luckily for me, to tion, and animated by a mind of get acquainted with Mr. Elliolt, a the mosť pleasing cast, rendered gentlervan of Cornwall, whose ex, him the most agreeable of compacellent understanding, cultivated pions. We travelled together for
some time, and finding ourselves been reading the night before, a' not very far from Bourdeaux, we book lying upon it open, turned determined not to miss the oppor. down, and a lamp extinguished. tunity of going there, not so much Eager to know the nocturnal stuprompted thereto by the beauty of dies of this great philosopher, we the town, and the adjacent country, immediately flew to the book; it as by our ardent desire of seeing, was a volume of Ovid's works, conand of knowing, the President Mon- taining his elegies, and open at onc tesquieu. Arrived at Bourdeaux, of the most gallant poems of ibat our first inquiry was concerning the master of love. Before we could principal object of our journey; but overcome our surprise, it was greatly how great was our disappointmen, increased by the entrance of the prewhen we found that he had left the sident, whose appearance and man. city, and was gone to reside at a ner was totally opposite to the idea country seat, four or five miles dis- which we had formed to ourselves of dant. 'To leave our longing unsa- him : instead of a grave, austere tisfied was truly mortifying to us; philosopher, whose presence might and yet what could be done? At strike with awe such boys as we length, after a long deliberation, we were, the person who now addressdetermined to strike a bold stroke; ed us was a gay, polite, sprightly and, getting the better of all tirnid- Frenchman; who, after a thousand ity, perhaps propriety, we sat down genteel compliments, and a thouand wrote a joint leiter, in which sand thanks for the honor we had we candidly told the president our done him, desired to know wherber reasons for visiting Bourdeaux, our we would not breakfast, and, upon sad disappointment, our eager wishes our declining the offer, having alfor the honour of his acquaintance, ready eaten at an inn not far from which, as Enzlish subjects, we most the bouse, “Come then,' says he, particularly desired; concluding by let us walk; the day is fine, and begging pardon for our presuinp- I long to shew you my villa, as I tion, and leave to wait on him at bave endeavoured to form it accordhis villa. Neiber did we languishing to the English taste, and to cullong for an answer; it quickly ar- tivate and dress it in the English rived, in every respect as we would manoer.' Following him into the have wished, and consisied of a mo- farm, we soon arrived at the skirts dest acknowledgment for the honor of a beautiful wood, cut into walks, we did him, assertions of the bigb and paled 'round, the entrance to esteem in which he held our coun- which was barricadoed with a more try, and the most hearty and press- able bar, about three feet high; fase ing invitation to come to him as tened with a padlock. Come,' soon as our occasions would permit. said he, searching in his pocket, it The first appointment with a favorite is not worth our while to wait for mistress could not have rendered our the key; you, I am sure, can leap night more restless; and the next as well as I can, and this bar shall morning we set out so early, that not stop me.' So saying, he rau at we arrived at his villa before he was the bar, and fairly jumped over it, risen. The servant shewed us into while we followed him with amazehis ļibrary, where the first object of ment, though not without deligbt, curiosity that presented itself was a to set the philosopher likely to be table, at which he had apparently come our playfellow. This beha. viour had exactly the effect which excellent sense, his singularity knew he meant it should have. He had no bounds. Only think! at my first observed our awkward timidity at acquaintance with him, having inhis first accosting us, and was de vited me to his country seat, before termined to rid us of it: all that I had leisure to get into any sort of awe with which, notwithstanding intimacy, he practised on me that his appearance, his character had whimsical trick which, uvdoubtedly, inspired us, and that consequent you have either experienced, or bashfulness which it must have oc- beard of; under the idea of playing casioned, was now taken off ; his the play of an introduction of amage and awful character disappeared; bassadors, he soused me over head and our conversation was just as and ears into a tub of cold water. free and as easy as if we had been I thought it odd, to be sure; but a his equals in years, as in every other traveller, as you well know, must respectable qualification. Our disa take the world as it goes, and, incoarse now turned on matters of deed, his great goudness to me, and taste and learning. He asked us his incomparable understanding, far the extent of our travels; and, as I overpaid me for all the inconveni.. had visited the. Levant, he fixed ences of' my ducking. Liberty, himself particularly on me, and in- however, is the glorious cause! that quired into several circumstances it is, which gives humao nature fair relative to the countries where I had play, and allows every singularity to been, in many of which I had the show itself, and