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tious men can afford him advantage. The example of Louis / gémissemens, il ne peut cacher les rcmords qui déchirent ses XI. raised disgust and suspicion rather than a desire of imita entrailles. Les mets les plus exquis le dégoutent. Ses enfans, tion among other nations in Europe, and the circumstance of loin d'être son espérance, sont le sujet de sa terreur il : en a fait his outwitting more than one of his contemporaries, operated ses plus dangereux ennemis. Il n'a eu toute sa vie aucun moto put others on their guard. Even the system of chivalry, ment d'assuré : il ne se conserve qu'à force de repandre le sang though much less generally extended than heretofore, survived de tous ceux qu'il craint. Insensé, qui ne voit pas que sa cru. this
profiigute monarch's reign, who did so much to sully its auté, à laquelle il se confie, le fera périr! Quelqu'un de ses do lustre, and long after the death of Louis XI. it inspired the mestiques, aussi défiant que lui, se håtera de délivrer le monde Knight without Fear and Reproach, and the gallant Francis I. de ce monstre."
Indeed, although the reign of Louis had been as successful in The instructive, but appalling scene of this tyrant's suffer. a political point of view as he himself could have desired, the ings, was at length closed by denth, 30th August, 1485. spectacle of his deathbed might of itself be a waming-piece The selection of this reinarkable person as the principal chaagainst the seduction of his example. Jealous of every one, but racter in the romance-for it will be ensily comprehended, thai chiefly of his own son, he immured himself in his Castle of the little love intrigue or Quentin is only employed as the means Plessis, intrusting his person exclusively to the doubtful faith of bringing out the story-afforded considerable facilities to the of his Scottish mercenaries. He never stirred from his cham. author. The whole of Europe was, during the fifteenth cen. ber; he admitted no one into it, and wearied Heaven and every tury, convulsed with dissensions from such various causes, that saint with prayers, not for the forgiveness of his sins, but for it would have required almost a dissertation to have brought the prolongation of his life. With a poverty of spirit totally the English reader with a mind perfectly alive and prepared to inconsistent with his shrewd worldly sagacity, he importunedadınit the possibility of the strange scenes to which he was iohis physicians, until they insulted as well as plundered him. Introduced. his extremne desire of life, he sent to Italy for supposed relics, In Louis XIth's time, extraordinary commotions existed and the yet more extraordinary importation of an ignorant throughout all Europe. England's civil wars were ended rather crack-brained peasant, who, from laziness probably, had shut in appearance than reality, by the short-lived ascendency of the himself up in a cave, and renounced flesh, fish, eggs, for the pro- House of York. Switzerland was asserting that freedom which duce of the dairy. This man, who did not possess the slight was afterwards so bravely defended. In the Empire, and in est tincture of letters, Louis reverenced as if he had been the France, the great vassals of the crown were endeavouring to Pope himself, and to gain his good-will founded two cloisters. emancipate themselves from its control, while Charles of Eur.
It was not the least singular circumstance of this course of gundy by main force, and Louis more artfully by indirect means, superstition, that bodily health and terrestrial felicity seemed laboured to subject them to subservience to their respective to be his only objects. Making any inention of his sins when sovereignties. Louis, while with one hand he circuni vented talking on the state of his health, was strictly prohibited ; and and subdued his own rebellious vassals, laboured secretly with when at his command a priest recited a prayer to Saint Eutro the other to aid and encourage the large trading towns of Flanpius, in which he recommended the King's welfare both in body ders to rebel against the Duke of Eurgunds, to which their and soul, Louis caused the two last words to be omitted, saying wealth and irritability naturally disposed them. In the more it was not prudent to importune the blessed saint by too many woodland districts of Flanders, the Duke of Gueldres, and Wil. requests at once. Perhaps he thought by being silent on his liam de la Marck, called from luis ferocity the Wild Boar of Arcrimes, he might suffer them to pass out of the recollection of dennes, were throwing off the habits of knights and gentlemen, the celestial patrons, whose aid he invoked for his body. to practise the violences and brutalities of common handits.
So great were the well-merited tortures of this tyrant's death- A hundred secret combinations existed in the different pro. bed, that Philip des Comines enters into a regular comparison vinces of France and Flanders ; numerous private emissaries of between them and the numerous cruelties inflicted on others the restless Louis, Bohemians, pilgrims, beggars, or agents dis by his order; and, considering both, comes to express an opi- guised as such, were every where spreading the discoutent which nion, that the worldly pangs and agony suffered by Louis were it was his policy to maintain in the dominions of Burgundy. such as might compensate the crimes he had committed, and Amidst so great an abundance of materials, it was dillicult to that, after a reasonable quarantine in purgatory, he might in select such as should be most intelligible and interesting to the mercy be found duly qualified for the superior regions.
reader; and the author had to regret, that though he made liFenélon also has left his testimony against this prince, whose beral use of the power of departing from the reality of history, mode of living and governing he has described in the following he felt by no means confident of having brought his story into remarkable passage :
a pleasing, compact, and sufficiently intelligible form. The " Pygmalion, tourmenté par une soif insatiable des richesses, mainspring of the ple is that which all who know the least of se rend de plus en plus misérable et odieux à ses sujets. C'est the feudal system can easily understand, though the facts are un crime & Tyr que d'avoir de grands biens ; l'avarice le rend absolutely fictitious. The night of a feudal superior was in no defiant, soupconneux, cruel ; il persécute les riches, et il craint thing more universally acknowledged than in his power to io. les pauvres.
terfere in the marriage of a female vassal. This may appear to "C'est un crime encore plus grand a Tyr d'avoir de la vertu ; exist as a contradiction both of the civil and canon law, which car Pygmalion suppose que les bons ne peuvent souffrir ses in- declare that marriage shall be free, while the feudal or munici justices et des infumies ; la vertu le condamne, il s'aigrit et pal jurisprudence, in case of a ficf passing to a female, acknow. s'irrite contre elle. Tout l'agite, l'inquiète, le ronge ; il a peur ledges an interest in the superior of the fief to dictate the choice de son ombre; il ne dort ni nuit ni jour ; les Dieux, pour le con. of her companion in marriage. This is accounted for on the fondre, l'accablent de trésors dont il n'ose jouir. Ce qu'il chercho principle that the superior was, by his bounty, the original pour étre heureux est précisément ce qui l'empêche de l'étre. grantor of the fier, and is still interested that the marriage of Il regrette tout ce qu'il donne, ct craint toujours de perdre ; il the vassal shall place no one there who may be inimical to us se tourmente pour gagner.
