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lic religion continues to be treated of: that by reason of its adul-
terations and profanations of the truths of the Word, and thence
of the church, it will be destroyed, verses 1–8. Concerning the
chief among those who are of the ecclesiastical order, their nature
and quality, and their lamentation, verses 9, 10. Concerning the
inferiors of that order, verses 11-16. Concerning the laity and
common people, who are in subjection to them, verses 17—19.
The joy of the angels by reason of the removal thereof, verse 20.
Concerning its destruction in the spiritual world on account of
there being no acknowledgment, search after, illustration, recep-
tion, and thence no conjunction of truth and good, which consti-
tute a church, verses 21–24.

THE CONTENTS OF EACH VERSE. « And after these things,"

signifies, a continuation of the subject concerning the Roman Ca-

tholic religion : "I saw an angel come down from heaven, having

great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory,” signi-

fies, strong influx from the Lord out of heaven by divine truth,

whereby his church was in celestial light: “ And he cried might-

ily with a great voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fall-

en," signifies, that he made it known, that by the divine power of

the Lord all who were in that religion, and at the same time in

the love of dominion in consequence, were destroyed in the spirit-

ual world, and cast into their respective hells : “And is become

the habitation of demons," signifies, that their hells are hells of the

lusts of dominion from the heat of self-love, and of the lusis of pro-

faning the truths of heaven from the spurious zeal of that love:

“And the hold of every unclean spirit, and a cage of every un-

clean and hateful bird,” signifies, that the evils of the will and

thence of the action, and the falses of thought and thence of the

deliberations in those hells, are diabolical, because they are turned

away from the Lord to themselves : “ For all nations have drunk

of the wine of the wrath of her whoredom, and the kings of the

earth have committed whoredom with her,” signifies, that they

fabricated abominable tenets, which are, the adulterations and

profanations of the good and truth of the Word, and caused all

who were born and educated in the kingdoms under their domin-

jon, to imbibe them : “ And the merchants of the earth are waxed

rich through the abundance of her delicacies,” signifies, the supe-

rior and inferior orders in that hierarchy, who, by the dominion

over holy things, aspire to divine majesty and super-royal glory,

and continually aim at establishing them by multiplying monas-

teries and possessions under them, and by treasures which they

collect and accumulate from the world, for no purpose, and thus

to procure to themselves corporeal and natural pleasures by hav-

iog celestial and spiritual dominion attributed to them: “And I

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heard another voice from heaven saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues,” signifies, an exhortation from the Lord to all, as well those who are in that religion, as those who are not, to take heed not to connect themselves with it by acknowledgment and affection, lest as to their souls they should be conjoined with its abominations and perish. “For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities,” signifies, that its evils and falses infest the heavens, which the Lord will protect from their violence: “Reward her even as she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works : in the cup which she hath mixed, mix unto her double," signifies, just retribution and punishment after death, when the evils and falses, by which they have seduced and destroyed others, will return upon themselves, according to their quantity and quality: “How much she hath glorified herself and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her,” signifies, that in proportion to their elatedness of heart from dominion, and according to their exultation of mind and body resulting from rich so they experience internal grief after death, in consequence of falling from power and becoming contemptible, and of being reduced to indigence and misery: "For she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow," signifies, that these things befall them, because from elatedness of heart over dominion, and exultation of mind over riches, they are in full trust and confidence that they shall reign for ever, and be their own protectors, and that they can never be deprived of their power and possessions: “Therefore in one day shall her plagues come, death, and sorrow, and famine," signifies, that therefore at the time of the last judgment, the punishment of the evils they have committed, shali urn upon them, namely, death, which is infernal life, and intestine grief in consequence of their fall from power; sorrow, which is internal grief through being reduced from a state of opulence to want and misery; and famine, which is the deprivation of the understanding of all truth: “And she shall be utterly burned with fire, for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her," signifies, that they will entertain hatred against the Lord, and against his heaven and church, because they will then see that the Lord alone governs and reigns over all things in heaven and earth, and not any man in the least degree from himself: " And the kings of the earth, who have committed whoredom and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning," signifies, the interior grief of those who were in superior dominion and its delights, by means of the falsified and adulterated truths of the Word, which constitute the holy things of the church, when they see those holy things converted into such as are profane: “ Standing afar off, for fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas, that great city Babylon, that mighty city, for in one hour is thy judgment come,” signifies, their fear of punishment, and then grievous lam.

