Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen: The Birth of Radiology
This book, which will appeal to all with an interest in the history of radiology and physics, casts new light on the life and career of Wilhelm Conrad RÃ¶ntgen, showing how his personality was shaped by his youth in the Netherlands and his teachers in Switzerland. Beyond this, it explores the technical developments relevant to the birth of radiology in the late nineteenth century and examines the impact of the discovery of X-rays on a broad range of scientific research. RÃ¶ntgen (1845-1923) was born in Lennep, Germany, but emigrated with his family to the Netherlands in 1848. As a 17-year-old he moved to Utrecht, entering theTechnical School and living at the home of Dr. Jan Willem Gunning. In this well-educated family he was stimulated to continue his studies at university. In 1868 he received a diploma from the Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich and just a year later completed a PhD in physics. He followed his mentor, August Kundt, to the universities of WÃ1⁄4rzburg (1870) and Strasburg (1872) and married Anna Ludwig in 1872. In 1879 RÃ¶ntgen gained his first professorship at a German university, in Giessen, followed by a chair in WÃ1⁄4rzburg in 1888. Here he discovered X-rays in 1895, for which he received the first Nobel Prize in physics in 1901. From 1900 until his retirement in 1921 he occupied the chair of physics at the Munich University.
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Academy aluminum Ann Physik Annalen der Physik Apeldoorn apparatus Arnold Sommerfeld asked assistant August Kundt Baur Bavaria became Berlin Bertha body Boveri cathode rays continued Crookes tube Deutsches Röntgen Museum developed diffraction discharge tube Dutch electricity Experimental Physics experiments fluorescence Freiburg Friedrich friends gases German Gesellschaft Giessen Göttingen Gunning Habilitation Heinrich Helmholtz Hertz Hohenheim holidays January Joffe Knecht-van Eekelen Kohlrausch laboratory Laue lecture Lenard Lennep light Ludwig Ludwig Zehnder magnetic Margret mathematics Munich Netherlands Nobel Prize nominated observed paper Physical Institute physicist Physik und Chemie plate Polytechnikum Pontresina Professor of Physics published radiology received Remscheid-Lennep Röntgen WC Röntgen wrote Röntgen’s discovery Rudolf School scientific showed Sommerfeld Springer Biographies Springer Nature Switzerland stayed Strasbourg studied Swiss Switzerland AG 2019 Tesla Theoretical Physics theory tion Ueber University of Würzburg Utrecht vacuum tube Weilheim wife Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen Wilhelm Röntgen winter semester Zehnder Zurich