liege lord. On the other hand, it might be reasonably pleaded "On ne le voit presque jamais ; il est seul, triste, abattu, au that this right of dictating to the vassal to a certain extent in fond de son palais ; ses amis mêmes n'osent l'aborder, de peur the choice of a husband, is only competent to the superior, from de lui devenir suspects. Une garde terrible tient toujours des whom the fief is originally derived. There is therefore no vioépées nues et des piques levées autour do sa maison. Trente lent improbability in a vassal of Burgundy flying to the protee. chambres qui communiquent les unes aux autres, et dont tion of the King of France, to whom the Duke of Burgundy chacune a une porte de fer avec six gros verroux, sont le lieu himself was vassal; nor is it a great stretch of probability to où il se renferme ; on ne sait jamais dans laquelle de ces cham- affirm, that Louis, unscrupulous as he was, should have formed bres il couche; et on assure qu'il ne couche jamais deux nuits the design of betraying the fugitive into some alliance which de suite dans la même, de peur d'y être égorgé. Il ne connoit might prove inconvenient, if not dangerous, to his formidable ni les doux plaisirs, ni l'amitié encore plus douce. Si on lui kinsman and vassal of Burgundy, parle de chercher la joie, il sent qu'elle fuit loin de lui, et qu'elle I may add, that the romance of QUENTIN DURWARD, which refuse d'entrer dans son caur. Ses yeux creux sont pleins d'un acquired a popularity at home more extensive than some of its feu apre et furouche ; ils sont sans cesse errans de tous cotés; predecessors, found also unusual success on the contient, il prete l'oreille au moindre bruit, et se sent tout ému ; il est where the historical allusions a wakened more familiar ideas påle, défait, et les noirs soucis sont peints sur son visage tou. jours ride. 'Il se tait, il soupire, il tire de son cæur de profonds ABBOTSFORD, 1st December, 1831.
And one who hath bad losses-go to.
reign substitutes which caprice and love of change had rendered
Much Ado About Nothing. fashionable. I cannot but confess with shame, that my home. WHEN honest Dogberry sums up and recites all the claims Dolly's, hot from the gridiron, brown without, and scarlet when
bred stomach longs for the genuine steak, after the fashion of which he had to respectability, and which, as he opined, ought the knife is applied ; and that all the delicacies of Very's carie, to have exempted him from the injurious appellation conferred
with his thousand various orthographies of Biflicks de Mouton, on him by Master Gentleman Conrade, it is remarkable that he
do not supply the vacaucy. Then my mother's son cannot lays no more emphasis even upon his double gown, (a matter learn to delight in thin potations; and, in these days when or some importance in a certain ci-devant capital which I wot malt is had for nothing, I am convinced that a double stralck of,) or upon his being " a pretty piece of Aesh as any in Mes. of John Barleycorn must have converted the poor domestic sina," or even upon the conclusive argument of his being “a creature, small beer," into a liquor twenty times more generous Tich fellow enough," than upon his being one that hath had losses.
than the acid unaubstantial tipple, which here bears the hoIndeed, I have always observed your children of prosperity, noured name of wine, though, in substance and qualities, much whether by way of hiding their full glow of splendour from similar to your Seine water. Their higher wines, indeed, are those whom fortune has treated more harshly, or whether that well enough-there is nothing to except against in their Chato have risen in spite of calamity is as honourable to their for
teau Margout, or Sillery ; yet I cannot but remember the genetune as it is to a fortress to have undergone a siege.-- however this be, I have observed that such persons never fail to enter-con and his poodle, though they are both amusing animals, and
rous qualities of my sound old Oporto. Nay, down to the gartain you with an account of the damage they sustain by the play ten thousand monkey-tricks which are diverting enough, hardness of the times. You seldom dine at a well-supplied ta
yet there was more sound humour in the wink with which our ble, but the intervals between the Champagne, the Burgundy, village Packwood used to communicate the news of the mornand the Hock, are filled, if your entertainer be a moneyed man, with the fall of interest and the difficulty of finding invest.
ing, than all Antoine's gambols could have expressed in a week, ments for cash, which is therefore lying idle on his hands; or,
and more of human and dog-like sympathy in the wag of old if he be a landed proprietor, with a woful detail of arrears and Trusty's tail, than if his rival, Touton, had stood on his hind
legs for a twelvemonth. diminished rents. This hath its effects. The guests sigh and sbake their heads in cadence with their landlord, look on the
These signs of repentance come perlaps a little late, and I
own, (for I must be entirely candid with my dear friend the sideboard loaded with plate, sip once more the rich wines Public) that they have been somewhat matured by the perver. which flow around them in quick circulation, and think of the sion of my niece Christy to the ancient Popish faith by a cergenuine benevolence, which, thus stinted of its means, still la. tain whacking priest in our neighbourhood, and the marriage vishes all that it yet possesses on hospitality; and, what is yet of my aunt Dorothy to a demi-solde captain of horse, a ci-devant more flattering, on the wealth, which, undiminished by those member of the Legion of Honour, and who would, he assures losses, still continues, like the inexhaustible hoard of the gene
us, have been a Field Marshal by this time, had our old friend rous Aboulcasem, to sustain, without impoverishment, such
Bonaparte continued to live and to triumph. For the matter copious drains.
of Christy, I must own her head had been so fairly turned at This querulous humour, however, hath its limits, like to the
Edinburgh with five routs a-night, that, though I somewhat conning of grievances, which all valetudinarians know is a
distrusted the means and medium of her conversation, I was at most fascinating pastime, so long as there is nothing to complain of but chronic complaints. But I never he
the same time glad to see that she took a serious thought of
any kind :--besides, there was little loss in the matter, for the whose credit was actually verging to decay talk of the diminu.