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entation that this religion, so strongly fortified, could be subverted 80 suddenly and so totally, and they themselves might perish: " And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her: for no one buyeth their merchandise any more," signifies, the grief of those of the inferior orders who minister and gain by holy things, by reason that after the destruction of Babylon, they cannot make a profit of these things as before : “ The merchandise of gold, and of silver, and of precious stones, and of pearls," signifies, that they no longer possess these things, because they are not in possession of the spiritual goods and truths, to which such things correspond : “ And of fine linen, and of purple, and of silk, and of scarlet,” signifies, that they no longer possess these things, because they are not in possession of the celestial goods and truths, to which such things correspond: “ And all thyine wood and every vessel of ivory,” signifies, that they no longer possess these, because they are not in possession of the natural goods and truths, to which such things correspond : “ And every vessel of most precious wood, and of brass, and of iron, and of marble,” signifies, that they no longer possess these things, because they are not in possession of the scientific goods and truths in matters relating to the church, to which such things correspond : “ And cinnamon, and perfumes, and ointment, and frankincense,” signifies, that they have no longer any worship originating from spiritual goods and truths, because they have nothing inwardly in worship that corresponds to the above-mentioned things : “And wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat," signifies, that they have no longer any worship originating in celestial truths and goods, because they have nothing inwardly in worship that corresponds to the things here mentioned : “ And cattle, and sheep,” signifies, that they have no longer any worship originating in external or natural goods and truths of the church, because they have nothing inwardly in worship that corresponds to the things here mentioned : “ And of horses, and of chariots, and of bodies and souls of men,” signifies all these things according to the understanding of the Word and doctrine thence derived, and according to the goods and truths of its literal sense, which they do not enjoy on account of their having falsified and adulterated them : “ And the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things dainty and splendid are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all,” signifies, that all the beatitudes and felicities of heaven, even those of an external nature, such as they covet, will entirely flee from them, and no longer appear, because they have no celestial and spiritual affections of good and truth among them: “The merchants of these things, who were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for fear of her torment, weeping and wailing,” signifies, the state before damnation, and then fear and lamentation of those who have acquired gain by various dispensations and promises of heavenly joys: “And saying, Alas, alas, that great city that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and pre



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cious stones, and pearls! For in one hour are so great riches come to nought,” signifies, grievous lamentation that their magnificence and lucrative revenues are so suddenly and totally destroyed : “ And every shipmaster, and all the company in ships, and sailors, and as many as ply the sea,” signifies, those who are called the laity, as well in higher as in lower situations of dignity, even to the common people, who are attached to that religion, and love and kiss it, or acknowledge it in their hearts, and venerate it :-“ Stood afar off and cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like unto this great city,” signifies, in a remote state, their mourning over the condemnation of that religion, which they thought supereminent above every religion in the world: " And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas, that great city," signifies, their interior and exterior grief and mourning, which is lamentation, that so eminent a religion should be so totally destroyed and condemned: “Wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea, by reason of her costliness! for in one hour is she made desolate," signifies, by reason that, through the holy things of that religion, all who were willing to buy, had propitiation, and for worldly and temporal riches received celestial and eternal riches: “ Rejoice over her, O heaven, and ye holy apostles and prophets, for God hath executed your judgment upon her," signifies, that the angels of heaven and men of the church, who are in goods and truths derived from the Word, now rejoice in their hearts, because they are removed and rejected who are in the evils and falses of that religion: “And a mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all,” signifies, that by the Lord's strong influx out of heaven, that religion, together with all its adulterated truths of the Word, will be cast headlong into hell, and never appear in the sight of angels any inore: “ And the voice of harpers, and of musicians, and of pipers, and of trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee,” signifies, that among them there will not be any affection of spiritual truth and good, nor any affection of celestial good and truth: “And no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee,” signifies, that they who are in that religion from doctrine, and from a life according thereto, have not any understanding of spiritual truth, and therefore neither any thought of spiritual truth, so far as depends upon themselves: " And the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee,” signifies, that they who are in that religion from doctrine, and from a life according thereto, make no inquiry, examination, and confirmation of spiritual truth, because the falsity which has been received, and confirmed, and thus implanted, stands in the way: “ And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee," signifies, that they who are in that religion from doctrine, and from a corresponding life, have not any illumination from the Lord, and consequent perception of spiritual


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truth: “And the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee,” signifies, that with those who are in that religion from doctrine, and from a life according thereto, there is no conjunction of good and truth which constitutes the church : "For thy merchants were the great men of the earthi," signifies, that the superiors in their ecclesiastical hierarchy are such, because by means of the various and even arbitrary rights left them in the statutes of their order, they traffic and make gain : "For by thy sorcery were all nations deceived,” signifies, their abominable arts and schemes, whereby they have diverted the minds of all from the holy worship of the Lord to the profane worship of livivg and dead men and of idols: “ And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth," signifies, that from the religion which is meant by the city of Babylon, there is an adulteration and profanation of every truth of the Word, and consequently of the church, and that false principles have emanated from thence throughout the whole Christian world.


753. “And after these things I saw,” signifies a manifestation concerning the destruction and condemnation of those who were of the Roman Catholic religion, and exercised power over the holy things of the church and heaven, from a desire of ruling over all, and possessing all the goods of others. These things are here signified by, " after these things I saw," because these are what are treated of in tbis chapter. The tenets of that religion are prefixed to this work, in order that they who are in illumination from the Lord, may see that they have a view to nothing else but dominion over the souls of men, to the end that they may be worshiped as gods, and may alone possess the goods of the whole world; and as this, and not the salvation of souls, was the end, they could not derive their tenets from any other source than from hell; for they could not derive them from heaven, that is, from the Lord, but from themselves, because they had transferred to themselves all things belonging to the Lord. What can be more detestable than to divide the body and blood of the Lord, or the bread and wine, in the holy

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