Semantic Theories in Europe, 1830-1930: From Etymology to Contextuality
It is widely believed by historians of linguistics that the 19th-century was largely devoted to historical and comparative studies, with the main emphasis on the discovery of soundlaws. Syntax is typically portrayed as a mere sideline of these studies, while semantics is seldom even mentioned. If it comes into view at all, it is usually assumed to have been confined to diachronic lexical semantics and the construction of some (mostly ill-conceived) typologies of semantic change. This book aims to destroy some of these prejudices and to show that in Europe semantics was an important, although controversial, area at that time. Synchronic mechanisms of semantic change were discovered and increasing attention was paid to the context of the sentence, to the speech situation and the users of the language. From being a semantics of transformations', a child of the biological-geological paradigm of historical linguistics with its close links to etymology and lexicography, the field matured into a semantics of comprehension and communication, set within a general linguistics and closely related to the emerging fields of psychology and sociology.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
20 The Development of Semasiology in Germany
30 The Development of la Sémantique in France
40 The Development of Semantics in England From Sematology to Significs and Beyond
Other editions - View all
Semantic Theories in Europe, 1830 1930: From etymology to contextuality
Limited preview - 1992
19th century apperception association Bally Bedeutung Bedeutungslehre Bedeutungswandel Bréal called causes of semantic Charles Bally classification com con conception context Darmesteter Darmesteter's Delesalle ellipsis English Erdmann etymology evolution example expression figures of speech France function Gardiner Gaston Paris German semasiology grammar guage Haase Hecht Heerdegen history of semantics ideas important influence Knobloch Lady Welby lan language change laws Lazarus Leipzig lexicography lin linguistic linguistique Littré logical Max Müller meaning of words Meillet metaphor metonymy Michel Bréal mind mots neo-grammarians Nerlich Oertel Ogden and Richards Paris Paul Paulhan philology philosophical phonetic polysemy psychological Reisig representation Review Revue Roudet Saussure Sayce semantic change semanticists sémantique sens sense sentence signification signs Smart social speaker and hearer Sperber Sprache Sprachwissenschaft Steinthal Stöcklein study of semantic stylistics Svedelius synchronic synecdoche syntax term theory thought tion tradition types of semantic Vendryes Wegener Wellander Whitney word-meaning Wort Wundt