Convent took her off my hands for a very reasonable pension. tion of his fund3 ; and my kind and intelligent physician as: But aunt Dorothy's marriage on earth was a very different matsures me, that it is a rare thing with those afflicted with a good
ter from Christian's celestial espousals. In the first place, there rousing fever, or any such active disorder, which
were two thousand thre..per-cents as much lost to my family With mortal crisis doth pretend
as if the sponge had been drawn over the national slate-for His life to appropinque an end,
who the deuce could have thought aunt Dorothy would have to make their agonies the subject of amusing conversation.
married? Above all, who would have thought a woman of fifty Having deeply considered all these things, I am no longer years' experience would have married a French anatomy, his able to disguise from my readers, that I am neither so unpopu
lower branch of limbs corresponding with the upper branch, as lar nor so low in fortune, as not to have my share in the dis
if one pair of half-extended compasses had been placed perpentreases which at present afflict the moneyed and landed interest dicularly upon the top of another, while the space on which of these realms. Your authors who live upon a mutton chop the hinges revolved, quite sufficed to represent the body? All
She might may rejoice that it has fallen to threepence per pound, and, if the rest was mustache, pelisse, and calico trowser. they have children, gratulate themselves that the peck-loaf have.commanded a polk of real Cossacks in 1815, for half the may be had for sixpence; but we who belong to the tribe which wealth which she surrendered to this inilitary scarecrow. Howis ruined by peace and plenty-we who have lands and beeves, I ever, there is no more to be said upon the matter, especially as and sell what these poor gleaners must buy--we are driven to she had come the length of quoting Rousseau for sentimentdespair by the very events which would make all Grub-street and so let that pass. illuminate its attics, if Grub-street could spare candle-ends for
Having thus expectorated my bile against a land, which is, the purpose. I therefore put in my proud claim to share in the notwithstanding, a very merry land, and which I cannot blame, distresses which only affect the wealthy; and write myself because I sought it, and it did not seek me, I come to the moro down, with Dogberry, "a rich fellow enough," but still "one imniediate purpose of this Introduction, and which, my dear who bath had losses."
est Public, if I do not reckon too much on the continuance of With the same generous spirit of emulation, I have had lately your favours, (though, to say truth, consistency and uniformity recourse to the universal remedy for the brief impecuniosity of of taste are scarce to be reckoned upon by those who court which I complain- a brief residence in a southern climate, by your good graces,) may perhaps go far to make ine amends for which I have not only saved many cart loads of coals, but have the loss and damage I have sustained by bringing aunt Dorothy also had the pleasure to excite general sympathy for my de
to the country of thick calves, slender ankles, black mustaches, cayed circumstances among those, who, if my revenue had con
bodiless limbs, (I assure you the fellow is, as my friend Lord tinued to be spent among them, would have cared little if I had
L- said, a complete giblet.pie, all legs and wings,) and fine been hanged. Thus, wlule I drink my vin erdinaire, my brewer sentiments. 'If she had taken from the half pay list, a ronting finds the sale of his small-beer diminished--while i' discuss my Highlandman, ay, or a dashing son of Erin, I would never have flask of cinq francs, my modicum of port hangr on my wine
mentioned the subject ; but as the affair has happened, it is merchant's hands-while my cotclelle a-la- Maintenon is smoking scarce possible pot to resent such a gratuitous plundering of
But "be hushed my dark on my plate, the mighty sirloin hangs on its peg in the shop of her own lawful beirs and executors. my blue aproned friend in the village. Whatever, in short, i spirit!" and let us invite our dear Public to a more pleasing spend here, in missed at home; and the few sous gained by the
theme to us, a more interesting one to others. garcon perruquler, nay, the very crust I give to his little bare
By dint of drinking acid tiff, as above mentioned, and smobottomed, red eyed poodle, are autant de verdu to my old friend king cigars, in which I am 110 novice, my Public are to be inthe barber, and honest Trusty, the mastiff-dog in the yard. So formed, that I gradually sipp'd and smoked myself into a certhat I have the happiness of knowing at every turn, that my
tain degree of acquaintance with un hon me comme il faut, one of absence is both missed and moaned by those, who would care
the few fine old specimens of nobility who are still to be found little were l in my coffin, were they sure of the custom of my
in France; who, like mutilated statues of an antiquated and executors. From this charge of self-seeking and indifference estimation in the eyes even of those by whom neither one nor
obsolete worship, still command a certain portion of awe and however, I solemnly except Trusty, the yard dog, whose cour. tesies towards me, I have reason to think, were of a more dis
other are voluntarily rendered. interested character than those of any other person who assist
On visiting the coffee-house of the village, I was, at first, ed me to consume the bounty of the Public.
struck with the singular dignity and gravity of this gentleman's Alax! the advantage of exciting such general sympathjes at manners, his sedulous attachment to shoes and stockings, in home cannot be secured without incurring considerable person contempt of half-boots and pantaloons, the crotz de Saint Louis al incouvenience. "If thou wishest me to weep, thou must
at his button-hole, and a small white cockade in the loop of first shed tears thyself," says Horace; and, truly, I could some
his old-fashioned schakos. There was something interesting in times cry myself at the exchange I have made of the domestic lively group around him, scemed, like the shnde of a tree in
his whole appearance ; and besides, huis gravity among the comforts which custom had rendered necessaries, for the fo
the glare of a sunny landscape, more interesting from its ranty. . It is scarcely necessary to say, that all that follows is imaginary. I made such advances towards acquaintance as the circumVOL. IV. 2 P
stances of the place, and the manners of the country, autho-companiments of grass and gravel. A highly romantic situarized-that is to say, I drew near him, smoked my cigar by tion may be degraded, perhaps, by an attempt at such artificial calm and intermitted puffs, which were scarcely visible, and ornaments; but then, in by far the greater number of sites, the asked him those few questions which good-breeding every intervention of more architectural decoration than is now in where, but more especially in France, permits strangers to put, use, seems necessary to redeem the naked tameness of a large without hazarding the imputation of impertinence. The Mar: house, placed by itself in the midst of a lawn, where it looks quis de Hautlieu, for such was his rank, was as short and sen. as much unconnected with all around, as if it had walked out tentious as French politenese permitted-he answered every of town upon an airing. question, but proposed nothing, and encouraged no farther in. How the taste came to change so suddenly and absolutely, is quiry.
