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TAIT'S

EDINBURGH

M A G A Z'IN E

FOR

1849.

VOLUME XVI.

EDINBURGH:
SUTHERLAND & KNOX.

SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & CO., LONDON

MDCCCXLIX,

PRINTED BY GEORGE TROUP, 29, DUNLOP STREET, GLASGOW.

'INDEX.

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Page

Page

Aird, Poems by Thomas, .

101 | History, early Scottish: the Lives of the Lindsays, 615

America, Sonth, Recent Travels in,

446 Huddersfield-its Physical, Social, Manufacturing, Com-

American Scenes and Christian Slavery,

330 mercial, and Religious Institutions, .

233

Amicitiæ Shakspearianæ, .

696, 796 | Indian Archipelago, English and Dutch in the,

1

Apennines, the,
661 Innkeeper's Wife, the,

729
Aristocracy, Primogeniture, and Entails, Passy on 193 Insect Life, Episodes of,

62

Artemis, the Goddess,

727 Iron Chest, the White Serpents and the,

662

Australia, Recent Discovery in,
148 Islay and Ulster,

671

Austria,

128 Italy, Revolutionised,

184

Beauty and Truth,

664 Italy, Entrance into,

579

Beauchamp; or, the Error,
391 Jenny Lind, retirement of,

355

Bey, the Turkish,

737 Jesnit, the,

515

Birds of Jamaica,

543 Judges of England,

163

Botanical Science,

463 Jupiter Ammon, the Expedition of Alexander to the Oasis of, 228
Botany, .

542 Kabylies of Algeria, Narrative of a Campaign against the, 126

Brigg, the Inn at,

576 Kindness, the Magic of,

748

Campbell, Thomas, Life and Letters of,
31 Kirkaldy of Grange, Memoirs and Adventures of,

130
Canada—the Colonial Question,
141, 207, 282, 383 Law, Reform the,

477

Carbonaro, the,

584 Life Association, the Islay Tontine,

671

Card Playing, Facts and Speculations regarding,
63 Life Assurance, alleged Defects of,

326
Carli, Madame,

512 Literary and Scientific Society of Edinburgh—1848-9,

Carlotta,

581 Literary Register, 67, 126, 196, 265, 330, 388, 467, 539, 600,

Cemetery, an Adventure in a; or, the Russian Droshki

674, 745, 819

Driver,

223 Liverpool, a Visit to—its Architectureæsthetically considered, 213

Certosa, the Church of,

583 Lochinvar, a Shetland,

490

Chalmers' Posthumous Works,

122 “ Man made of Money," Douglas Jerrold's,

290

Cholers, Epidemic,

276 Memoirs and Correspondence of Sir Robert Murray

Christianity, the Age and, .

674 Keith, K.B.,

596

Cloncurry, Personal Recollections of Lord,
745 Mexican Gulf, a Tale of the,

501, 631
Colousal Policy under the Grey Dynasty,

680 Milan, Departure from, .

Colonies, Position of the,

753 Miranda: a Tale of the French Revolution, 21, 77, 169, 255

Columbus and the Virgin, .

669

Cossacks of the Ukraine,

468 | Misadventures,

786

Dawa at Sea, .

733 Mrs. Margaret Maitland, of Sunnyside, some Passages in

D'Arno, the Val,

the Life of,

Death, Punishment of,

735 Music on the Continent, State of,

116

Democracy in France,
73 Music, Poetry, and Traditions of the Highlands,

271
Derwentwater, a Night in the neighbourhood of,
218 Mysteries of City Life,

539
Double Trial, the,
769 | My Uncle the Curate,

196
Dull, the Death of Mons.,
658 | Nineveh, Layard's,

246

Eclipse, the Hudsonian,

319 Obituary Notices, 71, 137, 269, 335, 405,473, 548, 611, 686,752

Edinburgh in November,
722 Old London Bridge,

393
Employment or Emigration,
362 Orator, the Modern,

388

England, Macaulay's History of,

84 Original Correspondence of General Wolfe,

804

Faith, the Nemesis of,
376, 421 Ornithology,

544
Ghost Story, .
732 Our Anglo-Saxon Empire,

687
Gold-Seeker of Guazacoalco,
241, 451 Oxford University, Reform of,

702
Haunted Man and the Ghost's Bargain,
57 | Pepys, Diary of Samuel,

623
Highland Tradition, Sketches founded on, 3616,565 Pestilence and Sanatory Measures,

118

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TAIT'S

EDINBURGH

MAGAZINE.