which, for one less good fortune to satisfy him. He agreeable oddity it may bring to Jamented his own fate, which had light, gives to the world ten thouprevented his seeing those curious sand great and useful examples, regions, and descanted with great “ With this, and a great deal ability on the advantages and plea- more conversarion, every word of sures of travel. However,' said he, which I would wish to remember, • I too have been a traveller, and we finished our walk, and having have seen the country in the world viewed every part of the villa, which which is most worthy our curin was, as be bad told us, altogether osity-I mean England. He then imitated from the 'English style of gave us an account of his abode gardening, we returned to the house, there, the many civilities he had were shewn into the drawing-room, received, and the delight he felt in and were most politely received by thinking of the time he had spent Madame la Baronne and her daughthere. However,' consiuned be, ter. Madame de Montesquieu was
though there is no country ander an heiress of the reformed religion, Heaven which produces so many which sbe still continued to profess. great and shining characters as Eng. She was an elderly woman, and apland, it must be confessed, that it parenily had never been handsome. also produces many singular ones, Madempiselle was a sprightly, affawhich renders it the more wortby ble, good-humoured girl," rather our curiosity, and, indeed, the more plain, but, ai the same time, pleasentertaining You are, I suppose, ing; these, with the president's setoo young, to have known the Duke cretary, whom we afterwards found of Montagu: that was one of the to be an Irishman, formed our somost extraordinary characters I ever ciety. The secretary spoke nothing met with; codowed with tho most bu French, and bad it been possi
ble that Elliot and I, in our private authority, for a while sospended ihe conversation, could have uttered any execution. -- Boih parties appealed thing to the disadvantage of our '10 Versailles, where the affair was hosts, we might have been disagree- examined into, and where the good ably trapped by our ignorance of his president made use of all bis infiecountry; but nothing of that kir d'ence in behalf of his countrymen, could possibly hapren; every thing he himself not being in the smallest we said was to the praise of the pre- degree interested. But the intendant sident, and the politeness shewn us prevailed; and orders were issued, by his family. Our dinner was ihat at all events the plan sbould be plain and plentiful; and when, af. pursued. The president, jusily dister having dined, we made an offer contented, obtained leave to part with to depart, the president insisted upon his office, and Bourdeaux is now our stay; nor did he suffer us to the most magnificent city in France, leave him for three days, during built on the ruin of hundreds. Conwhich time his conversation was as sider this, ye degenerate Englishsprightly, as instructive, and as en- men, who talk without abhorrence tertaining as possible. At length of arbitrary power! we took our leave, and returned to .“ Having remained at Bourdeaux Bourdeaux, whither we were escort. a competent time, Elliot and I part. ed by the secretary, who ppw, to our cd, and I set out for Paris, where I great surprise, spoke English, and was no sooner arrived, than Mondeclared himself my countryman. sieur de Montesquieu, who had been
“ The Baron, though still styled there some days before me, most president, bad laiely resigned that kindly came to see me, and, during office on the following occasion :- the time of my abode in that metroThe intendant of the province, a man polis, we saw each other frequently, whose ideas were far more magni- and every interview increased my ficent than merciful, had taken it esteem and affection for bim. into his head that he would make "I have frequently met bim in Bourdeaux the finest city in France, company with ladies, and have been and, for that purpose, had caused to as often astonished at the politebe delineated on paper the plan of a ness, the gallantry, and sprighrliness new quarter, where the streets were of his behaviour. In a word, the laid out in the most sumptuous man most accomplished, the most rener, of a great breadth, and in lines fined petit-maitre of Paris, could directly straight. This plan, with not have been more amusing, from the approbation of the court, he had the liveliness of his chat, nor could now began to execute, and that have been more inexhaustible in without the least consideration that that sort of discourse which is best the streets which he was laying out suited to women, than this vener. not only cut through gardens, vine- able pbilosopher of seventy years yards, and the houses of citizens and old. But at this we shall not be gentlemen, which, if they happened surprised, when we reflect, that the to stand in the way, were instantly profound author of L'Esprit des levelled with the ground; and that Loix was also author of the Persian without any determined imdemnifi- Letters, and of the truly gallant cation to the owner." The president Temple de Guide de saw this tyranny, detested and re- ' " He had, howeyer, to a great sisted it; and, by his influence and degree, though not among women,