rather a singular circumstance, unless we explain it on the saine The truth was, that, not very accessible to foreigners of any principle on which the three friends of the Father in Molière's pation, or even to strangers among his own countrymen, the comedy recommend a cure for the melancholy of his daughter Marquis was peculiarly shy towards the English. A remnant of -- that he should furnish her apartments, viz. with paintingsancient national prejudice might dictate this feeling; or it with tapestry-or with china, according to the different com might arise from liis idea that they are a haughty, purre proud modities in which each of them was a dealer. Tried by this people, to whom rank, united with straitened circumstances, scale, we may perhaps discover, that, of old, the architect laid affords as much subject for scom as for pity; or, finally, when out the garden and the pleasure-grounds in the neighbourhood le reflected on certain recent events, he might perhaps see! of the mansion, and, naturally enough, displayed his own art mortified as a Frenchman, even for those successes, which had there in statues and vases, and paved terraces and flights of restored his master to the throne, and himself to a diminished steps, with ornamented balustrades; while the gardent, subproperty and dilapidated chatear. His dislike, howeyer, never ordinate in rank, endeavoured to make the vegetable kingdom assumed a more active form than that of alienation from Eng. correspond to the prevailing taste, and cut his evergreens into lish society. When the affairs of strangers required the inter verdant walls, with towers and battlements, and his detached position of his influence in their behalf, it was uniformly grant trees into a resemblance of statuary. But the wheel has since ed with the courtesy of a French gentleman, who knew what revolved, so as to place the landscape-gardener, as he is called, is due to himself and to national hospitality.
almost upon a level with the architect, and hence a liberal and At length, by some chance, the Marquis made the discovery, somewhat violent use is made of spade and pick-axe, and a conthat the new frequenter of his ordinary was a native of Scot- version of the ostentatious labours of the architect into a ferat land, a circumstance which told mightily in my favour. Some ornee, as little different from the simplicity of Nature, as disof his own ancestors, he informed me, had been of Scottish ori- played in the surrounding country, as the comforts of corregin, and he believed his house had still some relations in what nient and cleanly walks, imperiously demanded in the vicinaze he was pleased to call the province of Hanguisse, in that coun. of a gentleman's residence, can possibly admit. try. The connexion had been acknowledged early in the last To return from this digression, which has given the Marquis's eentury on both sides, and he had once almost determined, du. cabriolet (its activity greatly retarded by the downward proring his exile, (for it may be supposed that the Marquis had pensities of Jean Roast beef, which I suppose the Norman joined the ranks of Conde, and shared all the misfortunes and horse cursed as heartily as his countrymen of old time execrated distresses of emigration,) to claim the acquaintance and pro: the stolid obesity of a Saxon slave) time to ascend the hill by a tection of his Scottish friends. But, after all, he said, he cared winding causeway, now much broken, we came in sight of a not to present himself before them in circumstances which long range of roofices buildings, connected with the western could do them but small credit, and which they might think extremity of the castle, which was totally ruinous. “I should entailed some little burden, perhaps even some little disgrace; apologize," he said, 'to you, as an Englishman, for the taste of so that he thought it best to trust in Providence, and do the my ancestors, in connecting that row of stables with the archibest he could for his own support. What that was I never tecture of the château. I know in your country it is usual to could learn ; but I am sure it inferred nothing which could be remove them to some distance; but my family had an heredidiscreditable to the excellent old man, who held fast his opi- tary pride in horses, and were fond of visiting them more fre. nions and his loyalty, through good and bad repute, till time quently than would have been convenient if they had been kept restored him, aged, indigent, and broken-spirited, to the coun- at a grenter distance. Before the Revolution, I had thirty fine try which he had left in the prime of youth and health, and so. horses in that ruinous line of buildings." bered by age into patience, instead of that tone of high resent. This recollection of past magnificence escaped from him ac. ment, which promised speedy vengeance upon those who ex- cidentally, for he was generally sparing in alluding to his for. pelled him. I might have laughed at some points of the Mar- mer opulence. It was quietly said, without any affectation either quis's character, at his prejudices, particularly, both of birth of the importance attached to early wealth, or as demanding and politics, if I had known him under more prosperous cir: sympathy for its having past away. It awakened unpleascumstances ; but, situated as he was, even if they had not been ing reflections, however, and we were both sileni, till, from a fair and honest prejudices, turning on no base or interested mo- partially repaired corner of what had been a porter's lodge, a tive, one must have respected him as we respect the confessor lively French paysanne, with eyes as black as jet, and as bnl or the martyr of a religion which is not entirely our own. liant as diamonds, came out with a smile, which showed a set
By degrees we became good friends, drank our coffee, smoked of teeth that duchesses might have envied, and took the reins our cigar, and took our bararoise together, for more than six of the little carriage. weeks, with little interruption from avocations on either side. “Madelon must be groom to-day," said the Marquis, after gtaHaving, with some difficulty, got the key note of his inquiries ciously nodding in return for her deep reverence to Monsieur, concerning Scotland, by a fortunate conjecture that the pro- for her husband is gone to market; and for La Jeunesse, he vince d'Hanguisse could only be our shire of Angus, I was ena- is almost distracted with lia various occupations. - Madelon," bled to answer the most of his queries concerning his allies there he continued, as we walked forward under the entrance-arch, in a manner more or less satisfactory, and was much surprised crowned with the mutilated armorial bearings of former lords, to find the Marquis much better acquainted with the genealogy now half obscured by moss and rye grass, not to mention the of some of the distinguished families in that country, than I vagrant branches of some unpruned shrubs, -" Madelon was my could possibly have expected.