JANUARY, 1849,

ENGLISH AND DUTCH IN THE INDIAN ARCHIPELAGO.*

To explain and illustrate the position we at present | consequently took place which it was foreseen would occupy in the Oriental Archipelago, it may be useful inevitably lead to hostilities, unless some step were to glance over that series of negotiations which arose taken to check the aggressive policy of the Dutch authoout of the treaty of 1824, between Great Britain and rities on the one hand, and the indignant and resentful the Netherlands. In what circumstances the treaty spirit generated in the old English residents and meritself originated, most persons will remember. We chants on the other. need scarcely, therefore, recapitulate the historical facts It was for the accomplishment of this purpose that that may be said to fill up the interval between the the two Governments invested their representatives conquest of the Dutch colonies by the arms of Eng-with full powers to negotiate and conclude a treaty land, and the conclusion of that convention the prin-| which should thenceforward determine the relative cipal effects and consequences of which it is the object situations of the English and Dutch in the Indian of the present article to describe.

Archipelago, regulate their commercial intercourse, When, on the establishment of the general peace, and prescribe the limits within which the colonising Holland recovered her possessions in the Indian Archi- energies of the contracting parties should be confined. pelago, the merchants of this country flattered them- | The statesmen entrusted with the framing of this treaty selves that, owing to the generous policy pursued by were persons of remarkable abilities. Experienced in our Cabinet, they would be suffered to enjoy more diplomacy, and sincerely desirous of putting an end to than ordinary privileges and respect. Indeed, the the differences between the two countries, they, on the development of the resources of the islands, and the completion, congratulated each other on having made general advancement of civilization, depended greatly everything clear for the future, and, as an expression on their capital and energy. Extraordinary progress of this feeling, exchanged notes, half complimentary, had been made by the natives during our occupation half explanatory, which may be regarded as a suppleof Java, Borneo, Celebes, and the Moluccas; and they ment to the convention. still, through inclination and preference, desired the But, as has long been painfully felt by diplomatists, co-operation of our countrymen in all those social un- | there is no congeries of articles, no armadillo cuirass of dertakings which could be carried on without the in- language through which the golden point of interest tervention of Government.

will not find or make an opening. The bloody PandeJealousies almost necessarily arose out of this state monium of war and conquest is paved with treaties. of things between the new and the old masters of the There may, up to a certain point, be honesty in their country, between those whom an equivocal sense of negotiators—that is, they may be sincere in their enequity had invested with supreme authority, and the deavours to prevent a hostile collision between their too liberal victors who voluntarily consented to re- respective Governments; but because each party seeks linquish the advantageous position they had won for to gain as much, and concede as little, as possible, the themselves by arms. Besides, the unpleasant conscious- | spirit of selfishness insensibly infuses itself into the ness was ever present to the minds of the Nether-document, and prevents the real completion of that landers, that they owed the restoration of their colonies structure of amity which is the mark presumed to be entirely to the moderation of an all-powerful State, aimed at. Treaties may consequently be regarded as which, from several positions it had taken up in their the stratagems of peace. To secure advantages for neighbourhood, small, but not insignificant, seemed their own country is the object of diplomatists as well perpetually to watch their proceedings. The treaty as generals; and greater and more solid victories have of 1817, designed to put an end to these jealousies, sometimes been gained by the pen than by the sword. only augmented them, and the accidental establishment Here, however, nearly all men are disciples of Machiaof one settlement at Singapore completed, in the eyes velli. The Government which lias the power to enforce of Holland, the cycle of our delinquencies. Events "its will is distinct and explicit, because it does not fear

* I. Coup d'æeil Général sur les Possessions Neerlandaise dans l'Inde Archipelagique. Par C. J. Temminck. 1846.

II. Le Monition des Indes Orientales et Occidentales. Publier sous les Auspices de S.A.R. Monseigneur Prince Henri dès Tays Bas, avec le co-operation de plusieurs Membres de la Société des Arts et des Sciences à Batavia. Par le Baron Melvill, VOL. XVI-XO, CLXXXI.

A

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