wife's god daughter, and was educated to be fille-de-chambre On his part, his satisfaction at our intercourse was so great, to my daughter." that he at length wound himself to such a pitch of resolution, This passing intimation, that he was a widowed husband and as to invite me to dine at the Châtcau de Hautlieu, well desery. childless father, increased my respect for the unfortunate noing the name, as occupying a commanding eminence on the bleman, to whom every particular attached to his present situbanks of the Loire. This building lay about three miles fromation brought doubtless its own share of food for melancholy the town at which I had settled my temporary establishment; reflection. He proceeded, after the pause of an instant, with and when I first beheld it, I could easily forgive the mortified something of a gayer tone-"You will be entertained with my feelings which the owner testified, at receiving a guest in the poor La Jeunesse," he said, “who, by the way, is ten years asylum which he had formed out of the ruins of the palace of older than I am"-(the Marquis is above sixty, he remiuda his fathers. He gradually, with much gayety, which yet evi. me of the player in the Roman Comique, who acted a whole dently covered a deeper feeling, prepared me for the sort of play in his own proper person-he insists on being maitreplace.' was about to visit; and for this he had full opportunity d'hotel, maitre de cuisine, valet-de-chambre, a whole suite of at whilst he drove me in his little cabriolet, drawn by a large tendants in his own poor individuality. He sometimes reminds heavy Norman horse, towards the ancient building.
me of a character in the Bridle of Lammermoor, which you Its remains run along a beautiful terrace overhanging the ri- must have read, as it is the work of one of your gents de lettres, ver Loire, which had been formerly laid out with a succession qu'on appelle, je crois, le Chevalier Scoti." of flights of stepe, highly ornamented with statues, rock work, "I presume you mean Sir Walter ?" and other artificial embellishments, descending from one ter. "Yes-the same--the same," answered the Marquis. race to another, until the very verge of the river was attained. We were now led away from more painful recollections: for All this architectural decoration, with its accompanying par. I had to put my French friend right in two particulars. In the terres of rich flowers and exotic shrubs, had, many years since, first I prevailed with difficulty; for the Marquis, though he dis given place to the more profitable scene of the vine-dresser's liked the English, yet, having been three months in Londen. Jabours ; yet the remains too massive to be destroyed, are still piqued himself on understanding the most intricate difficulties visible, and, with the various artificial slopes and levels of the of our language, and appealed to every dictionary, from Florio high bank, bear perfect evidence how actively Art had been downwards, that la Bride must mean the Bridle. Nay, co scephere employed to decorate Nature.
tical was he on this point of philology, thal, when I ventured Few of these scenes are now left in perfection ; for the fickle. to hint that there was nothing about a bridle in the whole story. ness of fashion has accomplished in England the total change he with great composure, and little knowing to whom he spoke, which devastation and popular fury have produced in the French Jaid the whole blame of that inconsistency on the unfortunate pleasure grounds. For my part, I am contented to subscribe to author. I had next the common candour to inform my friend, the opinion of the best qualified judge of our time," who thinks upon grounds which no one could know so well as mysell, that we have carried to an extreme our taste for simplicity, and that my distinguished literary countryman, of whom I shall always the neighbourhood of a stately mansion requires some more or. speak with the respect his talents deserve, was not responsible uate embellishments than can be derived from the meagre ac- for the slight works which the humour of the public had too
• See Price's Ersay on the Picturesque, in many passages ; but I generously, as well as too rashly, ascribed to him. Surprised would particularize the beautiful and highly poetical account which he
by the impulse of the moment, I might even have gone farther, gives of his own feelinge on destroying, at the dictate of an improver, an 1 It is scarce necessary to remind the reader that this passage was pub. ancient sequestraied garden, with its yew hedges, ornamented iron gates, Jished during the author's incognito; rad, as Lucio expresses it, spoken and secluded wilderness
"according to the trick."
and clenched the negative by positive evidence, owning to my till ten years after I had left Edinburgh College,) that the pith entertainer that no one else could possibly have written these of conversation does not consist in exhibiting your own supeworks, since I myself was the author, when I was saved from rior knowledge on matters of small consequence, but in enlar. eo rash a commitment of myself by the calm reply of the Mar- ging, improving, and correcting the information you poseess, by quis, that he was glad to hear these sort of trities were not the authority of others. I therefore let the Marquis shoro his written by a person of condition. "We read them," he said, code at his pleasure, and was rewarded by his entering into a as we listen to the pleasantries of a comedian, or as our an. learned and well-informed disquisition on the florid style of arcestors did to those of a professed family.jester, with a goodchitecture introduced into France during the seventeenth cendeal of amusement, which, however, we should be sorry to tury. He pointed out its merits and its defects with considerable derive from the mouth of one who has better claims to our taste; and having touched on topics similar to those upon which society."
I have formerly digressed, he made an appeal of a different kind I was completely recalled to my constitutional caution by this in their favour, founded on the associations with which they declaration, and became so much afraid of committing myself, were combined.' Who," he said, "would willingly destroy the that I did not even venture to explain to my aristocratic friend, terraces of the Chateau of Sully, since we cannot tread them that the gentleman whom he had named owed his advancement, without recalling the image of that statesman, alike distin. for aught I had ever heard, to certain works of his, which may, guished for severe integrity
and for strong and unerring sagacity without injury, be compared to romances in rhyme.
of mind? Were they an inch less broad, a ton's weight less The truth is, that, amongst some other unjust prejudices, at massive, or were they deprived of their formality by the slightwhich I have already hinted, the Marquis had contracted a hor. est inflections, could we suppose them to remain the scene of Por, mingled with contempt, for almost every species of author his patriotic musings? Would an ordinary root house be a fit erant, slighter than that which compounds a folio volume of scene for the Duke occupying an arm.chair, and his Duchess a law or of divinity, and looked upon the author of a romance, tabouret-teaching from thence lessons of courage and fidelity novel, fugitive poem, or periodical piece of criticism, as men do to his sons,--of modesty and submission to his daughters-of on a venomous reptile, with fear at once and with loathing. rigid morality to both; while the circle of young noblesse listThe abuse of the press, he contended, especially in its lighter ened with ears attentive, and eyes modestly fixed on the ground, departments, had poisoned the whole morality of Europe, and in a standing posture, neither replying nor sitting down, without was once more gradually regaining an influence which had been the express command of their prince and parent:-No, Monsilenced amidst the voice of war. All writers, except those of sieur," he said, with enthusiasm; "destroy the princely pavi. the largest and heaviest calibre, he conceived to be devoted to lion in which this edifying family-scene was represented, and this evil cause, from Rousseau and Voltaire down to Pigault le you remove from the mind the vraisemblance, the veracity, ot Brun and the author of the Scotch Novels; and although he the whole representation. Or can your mind suppose this disadmitted he read them pour passer le temps, yet, like Pistol eating tinguished peer and patriot walking in a jardin Anglois ? Why, his leek, it was not without execrating the tendency, as he de- you might as well fancy him dressed with a blue frock and voured the story, of the work with which he was engaged. white waistcoat, instead of his Henri Quatre coat and chapeau
Observing this peculiarity, I backed out of the candid confes. a plumes-Consider how he could have moved in the tortuous sion which my vanity had meditated, and engaged the Marquis maze of what you have called a fer me ornee, with his usual atin farther remarks on the mansion of his ancestors. “There," tendants of two files of Swiss guards preceding, and the same he said, “ was the theatre where my father used to procure an number following him. To recall his figure, with his beardorder for the special attendance of some of the principal actors hau-de-chausses a canon, united to his doublet by ten thousand of the Comedie Francoise, when the King and Madame Pompa aiguilettes and knots of riband, you could not, supposing him dour more than once visited him at this place ;-yonder, more in a modern jardin Anglois, distinguish the picture in your imato the centre, was the Baron's hall, where his feudal jurisdiction gination, from the sketch of some mad old man, who has was exercised when criminals were to be tried by the Seigneur adopted the humour of dressing like his great-great-grandfather, or his bailiff ; for we had, like your old Scottish nobles, tho and whom a party of gens-d'armes were conducting to the Horight of pit and gallows, or fossa cum furca, as the civilians pital des Fous. But look on the long and
magnificent terrace, term it ;-beneath that lies the Question-chamber, or apartment if it yet exists, which the loyal and exalted Sully was wont to for torture ; and truly, I am sorry a right so liable to abuse make the scene of his solitary walk twice-aday, while he ponshould have been lodged in the hands of any living creature
dered over the patriotic schemes which he nourished for adBut," he added, with a feeling of dignity derived even from the vancing the glory of France; or, at a later, and more sorrowful atrocities which his ancestors had committed beneath the gra- period of life, brooded over the memory of his murdered masted windows to which he pointed, "such is the effect of super
ter, and the fate of his distracted country ;-throw in that nostition, that, to this day, the peasants dare not approach the ble back.ground of arcades, vases, images, urns, and whatever dungeons, in which, it is said the wrath
of my ancestors had could express the vicinity of a ducal palace, and the landscape perpetrated, in former timea, much cruelty.”
becomes consistent at once. The factionnaires, with their harAs we approached the window, while l'expressed some curio-quebusses ported, placed at the extremities of the long and level sity to see this abode of terror, there arose from its subterranean walk, intimate the presence of the feudal prince; while the abyss a shrill shout of laughter, which we easily detected as same is more clearly shown by the guard of honour which preproduced by a group of playful children, who had made the ne- cede and follow him, their halberds carried upright, their mien glected vaults a theatre, for a joyous romp at Colin Maillard. martial and stately, as if in the presence of an enemy, yet mo
The Marquis was somewhat disconcerted, and had recourse ved, as it were, with the same soul as their princely superiorto his tabatiere; but, recovering in a moment, observed, these teaching their steps to attend upon his, marching as he marchwere Madelon's children, and familiar with the supposed terrors es, halling as he halts, accommodating their pace even to the of the subterranean recesses. Besides," he added, " to speak slight irregularities of pause and advance dictated by the flucthe truth, these poor children have been born after the period of tuations of his reverie, and wheeling with military precision besupposed illumination, which dispelled our superstition and our fore and behind him, who seems the centre and animating prinreligion at once; and this bids me to remind you, that this is a ciple of their armed files, as the heart gives life and energy to jour maigre. The Cure of the parish is my only guest, besides the human body. Or, if you smile," added the Marquis, lookyourself, and I would not voluntarily offend his opinions. Being doubtfully on my countenance," at a promenade so inconsides," he continued, more manfully, and throwing off his re- sistent with the light freedom of modern manners, could you straint, "adversity has taught me other thoughts on these sub- bring your mind to demolish that other terrace trod by the fasjects than those which prosperity dictated; and I thank God Icinating Marchioness de Sevigné, with which are united so am not ashamed to avow, that I follow the observances of my many recollections connected with passages in her enchanting church."
letters ?" I hastened to answer, that, though they might differ from A little tired of this disquisition, which the Marquis certainly those of my own, I had every possible respect for the religious dwelt upon to exalt the natural beauties of his own terrace, rules of every Christian community, sensible that we addressed which, dilapidated as it was, required no such formal recomthe same Deity, on the same grand principle of salvation, though mendation, I informed my companion, that I had just received with different forms; which variety of worship, had it pleased from England a journal of a tour made in the south of France the Almighty not to permit, our observances would have been by a young Oxonian friend of mine, a poet, a draughtsman, and as distinctly prescribed to us as they are laid down under the a scholar,-in which he gives such an animated and interesting Mosaic law.
description of the Château-Grignan, the dwelling of Madame The Marquis was no shaker of hands, but upon the present de Sevigné's beloved daughter, and frequently the place of her occasion he grasped mine, and shook it kindly--the only mode own residence, that no one who ever read the book would be of acquiescence in my sentiments which perhaps a zealous Ca- within forty miles of the same, without going a pilgrimage to tholic could, or ought consistently to have given upon such an the spot. The Marquis smiled, seemed very much pleased, and occasion.
asked the title at length of the work in question; and writing This circumstance of explanation and remark, with others down to my dictation, "An Itinerary of Provence and the which arose out of the view of the extensive ruins, occupied us Rhone, made during the year 1819 ; by John Hughes, A. M., of during two or three turns upon the long terrace, and a seat of Oriel College, Oxford."--observed, he could now purchase no about a quarter of an hour's duration in a vaulted pavllion of books for the château, but would recommend that the Itinefreestone, decorated with the Marquis's armorial bearings, the raire should be commissiond for the library to which he was roof of which, though disjointed in some of its groined arches, abonne in the neighbouring town." And here,"
he said, "comes was still solid and entire. “Here," said he, resuming the tone the Curé, to save us farther disquisition; and I see La Jeunesse of a former part of his conversation, “I love to sit, either at gliding round the old portico on the terrace, with the purpose noon, when the alcove affords me shelter from the heat, or in the of ringing the dinner-bell-a most unnecessary ceremony for asevening, when the sun's beams are dying on the broad face of sembling three persons, but which it would break the old man's the Loire-here, in the words of your great poet, whom, French heart to forego. Tako no notice of him at present, as he wishes man as I am, I am more intimately acquainted with than most to perform the duties of the inferior departments incognito ; Englishmen, I love to rest myself,
when the bell has ceased to sound, he will blaze forth on us in * Showing the code of sweet and bitter fancy.""
the character of major-domo."
As the Marquis spoke, we had advanced towards the eastern Against this various reading of a well-known passage in Shak. extremity of the Chateau, which was the only part of the edispeare I took care to offer no protest; for I suspect Shakspeare fice that remained still habitable. would have suffered in the opinion of so delicate a judge as the “The Bande Noire," said the Marquis, " when they pulled Marquis, had I proved his having writton "chewing the cud," the rest of the house to pieces, for the sake of the lead, timber, according to all other authorities. Besides, I had had enough and other materials, have, in their ravages, done me the unde of our former dispute, having been long convinced, (though not signed farour to reduce it to dimensions better fitting the cir.
cumstances of the owner. There is enough of the leaf left for I readily promised to accept an invitation offered with such the caterpillar to coil up his chrysalis in, and what needs he grace, as to make the guest appear the person conferring the care though reptiles have devoured the rest of the bush ?" obligation.
As he spoke thus, we reached the door, at which La Jeunesse The conversation then changed to the history of the Chitcan appeared, with an air at once of prompt service and deep re- and its vicinity-a subject which was strong ground to the Marepect, and a countenance, which, though puckered by a thou- quis, though he was no great antiquary, and even no very prosand wrinkles, was ready to answer the first good-natured word found historian, when other topics were discussed. The Cure, of his master with a smile, which showed his white set of teeth however, chanced to be both, and withal a very conversable firm and fair, in despite of age and suffering. His clean silk pleasing man, with an air of prevenance, and ready civility of stockings, washed lill their tint had become yellowish-his cue communication, which I have found a leading characteristic of tied with a rosette-the thin gray curl on either side of his lank the Catholic clergy, whether they are well informed or othercheek--the pearl-coloured coat, without a collar--the solitaire, wise. It was from him that I learned there still existed the the jaboi, the ruffles at the wrist, and the chapeau-bras-all an. remnant of a fine library in the Chateau de Hautlieu. The nounced that La Jeunesse considered the arrival of a guest at
Marquis shrugged his shoulders as the Curé gave me this intithe Château as an unusual event, which was to be met with a mation, looked to the one side and the other, and displayed corresponding display of magnificence and parade on his part. the same sort of petty embarrassment which he had been una
As I looked at the faithful though fantastic follower of his ble to suppress when La Jeunesse blabbed something of his inmasier, who doubtless inherited his prejudices as well as his terference with the arrangements of the cuisisi. "I should be cast-clothes, I could not but own, in my own mind, the resem happy to show the books," he said, "but they are in such a blance pointed out by the Marquis betwixt him and my own wild condition, so dismantled, that I am ashamed to exhibit Caleb, the trusty squire of the Master of Ravenswood. But a them to any one." Frenchman, a jack-of-all-trades by nature, can, with much “Forgive me, my dear sir," said the Curé, "you know you more ease and suppleness, address himself to a variety of servi. permitted the great English Bibliomaniac, Dr. Dibdin, to con ces, and suffice in his own person to discharge them all, than is sult your curious relics, and you know how highly he spoke of possible for the formality and slowness of a Scottishman. Su- them." perior to Caleb in dexterity, though not in zeal, La Jeunesse “What could I do, my dear friend ?" said the Marquis ; "the seemed to multiply himself with the necessities of the occa. good Doctor had heard some exaggerated account of these sjon, and discharged his several tasks with such promptitude remnants of what was once a library-he had stationed himself and assiduity, that farther attendance than his was neither in the auberge below, determined to carry his point or die un. missed nor wished for.
der the walls. I even heard of his taking the altitude of the The dinner, in particular, was exquisite. The soup, although turret, in order to provide scaling-ladders. You would not bearing the term of maigre, which Englishmen use in scorn, have had me reduce a respectable divine, though of another was most delicately flavoured, and the matelot of pike and eels church, to such an act of desperation? I could not have anreconciled me, though a Scottishman, to the latter. There was swered it in conscience." even a petit plat of bouilli for the heretic, eo exquigitely dressed "But you know, besides, Monsieur le Marquis," continued as to retain all the juices, and, at the same time, rendered so the Curé, "that Dr. Dibdin was so much grieved at the dilapithoroughly tender, that nothing could be more delicate. The dation your library had sustained, that he avowedly envied the potage, with another small dish or two, were equally well ar- powers of our church, so much did he long to launch an ana. ranged. But what the old maitre d'hotel valued himself upon
thema at the heads of the perpetrators." as something superb, smiling with self-satisfaction, and in en- " His
resentment was in proportion to his disappointment, I joyment of my surprise, as he placed it on the table, was an suppose," said our entertainer. immense assiettee of spinage, not smoothed into a uniform sur. "Not '80," said the Curé ; " for he was so enthusiastic on the face, as by our uninaugurated cooks upon your side of the wa. value of what remains, that I am convinced nothing but your ter, but swelling into hills, and declining into vales, over which positive request to the contrary prevented the Chateau of Hautswept a gallant stag, pursued by a pack of hounds in full cry, lieu occupying at least twenty pages in that splendid work of and a noble field of horsemen with bugle. homs, and whips held which he sent us a copy, and which will remain a lasting moupright, and brandished after the manner of broadewords- nument of his zeal and erudition." hounds, huntsman, and stag, being all very artificially cut out "Dr. Dibdin is extremely polite," said the Marquis ; " and, of toasted bread. Enjoying the praises which I failed not to wlien we have had our coffee-here it comes we will go to the bestow on this chef d'auvre, the old man acknowledged it had turret; and I hopo, as Monsieur has not despised my poor fare, cost the best part of two days to bring it to perfection; and so he will pardon the state of my confused library, while I shall added, giving honour where honour was due, that an idea so be equally happy if it can afford any thing which can give him brilliant was not entirely his own, but that Monsieur himself amusement. Indeed," he added, " were it otherwise, you, my had taken the trouble to give him several valuable hints, and good father, have every right over books, which, without your even condescended to assist in the execution of some of the intervention, would never have returned to the owner." most capital figures. The Marquis blushed a little at this eclair- Although this additional act of courtesy was evidently wrest. cissement, which he might probably have wished to suppress, ed by the importunity of the Cure from his reluctant friend, but acknowledged he had wished to surprise me with a scene whose desire to conceal the nakedness of the land, and the ex from the popular poem of my country, Miladi Lac. Tanswered, tent of his losses, seemed always to struggle with his disposithat so splendid a cortége much more resembled a grand chasse tion to be obliging, I could not help accepting an offer, which, of Louis Quatorze than of a poor King of Scotland, and that in strict politeness, I ought perhaps to have refused. But then the paysage was rather like Fontainbleau than the wilds of Cal. the remains of a collection of such curiosity as had given to lendar. He bowed graciously in answer to this compliment, our bibliomaniacal friend the desire of leading the forlorn hope and acknowledged that recollections of the costume of the old in an escalade-it would have been a desperate act of self-denial French Court, when in its splendour, might have misled his ima- to have declined an opportunity of seeing it. La Jeunesse gination--and so the conversation passed on to other matters. brought coffee, such as we only taste on the continent, upon a
Our dessert was exquisite-- the cheese, the fruits, the salad, the salver, covered with a napkin, ihat it might be conse for silver; olives, the cerneaur, and the delicious white wine, each in their and chassi-cafe from Martinique on a small waiter, which was way were impayables; and the good Marquis, with an air of certainly so. Our repast thus finished, the Marquis led me, up great satisfaction, observed, that his guest did sincere homage an escalier derobe, into a very large and well.proportioned sa to their merits. "After all,” he said, “and yet it is but con- loon, of nearly one hundred feet in length; but so waste and fessing a foolish weakness--but, after all, I cannot but rejoice dilapidated, that I kept my eyes on the ground, lest my kind in feeling myself equal to offering a stranger a sort of hospita- entertainer should feel himself called upon to apologize for tatlity which seems pleasing to him. Believe me, it is not entirely tered pictures and torn tapestry; and, worse than both, for out of pride that we pauvres revenants live so very retired, and casements that had yielded, in one or two instances, to the avoid the duties of hospitality. It is true, that too many of us boisterous blast. wander about the halls of our fathers, rather like ghosts of "We have contrived to make the turret something more hatheir deceased proprietors, than like living men restored to their bitable," said the Marquis, as he moved hastily through this own possessions-yet it is rather on your account, than to spare chamber of desolation. " This," he said, "was the picture our own feelings, that we do not cultivate the society of our gallery in former times, and in the boudoir beyond, which we foreign visiters. We have an idea that your opulent nation is now occupy as a book-closet, were preserved some curious caparticularly attached to faste, and to grande chere-to your ease binet paintings, whose small size required that they should be and enjoyment of every kind; and the means of entertainment viewed closely." left to us are, in most cases, so limited, that we feel ourselves As he spoke, he held aside a portion of the tapestry I hang totally precluded from such'expense and ostentation. No one mentioned, and we entered the room of which he spoke. wishes to offer his best where he has reason to think it will It was octangular, corresponding to the external shape of the not give pleasure ; and as many of you publish your journals, turret whose interior it occupied. Four of the sides had lat. Monsieur le Marquis would not probably be much gratified, by ticed windows, commanding each, from a different point, the seeing the poor dinner which he was able to present to Milord most beautiful prospect over the majestic Loire, and the adja. Anglois put upon permanent record.'
cent country through which it winded; and the casements I interrupted the Marquis, that were I to wish an account of were filled with stained glass, through two of which streamed my entertainment published, it would be only in order to pre- the lustre of the setting sun, showing a brilliant assemblage of serve the memory of the very best dinner I ever had eaten in religious emblems and armorial bearings, which it was scarcely my life. He bowed in return, and presumed " that I either dif possible to look at with an undazzled eye ; but the other two fered much from the national taste, or the accounts of it were windows, from which the sunbeams had passed away, could be greatly exaggerated. He was particuiarly obliged to me for closely examined, and plainly showed that the lattices were showing the value of the possessions which remained to him. glazed with stained glass, which did not
belong to them origiThe useful," he said, "had no doubt survived the sumptuous nally, but, as I afterwards learned, to the profaned and deseat Hautlieu ay elsewhere. Grottos, statues, curious conservato. crated chapel of the Castle. It had been the amusement of the Ties of exotice, temple and tower, had gone to the ground; but Marquis, for several months, to accomplish this rifacimento, the vineyard, the potaget, the orchard, the elang, still existed ; with the assistance of the Curate and the all-capable La Jeuand once more he expressed himself happy to find, that their nesse : and though they had only patched together fragmenta, combined productions could make what even a Briton accepted which were in many places very minute, yet the stained glass, as a tolerable meal. I only
hope," he continued, " that you till examined very closely, and with the eye of an antiquary, will convince me your compliments are sincere, by accepting the produced, on the whole, a very pleasing effect hospitality of the Château de Hautlieu as often as better en- The sides of the apartment, not occupied
by the lattices, were gagements will permit during your stay in this neighbourhood.” | (except the space for the small door) fitted up with presses and